NewYork–Presbyterian Hospital

Last updated
NewYork–Presbyterian Hospital
New York-Presbyterian Hospital logo.svg
Geography
Location New York Metropolitan Area, New York, U.S.
Organisation
Care system Medicare, Medicaid, Public
Funding 501(c)(3) [1] nonprofit
Hospital type Teaching
Affiliated university Weill Cornell Medical College
Columbia University College of Physicians and Surgeons
Services
Beds2,478 [2]
History
Founded1771 (as New York Hospital)
1868 (as Presbyterian Hospital)
1998 (as NewYork–Presbyterian)
Links
Website nyp.org
Other links Hospitals in New York

The NewYork–Presbyterian Hospital is a nonprofit [1] academic medical center in New York City affiliated with two Ivy League medical schools: Columbia University Vagelos College of Physicians and Surgeons and Weill Cornell Medical College. It is composed of two distinct medical centers, Columbia University Medical Center and Weill Cornell Medical Center. As of 2019, the hospital is ranked as the 5th best hospital in the United States and 1st in the New York City metropolitan area by U.S. News & World Report . [3] The hospital has around 20,000 employees and 2,478 beds in total, and is one of the largest hospitals in the world. [2] [4] [5]

A nonprofit organization, also known as a non-business entity, not-for-profit organization, or nonprofit institution, is dedicated to furthering a particular social cause or advocating for a shared point of view. In economic terms, it is an organization that uses its surplus of the revenues to further achieve its ultimate objective, rather than distributing its income to the organization's shareholders, leaders, or members. Nonprofits are tax exempt or charitable, meaning they do not pay income tax on the money that they receive for their organization. They can operate in religious, scientific, research, or educational settings.

An academic health science centre is defined by the Association of Academic Health Centers as: "an educational institution that includes a medical school and at least one allied health professional school and either owns or is affiliated with a teaching hospital or healthcare system". AHSCs are intended to ensure that medical research breakthroughs lead to direct clinical benefits for patients. The organisational structures that comprise an AHSC can take a variety of forms, ranging from simple partnerships to, less frequently, fully integrated organisations with a single management board.

New York City Largest city in the United States

The City of New York, usually called either New York City (NYC) or simply New York (NY), is the most populous city in the United States. With an estimated 2018 population of 8,398,748 distributed over a land area of about 302.6 square miles (784 km2), New York is also the most densely populated major city in the United States. Located at the southern tip of the state of New York, the city is the center of the New York metropolitan area, the largest metropolitan area in the world by urban landmass and one of the world's most populous megacities, with an estimated 19,979,477 people in its 2018 Metropolitan Statistical Area and 22,679,948 residents in its Combined Statistical Area. A global power city, New York City has been described as the cultural, financial, and media capital of the world, and exerts a significant impact upon commerce, entertainment, research, technology, education, politics, tourism, art, fashion, and sports. The city's fast pace has inspired the term New York minute. Home to the headquarters of the United Nations, New York is an important center for international diplomacy.

Contents

History

NewYork-Presbyterian Hospital / Columbia campus NY-Presbyterian Hosp from water jeh.jpg
NewYork–Presbyterian Hospital / Columbia campus
NewYork-Presbyterian Hospital / Weill Cornell campus NewYorkPresbyterian-Cornell.jpg
NewYork–Presbyterian Hospital / Weill Cornell campus

The New York Hospital was founded in 1771 by Edinburgh graduate Samuel Bard. It received a Royal Charter granted by King George III of Great Britain and became associated with Weill Cornell Medical College upon the latter institution's founding in 1898. It is the third oldest hospital in the United States, after NYC Health + Hospitals/Bellevue in New York (1736) and Pennsylvania Hospital (1751).

New York Hospital former hospital in Manhattan, United States

New York Hospital, also known as Old New York Hospital or City Hospital, was founded in 1771 with a charter from King George III, and is the second oldest hospital in New York City, and the third oldest in the United States. It was originally located on Broadway between Duane Street and Anthony Street. In 1998 it merged with Presbyterian Hospital to form NewYork–Presbyterian Hospital.

Samuel Bard (physician) American physician

Samuel Bard was an American physician who founded the first medical school in New York City and the second medical school in the United States at King's College, now known as Columbia University College of Physicians and Surgeons. He was a personal physician to George Washington. His description of the disease diphtheria was instrumental in formulating treatment for that condition.

