New Jersey Turnpike

Last updated

New Jersey Turnpike Shield.svg

New Jersey Turnpike
New Jersey Turnpike
New Jersey Turnpike mainline and spurs highlighted in green
Route information
Maintained by NJTA
Length117.20 mi [1] [2] (188.62 km)
Mainline
  • 11.03 mi (17.75 km)—Western Spur [3]
  • 6.55 mi (10.54 km)—Pennsylvania Extension [1]
  • 8.17 mi (13.1 km)—Newark Bay Extension [4]
  • 5.20 mi (8.4 km)—I-95 Extension [1]
Existed1951–present
Component
highways
RestrictionsBuses and commercial vehicles must use outer roadways between Exits 6 and 14
Major junctions
South endI-295.svgUS 40.svgUS 130.svg I-295 / US 40 / US 130 in Pennsville Township
 
North endI-95.svgUS 1.svgUS 9.svgUS 46.svg I-95 / US 1 / US 9 / US 46 in Fort Lee
Location
Counties Salem, Gloucester, Camden, Burlington, Mercer, Middlesex, Union, Essex, Hudson, Bergen
Highway system
I-695.svg I-695 Route 700 I-895 I-895.svg
I-95.svg I-95 Route 100 Route 101 NJ 101 (1926).svg
I-295.svg I-295 Route 300 Route 303 Ellipse sign 303.svg

The New Jersey Turnpike (NJTP) is a system of controlled-access highways in the U.S. state of New Jersey, maintained by the New Jersey Turnpike Authority (NJTA). The 117.20-mile (188.62 km) mainline's southern terminus is at the interchange with U.S. Route 130 (US 130) and Route 49, where the split of Interstate 295 (I-295) and US 40 occurs, near the border of Pennsville and Carneys Point townships in Salem County, one mile (1.6 km) east of the Delaware Memorial Bridge. Its northern terminus is at US 46 in Ridgefield Park, Bergen County. Construction of the mainline from concept to completion took 23 months, from 1950 to 1952. It was officially opened to traffic on November 5, 1951, between its southern terminus and exit 10. [5]

Contents

The turnpike is a major thoroughfare providing access to various localities in New Jersey, as well as Delaware, Pennsylvania, and New York. [6] The toll road provides a direct bypass southeast of Philadelphia for long distance travelers between New York and Washington. According to the International Bridge, Tunnel and Turnpike Association, the turnpike is the nation's sixth-busiest toll road and is one of the most heavily traveled highways in the United States. [7]

The northern part of the mainline turnpike, along with the entirety of its extensions and spurs, is part of the Interstate Highway System, designated as I-95 between exit 6 and its northern end. South of exit 6, it has the unsigned Route 700 designation. There are three extensions and two spurs, including the Newark Bay Extension at exit 14, which carries I-78; the Pennsylvania Turnpike Extension (officially the Pearl Harbor Memorial Turnpike Extension) at exit 6 which carries I-95 off the mainline turnpike; the Eastern Spur and the Western Spur which split traffic between Newark and Ridgefield; and the I-95 Extension which continues the mainline to the George Washington Bridge. All segments except for the I-95 Extension are tolled.

The route is divided into four roadways between exit 6 and exit 14. The inner lanes are normally restricted to carrying only cars, with the outer lanes for cars, trucks, and buses. The turnpike has 12-foot-wide (3.7 m) lanes, 10-foot-wide (3.0 m) shoulders and 13 rest areas named after notable New Jersey residents. The Interstate Highway System took some of its design guidelines from those for the turnpike. [8] The turnpike is considered iconic in popular culture having been referenced in music, film, and television.

Route description

Time-lapse video of a southbound trip on the New Jersey Turnpike
Detailed map of the New Jersey Turnpike including interchange locations and other surface highways in New Jersey NewJerseyTurnpike.jpg
Detailed map of the New Jersey Turnpike including interchange locations and other surface highways in New Jersey

The mainline of the New Jersey Turnpike splits from I-295 in Carneys Point Township and runs along a north-northeast route to Ridgefield Park, where the road continues as I-95. It is designated Route 700, an unsigned route, from exit 1 (Delaware Memorial Bridge) to exit 6, and as I-95 from exit 6 (Mansfield Township) to exit 18 (SecaucusCarlstadt). The number of lanes ranges from four lanes south of exit 4 (Mount Laurel Township), six lanes between exit 4 and exit 6 (Mansfield Township), 12 lanes between exit 6 and exit 11 (Woodbridge Township), and 14 lanes between exit 11 and exit 14 (Newark). [9] The default speed limit is 65 miles per hour (105 km/h) between the southern terminus and milepost 97, and 55 miles per hour (89 km/h) from there to the northern terminus. [1] [2] The Newark Bay Extension carries a 50-mile-per-hour (80 km/h) limit. [4] The turnpike has variable speed limit signs allowing for the limit to be lowered temporarily during unusual road conditions. [10]

Before the advent of the Interstate Highway System, the entire Turnpike was designated by the New Jersey Department of Transportation (NJDOT) as Route 700. The Pearl Harbor Memorial Turnpike Extension was Route 700P, and the Newark Bay Extension was Route 700N. None of these state highway designations have been signed. The entire length of the New Jersey Turnpike is part of the National Highway System, [11] a network of roads important to the country's economy, defense, and mobility. [12]

Pennsville to Springfield Township

Signage at the southern end of the turnpike on I-295/US 40 in Pennsville Township 2018-08-15 17 35 04 View east along U.S. Route 40 and north along New Jersey State Route 700 (New Jersey Turnpike) just northeast of the exit for Interstate 295 in Pennsville Township, Salem County, New Jersey.jpg
Signage at the southern end of the turnpike on I-295/US 40 in Pennsville Township

The turnpike begins within the median of I-295 at exit 1 along the border of Carneys Point and Pennsville townships, where the northbound lanes of I-295 split to the southeast. Here, the turnpike is cosigned with US 40 and has three northbound lanes and two southbound lanes. A northbound entrance from Old Pennsville-Auburn Road is provided near an NJDOT fuel station to the south of the highway. Soon afterwards, the turnpike crosses the Salem Canal, and the northbound lanes of I-295 cross over the turnpike. Heading east, US 40 leaves the highway at an interchange with Route 140 and County Route 540 (CR 540). The turnpike heads northeast from this point into wooded areas as a four-lane controlled-access highway with a 65 mph (105 km/h) speed limit. After crossing over Game Creek, the turnpike reaches the Exit 1 Toll Plaza, where northbound drivers must obtain a ticket, and southbound drivers must surrender their ticket and pay the proper toll. Two Express E-ZPass lanes are provided in each direction. Paralleling I-295, the turnpike continues north/northeast through rural Salem County with two lanes in each direction. After passing under Route 48, the turnpike enters Oldmans Township, where it has the John Fenwick Service Area northbound and the Clara Barton Service Area southbound. The turnpike then briefly enters Pilesgrove Township before crossing the Oldmans Creek into Woolwich Township, Gloucester County. [2] [9]

Continuing northeast, the turnpike crosses the Southern Railroad of New Jersey's Salem Branch before passing to the south of Swedesboro. After crossing the Raccoon Creek, the highway reaches an interchange for US 322. A maintenance yard is present on the northbound side of the turnpike immediately north of the interchange. The route then heads northeast into East Greenwich Township past farmland before crossing Edwards Creek. Here, the turnpike passes by residential developments and soon crosses the Mantua Creek into West Deptford Township, where it passes through parkland before development near the route increases substantially. After passing under Route 45, the turnpike enters Woodbury Heights, where it passes by homes before crossing Conrail Shared Assets Operations' (CSAO) Vineland Secondary and entering Deptford Township. Here, the turnpike passes under Route 47 before crossing the Big Timber Creek. Immediately northeast of this point, the turnpike passes under Route 42 and enters the Camden County borough of Bellmawr. After passing to the south of an industrial park, the turnpike enters Runnemede and comes to an exit for Route 168 (Black Horse Pike), serving the city of Camden to the north. Immediately after the interchange, the turnpike crosses back into Bellmawr before entering Barrington, where it passes under Route 41. The turnpike then passes near packaging plants before entering Lawnside and crossing US 30. [2] [9]

