New England Highway

Last updated

New England Highway

New South Wales
Location New England Hwy.svg
General information
Type Highway
Length878 km (546 mi) [1]
Route number(s)
Major junctions
North end
 
South end
Location(s)
Major settlements Crows Nest, Toowoomba, Warwick, Tenterfield, Glen Innes, Armidale, Tamworth, Muswellbrook, Maitland
Highway system

The New England Highway is an 878-kilometre (546 mi) long [1] highway in Australia running from Hexham at Newcastle, New South Wales at its southern end to Yarraman, north of Toowoomba, Queensland at its northern end. It is part of Australia's National Highway system, and forms part of the inland route between Brisbane and Sydney. [2]

Contents

Route description

At its southern end the New England Highway connects to the Pacific Highway and at its northern end it connects to the D'Aguilar Highway. It traverses the Hunter Valley, New England, and the Southern and Darling Downs regions.

During the winter months, some parts of the New England Highway are subject to frost and snowfall [3] [4] , with the 350 km section from the Moonbi Ranges to Stanthorpe located at high altitudes.

Traffic volume

In 2013-14, the New England Highway and Cunningham Highway combined (known as the Sydney-Brisbane inland route) had an average annual daily traffic count of just over 13,000 vehicles, which is approximately half that seen on the coastal route (i.e., the Pacific Highway and Pacific Motorway). [2] Heavy vehicles account for approximately 13% of the traffic seen on the route. [2]

Speed cameras

As of November 2018, fixed speed cameras were located at Ben Lomond (between Ross Road and Ben Lomond Road), Blandford (between Hayles Street and Mills Street) and Tenterfield (between Duncan Street and George Street). [5] Average speed enforcement (point-to-point) cameras target heavy vehicles between Singleton and Muswellbrook. [6] [7]

From Brisbane, National Highway 15 (green) follows the Cunningham Highway until Warwick where it then follows southwards, the New England Highway ... Pacific.hwy.nth.jpg
From Brisbane, National Highway 15 (green) follows the Cunningham Highway until Warwick where it then follows southwards, the New England Highway ...
... through Armidale, Tamworth, Maitland and Hexham where it joins the Pacific Highway Pacific.hwy.sth.jpg
... through Armidale, Tamworth, Maitland and Hexham where it joins the Pacific Highway

History

The New England Highway has its origins in the track which developed north from Newcastle to reach the prime wool growing areas of the New England region which Europeans settled following expeditions by NSW Surveyor-General John Oxley in 1818 and botanist Allan Cunningham in 1827 and 1829.[ citation needed ] The rough track, navigable only by horse or bullock dray, crossed the Liverpool Range, went through Tamworth and ended at Tenterfield. [8] The track became known as the Great Northern Road. [9] During the 1860s, several robberies occurred along the road [10] [11] , with infamous bushranger Captain Thunderbolt known to be active in the area. [12]

When the NSW main road system was reorganised in August 1928, the Great Northern Road was gazetted as part of state highway 9 and renamed the Great Northern Highway [13] . At proclamation, the Great Northern Highway was described as stretching from North Sydney to the Queensland border at Mount Lindesay, via Newcastle, Maitland, Tamworth, Armidale, Tenterfield and Woodenbong. [13] The route became known as the New England Highway in early-1933 by combining the Great Northern Highway and the Brisbane-Mount Lindesay-Warwick Highway into a single uniformly-named road from Hexham to Brisbane. [14] [15] In 1936 the road was described by contemporary observers as being in good condition, with spectacular scenery and excellent accommodation en route. [16] [17]

In 1954 the New England Highway was re-routed through Warwick along the route that was then known as the Lockyer-Darling Downs Highway. [18] Against the wishes of the Beaudesert Shire Council and the Woodenbong Chamber of Commerce [19] , the former New England Highway through Beaudesert was renamed the Mount Lindesay Highway. [20]

In the 1970s, the Queensland Main Roads Department rerouted the designation of the New England Highway north of Warwick to follow the former Lockyer-Darling Downs Highway (national route 17) so that it terminated in Toowoomba.[ citation needed ] The section of the highway between Brisbane and Warwick was renamed as part of the Cunningham Highway, which until that time had extended only westward from Warwick to Goondiwindi.[ citation needed ]

Intersection of New England Highway and Golden Highway between Branxton and Singleton NewEnglandAndGoldenHighwaySigns.JPG
Intersection of New England Highway and Golden Highway between Branxton and Singleton
Thunderbolts Rocks, New England Highway (south of Uralla), where Thunderbolt conducted some of his robberies. Thunderbolts Rocks.JPG
Thunderbolts Rocks, New England Highway (south of Uralla), where Thunderbolt conducted some of his robberies.
Statue of Captain Thunderbolt at the intersection of New England Highway and Thunderbolts Way, Uralla, NSW Thunderbolt.JPG
Statue of Captain Thunderbolt at the intersection of New England Highway and Thunderbolts Way, Uralla, NSW

Highway improvements

As of October 2018, completed, current or proposed improvements on the New England Highway include [21] :