Pennsylvania Hospital Hospital in PA, United States

Pennsylvania Hospital is a private, non-profit, 515-bed teaching hospital located in Center City Philadelphia and affiliated with the University of Pennsylvania Health System. Founded on May 11, 1751, by Benjamin Franklin and Dr. Thomas Bond, Pennsylvania Hospital is the earliest established public hospital in the United States. It is also home to America's first surgical amphitheatre and its first medical library. The hospital's main building, dating to 1756, is a National Historic Landmark.

A 1927 endowment of more than $20 million by Payne Whitney expanded the hospital significantly and the Payne Whitney Psychiatric Clinic is named in his honor. Other prominent donors have included Howard Hughes, William Randolph Hearst, Harry and Leona Helmsley, Maurice R. Greenberg, and the Baker, Whitney, Lasdon, and Payson families.

Financial endowment donation to a non profit enterprise for ongoing support

A financial endowment is a legal structure for managing, and in many cases indefinitely perpetuating, a pool of financial, real estate, or other investments for a specific purpose according to the will of its founders and donors. Endowments are often structured so that the principal value is kept intact, while the investment income or a small part of the principal is available for use each year.

Payne Whitney American tennis player

William Payne Whitney was an American businessman and member of the influential Whitney family. His will included funds to expand the New York Hospital, now called NewYork–Presbyterian Hospital, where the Payne Whitney Psychiatric Clinic was established.

The Payne Whitney Psychiatric Clinic (PWC) was a hospital in the Upper East Side of Manhattan, New York City, which was founded by an endowment bestowed by Payne Whitney upon his death. Whitney was an American businessman and member of the influential Whitney family. An eight-story free-standing hospital was constructed, and was affiliated with Cornell University's medical school, now called Weill Cornell Medicine, and with New York Hospital, now New York–Presbyterian Hospital (NYP), before its opening.

The Presbyterian Hospital was founded in 1868 by James Lenox, a New York philanthropist and Columbia University College of Physicians and Surgeons, also founded by Samuel Bard in 1767. In 1910, Columbia University and Presbyterian Hospital reached an agreement to affiliate, forming the worlds first academic health center through the merger of existing institutions. [6] During the 1920s Edward S. Harkness and Anna Harkness, [7] , purchased land and funded the construction of Columbia-Presbyterian Medical Center. In 1928 the two institutions fully moved to the new medical center [8] .

Presbyterian Hospital (New York City) former hospital in Manhattan, United States

Presbyterian Hospital in Manhattan, New York City, was founded by James Lenox in 1868, and began operations in 1872. It was originally located between East 70th and 71st Streets and Madison and Fourth Avenues, and expanded continuously throughout the late 19th century, adding an outpatient dispensary in 1888, a school of nursing in 1892, and additional beds and services in 1892, 1893, 1904 and 1912.

James Lenox New York City philanthropist

James Lenox was an American bibliophile and philanthropist. His collection of paintings and books eventually became known as the Lenox Library and in 1895 became part of the New York Public Library.

Columbia University Vagelos College of Physicians and Surgeons, colloquially known as P&S and formerly Columbia University College of Physicians and Surgeons, is the graduate professional medical school of Columbia University. Located at the Columbia University Irving Medical Center in the Washington Heights neighborhood of Manhattan with its affiliate New York-Presbyterian Hospital. Founded in 1767 by Samuel Bard as the medical department of King's College, the College of Physicians and Surgeons was the first medical school in the thirteen colonies and hence, the United States, to award the Doctor of Medicine (M.D.) degree. Beginning in 1993, P&S also was the first U.S. medical school to hold a white coat ceremony.

In 1925 the Sloane Hospital for Women, a leader in obstetrics and gynecology that had been founded in 1886, was incorporated. [9] Also in 1928, Sloan along with The Squier Urological Clinic and the Vanderbilt Clinic moved to Columbia Presbyterian Medical Center. [10]

The Sloane Hospital for Women is the obstetrics and gynecology service within New York-Presbyterian Hospital and the Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology of the Columbia University College of Physicians and Surgeons (P&S) in New York City. It was originally founded in 1886 with Columbia P&S as a training and treatment center for obstetrics. It has now provided over 100 years of obstetrical care.