Still two lanes in each direction, the turnpike continues northeast past a warehouse and eventually comes within yards of I-295. Upon entering Cherry Hill, the turnpike passes over tracks carrying the PATCO Speedline and NJ Transit's Atlantic City Line before the southbound lanes have the Walt Whitman Service Area. Continuing northeast, the turnpike passes under Route 70 before crossing the Pennsauken Creek into Mount Laurel, where it has an exit for Route 73. North of this point, the turnpike has three lanes in each direction. Still running within close proximity of I-295, the turnpike comes to a New Jersey State Police station and passes under Route 38 before crossing CSAO's Pemberton Industrial Track. After the northbound James Fenimore Cooper Service Area, the road crosses over Rancocas Creek and passes to the northwest of Rancocas State Park. Now in Westampton Township, Burlington County, the distance between I-295 and the turnpike increases, and the turnpike reaches an exit for CR 541 (Burlington-Mount Holly Road). Northeast of this point, the turnpike continues as a six-lane highway into Burlington Township, where it passes by houses and the Burlington Country Club before entering Springfield Township. Here, the turnpike passes by agricultural areas before crossing Assiscunk Creek. [2] [9]

Mansfield Township to Newark

Now in Mansfield Township, the turnpike splits into a "dual-dual" configuration similar to a local-express configuration. The outer lanes are open to all vehicles and the inner lanes are limited to cars only, unless signed otherwise because of unusual conditions. The turnpike has now has a total of 12 lanes, six in each direction (3-3-3-3). Just north of the split is an interchange with the Pearl Harbor Memorial Turnpike Extension, where the turnpike mainline becomes concurrent with I-95. [2] [9] North of this point, the turnpike enters Bordentown Township and has an exit for US 206. Continuing northeast, the turnpike passes by a mix of residential neighborhoods and farmland and enters Chesterfield Township before passing over Crosswicks Creek and entering Hamilton Township in Mercer County. The highway then reaches the Woodrow Wilson and Richard Stockton service areas on the southbound and northbound sides, respectively. After the service areas, the turnpike enters Robbinsville Township and reaches an exit for I-195, an east–west freeway connecting the state capital of Trenton with the Jersey Shore.

New Jersey Turnpike northbound at I-195 exit in Robbinsville Township 2017-10-02 12 09 37 View north along Interstate 95 (New Jersey Turnpike) at Exit 7A (Interstate 195, Trenton, Shore Points) in Robbinsville Township, Mercer County, New Jersey.jpg
New Jersey Turnpike northbound at I-195 exit in Robbinsville Township

North of I-195, the turnpike passes to the west of several warehouses and traverses numerous parks and wooded areas. After crossing Assunpink Creek, the turnpike enters East Windsor Township, where the road changes its course to a slightly more northerly path. Near Hightstown is an exit for Route 133, which connects the turnpike with and provides a bypass for Route 33 in the area. North of here, the turnpike crosses the Millstone River into Cranbury Township, Middlesex County and passes more warehouses on both sides of the road in addition to the southbound Molly Pitcher Service Area. After entering Monroe Township, the turnpike has a modified trumpet interchange with Route 32 serving Jamesburg. The interchange has a ramp for traffic seeking Route 32 eastbound forming an "S" shape, taking traffic to Cranbury South River Road. Upon crossing into South Brunswick, the turnpike crosses CSAO's Amboy Secondary and passes by more industrial parks. The highway then enters East Brunswick, where suburban development along the corridor greatly increases, indicating the entrance to the built-up portion of the New York metropolitan area. Continuing north, the turnpike passes to the east of a golf course and has the northbound Joyce Kilmer Service Area. The route briefly enters Milltown before crossing back into East Brunswick, where it passes by many homes before reaching an exit for Route 18 serving the county seat of New Brunswick. After Route 18, the turnpike enters New Brunswick and crosses over the Raritan River on the Basilone Memorial Bridge into Edison. [1] [9] The structure honors John Basilone, a Raritan, resident who is the only United States Marine to be honored with the Medal of Honor, the Navy Cross and the Purple Heart. He died at Iwo Jima in 1945. [13]

View south along the turnpike from a plane landing at Newark Airport 2014-05-07 16 27 05 View of the New Jersey Turnpike mainline from an airplane heading for Newark Airport-cropped.JPG
View south along the turnpike from a plane landing at Newark Airport

After crossing the Rartian River, the turnpike passes by several warehouses and parks before crossing CSAO's Bonhamtown Industrial Track line and reaching an exit serving I-287 and Route 440. Soon afterwards, the turnpike enters Woodbridge Township and reaches an exit serving the Garden State Parkway and US 9. North of this interchange is the headquarters of the New Jersey Turnpike Authority. From Woodbridge Township to Newark, High-occupancy vehicle lanes (HOV lanes) exist on the outer roadway (truck lanes), thereby making it seven lanes in each direction (4-3-3-4). The HOV restrictions are in effect on weekdays, from 6:00 a.m. to 9:00 a.m. northbound, and 4:00 p.m.–7:00 p.m. southbound (at times, the NJTA might suspend the HOV restrictions entirely during peak hours in case of unusual conditions). [14] Continuing northeast, the turnpike passes under Route 35 and crosses NJ Transit's North Jersey Coast Line. Past this point, the turnpike crosses the Woodbridge River and reaches the Grover Cleveland Service Area northbound and the Thomas Edison Service Area southbound. After passing over CSAO's Port Reading Secondary line, the turnpike enters Carteret and comes to an interchange serving the borough in addition to Rahway. Immediately north of the interchange, the Wallberg-Lovely Memorial Bridge carries the turnpike over the Rahway River. The bridge is dedicated to Private Martin Wallberg from Westfield, and Private Luke Lovely from South Amboy, the first soldiers from New Jersey to die in World War I. [15] In Linden, the turnpike passes to the east of a large industrial park before reaching an exit for I-278, which traverses the nearby Goethals Bridge. North of this point, the speed limit drops to 55 mph (89 km/h), and the turnpike crosses the Elizabeth River into the city of Elizabeth. After bisecting residential areas, the route comes to an exit for Route 81, providing access to Newark Liberty International Airport. While passing to the east of the airport, the turnpike passes to the west of several big-box stores and the Port Newark–Elizabeth Marine Terminal upon entering Newark. [9] [1] A section of the turnpike and the surrounding land in Elizabeth and Newark has been called "the most dangerous two miles in America" by New Jersey Homeland Security officials due to the high volume of traffic and the density of potential terrorist targets in the surrounding area. [16]

Newark to Ridgefield Park

New Jersey Turnpike (I-95) northbound approaching the I-78/US 1-9 interchange in Newark 2018-07-16 10 40 30 View north along Interstate 95 (New Jersey Turnpike) just south of Exit 14-14C (Interstate 78, U.S. Route 1, U.S. Route 9, Newark Airport, Holland Tunnel) in Newark, Essex County, New Jersey.jpg
New Jersey Turnpike (I-95) northbound approaching the I-78/US 1–9 interchange in Newark

After reaching the north end of the airport, the HOV lanes end, and the turnpike reaches a junction with I-78, which is also the Newark Bay Extension of the turnpike east of the mainline. North of I-78, the turnpike passes over CSAO's Greenville Running Track, Lehigh Line, and Newark and Passaic Industrial Track at the Oak Island Yard. At this point, the car-truck lane configuration ends, and the turnpike splits into two spurs: the Eastern Spur (the original roadway) and the Western Spur (opened in 1970). Both are signed as I-95. The Western Spur is posted for through traffic on I-95 seeking I-280 and the George Washington Bridge, while traffic seeking US 46, I-80, and the Lincoln Tunnel is routed via the Eastern Spur. NJDOT, which calls every class of highway "Route", calls the Western Spur "Route 95W". The NJTA refers to the complex series of roadways and ramps linking the car–truck lanes, the two spurs, as well as traffic heading to and from I-78 as the "Southern Mixing Bowl". [17] Both spurs have an exit for US 1/9 Truck and pass under the Pulaski Skyway (US 1/9) at this point. [1] [9]

Eastern Spur

The Eastern Spur crosses the Passaic River on the Chaplain Washington Bridge, which honors Rev. John P. Washington who gave up his life jacket and died as the SS Dorchester sank on February 3, 1943. [18] After crossing over Amtrak's Northeast Corridor, the spur surfaces into Kearny, Hudson County as a six-lane highway, and has a partial junction with I-280, containing only a southbound exit and northbound entrance. Past this point, the spur passes over Route 7 and crosses the Hackensack River on the Lewandowski Hackensack River Bridge. The bridge was named in honor of the three Lewandowski brothers, Army Private Alexander, Marine Sergeant Walter and Air Force Lieutenant William, who were killed in action during World War II within 18 months of each other. [19] The turnpike then enters Secaucus and crosses Norfolk Southern's Boonton Line before passing over NJ Transit's Main Line just north of the Secaucus Junction station. After the southbound lanes have the Alexander Hamilton Service Area, the turnpike reaches the Exit 16E / 18E Toll Plaza, serving as the northern end of the ticket system. Immediately afterwards is an interchange with Route 495 and Route 3, providing access to the Lincoln Tunnel. After passing through swampland in the New Jersey Meadowlands, the spur crosses into Ridgefield, Bergen County. Here, the Eastern Spur comes to the northernmost service area on the turnpike, the Vince Lombardi Service Area. After passing over CSX's River Subdivision line, the highway merges back together with the Western Spur as it crosses Overpeck Creek and enters Ridgefield Park, where the turnpike comes to its original northern terminus at US 46. [20] [1] [9]