Former allocations

Major junctions

StateLGA / LGALocationkm [1] miDestinationsNotes
Queensland Toowoomba Yarraman 00.0AUS Alphanumeric Route A3.svg D'Aguilar Highway (A3)  Nanango, Goomeri, Biloela
AUS Alphanumeric Route A17.svg D'Aguilar Highway (A17)  Caboolture, Esk, Ipswich
T intersection northern terminus; north (A3) and southeast (A17) as the D'Aguilar Highway
Wutul 3321Australian state route 68.svg Oakey Cooyar Road (SR68)  Oakey T intersection; New England Highway continues southeast
Crows Nest Creek7446Bridge over the river (no known name)
Toowoomba Hampton 8653Australian state route 85.svg Esk Hampton Road (SR85)  Esk Four-way intersection; northern concurrency terminus as Australian state route 85.svg; New England Highway continues south
Toowoomba 11873Australian national highway A2.svg Warrego Highway (A2)  Gatton, Ipswich Four-way intersection; eastern concurrency terminus as Australian national highway A2.svgAustralian state route 85.svg; New England Highway continues west
11974Australian national highway A2.svg Warrego Highway (A2)  Dalby Four-way intersection; western concurrency terminus as Australian national highway A2.svg; New England Highway continues south
AUS Alphanumeric Route A39.svgAustralian state route 85.svg Gore Highway (A39) (SR85)  Goondiwindi Four-way intersection; southern concurrency terminus as Australian state route 85.svg; New England Highway continues south
Cambooya 13383Drayton Connection Road  Drayton, Toowoomba Y intersection; New England Highway continues south
13785Australian state route 48.svg Cambooya Connection Road (SR48)  Karara T intersection; New England Highway continues south
Clifton 162101Australian state route 80.svg Gatton Cliftonn Road (SR80)  Gatton T intersection; New England Highway continues south
Southern Downs Glengallan 188117Australian national highway 15.svg Cunningham Highway (A15)  Ipswich, Warwick Directional T interchange; southern terminus as AUS Alphanumeric Route A3.svg; northern concurrency terminus as Australian national highway 15.svgAustralian national route 42.svg; New England Highway and Cunningham Highway continues south
Condamine River 199124 O.O. Madsen Bridge
Southern Downs Warwick 202126Australian national route 42.svg Cunningham Highway (42)  Goondiwindi 4-way intersection; southern terminus as Australian national route 42.svg; New England Highway continus south
Stanthorpe 13785Wallangarra Road  Stanthorpe to Australian state route 89.svgDirectional T interchange; New England Highway continues south
Queensland – New South Wales state border299186Queensland – New South Wales state border
New South Wales Tenterfield Tenterfield 313194 Bruxner Highway (no shield)  Boggabilla Uncontrolled 4-way intersection; northern concurrency terminus; New England Highway continues south
318198Australian state route 80.svg Bruxner Highway (SR80)   Casino, Lismore, Ballina Uncontrolled 4-way intersection; southern concurrency terminus; New England Highway continues south
Deepwater River 370230Bridge over the river (no known name)
Glen Innes Severn Glen Innes 409254New South Wales alphanumeric route B76.svg Gwydir Highway (B76)  Inverell, Warialda, Moree Uncontrolled 4-way intersection; northern concurrency terminus; New England Highway continues south
New South Wales alphanumeric route B76.svg Gwydir Highway (B76)  Grafton Uncontrolled 4-way intersection; southern concurrency terminus; New England Highway continues south
Armidale Armidale 511318New South Wales alphanumeric route B78.svg Waterfall Way (B78)  Raleigh Roundabout; New England Highway continues south
Bendemeer 576358New South Wales alphanumeric route B56.svg Oxley Highway (B56)  Walcha, Wauchope, Port Macquarie T intersection; northern concurrency terminus as New South Wales alphanumeric route B56.svg; New England Highway continues south
Tamworth Tamworth 616383New South Wales alphanumeric route B56.svg Oxley Highway (B56)  Gunnedah, Coonabarabran to New South Wales alphanumeric route B95.svg Manilla Road (B95)  Manilla, Warialda Roundabout; southern concurrency terminus as New South Wales alphanumeric route B56.svg; New England Highway continues south
Peel River 613381Bridge over the river (no known name)
Liverpool Plains Willow Tree 684425New South Wales alphanumeric route B51.svg Kamilaroi Highway (B51)  Gunnedah, Narrabri, Walgett, Bourke Directional T interchange; New England Highway continues south
Pages River 703437Bridge over the river (no known name)
Pages River707439Bridge over the river (no known name)
Pages River710440Bridge over the river (no known name)
Hunter River 755469 Fitzgerald [22] Bridge
Muswellbrook Muswellbrook 769478Denman Road  Denman T intersection; New England Highway continues southeast
Hunter River815506Bridge over the river (no known name)
Singleton Whittingham 827514New South Wales alphanumeric route B84.svg Golden Highway (B84)  Denman, Merriwa, Dunedoo, Dubbo T intersection; New England Highway continues southeast
Belford 835519New South Wales alphanumeric route M15.svg Hunter Expressway (M15)  West Wallsend, Newcastle T intersection; New South Wales alphanumeric route A15.svg transitions to New South Wales alphanumeric route M15.svg; incomplete access to/from the New England Highway (no shield) as it continues east
Branxton 838521New South Wales alphanumeric route B82.svg Clift Street to Wine Country Drive (B82)  Rothbury, Pokolbin, Cessnock T intersection; New England Highway (no shield) continues east
840520New South Wales alphanumeric route A43.svgunnamed road (A43) to New South Wales alphanumeric route M15.svg Hunter Expressway (M15)  Singleton, Newcastle Y intersection; New England Highway transitions to New South Wales alphanumeric route A43.svg and continues southeast
Maitland Maitland 862536Cessnock Road  Kurri Kurri, Cessnock Roundabout; New England Highway continues southeast
Newcastle Tarro 875544New South Wales alphanumeric route A1.svg John Renshaw Drive (A1)  Raymond Terrace, Taree, Kempsey, Coffs Harbour, Brisbane Directional T interchange; incomplete northwest concurrency terminus as New South Wales alphanumeric route A1.svg; New England Highway continues southeast
Hexham 879546New South Wales alphanumeric route A1.svg Pacific Highway (A1)  Newcastle, Raymond Terrace, Taree, Kempsey, Brisbane Directional T interchange; southeast concurrency terminus as New South Wales alphanumeric route A1.svg; southeastern terminus; continues east and north as the Pacific Highway
1.000 mi = 1.609 km; 1.000 km = 0.621 mi