Obstetrics is the field of study concentrated on pregnancy, childbirth, and the postpartum period. As a medical specialty, obstetrics is combined with gynaecology under the discipline known as obstetrics and gynecology (OB/GYN) which is a surgical field.

New York Hospital was the subject of a lawsuit from the family of Libby Zion, a young woman admitted in 1984 who died while under the care of overworked hospital residents. An investigation by the New York state Health Commissioner, the Bell Commission, led to restrictions on the number of hours residents could work and required oversight of their care by accredited physicians (this regulation is also known as the Libby Zion law). These reforms have since been adopted nationwide. [11]

Residency (medicine) Postgraduate medical training

Residency or postgraduate training is a stage of graduate medical education. It refers to a qualified physician, podiatrist, dentist, optometrist, veterinarian, or pharmacist who practices medicine, usually in a hospital or clinic, under the direct or indirect supervision of a senior clinician registered in that specialty such as an attending physician or consultant. In many jurisdictions, successful completion of such training is a requirement in order to obtain an unrestricted license to practice medicine, and in particular a license to practice a chosen specialty. An individual engaged in such training may be referred to as a resident, house officer, registrar or trainee depending on the jurisdiction. Residency training may be followed by fellowship or sub-specialty training.

On January 1, 1998, The New York Hospital announced its merger with The Presbyterian Hospital to create NewYork–Presbyterian Hospital. NewYork–Presbyterian Hospital, chartered as The New York and Presbyterian Hospital by the State of New York in 1996, was formed in 1998 with the merger of two large, previously independent hospitals, the New York Hospital and Presbyterian Hospital.

In the 2010s, the hospital began to supplement its physical presence with remote and online services. A telemedicine service allows patients to receive follow-up care remotely, a CAT-equipped ambulance (see below NYP-EMS) allows stroke care to take place outside the hospital, and a remote second opinion program uses Grand Rounds technology. [12]

Structure

NYP is a 501(c)(3) nonprofit system that includes a variety of outlying hospitals that had been affiliates of the legacy Hospitals, NewYork or Presbyterian. These hospitals stretch throughout the five boroughs, Westchester County, Long Island and New Jersey.

The hospital, along with Weill Cornell Medical College and Columbia University College of Physicians & Surgeons, runs the NewYork-Presbyterian Healthcare System, a network of independent, cooperating, acute-care and community hospitals, continuum-of-care facilities, home-health agencies, ambulatory sites, and specialty institutes in the New York metropolitan area. The two medical schools remain essentially autonomous, though there is increasing cooperation and coordination of clinical, research, and residency training programs. The hospitals have merged administrations, with Herb Pardes, MD, leading the combined hospitals from 2001 to 2011. Steven Corwin, MD is now the Hospital system CEO.

The institution's facilities are:

Awards and recognition

Milstein building, Ft Washington Avenue NYPH CUMC FWAv jeh.jpg
Milstein building, Ft Washington Avenue
A NYP ambulance Ambulance NYC.jpg
A NYP ambulance
NYP/Allen Hospital Allen Hospital NY-P 220 St from IRT jeh.jpg
NYP/Allen Hospital

As of 2019, the U.S. News and World Report rankings place NYPH overall as the fifth best hospital in the United States. Every specialty was ranked in the top 50 by US News, and the following were ranked in the top 10 of hospitals around the country: neurology and neurosurgery (4); gastroenterology and gastrointestinal surgery (10); gynecology (4);cardiology and heart surgery (4); diabetes and endocrinology (6); nephrology (5); geriatrics (9); pulmonology (30); rheumatology (3); urology (9); and psychiatry (7). [13] [14]

New York–Presbyterian Emergency Medical Services

NewYork-Presbyterian Emergency Medical Services (NYP-EMS) is a hospital-based ambulance service [15] that has operated since 1981. NYP-EMS also operates critical care transport ambulances throughout the New York City Metropolitan Area. The service is licensed to operate in the 5 counties of New York City, Westchester, Putnam, and Dutchess counties in New York, and in the state of New Jersey for Basic Life Support and Specialty Care Transport. In addition to providing emergency and non-emergency ambulance services, either through the New York City 911 system or through the NYP-EMS Communications Center at Weill Cornell Medical Center, NYP-EMS provides stand-by EMS services for events throughout the New York City area, including the Avon Walk for Breast Cancer and the NYC Triathlon.