Western Spur

The Harry Laderman Bridge, named after the first turnpike employee killed on the job, [19] carries the Western Spur over the Passaic River. Running north with six lanes, the Western Spur has a full interchange with I-280 before crossing over Route 7 and the Boonton Line. The spur then enters Lyndhurst and crosses NJ Transit's Main Line and Berrys Creek before passing over NJ Transit's Bergen County Line and entering East Rutherford. Here, the Western Spur has a junction with Route 3, where it loses a lane in each direction. The highway reaches the Exit 18W Toll Plaza before passing by the Meadowlands Sports Complex and the American Dream Meadowlands shopping and entertainment complex, which are served by a southbound exit and northbound entrance. After crossing the Hackensack River, the Western Spur has access to the Vince Lombardi Service Area before crossing the River Subdivision line and merging with the Eastern Spur. [21] [3]

New York City from the New Jersey Turnpike New York view from NJ turnpike.jpg
New York City from the New Jersey Turnpike

Ridgefield Park to Fort Lee

The four-mile (6.4 km) stretch of I-95 north of US 46 came under NJTA jurisdiction in 1992, as NJDOT sold the road to balance the state budget. This section of the road, known as the I-95 Extension, travels past the interchange for I-80 and through a cut in the Hudson Palisades at GWB Plaza. It ends at US 9W (exit 72), with the final approaches to the George Washington Bridge along I-95 maintained by the Port Authority of New York and New Jersey. This part of the turnpike is split into local and express lanes as it approaches the George Washington Bridge. Exit numbers along this section follow the mile markers I-95 would have had had the Somerset Freeway been built. [20]

Extensions

The turnpike has two extensions; the first, the Newark Bay Extension, at 8.2 miles (13.2 km), opened in 1956, [22] and is part of I-78. It connects Newark with Lower Manhattan via the Holland Tunnel in Jersey City and intersects the mainline near Newark Liberty International Airport. This extension has three exits (exits 14A, 14B, and 14C), and due to its design (four lanes with a shoulderless Jersey barrier divider), has a 50-mile-per-hour (80 km/h) speed limit. The extension traverses the Newark Bay Bridge (officially the Vincent R. Casciano Memorial Bridge), which is a steel cantilever bridge spanning Newark Bay and connecting Newark and Bayonne. Dubbed the "world's most expensive road" by The Jersey Journal , it was completed April 4, 1956, as part of the turnpike's Newark Bay Extension. Casciano was a state assemblyman and a lifetime resident of Bayonne. [23]

View south along the Pearl Harbor Memorial Turnpike Extension (I-95) from I-295 2016-05-12 12 35 38 View south along the New Jersey Turnpike Pennsylvania Extension (Interstate 95) from the Interstate 295 (Camden Freeway) overpass in Mansfield Township, Burlington County, New Jersey.jpg
View south along the Pearl Harbor Memorial Turnpike Extension (I-95) from I-295

The second extension, known as the Pearl Harbor Memorial Turnpike Extension (or Pennsylvania Turnpike Connector), carries I-95 off the mainline of the New Jersey Turnpike at exit 6 and connects to the Pennsylvania Turnpike via the Delaware River–Turnpike Toll Bridge, a continuous truss bridge spanning the Delaware River. A six-mile-long (9.7 km), six-lane highway, it has an exit, designated as 6A, to US 130 near Florence. The extension was formerly designated as Route 700P, but was officially designated as I-95 after the Somerset Freeway was cancelled, and was signed as such when the first components of the Pennsylvania Turnpike/Interstate 95 Interchange Project were completed on September 22, 2018. [24]

Services

Rest areas

Molly Pitcher Service Area Molly Pitcher Service Area; Main Restaurants.JPG
Molly Pitcher Service Area
John Fenwick Service Area John Fenwick Service Area.jpg
John Fenwick Service Area

The New Jersey Turnpike is noted for naming its rest areas after notable deceased people who had a connection to New Jersey. [25]

Service areas, south to north
Service areaDirectionmikmNearest exitsLocationNotes
Clara Barton Southbound5.48.71, 2 Oldmans Township
John Fenwick Northbound5.48.71, 2Oldmans Township
Walt Whitman Southbound30.248.63, 4 Cherry Hill
James Fenimore Cooper Northbound39.463.44, 5 Mount Laurel
Richard Stockton Southbound58.794.57, 7A Hamilton Township
Woodrow Wilson Northbound58.794.57, 7AHamilton Township
Molly Pitcher Southbound71.7115.48, 8A Cranbury
Joyce Kilmer Northbound78.7126.78A, 9 East Brunswick
Grover Cleveland Northbound92.9149.511, 12 Woodbridge Township
Thomas Edison Southbound92.9149.511, 12Woodbridge Township
Alexander Hamilton Southbound111.6179.615X, 16E Secaucus Eastern spur only
Vince Lombardi Both116.0186.717, 68 Ridgefield Eastern and western spurs

Turnpike rest areas consist mostly of fast food restaurants operated by HMShost. Each rest area also includes restrooms, water fountains, a Sunoco gas station with a small convenience store, with gas price signs posted about half a mile (0.8 km) before reaching the rest area, and a separate parking area for cars and trucks. Some have a dedicated bus parking area, Wi-Fi, and a gift shop as well. [26]

Before 1982, there was a service area on the northbound side named for Admiral William Halsey. [27] However, in 1982, exit 13A was created, which caused the obscuring of the rest area, as they both overlapped with each other. Anyone who wanted to get to the service area missed exiting at exit 13A, and (northbound) drivers who took that exit missed that service area. The service area closed permanently on June 4, 1994. [28] Today, it can be seen by motorists when exiting 13A from the northbound car lanes, where a temporary concrete barrier obstructs an open asphalt lot. [29]

Also, two service plazas were located on the Newark Bay Extension (one eastbound and one westbound) located west of exit 14B. These were closed in the early 1970s. The eastbound plaza was named for John Stevens, the westbound plaza for Peter Stuyvesant. [30]

In late March 2010, it was revealed that the state Transportation Commissioner was considering selling the naming rights of the rest areas to help address a budget shortfall. [31]

The Grover Cleveland Service Area in Woodbridge was temporarily closed because of storm damage from Hurricane Sandy, with only fuel available. It was rebuilt and fully reopened on November 23, 2015. [32] [33] In 2015, the NJTA installed Tesla supercharging stations in the Molly Pitcher and Joyce Kilmer services areas to allow Tesla car owners to charge their vehicles. A proposal to offer charging stations for non-Tesla vehicles is also under consideration. [34]

On September 8, 2018, the Thomas Edison service area was closed for remodeling until May 2019. [35]

On January 5, 2019, the Alexander Hamilton Service Area closed for construction. It reopened in August 2019.

On September 6, 2019, the Vince Lombardi Service Area closed for construction.

On September 9, the Richard Stockton Service Area closed for construction. It reopened on June 17, 2020.

Emergency assistance

The New Jersey Turnpike Authority offers 12-foot-wide (3.7 m) shoulders wherever possible, and disabled vehicle service may be obtained by dialing #95 on a cellular phone. [36]

History

Precursors and planning

NJ 100 (cutout).svg
NJ 300 (cutout).svg

Route 100 and Route 300 were two state highways proposed in the 1930s by the New Jersey State Highway Department as precursors to the New Jersey Turnpike.

The road that is now the New Jersey Turnpike was first planned by the State Highway Department as two untolled freeways in 1938. Route 100 was the route from New Brunswick to the George Washington Bridge, plus a spur to the Holland Tunnel (now the Newark Bay Extension of the Turnpike). Route 300 was the southern part of the turnpike from the Delaware Memorial Bridge to New Brunswick. However, the State Highway Department did not have the funds to complete the two freeways, and very little of the road was built under its auspices. [37] [38] Instead, in 1948, the New Jersey Turnpike Authority was created to build the road, and the two freeways were built as a single toll road.

