New Cross Gate railway station

Last updated

New Cross Gate Overground roundel (no text).svg National Rail logo.svg
New Cross Gate station.jpg
Station entrance on New Cross Road
Greater London UK location map 2.svg
Red pog.svg
New Cross Gate
Location of New Cross Gate in Greater London
Location New Cross
Local authority London Borough of Lewisham
Managed by London Overground
Owner Network Rail
Station codeNXG
DfT category C1
Number of platforms5
AccessibleYes [1] [2]
Fare zone 2
OSI New Cross Overground roundel (no text).svg National Rail logo.svg [3]
National Rail annual entry and exit
2017–18Decrease2.svg 6.585 million [4]
– interchange Decrease2.svg 1.007 million [4]
2018–19Decrease2.svg 6.172 million [4]
– interchange Decrease2.svg 0.425 million [4]
2019–20Decrease2.svg 5.443 million [4]
– interchange Decrease2.svg 0.366 million [4]
2020–21Decrease2.svg 1.583 million [4]
– interchange Decrease2.svg 89,419 [4]
2021–22Increase2.svg 3.334 million [4]
– interchange Increase2.svg 0.201 million [4]
Key dates
5 June 1839Opened
Other information
External links
WGS84 51°28′32″N0°02′25″W / 51.4755°N 0.0402°W / 51.4755; -0.0402 Coordinates: 51°28′32″N0°02′25″W / 51.4755°N 0.0402°W / 51.4755; -0.0402
Underground sign at Westminster.jpg  London transportportal

New Cross Gate is a railway station in New Cross, London, on the Brighton Main Line and the London Overground. It is 2 miles 70  chains (2.88 miles, 4.63 km) down the line from London Bridge [5] and is about 600 m (660 yd) west of New Cross station. It is in Travelcard Zone 2, and is operated by London Overground. [6]



A 1908 Railway Clearing House map of lines around the approaches to London Bridge Bricklayers Arms & New Cross, Midhurst RJD 91.jpg
A 1908 Railway Clearing House map of lines around the approaches to London Bridge

England's railway boom of the 1830s led to two competing companies driving lines through the area. The first, the London and Croydon Railway (L&CR), established a station on New Cross Road close to Hatcham in 1839. The second, the South Eastern Railway (SER), established a station near Amersham Way in the heart of New Cross in 1849. After both stations came under the ownership of the Southern Railway on 1 January 1923 the former L&CR station was renamed New Cross Gate on 9 July 1923. [7]

During the 19th century, New Cross (Gate) became an important junction where the South London Line, the East London Line, and the Bricklayers Arms Line diverged from the Brighton Main Line to London Bridge.

London and Croydon Railway Station

New Cross in 1839. The station is to the left of the road bridge. London and Croydon Railway.jpg
New Cross in 1839. The station is to the left of the road bridge.

The original station was officially opened on 1 June 1839 by the London and Croydon Railway. [8] and became fully operational on 5 June 1839. [9] It was intended to become the main freight depot and locomotive workshop for the company. In July 1841 the line (but not the station) was also used by the London and Brighton Railway. The London and Croydon and London and Brighton companies merged to form the London, Brighton and South Coast Railway (LB&SCR) in July 1846. Between February and May 1847 the station at New Cross was the northern terminus of the atmospheric propulsion system introduced by the L&CR, [10] but in the latter month the system was abandoned by the new company.

London Brighton and South Coast Railway Station

Up empties train on the ex-LB&SC main line in 1951 New Cross Gate station, with Up empties train geograph-2646441-by-Ben-Brooksbank.jpg
Up empties train on the ex-LB&SC main line in 1951

On 1 October 1847 the newly formed LB&SCR closed the existing New Cross station, replacing it with another at Cold Blow Lane 0.25 miles to the north, in an attempt to secure passengers from the planned North Kent Line of the SER. [11] This move was not a success and was subject to much local criticism, so on 1 May 1849 the LB&SCR rebuilt and re-opened New Cross on the original site. [12]

The current station therefore dates from 1849 but was again rebuilt in 1858 to allow for the quadrupling of the Brighton Main Line. Further rebuilding was undertaken in 1869 when the East London Railway opened a line to Whitechapel and Liverpool Street.