NYP-EMS is also a New York State Department of Health-approved training center for EMT and Paramedic programs, several of which are approved for college-level credit by the New York State Department of Education. NYP-EMS operates one of the largest American Heart Association Emergency Cardiac Care training centers in New York. NYP-EMS also maintains a Special Operations team trained in hazardous materials decontamination and technical rescue. This team, accompanied by several Weill Cornell Physicians, provided rescue and relief support on the Gulf Coast of Mississippi in the aftermath of Hurricane Katrina in 2005. Most recently, the team decontaminated 28 patients after the 2007 New York City steam explosion in Midtown Manhattan on July 18, 2007.

In 2016 NYP purchased and fielded the first mobile stroke unit on the East Coast [16] and as of 2018 is only Hospital in the country to field three such units. [17] NYP-EMS operates 3 mobile stroke units based in Manhattan, Brooklyn and Queens.

Facilities

Allen Hospital

The Allen Hospital is located at 5141 Broadway and West 220th Street in northernmost part of Inwood, Manhattan. The General Surgery Group of The Allen Hospital specialize in the treatment of hernias and gallbladder diseases. The Hospitalist group and Internal Medicine and Family Medicine residents care for the adult medical patients. There is an active Labor and Delivery Department. It also has the Mila Conanan Memorial Chapel, named after Mila P. Conanan, who had been on the medical center staff for 20 years and the operating rooms director at the Allen Pavilion for three years before her death in 1990.

Morgan Stanley Children's Hospital

Located on 3959 Broadway (165th Street and Broadway), New York City, New York-Presbyterian Morgan Stanley Children's Hospital is a pediatric hospital in New York–Presbyterian Hospital. They are especially known for their expertise in pediatric heart surgery. It was listed on the 2009 U.S. News & World Report "America's Best Children's Hospitals" "Honor Roll" and one of only 10 children's hospitals in the nation to be ranked in all 10 clinical specialties.

Columbia University Irving Medical Center

The New York–Presbyterian Hospital / Columbia University Irving Medical Center is located on West 168th Street in the Washington Heights neighborhood of New York City. It contains an Emergency Room, an eye institute, a chapel, a garden, and more. It is situated on a 20-acre (81,000 m2) campus in the Washington Heights community of Manhattan and comprising roughly half of Columbia University's nearly $3 billion annual budget, it provides leadership in scientific research, medical education, and more. New York Presbyterian Hospital and Columbia University Medical Center are well known for their strong affiliation with the Neurological Institute of New York, which houses the departments of Neurology [18] and Neurological Surgery [19] as well as numerous research laboratories.

Weill Cornell Medical Center

Cornell Medical College was founded in 1898, and has been affiliated with what is now New York–Presbyterian Hospital since 1927. The Medical College is divided into 20 academic departments. It is among the top-ranked clinical and medical research centers in the United States of America, although the U.S. Department of Health & Human Services' Medicare program adjudged its rate of admission for heart failure patients to be worse than the national rate. Also housed here is the New York-Presbyterian Phyllis and David Komansky Center for Children's Health. Located at 525 East 68th Street on the Upper East Side in Manhattan (E.68th and York Avenue), New York City, the Komansky Center for Children's Health is a full-service pediatric "hospital within a hospital." The Komansky Center was listed on the 2009 U.S. News & World Report "America's Best Children's Hospitals" "Honor Roll" and one of only 10 children's hospitals in the nation to be ranked in all 10 clinical specialties.

In August 2011, Becker's Hospital Review listed the New York-Presbyterian Hospital/ Weill Cornell Medical Center as number 4 of the 100 Top Grossing Hospitals in America with $7.52 billion in gross revenue. [20]

Lower Manhattan Hospital

On July 1, 2013, NYP announced its merger with the former New York Downtown Hospital to form the Lower Manhattan Hospital (LMH) campus of the New York–Presbyterian Hospital. [21] LMH is one of the few hospitals in Lower Manhattan south of Greenwich Village. The campus operates 170 beds and offers a full range of inpatient and outpatient services. LMH serves the diverse neighborhoods of Wall Street, Battery Park City, Chinatown, SoHo, TriBeCa, Little Italy, and the Lower East Side, and is the closest acute care facility to both the Financial District and to the seat of New York City's government.