Route S100 was a proposed spur of Route 100 in Elizabeth. It was never built, although Route 81 follows a similar alignment.

Hackensack Run bridge under construction in 1951 New Jersey Turnpike Construction 1951 LOC.jpg
Hackensack Run bridge under construction in 1951

According to a letter to the editor written by Kathleen Troast Pitney, the daughter of Paul L. Troast, the first chairman of the New Jersey Turnpike Authority,

Governor Driscoll appointed three men to the turnpike authority in the late 1940s—Maxwell Lester, George Smith and Paul Troast, my father, as chairman. They had no enabling legislation and no funding. They were able to open more than two-thirds of the road in 11 months, completing the whole (project) in less than two years ... When the commissioners broached the subject of landscaping the road ... the governor told them he wanted a road to take the interstate traffic ... off New Jersey's existing roads. Since 85 percent of the traffic at that time was estimated to be from out of state, why spend additional funds on landscaping? [39]

A brochure Interesting Facts about the New Jersey Turnpike, dating from soon after the road's opening, says that when the turnpike's bonds are paid off, "the law provides that the turnpike be turned over to the state for inclusion in the public highway system". Due to new construction, and the expectation that the turnpike pays for policing and maintenance, this has never come to pass.

Construction

The task of building the turnpike was not an easy one. One major problem was the construction in the city of Elizabeth, where either 450 homes or 32 businesses would be destroyed, depending on the chosen route. The engineers decided to go through the residential area, since they considered it the grittiest and the closest route to both Newark Airport and the Port Newark-Elizabeth Marine Terminal seaport.

NJ Turnpike passes the swampy Meadowlands, near New York City NJ-TurnpikeSwamp.JPG
NJ Turnpike passes the swampy Meadowlands, near New York City

When construction finally got to Newark, there was the new challenge of deciding to build either over or under the Pulaski Skyway. If construction went above the skyway, the costs would be much higher. If they went under, the costs would be lower, but the roadway would be very close to the Passaic River, making it harder for ships to pass through. The turnpike was ultimately built to pass under. [40] [41] As part of a 2005 seismic retrofit project, the NJTA lowered its roadway to increase vertical clearance and allow for full-width shoulders, which had been constrained by the location of the skyway supports. [42] Engineers replaced the bearings and lowered the bridge by four feet (1.2 m), without shutting down traffic. The work was carried out under a $35 million contract in 2004 by Koch Skanska of Carteret. The project's engineers were from a joint venture of Dewberry Goodking Inc. and HNTM Corp. Temporary towers supported the bridge while bearings were removed from the 150 piers and the concrete replaced on the pier tops. The lowering process for an 800-foot (240 m) section of the bridge was done over 56 increments, during five weeks of work. [43]

While continuing up to the New Jersey Meadowlands, the crossings were harder because of the fertile marsh land of silt and mud. Near the shallow mud, the mud was filled with crushed stone, and the roadway was built above the water table. In the deeper mud, caissons were sunk down to a firm stratum and filled with sand, then both the caissons and the surrounding areas were covered with blankets of sand. Gradually, the water was brought up, and drained into adjacent meadows. Then, construction of the two major bridges over the Passaic and Hackensack Rivers was completed. The bridges were built to give motorists a clear view of the New York City skyline, but with high retaining walls to create the illusion of not being on a river crossing. [44] The 6,955 ft (2,120 m) Passaic River (Chaplain Washington) Bridge cost $13.7 million to build; the 5,623 ft (1,714 m) Hackensack River Bridge cost $9.5 million.

NJ Turnpike southbound just south of exit 13 in Linden, New Jersey YuvrajrNJTurnpikeSouthExit12.JPG
NJ Turnpike southbound just south of exit 13 in Linden, New Jersey

After the turnpike was built in 1952, the NJTA and the New York State Thruway Authority proposed a 13-mile (21 km) extension of the New Jersey Turnpike that would run from its end (at US 46 in Ridgefield Park at the time) up to West Nyack, New York, at I-87, on the New York State Thruway. The section through New Jersey was to be constructed and maintained by the New Jersey Turnpike Authority, while the section in New York was to be built and maintained by the New York Thruway Authority.

The purpose of this extension was to give motorists a "more direct bypass of the New York City area" to New England, by using the Tappan Zee Bridge. The extension was to parallel New York State Route 303 (NY 303) and the present-day CSX River Line, and have limited interchanges. It was to have an interchange with the Palisades Interstate Parkway and at I-87 (New York State Thruway) in West Nyack. This project did not survive; by 1970, it became too expensive to buy right-of-way access, and community opposition was fierce. Therefore, the New Jersey Turnpike Authority and the New York State Thruway Authority cancelled the project. [44]

1950s–1980s

With the turnpike completed, traffic began to increase, which prompted the NJTA's first widening project. In 1955, the authority proposed to widen the turnpike from four lanes to six lanes (three in each direction) between exit 4 in Mount Laurel Township and exit 10 in Woodbridge Township, and from four lanes to an eight-lane, dual-dual setup (2-2-2-2, two express carriageways and two local carriageways in each direction) between exit 10 and exit 14 in Newark.

Approaching the exit 11 tollbooths at night in 1992, in the days before E-ZPass New Jersey Turnpike Exit 11 Tollbooth at night, 1992.jpg
Approaching the exit 11 tollbooths at night in 1992, in the days before E-ZPass

In 1966, the Turnpike was widened between exit 10 and exit 14 under a new expansion plan. This abolished the express-local roadway plan and created the car and truck-buses lane configuration (3-3-3-3). This project also included closing the old exit 10 at Woodbridge and replacing it with a new exit 10 in Edison Township; exit 11 was also rebuilt to provide complete access to the Garden State Parkway. The dual-dual setup was widened south to exit 9 in East Brunswick Township in 1973, and again extended farther south in 1990 to exit 8A in Monroe Township. [44]

Typical sign at non-freeway entrances to the turnpike 2018-10-02 14 04 43 The entrance ramp to New Jersey State Route 700 (New Jersey Turnpike) from southbound New Jersey State Route 168 (Black Horse Pike) in Bellmawr, Camden County, New Jersey.jpg
Typical sign at non-freeway entrances to the turnpike

A series of roadway accidents occurred on the New Jersey Turnpike in the town of Kearny, on October 23 and 24, 1973. The first collision occurred at 11:20 p.m. EDT on the 23rd. Further accidents continued to occur until 2:45 a.m. the next day as cars plowed into the unseen accident ahead of them. Sixty-six vehicles were involved, and nine people died as a result. Thirty-nine suffered non-fatal injuries. The primary cause of the accident was related to a fire consisting of burning garbage, aggravated by foggy conditions. [45] This produced an area of extremely poor visibility.

In 1971, the NJTA proposed building the Alfred E. Driscoll Expressway. It was to start at the Garden State Parkway south of exit 80 in Dover Township (now Toms River) and end at the turnpike approximately three miles (4.8 km) north of exit 8A in South Brunswick. As a proposed part of the turnpike system, its seven interchanges would have included toll plazas except at the northern end of the turnpike. By 1972, the proposed road met fierce opposition from Ocean, Monmouth and Middlesex counties with quality of life being the main concern. The NJTA proceeded anyway and began selling bonds. But by December 1973, Governor-elect Brendan Byrne decided to stop the project altogether. Despite this, the authority continued with its plan. It was not until February 1977 that the authority abandoned its plan to build the road. [46] The rights-of-way were sold in 1979, shelving the project indefinitely. [47]

2000s

View north along the New Jersey Turnpike in Hamilton Township, Mercer County. This was one of the southernmost I-95 signs on the mainline New Jersey Turnpike before the completion of I-95 in September 2018. 2017-10-02 12 57 46 View north along Interstate 95 (New Jersey Turnpike) just south of Exit 7A (Interstate 195, Trenton, Shore Points) in Hamilton Township, Mercer County, New Jersey.jpg
View north along the New Jersey Turnpike in Hamilton Township, Mercer County. This was one of the southernmost I-95 signs on the mainline New Jersey Turnpike before the completion of I-95 in September 2018.

In January 2004, the authority opened the refurbished 18W toll gate in Carlstadt. The refurbishment included two E-ZPass Express Lanes in both directions. In July 2004, the New Jersey Turnpike Authority opened the new exit 1 toll gate in Carneys Point Township. The new 23-lane toll gate is near milepost 2.4. It features a glass-enclosed overhead walkway for toll collectors, including "a concrete lighthouse to serve as a 'gateway' to the state as well as to the turnpike". [44] The toll gate features five lanes heading north, 14 lanes heading south, and two E-ZPass Express Lanes in both directions.