Cities and towns

From its junction with the Pacific Highway at Hexham, 12 km (7 mi) inland from Newcastle the New England Highway connects the following cities and towns:

New South Wales

Queensland

See also

References

  1. 1 2 3 "1 New England Highway, Yarraman QLD 4614 to 187 Maitland Road, Hexham NSW 2322". Google Maps . Google Inc. 2016. Retrieved 28 October 2016.
  2. 1 2 3 Bureau of Infrastructure, Transport and Regional Economics (BITRE) (2016). Traffic on the national road network, 2013–14, Information Sheet 80 (PDF). Canberra: Commonwealth of Australia. Retrieved 24 January 2019.
  3. "More Snow Pics: Because you can never have enough". The Armidale Express. 17 Jul 2015.
  4. "Snow turns to ice closing highway". Guyra Argus. 9 Aug 2012.
  5. "Current locations - New fixed digital speed camera location - November 2018". Transport for New South Wales. NSW Government. Retrieved 31 January 2019.
  6. "Average speed enforcement camera locations". Transport for New South Wales. NSW Government. Retrieved 31 January 2019.
  7. "Average Speed Enforcement for Heavy Vehicles: Factsheet" (PDF). Transport for New South Wales. NSW Government. Retrieved 31 January 2019.
  8. Tenterfield District Historical Society (1949). Tenterfield. National Library of Australia. p. 31.
  9. "New England Highway : History and Development". Ozroads. Archived from the original on 4 March 2017. Retrieved 28 October 2016.[ self-published source ]
  10. "Daring mail robbery on the Great Northern Road". Newcastle Chronicle and Hunter River District News. National Library of Australia. 30 Oct 1861. p. 2. Retrieved 21 January 2019.
  11. "Highway robberies on the Great Northern Road". Maitland Mercury and Hunter River General Advertiser. National Library of Australia. 22 Dec 1863. p. 3. Retrieved 21 January 2019.
  12. "Memories of Thunderbolt". Coffs Harbour Advocate. National Library of Australia. 10 May 1940. p. 2. Retrieved 21 January 2019.
  13. 1 2 "Main Roads Act, 1924-1927". Government Gazette of the State of New South Wales (110). National Library of Australia. 17 Aug 1928. pp. 3814–3815. Retrieved 21 January 2019.
  14. "New England Highway". Kyogle Examiner. National Library of Australia. 14 Feb 1933. p. 2. Retrieved 21 January 2019.
  15. "New England Highway". Uralla Times. National Library of Australia. 23 Feb 1933. p. 11. Retrieved 21 January 2019.
  16. "Motoring along the New England Highway, part 1". Sydney Mail. National Library of Australia. 2 Sep 1936. Retrieved 24 January 2019.
  17. "Motoring along the New England Highway, part 2". Sydney Mail. National Library of Australia. 9 Sep 1936. Retrieved 24 January 2019.
  18. ""New England" Highway now via Warwick". Warwick Daily News. National Library of Australia. 9 Nov 1954. Retrieved 24 January 2019.
  19. "New England Highway: Council against change of name". Beaudesert Times. National Library of Australia. 21 May 1954. Retrieved 24 January 2019.
  20. ""New England" Highway now via Warwick". Warwick Daily News. National Library of Australia. 9 Nov 1954. Retrieved 24 January 2019.
  21. "New England Highway". Roads and Maritime Services. NSW Government. Retrieved 31 January 2019.
  22. "Opening the bridge". Trove. 27 July 1893. Archived from the original on 21 January 2018. Retrieved 21 January 2018.