The line through the station was electrified in 1928 by the Southern Railway using the third rail system, although the majority of services continued to be steam hauled until the electrification of the Brighton main line in 1932.

East London Railway Station

On 7 December 1869 a separate station for East London Railway services was opened adjacent to the London, Brighton & South Coast Railway station. It was closed on 1 September 1886 when services were diverted to the LB&SCR station. Soon after closure the station was demolished and the land used for sidings. [13]

East London Railway

The East London Railway (ELR) was owned by a consortium of railway companies. Passenger services were operated by the LB&SCR between Croydon and Liverpool Street, and from 1884 by the District Railway between New Cross (Gate) and Shoreditch. LB&SCR services ceased on 31 March 1913, [14] when the line was electrified using the fourth rail system and thereafter all passenger services were operated by the Metropolitan Railway. For the opening of the ELR a separate ELR station was built in 1869 adjacent to the LB&SCR station. It was closed in 1876 and the trains were diverted to the adjacent LB&SCR station. It was reopened in 1884 for additional Metropolitan District Railway services only for it to close two years later. The ELR station was then demolished around 1900 and the site used for sidings. [15]

In 1933 the Metropolitan railway was taken over by the London Passenger Transport Board, which operated services as part of the London Transport Metropolitan line. London Transport was superseded by Transport for London (TfL).

Freight yard

The London and Croydon planned to use New Cross as the London terminal for its freight traffic, as the station had good access to the Grand Surrey Canal. It therefore built extensive sidings for this purpose. [16] After 1849 the principal freight-handling facility in the area was moved to Willow Walk on the Bricklayers Arms site, but the sidings continued to be used for the storage of carriages. An Ordnance Survey map for 1871 shows a substantial carriage shed on the west side of the main line, north of the station, but this was no longer shown on the 1894 map. It had been replaced by a combined carriage and locomotive shed on the east side of the line in 1894, but this closed in 1906. [17]

Cross-London freight services were operated to the yard by the Great Eastern Railway, which maintained its own goods depot on the site from the 1870s. [18] These services were continued by the London and North Eastern Railway from 1923, and after 1948 by the Eastern Region of British Railways. They ceased to operate in 1962.

Locomotive depot and repair workshops

The L&CR opened a motive power depot and a locomotive repair facility here in 1839, the former of which appears to have been particularly accident prone. The original building, one of the earliest roundhouses, burned down in 1844. [19] A replacement was built in 1845, and a straight shed built by the LB&SCR in 1848 was blown down in a gale in October 1863. [20] Two further buildings were constructed by the LB&SCR in 1863 and 1869. By 1882 the second (1845) Croydon shed was derelict and in that year was replaced by the new shed, which was rebuilt with a new roof by the Southern Railway (SR) prior to 1929. [21]

The various running sheds began to be run down during the 1930s as part of a re-organisation scheme involving new developments at Norwood Junction, but the onset of war meant that they were not formally closed until 1947 and were used for stabling locomotives until 1951. They were demolished in 1957 together with the repair workshops, and replaced by sidings for the storage of electric multiple units. [21]

The locomotive workshops established by the L&CR continued to undertake minor repairs on locomotives in the London area for the LB&SCR and the SR, and also briefly for British Railways. They were closed in 1949. [22]

London Overground

The East London Line closed on 22 December 2007 and reopened on 27 April 2010 as part of the new London Overground system. The service was also closed between 1995 and 1998 due to repair work on the tunnel under the River Thames. The East London line extension included a flyover north of New Cross Gate allowing trains to run through from West Croydon, plus the construction of a train servicing facility nearby. Platform 1 and adjacent track (southbound) were refurbished, with the line continuing under New Cross Road, before merging with the down slow line. LO services terminated here until 23 May 2010 when services were extended south. [23] Ticket barriers were installed to all platforms in time for the London Overground services to commence.