In 2005, the authority opened exit 15X to allow access to the newly built Secaucus Junction train station. [48] The authority lowered the Eastern Spur (between mileposts 107.3 and 107.5 in Newark) in 2005. The lowered spur now consists of a minimum 15-foot (4.6 m) vertical clearance and a 12-foot (3.7 m) horizontal clearance on the shoulders underneath the Pulaski Skyway (US 1/9). [44]

In February 2006, the authority updated exit 8A in Monroe Township. The former exit ramp that allowed traffic onto Route 32 westbound, has been closed off. Instead, a new ramp leads to a traffic light at the intersection of the ramp and County Route 535 (CR 535) in South Brunswick Township. CR 535 was expanded between the new ramp intersection and Route 32. The authority planned to build Route 92, an east–west spur from US 1 and Ridge Road in the township of South Brunswick to the mainline of the turnpike at exit 8A in Monroe Township. This proposition was cancelled on December 1, 2006. [49]

Throughout the first decade of the 21st century, the NJTA made repairs to several bridge decks, including the bridge crossing the Rancocas Creek, which was resurfaced in 2007. [50]

The NJTA reconfigured exit 12 in the Borough of Carteret to reduce truck traffic. A new grade separated interchange-ramp was constructed from Roosevelt Avenue east and connects to the toll gate. In addition, the seven-lane toll gate was demolished and replaced with a new 17-lane one. This project was completed in April 2010, five to six months behind schedule. [51] The authority rebuilt exit 16W in the Borough of East Rutherford. Several new ramps were built, and old ones were destroyed. One major modification was destroying the old ramp from the tollgate to Route 3 west and having a new ramp swing around in the opposite direction and merge with Route 3 west, thereby completing the double trumpet-like interchange. This project was completed by March 2010. [52]

2010s

The NJTA began accepting E-ZPass on all toll lanes at all turnpike interchanges on March 5, 2011. [53] On April 28, 2011, attempts to privatize toll collection on the New Jersey Turnpike were thwarted as a deal between the New Jersey Turnpike Authority and two unions to reduce toll collector salaries was made instead. [54] The Authority reconstructed the Route 495 westbound overpass across the turnpike at exit 16E in Secaucus. This was finished in the middle of 2011. [55]

Safety improvements were made at exit 2 in Woolwich Township. The authority installed a traffic signal at the entrance to the Turnpike with US 322. In addition, the intersection was widened with turn lanes on all approaches. Construction was complete in late 2012. [56] [57]

On March 31, 2014, the NJTA began a new lane control system on the eastbound lanes of the Newark Bay–Hudson County Extension. This system used the shoulder as a travel lane between exit 14 to 14C. [58] This system was discontinued on May 20, 2019 as part of a bridge redecking project, and the shoulder is no longer used as a travel lane. [59]

Widening between interchanges 6 and 9

Construction of the new lanes as seen in Robbinsville Township in July 2012 New Jersey Turnpike widening Robbinsville.JPG
Construction of the new lanes as seen in Robbinsville Township in July 2012
Completed 12-lane roadway from same point as above in November 2014 New Jersey Turnpike widening Robbinsville Nov 2014.jpg
Completed 12-lane roadway from same point as above in November 2014
Three proposals for new exit 8 in East Windsor. Alternative 1 was chosen (with a few changes) NJTP (I 95) IC 8 options.jpg
Three proposals for new exit 8 in East Windsor. Alternative 1 was chosen (with a few changes)

In November 2004, Governor Richard Codey advocated a plan to widen the turnpike by extending the dual-dual configuration 20.1 miles (32.3 km) south from exit 8A in Monroe Township to exit 6 in Mansfield Township. This was to be completed by 2014 when Pennsylvania was supposed to finish an interchange, that would connect its turnpike to the existing I-95 in Bristol Township, Pennsylvania. Finances were to be supplied by rerouting money from the planned Route 92 Turnpike extension. [60] As part of this project, the NJTA expanded the turnpike by changing the dual-dual configuration (from 2-3-3-2 to 3-3-3-3) between exit 9 in East Brunswick Township and exit 8A in Monroe Township. Minimal construction was needed since overpasses were already built with future expansion in mind. Only final preparation and paving of an outer lane in the outer roadways were required to accommodate the extra lane. New signage and lighting were installed as part of the widening project. It was thought that some transmission towers that ran near the turnpike would have to be reconfigured to make room for the newly constructed roadways. However, this idea was dismissed because it would have been cost prohibitive, and the towers, in fact, did not need to be relocated. [61] The widened turnpike features six lanes in each direction (3-3-3-3), double the previous capacity. [62] [63] The following interchanges were upgraded with this widening project: exit 6 (Mansfield), exit 7 (Bordentown Township), exit 7A (Robbinsville), exit 8 (East Windsor), and exit 8A (Monroe). [64]

On July 2, 2009, a ceremonial groundbreaking took place near exit 8 to initiate the widening of the turnpike. [65] On January 28, 2014, the last two of the project's 31 construction contracts was awarded. [66] On May 17–18, 2014, the NJTA switched traffic from the inner roadway for the new outer roadway to do repairs and resurfacing of the inner roadway. [67] A total of six northbound lanes between exits 6 and 9 opened on October 26, 2014, while the southbound lanes opened a week later on November 3, 2014. The final cost reported to be $2.3 billion. [68] [69] The project employed 1,000 workers a day, and at one point was the largest active road construction project in the Western Hemisphere. [70]

In late October 2015, the southbound inner roadway exit ramp at exit 7A was closed to make repairs to the overpass crossing over the truck lanes. Steel plates beneath the deck of the exit ramp overpass "were not built to specification" when it was originally constructed. The ramp was reopened in late November 2015. [71]

Project outline
ExitInterchange/Toll Gate LocationMileRamp
Modifications
Expansion to toll gateNotesStart of Construction
6Mansfield Township50.9Build two-lane high-speed ramps to/from inner and outer roadwaysNoSouthern end of "dual–dual" setuplate 2009
7Bordentown Township53.7Build single lane ramps to/from inner and outer roadwaysNomid-2009
6N & 6SHamilton Township57.8Build single lane inner and outer roadway exit/entrance rampsWoodrow Wilson Service Area (6N) & Richard Stockton Service Area (6S)late 2009
7ARobbinsville Township60.5Build new ramps to inner and outer roadwaysYes—add three more lanes to gateTwo-lane ramps to be built to enter northbound lanes and exit southbound lanes and single lane ramps to enter southbound lanes and exit northbound lanesmid-2009
8East Windsor Township67.6Build new interchange with single lane ramps to/from inner and outer roadways, and ramp to maintenance shedYes—new 12-lane toll gateNew exit 8 was constructed east of the Turnpike, connecting directly to the Hightstown Bypass and Route 33 mid-2009
7SCranbury Township71.5Build single-lane southbound ramps to/from inner & outer roadwaysMolly Pitcher Service Area on the southbound sideearly 2010
8ASouth Brunswick/Monroe Township73.9Build single-lane entrance ramp to southbound inner car lanesNoearly 2010

On January 1, 2007, the NJTA released its plan for exit 8 in East Windsor Township. The old interchange, located west of the turnpike, was demolished and replaced with a new one located to the east of the turnpike. The new interchange configuration opened in January 2013, featuring a new toll plaza consisting of 10 lanes, with direct access to the Route 133 (Hightstown Bypass) without going through any traffic lights, as well as to Route 33 by using a grade-separated interchange. [72] Construction of a realigned Milford Road, near the interchange, was open to traffic in October 2011. [73] Milford Road was converted into an overpass crossing over the new interchange 8 ramp. The junction with the realigned Milford Road, Route 33 and Monmouth Street was also modified. [74]

Other construction

An older variable-message sign displaying a warning. These signs have since been replaced. New Jersey Turnpike Reduce Speed sign.jpg
An older variable-message sign displaying a warning. These signs have since been replaced.
A newer VMS displaying a warning about congestion ahead 2013-12-28 15 01 10 New variable message sign on northbound Interstate 95 (New Jersey Turnpike) just north of Exit 7A (Interstate 195, Trenton, Shore Points) in Robbinsville Township, Mercer County, New Jersey.jpg
A newer VMS displaying a warning about congestion ahead

Due to traffic congestion outside exit 8A, the NJTA plans to improve Route 32 from its intersection at US 130 in South Brunswick to the exit 8A tollgate in Monroe Township. Named the "Interchange 8A to Route 130 Connection", plans and dates have yet to be determined. [75]