Queens

On July 10, 2015, NYP announced its merger with the former New York Hospital Queens (formerly known as Booth Memorial Medical Center) to form the Queens campus of the New York–Presbyterian Hospital. [22] Located in Flushing, Queens, NewYork-Presbyterian/Queens is a teaching hospital affiliated with Weill Cornell Medical College that serves Queens and metro New York residents. The 535-bed tertiary care facility provides services in 14 clinical departments and numerous subspecialties, including 15,000 surgeries and 4,000 infant deliveries each year. With its network of affiliated primary and multispecialty care physician practices and community-based health centers, the hospital provides approximately 162,000 ambulatory care visits and 124,000 emergency service visits annually.

Hudson Valley Hospital

Founded in 1889 by the Helping Hand Association, NewYork-Presbyterian/Hudson Valley Hospital, located in Cortlandt Manor, New York, serves residents of the Hudson Valley and Westchester County. The 128-bed facility provides a wide range of ambulatory care and inpatient services, with 350 physicians on staff in 43 specialties. The hospital is home to the region’s only state-of-the-art, 24-hour "no wait" emergency department, which sees more than 39,000 visits per year. In 2011, the Cheryl R. Lindenbaum Cancer Center opened, offering the first comprehensive cancer center in the area, combining infusion, radiation therapy and support services all under one roof.

Brooklyn Methodist Hospital

Lawrence Hospital

Ronald O. Perelman Heart Institute

Ronald O. Perelman Heart Institute is a "medical town square" dedicated to the treatment of heart disease patients in New York City. Ronald O. Perelman, chairman of MacAndrews & Forbes Holdings Inc., made a $50 million gift to the NewYork-Presbyterian Hospital/Weill Cornell Medical Center on February 28, 2009, to establish the institute. The Heart Institute has a welcome center, a clinical trials enrollment center, and an interactive education resource center that includes medical information on heart disease — with an added focus on cardiac disease in women. [23] [24]

ABC documentary series NY Med , produced by ABC News, features NewYork–Presbyterian Hospital/Weill Cornell Medical Center and NewYork-Presbyterian Hospital/Columbia University Medical Center.

Related Research Articles

Columbia University Medical Center Hospital in New York, U.S.

Columbia University Herbert and Florence Irving Medical Center (CUMC) is an academic medical center and the largest campus of NewYork-Presbyterian Hospital. It includes Columbia University's College of Physicians and Surgeons, College of Dental Medicine, School of Nursing and Mailman School of Public Health, as well as the Morgan Stanley Children's Hospital, the New York State Psychiatric Institute, the Audubon Biomedical Research Park, and numerous other institutions.

Lower Manhattan Hospital Hospital

NewYork-Presbyterian Lower Manhattan Hospital is a not-for-profit, acute care, teaching hospital in New York City and is the only hospital in Lower Manhattan south of Greenwich Village. It is part of the NewYork-Presbyterian Healthcare System and one of the main campuses of NewYork-Presbyterian Hospital.

Houston Methodist Hospital Hospital in Texas, United States

Houston Methodist Hospital is the flagship hospital of Houston Methodist. Located in the Texas Medical Center in Houston, Texas, Houston Methodist Hospital was established in 1919 during the height of the Spanish influenza epidemic as an outreach ministry of Methodist Episcopal Church. Houston Methodist comprises seven community hospitals, a continuing care hospital as well as several emergency centers and physical therapy clinics throughout greater Houston.

Weill Cornell Medicine, officially the Joan & Sanford I. Weill Medical College of Cornell University, is the biomedical research unit and medical school of Cornell University, a private Ivy League university. The medical college is located at 1300 York Avenue, on the Upper East Side of Manhattan in New York City, along with the Weill Cornell Graduate School of Medical Sciences. The college is named for benefactor and former Citigroup chairman Sanford Weill.

The NewYork-Presbyterian Healthcare System is a network of independent, cooperating, acute-care and community hospitals, continuum-of-care facilities, home-health agencies, ambulatory sites, and specialty institutes in the New York metropolitan area. As of 2014, the System was the largest receiver of Medicare payments in the United States.