Bakerloo line extension

TFL has proposed future London Underground services at this station as part of the Bakerloo line Extension. TFL claim that if funding is correct, construction would start in 2023 and services would start running in 2028/29.[ citation needed ]


Services at New Cross Gate are operated by Southern and London Overground using Class 377 and 378 EMUs.

The typical off-peak service in trains per hour is: [24] [25]

The station is also served by a single early morning and late evening service to East Croydon via Norwood Junction, with the early morning service continuing to Tattenham Corner and Caterham.

Preceding station National Rail logo.svg National Rail Following station
Stopping Services
Preceding station Overground notextroundel.svg National Rail logo.svg London Overground Following station
Surrey Quays East London line Brockley
Former services
Preceding station Underground no-text.svg London Underground Following station
Deptford Road District line
Deptford Road
towards Hammersmith
Metropolitan line
Surrey Docks
towards Hammersmith
Metropolitan line
Surrey Quays
towards Shoreditch
East London line
Abandoned plans
Preceding station Underground no-text.svg London Underground Following station
Surrey Docks
towards Stanmore
Jubilee line
Phase 3 (never constructed)

Platform layout

The layout is: [26]

Thameslink trains and other Southern services regularly pass through and occasionally stop at the station.


London Buses routes 21, 53, 136, 171, 172, 177, 321, 436, 453 and night routes N21, N53, N89, N136 and N171 serve the station. [27]


Related Research Articles

<span class="mw-page-title-main">East London line</span> London Overground line

The East London line is part of the London Overground, running north to south through the East, Docklands and South areas of London. It was previously a line of the London Underground.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">London Bridge station</span> London Underground and mainline railway station

London Bridge is a central London railway terminus and connected London Underground station in Southwark, south-east London. It occupies a large area on three levels immediately south-east of London Bridge, from which it takes its name. The main line station is the oldest railway station in London fare zone 1 and one of the oldest in the world having opened in 1836. It is one of two main line termini in London to the south of the River Thames and is the fourth-busiest station in London, handling over 50 million passengers a year.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Clapham Junction railway station</span> National railway station in London, England

Clapham Junction railway station is a major railway station and transport hub near St John's Hill in south-west Battersea in the London Borough of Wandsworth. It is 2 miles 57 chains from London Victoria and 3 miles 74 chains from London Waterloo; it is on both the South West Main Line and Brighton Main Line as well as numerous other routes and branch lines passing through or diverging from the main lines at this station. Despite its name, Clapham Junction is not located in Clapham, a district situated approximately 1 mile (1.6 km) to the south-east and is instead sited in Battersea.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Battersea Park railway station</span> National Rail station in London, England

Battersea Park is a suburban railway station in the London Borough of Wandsworth, south London. It is at the junction of the South London Line and the Brighton Main Line, 1 mile 23 chains (2.1 km) measured from London Victoria.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Whitechapel station</span> National rail, London Underground and Overground station

Whitechapel is an interchange station in Whitechapel, East London for London Underground, London Overground and Elizabeth line services. The station is located behind a street market of the same name and opposite Tower Hamlets Town Hall. It lies between Aldgate East and Stepney Green stations on the District and Hammersmith & City lines, between Shoreditch High Street and Shadwell stations on the East London Line. To the West of Whitechapel on the Elizabeth Line is Liverpool Street, to the East the line splits with one branch going to Stratford and one to Canary Wharf. It is in Travelcard Zone 2.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">New Cross railway station</span> National Rail station in London, England

New Cross railway station serves New Cross in south-east London, England. It is 4 miles 68 chains (7.8 km) down the line from London Charing Cross and is in London fare zone 2. The platforms are lettered rather than numbered to avoid confusion with those at New Cross Gate by staff who worked at both stations before privatisation of the stations in 1997. Platform D is used exclusively by London Overground services. Ticket barriers control access to all platforms.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">London, Brighton and South Coast Railway</span> British pre-grouping railway company

