NewLabour Party (New Zealand)

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NewLabour Party
Leader Jim Anderton (1989–2000)
Founded1 May 1989
Dissolved13 October 2000;23 years ago (13 October 2000)
Split from Labour Party
Merged into Alliance
Ideology Social democracy
Political position Centre-left
National affiliationAlliance

The NewLabour Party was a centre-left [1] [ better source needed ] political party in New Zealand that existed from 1989 to 2000. It was founded by Jim Anderton, a member of parliament (MP) and former president of the New Zealand Labour Party, [2] on 1 May 1989. [1]

Contents

NewLabour was established by a number of Labour Party members who left the party in reaction to Rogernomics, the economic policies implemented by the Labour Party's Minister of Finance, Roger Douglas, which saw the traditionally left-leaning Labour Party swing heavily to the new right on issues of state intervention, regulation, and taxation. Anderton, who had been among the most vocal critics of Douglas, was joined by a number of other members of the Labour Party, such as Matt Robson, Laila Harré and Phil Amos, and a number of left-wing activists, such as Bruce Jesson. Anderton was the party's only MP before it joined the Alliance.

Electoral success

In the 1990 elections, NewLabour stood candidates in all electorates. The party gained a certain amount of support from disillusioned Labour voters, winning 5.16% of the vote. Anderton was NewLabour's only successful candidate, retaining the Sydenham seat in working-class south-central Christchurch. He remained the party's sole representative in Parliament, which was now dominated by the National Party with 67 seats out of 97. [3]

Alliance building

In 1991, NewLabour and several other parties formed the Alliance, a broad left-wing coalition. [4] Initially, NewLabour maintained a separate identity within the Alliance, keeping its own party organization intact. By 2000, however, many felt that maintaining parallel NewLabour and Alliance structures was counter-productive, and at NewLabour's October conference, it was decided to completely assimilate the party into the larger Alliance structure, marking the end of NewLabour as an autonomous group. [5]

Former parliamentarians

Former parliamentarianTerm
Jim Anderton 1989–2000
Laila Harré 1996–2000
Matt Robson 1996–2000
Pam Corkery 1996–1999
Liz Gordon 1996–2000
Kevin Campbell 1999–2000

MPs elected between 1991 and 2000 were members of the NewLabour Party's faction of the Alliance.

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References

  1. 1 2 Locke, Cybèle (2012). Workers in the Margins: Union Radicals in Post-war New Zealand. Wellington, N.Z.: Bridget Williams Books. p. 172. ISBN   978-1927131398. Jim Anderton led a centre-left breakaway from the Labour Party, announcing the formation of the New Labour Party on 1 May 1989. Progressives who had remained outside mainstream political parties joined the NLP, as did [Sue] Bradford
  2. Anderton, Jim (13 October 2000). "Address to NewLabour Party Conference". The Beehive. Retrieved 21 July 2009.
  3. "1890–1993 general elections". Electoral Commission New Zealand. Archived from the original on 8 April 2023. Retrieved 9 July 2023.
  4. Orsman, Bernard (2 December 1991). "Alliance born with eye on Tamaki win". The New Zealand Herald . p. 1.
  5. Venter, Nick (14 October 2000). "Anderton's NewLabour voted out of existence". The Dominion . p. 2.