Morgan Stanley Childrens Hospital Hospital in New York, United States

Morgan Stanley Children's Hospital of New York-Presbyterian is a pediatric hospital in New York City. Located at 3959 Broadway at West 165th Street in the Washington Heights neighborhood of Manhattan, New York City. It is a part of New York-Presbyterian Hospital and the Columbia University Medical Center. The hospital has a dedicated pediatric emergency department and is named after financial firm Morgan Stanley, which largely funded its construction through philanthropy.

David H. Komansky is the former chairman and CEO of Merrill Lynch & Company.

Lincoln Hospital (Bronx) Hospital in New York, United States

Lincoln Hospital is a full service medical center and teaching hospital affiliated with Weill Cornell Medical College, in the South Bronx area of the Bronx, New York City. The medical center is municipally owned by NYC Health + Hospitals.

Brooklyn Hospital Center Hospital in New York, United States

The Brooklyn Hospital Center is a 464-licensed-bed, full-service community teaching hospital located in Downtown Brooklyn, New York City. The hospital was founded in 1845. It is affiliated with the Mount Sinai Health System, and serves a diverse population from a wide range of ethnic backgrounds.

St. Lukes Medical Center hospital network

St. Luke's Medical Center (SLMC) is a private non-profit health care institution based in Quezon City, Metro Manila, Philippines which operates two hospitals of the same name in Quezon City and Taguig. It was founded by the Protestant Episcopal Americans in 1903 as the second American and Protestant founded hospital in the Philippines.

The Rogosin Institute is an independent, not-for-profit treatment and research center with facilities throughout New York City that treat patients with kidney disease, including dialysis and kidney transplantation; lipid disorders; and hypertension. It is affiliated with NewYork-Presbyterian Hospital, Weill Cornell Medical College and is a leader in research programs for cancer and diabetes.

BJC HealthCare is a non-profit health care organization based in St. Louis, Missouri. BJC includes two nationally recognized academic hospitals – Barnes–Jewish Hospital and St. Louis Children's Hospital, which are both affiliated with the Washington University School of Medicine.

Neal Flomenbaum is an emergency physician, author, editor, and an expert in emergency medicine and clinical toxicology. He is emergency physician-in-chief at NewYork-Presbyterian Hospital/Weill Cornell Medical Center; medical director of the NewYork-Presbyterian Emergency Medical Service; and professor of clinical medicine at Weill Cornell Medical College of Cornell University.

Wyckoff Heights Medical Center Hospital in New York, United States

Wyckoff Heights Medical Center is a 350-bed teaching hospital located in the Wyckoff Heights section of Bushwick, Brooklyn in New York City. The hospital is an academic affiliate of the Weill Cornell Medical College of Cornell University, the New York Medical College and New York Institute of Technology College of Osteopathic Medicine. The primary goal of the center is to train future physicians that are qualified medically and personably.

NewYork-Presbyterian Lawrence Hospital is a general hospital located in Bronxville, New York that provides inpatient and outpatient care primarily to residents of southern Westchester County. It was founded in 1909 as Lawrence Hospital by prominent businessman William Van Duzer Lawrence, whose name the hospital bears, following the near-death of his son, Dudley, while en route to a hospital in New York City. The hospital annually treats 36,000 patients in its emergency department and delivers around 2,000 babies. Today, it is affiliated with Columbia University College of Physicians & Surgeons and, as of 2015, has 400 physicians, 88% of whom are board certified, with a total of 1,100 employees. It is recognized for excellence in orthopedics, obstetrics, oncology, and cardiology.

NewYork–Presbyterian/Queens Hospital in New York City, US

New York–Presbyterian Hospital Queens, stylized as NewYork–Presbyterian/Queens, is a not-for-profit acute care and teaching hospital in the Flushing neighborhood of Queens in New York City. Formerly operating as Booth Memorial Hospital and New York Hospital Queens (NYHQ), it is located on the northeast corner of Main Street and Booth Memorial Avenue. The NewYork–Presbyterian Healthcare System had assumed control of the Booth Memorial Hospital until 2015, when the NewYork–Presbyterian Hospital, headquartered in Manhattan, assumed control and made the Booth Memorial Hospital a Queens campus.

Manish Garg is a Professor of Emergency Medicine, the Senior Associate Residency Program Director, and the Director of Global Medicine at the Lewis Katz School of Medicine and Temple University Hospital in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania.

References

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