The London, Brighton and South Coast Railway was a railway company in the United Kingdom from 1846 to 1922. Its territory formed a rough triangle, with London at its apex, practically the whole coastline of Sussex as its base, and a large part of Surrey. It was bounded on its western side by the London and South Western Railway (L&SWR), which provided an alternative route to Portsmouth. On its eastern side the LB&SCR was bounded by the South Eastern Railway (SER)—later one component of the South Eastern and Chatham Railway (SE&CR)—which provided an alternative route to Bexhill, St Leonards-on-Sea, and Hastings. The LB&SCR had the most direct routes from London to the south coast seaside resorts of Brighton, Eastbourne, Worthing, Littlehampton and Bognor Regis, and to the ports of Newhaven and Shoreham-by-Sea. It served the inland towns and cities of Chichester, Horsham, East Grinstead and Lewes, and jointly served Croydon, Tunbridge Wells, Dorking and Guildford. At the London end was a complicated suburban and outer-suburban network of lines emanating from London Bridge and Victoria, and shared interests in two cross-London lines.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Brockley railway station</span> National rail station in London, England

Brockley railway station serves the south-east London district of Brockley and is on the main railway line between London Bridge and Brighton. It is 3 miles 56 chains down the line from London Bridge.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">East Croydon station</span> National rail station and Tramlink tram stop in London

East Croydon is a railway station and tram stop in Croydon, Greater London, England, and is located in Travelcard Zone 5. At 10 miles 28 chains from London Bridge, it is one of the busiest non-terminal stations in London, and in the United Kingdom as a whole. It is one of three railway stations in the London Borough of Croydon with Croydon in their name, the others being West Croydon and South Croydon. A Tramlink tram stop is located immediately outside the main station entrance.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Oxted line</span> National Rail line in southern England

The Oxted line is a railway in southern England and part of the Southern franchise. The railway splits into two branches towards the south and has direct trains throughout to London termini.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Purley railway station</span> National Rail station in London, England

Purley railway station is in the London Borough of Croydon on the Brighton Main Line, 13 miles 29 chains (21.50 km) measured from London Bridge, in Travelcard Zone 6. It is a junction, with branches to Caterham and Tattenham Corner.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Forest Hill railway station</span> National rail station in London, England

Forest Hill railway station serves Forest Hill in the London Borough of Lewisham, south London. The station adjoins a road which serves as part of the A205 South Circular Road.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Sydenham railway station (London)</span> National rail station in London, England

Sydenham is a railway station in Sydenham in the London Borough of Lewisham, South London. Originally opened in 1839, the station is located on the former Croydon Canal, which is now a branch of the Brighton Main Line, often known as the Sydenham Corridor. Sydenham falls within Travelcard Zone 3 and is served by London Overground and Southern. The station is 6 miles 32 chains down the line from London Bridge.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Penge West railway station</span> National rail station in London, England

Penge West railway station is located in Penge, a district of the London Borough of Bromley in south London. The station is operated by London Overground, with Overground and Southern trains serving the station. Thameslink and some Southern services pass through the station. It is 7 miles 15 chains down the line from London Bridge, in Travelcard Zone 4.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Norwood Junction railway station</span> National rail station in London, England

Norwood Junction railway station is a National Rail station in South Norwood in the London Borough of Croydon, south London and is in Travelcard Zone 4. It is 8 miles 55 chains down the line from London Bridge.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Thornton Heath railway station</span> National Rail station in London, England

Thornton Heath is a railway station in the London Borough of Croydon in south London, 8 miles 64 chains (14.2 km) down the line from London Victoria. It is on the Brighton Main Line between Norbury and Selhurst. The station is operated by Southern, who also provide all train services.The station is in Travelcard Zone 4.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Selhurst railway station</span> National Rail station in London, England

Selhurst railway station is in the London Borough of Croydon in south London, 9 miles 31 chains (15.1 km) along the line from London Victoria. It is operated by Southern, which also provides all the train services. The station is in Travelcard Zone 4.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Eastbourne railway station</span> Railway station in East Sussex, England

Eastbourne railway station serves the seaside town of Eastbourne in East Sussex, England. It is on the East Coastway Line. The station is managed by Southern, who operate all trains serving it. It is one of two railway stations in the town, the other being Hampden Park Station. There are also two other stations in the Eastbourne area, one being Pevensey & Westham, in nearby Westham, the other being Polegate.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Redhill railway station</span> Railway station in Surrey, England