To reduce congestion, the NJTA has widened Route 18 and reconstructed all the associated ramps at exit 9 (except the ramp to Route 18 north) in East Brunswick Township. Construction began in late 2012 and was completed in the middle of 2016. [76] [77] [78] [79]

The authority is planning a 1.1-mile (1.8 km) roadway and bridge, called the "Tremley Point Road Connector", from Industrial Highway in the Borough of Carteret to Tremley Point Road in the City of Linden. The purpose of this project is to increase truck access to the Tremley Point industrial area in Linden while moving trucks off local streets in residential neighborhoods. The authority chose this access road rather than a full interchange with Tremley Point Road from the turnpike mainline because of its proximity to both exits 12 and 13. [80] The estimated completion date of the connector has yet to be determined, [81] and as of August 2016, no construction contracts had been awarded. [82]

In conjunction with the Port Authority of New York and New Jersey's replacement of the Goethals Bridge, improvements are being studied at exit 13 in Elizabeth and Linden. [83]

The authority plans to improve exit 14A in Jersey City and connecting roads in Bayonne because the current interchange is in "poor condition" and suffers from chronic congestion. This is part of a bigger project that addresses future congestion along Route 440. Official groundbreaking occurred on March 11, 2015, with an expanded toll plaza and connector bridge targeted for completion in late 2018 with a $310 million budget. [84] [85] The newly expanded exit 14A reopened in May 2018 ahead of its anticipated opening later in the year. [86]

All of the turnpike's original variable-message signs (VMS) were replaced from 2010 to 2015, and many new signs were also added. The replacement signs, which feature full graphic color matrix technology, are more up-to-date and feature travel times to major routes when not otherwise in use. [10]

Tolls

A toll ticket received at exit 15W in 2008 New Jersey Turnpike ticket.jpg
A toll ticket received at exit 15W in 2008

The New Jersey Turnpike is a closed-system toll road, using a system of long-distance tickets, obtained once by the motorist upon entering and surrendered upon exiting at toll gates. The toll fee depends on the distance traveled—longer distances result in higher tolls. As of 2012, the automobile toll from exit 1 to exit 18 is $13.85. [87] If the ticket is lost, the driver must pay the highest toll fee upon exiting. In September 2000, the turnpike introduced E-ZPass electronic toll collection. [88] Discounts were available to all users of the E-ZPass system until 2002. Since then, the costly implementation of the E-ZPass system forced the NJTA to eliminate the discounts during peak hours and instead impose a $1 per month E-ZPass fee to their account holders. E-ZPass customers with NJ accounts still receive a discount during off-peak hours, [89] when the automobile toll from exit 1 to exit 18 is $10.40. Cash customers do not receive this discount. [90] Three toll plazas on the turnpike have Express E-ZPass lanes, allowing E-ZPass customers to travel through toll areas at highway speeds, thanks to the addition of E-ZPass sensors on an overhead gantry. These high-speed toll gates are located at the northern terminus of the road on the Western Spur, the southern terminus in Carneys Point, and on the Pennsylvania Turnpike Extension. At each location, traditional E-ZPass and cash lanes are also available. Every toll lane on the turnpike accepts E-ZPass.

A New Jersey Turnpike tollgate for exit 8A in Monroe Township New Jersey Turnpike toll gate.jpg
A New Jersey Turnpike tollgate for exit 8A in Monroe Township

When traveling from the north, drivers who exit from the southbound Western Spur onto the ramp for dedicated access to the Meadowlands Sports Complex pay no toll, but the NJTA counts cars electronically and is paid a fee for each vehicle by the New Jersey Sports and Exposition Authority.

The non-tolled I-295, which parallels the turnpike for much of its southern length, is often used as an alternate route for shunpiking by locals and through travelers alike; before the expansion of the exit 1 toll plaza, this route was promoted through signage and radio announcements from the New Jersey State Police as a bypass of summer congestion at the plaza.

Exit list

Mainline, Eastern Spur, and I-95 Extension

CountyLocationmi [1] [2] kmExitDestinationsNotes
Salem Pennsville Township 0.000.00I-295.svgUS 40.svg I-295 south / US 40 west (Delaware Memorial Bridge) Delaware Southern terminus; southern terminus of I-295 / US 40 concurrency
0.220.351AElongated circle 49.svg Route 49 east Pennsville, Salem Signed as exit 1 southbound; western terminus of Route 49
1BUS 130.svg US 130 north Penns Grove No southbound exit; southern terminus of US 130
Carneys Point Township 0.721.16I-295.svg I-295 north Camden, Trenton Northern terminus of I-295 concurrency; northbound exit and southbound entrance
1.121.80US 40.svg US 40 east Atlantic City
Ellipse sign 140.svgCR 540 jct.svg Route 140 / CR 540  Penns Grove, Deepwater
Northern terminus of US 40 concurrency
2.403.86Exit 1 Toll Plaza (southern terminus of ticketed system)
Gloucester Woolwich Township 12.8020.602US 322.svg US 322 (CR 536) Swedesboro, Glassboro
Camden RunnemedeBellmawr
borough line
26.1042.003Ellipse sign 168.svg Route 168  Camden, Atlantic City Expressway
Burlington Mount Laurel 34.5055.524Elongated circle 73.svg Route 73  Mount Laurel, Camden
Westampton 44.1070.975 CR 541  Burlington, Mount Holly
Mansfield Township 48.7078.38Southern terminus of dual-roadway setup (inner roadway for cars only, outer roadway for cars, trucks, and buses)
51.00–
51.60
82.08–
83.04
6I-95.svgI-276.svg I-95 south to I-276 west Pennsylvania Turnpike, Philadelphia Eastern terminus of Pearl Harbor Extension; southern terminus of I-95 concurrency
Bordentown Township 53.3085.787US 206.svg US 206  Bordentown, Trenton Interchange reconstructed in 1990 [44]
Mercer Robbinsville Township 60.5097.377AI-195.svg I-195  Trenton, Shore Points Interchange modified in 2013–2014
East Windsor Township 67.50108.638Elongated circle 33.svgEllipse sign 133.svg Route 33 / Route 133  Hightstown, Freehold Interchange reconstructed in 2013–2014
Middlesex Monroe TownshipSouth Brunswick Township
township line
73.90118.938AElongated circle 32.svgUS 130.svg Route 32 to US 130  Jamesburg, Cranbury
East Brunswick Township 83.40134.229Ellipse sign 18.svgUS 1.svg Route 18 (CR 527) to US 1  New Brunswick Interchange modified in 2017
Raritan River 84.22135.54 Basilone Memorial Bridge
Edison Township 88.10141.7810I-287.svgEllipse sign 440.svg I-287 north / Route 440 north (CR 514) Metuchen, Perth Amboy Southern termini of I-287 and Route 440; [lower-alpha 1] former exit 9A [91]
Woodbridge Township 91.00146.4511GSPkwy Shield.svgUS 9.svg G.S. Parkway / US 9  Woodbridge
Carteret 95.90154.3412 CR 602  Carteret, Rahway
Union Elizabeth 99.40159.9713I-278.svg I-278  Elizabeth, Staten Island
101.60163.5113AAirport Sign.svg Route 81 north Elizabeth, Elizabeth Seaport, Newark Airport Opened in 1982
Essex Newark 104.70168.5014–14CI-78.svgUS 1.svgUS 9.svgAirport Sign.svg I-78 / US 1 / US 9  Newark Airport, Holland Tunnel Western terminus of the Newark Bay Extension
105.60169.95New Jersey Turnpike Shield.svgI-280.svgEllipse sign 3.svg N.J. Turnpike north (Western Spur) to I-280 / Route 3  George Washington Bridge, Sports Complex Southern terminus of the Western Spur
106.90172.0415EUS 1.svgUS 9.svg US 1 / US 9  Newark, Jersey City
Hudson Kearny 108.50–
108.80
174.61–
175.10
15WI-280.svg I-280 west Newark, Kearny Southbound exit and northbound entrance; eastern terminus of I-280
Secaucus 110.80178.3215X Secaucus To Secaucus Junction
112.30180.73Exits 16E / 18E Toll Plaza (northern terminus of ticketed system)
112.70181.3717Ellipse sign 3.svgEllipse sign 495.svg Route 3 / Route 495 east Lincoln Tunnel, Secaucus Interchange rebuilt in 1964; [92] signed as exit 16E northbound; western terminus of Route 495; tolled southbound exit
Bergen Ridgefield Park 117.20–
116.80
188.62–
187.97
New Jersey Turnpike Shield.svgEllipse sign 3.svg N.J. Turnpike south (Western Spur) to Route 3  Sports Complex Northern terminus of the Western Spur
117.20188.6268US 46.svg US 46  The Ridgefields, Palisades Park Rebuilt in 1971 in conjunction with exit 69; no exit number northbound, no northbound access to Teaneck Road
117.80189.5868Challenger RoadNorthbound exit only
Southern end of express (upper) lanes and local (lower) lanes
Teaneck 119.00191.5169I-80.svgGSPkwy Shield.svg I-80 west to G.S. Parkway  Hackensack, Paterson Eastern terminus of I-80; exit number not signed northbound
119.40192.1670 CR 56  Leonia, Teaneck Signed into exits 70A (Leonia) and 70B (Teaneck) northbound
Englewood 120.90194.5771Broad Avenue Leonia, Englewood Northbound exit and southbound entrance
Fort Lee 121.50–
121.80
195.54–
196.02
72AEllipse sign 4.svg Route 4 west Paramus Southbound exit and northbound entrance; eastern terminus of Route 4
122.40196.9872US 9W.svgPalisades Interstate Pkwy.svgElongated circle 67.svg US 9W north to Palisades Parkway / Route 67  Fort Lee Northern terminus; southern terminus of US 9W
I-95.svgUS 1.svgUS 9.svgUS 46.svg I-95 north / US 1 north / US 9 north / US 46 east (George Washington Bridge) New York City Continuation beyond Fort Lee Interchange
1.000 mi = 1.609 km; 1.000 km = 0.621 mi

