The State Legislature of New Mexico
Legislatura de Nuevo México
|Houses|| Senate |
House of Representatives
New session started
|January 1, 2019|
Senate political groups
House political groups
Length of term
| Senate: 4 years|
House: 2 years
|Salary||$0/year + per diem|
Senate last election
|November 3, 2020|
House last election
|November 3, 2020|
Senate next election
|November 8, 2022|
House next election
|November 8, 2022|
|State Capitol, Santa Fe|
|Constitution of New Mexico|
The New Mexico Legislature (Spanish : Legislatura de Nuevo México) is the legislative branch of the state government of New Mexico. It is a bicameral body made up of the New Mexico House of Representatives and the New Mexico Senate.
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The New Mexico Legislature was established when New Mexico officially became a state and was admitted to the union in 1912. In 1922, Bertha M. Paxton became the first woman elected to the New Mexico Legislature, serving one term in the House of Representatives.
The Legislature meets in regular session on the third Tuesday in January of each odd-numbered year. The New Mexico Constitution limits the regular session to 60 calendar days, every other year it is 30 days.The lieutenant governor presides over the Senate, while the Speaker of the House is elected from that body in a closed door majority member caucus. Both have wide latitude in choosing committee membership in their respective houses and have a large impact on lawmaking in the state.
While only the Governor can call the Legislature into special sessions, the Legislature can call itself into an extraordinary session. The Governor may call as many sessions as he or she wishes. The New Mexico Constitution does not limit the duration of each special session; lawmakers may consider only those issues designated by the Governor in his or her "call," or proclamation convening the special session (though other issues may be added by the Governor during a session).
Any bill passed by the Legislature and signed by the Governor takes effect 90 days after its passage unless two-thirds of each house votes to give the bill immediate effect, earlier effect (before 90 day period), or later effect (after 90 day period).
The legislature consists of 70 representatives and 42 senators. Each member of the House represents roughly 25,980 residents of New Mexico. Each member of the Senate represents roughly 43,300 residents. Currently the Democratic Party holds a majority in both of the chambers of New Mexico Legislature, and holds the Governor's office.
A legislative committee is assigned by the governor to meet every 10 years based on the outcome of the US Census to redistrict the boundaries of districts for the state legislature, and congressional districts.
Currently, there are no term limits for legislators. The longest current member of the legislature has served since 1972. House members are elected every 2 years, while Senate members are elected every 4 years.
(Shading indicates majority caucus)
|End of previous legislature||27||15||42||0|
|Jan 1, 2015 - Mar 14, 2015||25||17||42||0|
|Mar 14, 2015 - Apr 5, 2015||24||17||41||1|
|Apr 5, 2015 – Jan 17, 2017||24||18||42||0|
|Jan 17, 2017 – Present||26||16||42||0|
(Shading indicates majority caucus)
|1st||1912–1914||49||16||30||3||24||7||16||1||William W. McDonald|
|3rd||1917-1918||49||19||30||-||24||10||14||-||Ezequiel Cabeza De Baca|
|Washington E. Lindsey|
|5th||1921-1922||49||15||34||-||24||9||15||-||Merritt C. Mechem|
|6th||1923-1924||49||33||16||-||24||9||15||-||James F. Hinkle|
|7th||1925-1926||49||28||21||-||24||11||13||-||Arthur T. Hannett|
|8th||1927-1928||49||18||31||-||24||11||13||-||Richard C. Dillon|
|42||7||-||Andrew W. Hockenhull|
|14th||1939-1940||49||42||7||-||24||23||1||-||John E. Miles|
|16th||1943-1944||49||33||16||-||24||21||3||-||John J. Dempsey|
|18th||1947-1948||49||30||19||-||24||18||6||-||Thomas J. Mabry|
|20th||1951-1952||55||46||9||-||24||18||6||-||Edwin L. Mechem|
|22nd||1955-1956||55||51||4||-||32||23||9||-||John F. Simms|
|23rd||1957-1958||66||43||23||-||32||24||8||-||Edwin L. Mechem|
|25th||1961-1962||66||59||7||-||32||28||4||-||Edwin L. Mechem|
|26th||1963-1964||66||55||11||-||32||28||4||-||Jack M. Campbell|
|28th||1967-1968||70||45||25||-||42||25||17||-||David F. Cargo|
|54th||2019-2020||70||46||24||-||42||26||16||Michelle Lujan Grisham|
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