Redhill railway station serves the town of Redhill, Surrey, England. The station is a major interchange point on the Brighton Main Line, 22 miles 40 chains (36.2 km) measured from London Charing Cross. It is managed by Southern, and is also served by Thameslink and GWR.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Bricklayers Arms railway station</span> Disused railway station in England

Bricklayers Arms was a railway station in Southwark opened by the London and Croydon Railway and the South Eastern Railway in 1844 as an alternative to the London and Greenwich Railway's terminus at London Bridge. The station was at the end of a short branch line from the main line to London Bridge and served as a passenger terminus for a few years before being converted to a goods station and engineering facility. The goods station closed in 1981.


  1. "Step free Tube Guide" (PDF). Transport for London . April 2021. Archived (PDF) from the original on 15 May 2021.
  2. Standard Tube Map (PDF) (Map). Not to scale. Transport for London. November 2022. Archived (PDF) from the original on 7 November 2022. Retrieved 12 November 2022.
  3. "Out of Station Interchanges" (XLSX). Transport for London. 16 June 2020. Retrieved 5 November 2020.
  4. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 "Estimates of station usage". Rail statistics. Office of Rail Regulation. Please note: Some methodology may vary year on year.
  5. Yonge, John (November 2008) [1994]. Jacobs, Gerald (ed.). Railway Track Diagrams 5: Southern & TfL (3rd ed.). Bradford on Avon: Trackmaps. map 3A. ISBN   978-0-9549866-4-3.
  6. "New Cross Gate Rail Station (Zone 2)". Transport for London. Retrieved 14 July 2017.
  7. Forgotten Stations of Greater London by J.E.Connor and B.L.Halford
  8. Howard Turner, J.T. (1977). London Brighton and South Coast Railway 1. Origins and Formation. London: Batsford. pp. 63–4. ISBN   0-7134-0275-X.
  9. Gray, Adrian (1977). The London to Brighton line 1841-1877. Blandford Forum: The Oakwood Press. p. 120.
  10. Howard Turner, J.T. (1978). London Brighton and South Coast Railway 2. Establishment and Growth. London: Batsford. pp. 6–7. ISBN   0-7134-1198-8.
  11. Gray2 (1977), p.35.
  12. Gray (1977), pp.35-7
  13. Chronology of London Railways by H.V.Borley page 72
  14. Howard Turner, J.T. (1979). London Brighton and South Coast Railway 3. Completion and Maturity. London: Batsford. p. 200. ISBN   0-7134-1389-1.
  15. London's Disused Underground Stations by J.E.Connor page 38
  16. Howard Turner, (1977), pp.56-7.
  17. Griffiths, Roger; Smith, Paul (1999). The Directory of British Engine Sheds: 1. Oxford Publishing Co. p. 95. ISBN   0-86093-542-6.
  18. Connolly, Philip (1980). British Railways Pre-Grouping Atlas and Gazetteer (fifth ed.). Ian Allan. p. 39. ISBN   0-7110-0320-3.
  19. Hawkins, Chris, and Reeve, George (1979). An historical survey of Southern Sheds. Oxford Publishing Co. pp. 52–3. ISBN   0-86093-020-3.
  20. Howard Turner, (1978) pp.278-9.
  21. 1 2 Griffiths & Smith (1979), p.95
  22. Hawkins and Reeve (1979), p.52
  23. BBC London:The new East London Line opens to the public. Retrieved 27 April 2010
  24. Table 171, 177, 178 National Rail timetable, May 2022
  25. "London Overground Timetable: Highbury & Islington to New Cross, Clapham Junction, Crystal Palace and West Croydon" (PDF). London Overground . Retrieved 4 August 2022.
  26. "New Cross Gate Station Plan". National Rail Enquiries. Retrieved 1 November 2012.
  27. "New Cross Gate". TfL. Retrieved 17 May 2020.
  28. Middlemass, Tom (1995). Stroudley and his Terriers. York: Pendragon. p. 79. ISBN   1-899816-00-3.