Pearl Harbor Memorial Turnpike Extension

The entire route is in Burlington County.

Locationmi [1] [2] kmExitDestinationsNotes
Delaware River 0.000.00I-95.svgPennsylvania Turnpike logo.svgI-276.svg I-95 south / Penna Turnpike west to I-276 west Philadelphia, Harrisburg Continuation into Pennsylvania; western terminus of I-95 concurrency
Delaware River–Turnpike Toll Bridge
Florence Township 2.604.186AUS 130.svg US 130  Burlington Tolled westbound entrance; exit number not signed
Exit 6 Toll Plaza
Mansfield Township 6.5510.546I-95.svgNew Jersey Turnpike Shield.svg I-95 north / N.J. Turnpike New York City, Camden, Wilmington Exit 6 on NJ Turnpike; eastern terminus of I-95 concurrency
1.000 mi = 1.609 km; 1.000 km = 0.621 mi

Newark Bay Extension

See also: § Extensions (above)
CountyLocationmi [1] [2] kmExitDestinationsNotes
Essex Newark 0.000.0014I-78.svgUS 1.svgUS 9.svgUS 22.svgAirport Sign.svg I-78 west / US 1 / US 9 / US 22  Newark, Newark Airport, Clinton Western terminus of I-78 concurrency
Exit 14 Toll Plaza
New Jersey Turnpike Shield.svgI-95.svg N.J. Turnpike / I-95 Exit 14 on I-95 / Turnpike
Hudson Jersey City 3.505.6314AEllipse sign 440.svg Route 440  Bayonne, Bayonne Bridge Interchange reconstructed 2015–2018
5.508.8514BBayview Avenue Jersey City, Liberty State Park
5.909.50Exit 14C Toll Plaza
14CI-78.svg I-78 east Holland Tunnel, Liberty Science Center, Light Rail Park-Ride Eastern terminus of I-78 concurrency
1.000 mi = 1.609 km; 1.000 km = 0.621 mi

Western Spur

CountyLocationmi [1] [2] kmExitDestinationsNotes
Essex Newark 105.60169.95I-95.svgNew Jersey Turnpike Shield.svgI-78.svgUS 1.svgUS 9.svgUS 22.svg I-95 south / N.J. Turnpike south to I-78 / US 1 / US 9 / US 22 Southern terminus of the Western Spur; toll road continues south
106.90172.0415EUS 1.svgUS 9.svg US 1 / US 9  Newark, Jersey City Southbound exit and northbound entrance
Hudson Kearny 108.50–
108.80
174.61–
175.10
15WI-280.svg I-280 west Newark, Kearny, The Oranges Eastern terminus of I-280
Bergen East Rutherford 112.70181.3716WEllipse sign 3.svg Route 3  Secaucus, Rutherford
Carlstadt 113.80183.14Exit 18W Toll Plaza (northern terminus of ticketed system)
114.07–
114.55
183.58–
184.35
19W Meadowlands Complex, American Dream No northbound exit
Ridgefield Park 117.20188.6269I-80.svg I-80 west Hackensack, Paterson No exit number northbound
116.80187.97I-95.svgNew Jersey Turnpike Shield.svgUS 46.svg I-95 north / N.J. Turnpike north to US 46  Fort Lee, George Washington Bridge Northern terminus of the Western Spur
1.000 mi = 1.609 km; 1.000 km = 0.621 mi

One of the promotional taglines in the 1988 film Moving is "On the New Jersey Turnpike, no one can hear you scream."

See also

Notes

  1. Exit 10 was originally built to connect with the Garden State Parkway, while exit 11 was built to service US 9. Both interchanges opened on November 30, 1951, and were reconfigured to their current patterns by 1966.

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The Atlantic City Expressway is a 44.19-mile (71.12 km), controlled-access toll road in the U.S. state of New Jersey, managed and operated by the South Jersey Transportation Authority (SJTA). It serves as an extension of the freeway part of Route 42 in Turnersville southeast to Atlantic City. It connects Philadelphia and the surrounding Delaware Valley with Atlantic City and other Jersey Shore resorts. Besides providing a route between the Delaware Valley and Atlantic City, as well as other Shore Points, the expressway also serves other South Jersey communities, including Hammonton and Mays Landing. The expressway intersects many major roads, including Route 73 in Winslow Township, Route 54 in Hammonton, Route 50 in Hamilton Township, the Garden State Parkway in Egg Harbor Township, and U.S. Route 9 (US 9) in Pleasantville.

The Garden State Parkway (GSP) is a limited-access highway that stretches the length of New Jersey from the state's southernmost tip near Cape May to the New York state line at Montvale. A toll road, its name refers to New Jersey's nickname, the "Garden State". The parkway's official, but unsigned, designation is Route 444. At its north end, the road becomes the Garden State Parkway Connector, a component of the New York State Thruway system that connects to the Thruway mainline in Ramapo. The parkway is the longest highway in the state at approximately 172 miles (277 km), and, according to the International Bridge, Tunnel and Turnpike Association, was the busiest toll road in the United States in 2006. The highway has a posted speed limit of 65 miles per hour (105 km/h) for most of its length, and is primarily for passenger vehicle use; trucks weighing over 10,000 pounds (4,500 kg) are prohibited north of exit 105.

U.S. Route 46 (US 46) is an east–west U.S. Highway completely within the state of New Jersey, running for 75.34 mi (121.25 km), making it the shortest signed, non-spur U.S. Highway. The west end is at an interchange with Interstate 80 (I-80) and Route 94 in Columbia, Warren County on the Delaware River. The east end is in the middle of the George Washington Bridge over the Hudson River in Fort Lee, Bergen County while the route is concurrent with I-95 and US 1-9. Throughout much of its length, US 46 is closely paralleled by I-80. US 46 is a major local and suburban route, with some sections built to or near freeway standards and many other sections arterials with jughandles. The route runs through several communities in the northern part of New Jersey, including Hackettstown, Netcong, Dover, Parsippany-Troy Hills, Wayne, Clifton, Ridgefield Park, Palisades Park, and Fort Lee. It crosses over the Upper Passaic River at several points. The road has been ceremonially named the United Spanish–American War Veterans Memorial Highway.

Route 440 is a state highway in New Jersey, United States. It comprises two segments, a 5.15-mile (8.29 km) freeway in Middlesex County linking Interstate 287 and the New Jersey Turnpike in Edison to the Outerbridge Crossing in Perth Amboy and a 8.18-mile (13.16 km) four-lane divided highway in Hudson County running from the Bayonne Bridge in Bayonne to U.S. Route 1/9 Truck in Jersey City. These two segments are connected by New York State Route 440, which runs across Staten Island. The freeway portion in Middlesex County is six lanes wide and interchanges with the Garden State Parkway and U.S. Route 9 in Woodbridge.

E-ZPass Electronic toll collection system in the Eastern and Midwestern United States

E‑ZPass is an electronic toll collection system used on most tolled roads, bridges, and tunnels in the Midwestern and Eastern United States, as far south as Florida and as far west as Illinois. The E-ZPass Interagency Group (IAG) consists of 39 member agencies in operation within 17 states, which use the same technology and allow travelers to use the same transponder on toll roads throughout the network. Since its creation in 1987, various independent systems that use the same technology have been folded into the E-ZPass system, including the I-Pass in Illinois and the NC Quick Pass in North Carolina. Negotiations are ongoing for nationwide interoperability in the United States.

Interstate 287 (I-287) is an auxiliary Interstate Highway in the US states of New Jersey and New York. It is a partial beltway around New York City, serving the northern half of New Jersey and the counties of Rockland and Westchester in New York. I-287, which is signed north–south in New Jersey and east–west in New York, follows a roughly horseshoe-shaped route from the New Jersey Turnpike (I-95) in Edison Township, New Jersey, clockwise to the New England Thruway (I-95) in Rye, New York, for 98.72 miles (158.87 km). Through New Jersey, I-287 runs west from its southern terminus in Edison through suburban areas. In Bridgewater Township, the freeway takes a more northeasterly course, paralleled by U.S. Route 202 (US 202). The northernmost part of I-287 in New Jersey passes through mountainous surroundings. After crossing into New York at Suffern, I-287 turns east on the New York State Thruway (I-87) and runs through Rockland County. After crossing the Hudson River on the Tappan Zee Bridge, I-287 splits from I-87 near Tarrytown and continues east through Westchester County on the Cross-Westchester Expressway until it reaches the New England Thruway. Within New Jersey, I-287 is maintained by the New Jersey Department of Transportation (NJDOT), and within New York, it is maintained by the New York State Thruway Authority (NYSTA).

Interstate 295 (I-295) in Delaware, New Jersey, and Pennsylvania is an auxiliary Interstate Highway, designated as a bypass around Philadelphia and a partial beltway of Trenton, New Jersey. The route begins at a junction with I-95 south of Wilmington, Delaware, and runs to an interchange with I-95 in Bristol Township, Pennsylvania. The highway heads east from I-95 and crosses the Delaware River into New Jersey on the Delaware Memorial Bridge concurrent with U.S. Route 40 (US 40). Upon entering New Jersey, I-295 splits from the New Jersey Turnpike and US 40, and runs parallel to the turnpike for most of its course in the state. After a concurrency with US 130 in Gloucester County, I-295 has an interchange with I-76 and Route 42 in Camden County. The freeway continues northeast toward Trenton, where it intersects I-195 and Route 29 before bypassing the city to the east, north, and west, crossing the Delaware River on the Scudder Falls Bridge into Pennsylvania. In Pennsylvania, I-295 is signed as an east–west road and heads south to its other terminus at I-95.

Interstate 280 (I-280) is a 17.85-mile (28.73 km) Interstate Highway in the U.S. state of New Jersey. It provides a spur from I-80 in Parsippany-Troy Hills, Morris County to Newark, and I-95 in Kearny, Hudson County. In Kearny, access is provided toward the Holland Tunnel and Lincoln Tunnel to New York City. The western part of the route runs through suburban areas of Morris and Essex counties, crossing the Watchung Mountains. Upon reaching The Oranges, the setting becomes more urbanized and I-280 runs along a depressed alignment before ascending again in Newark. I-280 includes a lift bridge, the William A. Stickel Memorial Bridge over the Passaic River between Newark and East Newark/Harrison. The highway is sometimes called the Essex Freeway. I-280 interchanges with several roads, including the Garden State Parkway in East Orange and Route 21 in Newark.

Interstate 476 (I-476) is a 132.1-mile (212.59 km) auxiliary Interstate Highway of Interstate 76 in the U.S. state of Pennsylvania designated between Interstate 95 near Chester and Interstate 81 near Scranton, serving as the primary north–south Interstate corridor through eastern Pennsylvania. It consists of both the 20-mile (32.19 km) Mid-County Expressway, locally referred to as the "Blue Route", through the suburban Philadelphia-area counties of Delaware and Montgomery, and the tolled, 110.6-mile (177.99 km) Northeast Extension of the Pennsylvania Turnpike connecting the Philadelphia metropolitan area with the Lehigh Valley, the Poconos, and the Wyoming Valley. The Blue Route passes through suburban areas, while the Northeast Extension predominantly runs through rural areas of mountains, forest and farmland, with development closer to Philadelphia and in the Lehigh Valley and the Wyoming Valley. I-476 intersects many major roads including Interstate 76 in West Conshohocken, Interstate 276 in Plymouth Meeting, U.S. Route 22 near Allentown, and Interstate 80 near Hickory Run State Park.

Interstate 95 (I-95) is a major Interstate Highway that traverses nearly the full extent of the East Coast of the United States, from Florida to Maine. In the state of New Jersey, it runs along much of the mainline of the New Jersey Turnpike, as well as the Pearl Harbor Memorial Extension, and the New Jersey Turnpike's I-95 Extension to the George Washington Bridge for a total of 77.96 mi (125.46 km). Located in the northeastern part of the state near New York City, the 11.03-mile (17.75 km) Western Spur of the New Jersey Turnpike, considered to be Route 95W by the New Jersey Department of Transportation (NJDOT), is also part of I-95.

Interstate 78 (I-78) is an east–west route stretching from Union Township, Lebanon County, Pennsylvania to New York City. In New Jersey, I-78 is called the Phillipsburg–Newark Expressway and the Newark Bay Extension of the New Jersey Turnpike. The highway runs for 67.83 miles (109.16 km) in the northern part of the state of New Jersey from the Interstate 78 Toll Bridge over the Delaware River at the Pennsylvania state line in Phillipsburg, Warren County east to the Holland Tunnel under the Hudson River at the New York state line in Jersey City, Hudson County. The Phillipsburg-Newark Expressway portion of I-78, formally called the Lightning Division Memorial Highway, runs from the Phillipsburg area east across rural areas of western New Jersey before entering suburban areas in Somerset County. The road crosses the Watchung Mountains, widening into a local-express lane configuration at Route 24 as it continues through urban areas to Newark. Here, I-78 intersects the mainline of the New Jersey Turnpike (I-95) and becomes the Newark Bay Extension, crossing the Newark Bay Bridge and continuing to Jersey City. The route, along with Route 139, follows a one-way pair of surface streets to the Holland Tunnel.

Pennsylvania Turnpike/Interstate 95 Interchange Project Highway construction project

The Pennsylvania Turnpike/Interstate 95 Interchange Project is an ongoing road construction project to build an interchange where Interstate 95 (I-95) and I-295 cross the Pennsylvania Turnpike in Bristol Township, Bucks County, Pennsylvania, in the United States. It will also rebuild several interchanges and overpasses, widen the turnpike from U.S. Route 1 (US 1) in Bensalem Township eastward to the Delaware River, and add a second span to the Delaware River–Turnpike Toll Bridge between Bristol Township and Burlington Township, New Jersey.

Delaware River–Turnpike Toll Bridge

The Delaware River–Turnpike Toll Bridge is a four-lane, steel, arch-shaped, continuous truss bridge crossing the Delaware River between Burlington Township, Burlington County, New Jersey and Bristol Township, Bucks County, Pennsylvania. As a part of Interstate 95, it is a major highway link between Philadelphia and New York City. The bridge also connects the Pennsylvania Turnpike's east-west mainline with the main trunk of the New Jersey Turnpike, via the Pearl Harbor Memorial Turnpike Extension. Tolls are collected only in the west/southbound direction via electronic toll collection.

The Mon–Fayette Expressway is a tolled freeway that is planned to eventually link Interstate 68 near Morgantown, West Virginia with Interstate 376 near Monroeville, Pennsylvania. The ultimate goal of the highway is to provide a high speed north-south connection between Morgantown and the eastern side of Pittsburgh while revitalizing economically distressed Monongahela River Valley towns in Fayette and Washington counties, serving as an alternative to Interstate 79 to the west, as well as relieving the PA 51 alignment from Pittsburgh to Uniontown.

U.S. Route 1 is a United States highway which parallels the East Coast of the United States, running from Key West, Florida in the south to Fort Kent, Maine at the Canadian border in the north. Of the entire length of the route, 66.06 miles (106.31 km) of it runs through New Jersey. It enters the state from Pennsylvania on the Trenton–Morrisville Toll Bridge over the Delaware River in the state capital of Trenton, running through the city on the Trenton Freeway. From here, US 1 continues northeast as a surface divided highway through suburban areas continuing into Middlesex County and passing through New Brunswick and Edison. US 1 merges with US 9 in Woodbridge, and the two routes continue through northern New Jersey as US 1/9 to the George Washington Bridge over the Hudson River in Fort Lee. At this point, the road continues into New York City along with I-95.

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Further reading

Route map:

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