New Zealand War Medal

Last updated

New Zealand War Medal
New Zeland Medal 1845-1866 (Obverse).jpg New Zeland Medal with Reverse dates 1865-1865.jpg
Obverse and reverse of the medal
Type Campaign medal
Awarded forCampaign service
DescriptionSilver disk, 36mm in diameter
Presented by United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland
EligibilityBritish and Colonial forces
Campaign(s) New Zealand Wars
(1845–47, 1860–66)
Established1869
Total recipients4,400
New Zealand Medal BAR.svg
Ribbon bar
Related New Zealand Cross for bravery

The New Zealand War Medal was a campaign medal authorised in 1869 to be awarded to Imperial and Colonial troops involved in the New Zealand Wars of 1845–47 and 1860–66. [1] The New Zealand Wars were previously known as the Māori Wars, Anglo-Māori Wars or Land Wars.

Contents

Imperial forces included British Army, Royal Navy and Royal Marines. The Colonial militia were recruited both locally and in Australia, and included mobile forces like Von Tempskys Forest Rangers and the Arawa Flying Column from a Māori tribe for the guerrilla war in the New Zealand bush.

For Imperial forces, it was awarded to those "who actually served in the field against the enemy in New Zealand". [2]

The medal was granted to Colonial Forces and Friendly natives who had “been actually under fire, or otherwise conspicuous for distinguished service in the field,” and also to nearest relatives of anyone killed in action or who had died of his wounds. [3] Claims from Colonial forces were closed in 1900 but reopened in 1910 and 1913 in association with land claims for service in the war. Claims were finally closed for Europeans in 1915 and Māori in 1916.

Description

The medal is silver, circular, 36 millimetres (1.4 in) in diameter and with a straight bar suspender ornamented with New Zealand fern fronds. [1] The medal was designed by the brothers A. B. and J. S. Wyon. [4]

The obverse shows an effigy of Queen Victoria, facing left and wearing a diadem and veil, with the legend: VICTORIA D: G: BRITT : REG : F : D : The bust is similar to, but larger than, that on the Abyssinian Medal issued in the same year.

The reverse has a laurel wreath containing the year or years between which the recipient served, with the words NEW ZEALAND above and VIRTUTIS HONOR (Honour of valour) below. Generally Colonial militia medals are undated, as were some to Imperial forces. The year(s) of service, within the period 1845 to 1866, were shown over three lines, for example '1863 / to / 1865'. Uniquely for a British campaign medal, the years are die struck in the centre. [4] The longest period shown on an awarded medal was '1846 to 1865', of which only one was bestowed, while unawarded specimens are known bearing the dates '1846 to 1866'. [5]

The rim of the medal was impressed with the recipient's number, name, regiment and – for those above private – their rank. Some medals with an undated reverse also have the relevant years of service engraved on the rim. [4]

The ribbon, 1.25 inches (32 mm) wide, is of blue with a 10mm red centre stripe. [4]

No clasps (bars) were issued. [6]

Number issued

The number struck was 1,957 (Imperial government) and 2,500 (Colonial government), total 4,457, of which about 4,400 were issued.
The New Zealand Ministry of Defence retained a few unclaimed medals, some of which they sold in the 1960s marked 'specimen' and with the name of the recipient obliterated. [4]

See also

The New Zealand War Medal: Awards to Colonial Units by P. Y. Dennerly (The Volunteer May 1986, Volume 12 No 4; journal of the New Zealand Military Historical Society)

Related Research Articles

Turkish Crimea Medal Turkish medal for service in the Crimean War

The Turkish Crimean War Medal is a campaign medal issued by Sultan Abdülmecid I of the Ottoman Empire to allied military personnel involved in the Crimean War of 1854–56. It was only awarded to those who survived the war and not to next of kin. There are three different issues of this medal for British, French, or Sardinian personnel. The medal was designed by James Robertson.

War Medal 1939–1945 Award

The War Medal 1939–1945 is a campaign medal which was instituted by the United Kingdom on 16 August 1945, for award to citizens of the British Commonwealth who had served full-time in the Armed Forces or the Merchant Navy for at least 28 days between 3 September 1939 and 2 September 1945.

Naval General Service Medal (1847) Award

The Naval General Service Medal (NGSM) was a campaign medal approved in 1847, and issued to officers and men of the Royal Navy in 1849. The final date for submitting claims was 1 May 1851. Admiral Thomas Bladen Capel was one of the members of the board that authorised the medal.

Military General Service Medal Award

The Military General Service Medal (MGSM) was a campaign medal approved in 1847 and issued to officers and men of the British Army in 1848.

India General Service Medal (1936) British campaign medal awarded for service on the North-West Frontier of Inidia

The Indian General Service Medal was a campaign medal approved on 3 August 1938, for issue to officers and men of the British and Indian armies, and of the Royal Air Force.

Baltic Medal Award

The Baltic Medal was a campaign medal approved on 6 June 1856, for issue to officers and men of the Royal Navy, Royal Marines, and Royal Sappers and Miners who served between March 1854 and August 1855 in the Baltic Sea operations against Russia in the Baltic theatre of the Crimean War, or Åland War. The medal primarily covered naval actions but was also awarded to 106 men of the Royal Sappers and Miners who were landed to place demolition charges against Russian fortifications at Bomarsund and Sveaborg.

Army of India Medal Award

The Army of India Medal (AIM) was a campaign medal approved in 1851 for issue to officers and men of the British Army and the Army of the Honourable East India Company. A retrospective award following the precedent set by the Naval General Service Medal and the Military General Service Medal, it served to reward service in various actions from 1803 to 1826.

British War Medal Award

The British War Medal is a campaign medal of the United Kingdom which was awarded to officers and men of British and Imperial forces for service in the First World War. Two versions of the medal were produced. About 6.5 million were struck in silver and 110,000 in bronze, the latter awarded to, among others, the Chinese, Maltese and Indian Labour Corps.

Sutlej Medal Award

The Sutlej Medal was a campaign medal approved in 1846, for issue to officers and men of the British Army and Honourable East India Company who served in the Sutlej campaign of 1845–46. This medal was the first to use clasps to denote soldiers who fought in the major battles of the campaign.

Queens Mediterranean Medal Award

The Queen's Mediterranean Medal was authorised by King Edward VII and was awarded to Militia troops who had replaced their regular Army counterparts in the various military garrisons across the Mediterranean, in Gibraltar, Malta and Egypt. This allowed regular troops to be available for the Second Boer War.

Candahar, Ghuznee, Cabul Medal Award

The Candahar, Ghuznee, Cabul Medal was awarded to those who took part in the campaign in the spring and summer of 1842, under the command of General William Nott, to restore British standing in Afghanistan after earlier defeats during the First Anglo-Afghan War.

Scinde Medal Award

The Scinde Medal was authorised on 22 September 1843 and issued to soldiers of the Honourable East India Company, the 22nd Regiment of Foot of the British Army and members of the Indian Navy who crewed the Indus Flotilla, who participated in Major General Sir Charles Napier's conquest of Scinde between 1842 and 1843.

Canada General Service Medal Canadian campaign medal

The Canada General Service Medal was a campaign medal awarded by the Canadian Government to both Imperial and Canadian forces for duties related to the Fenian raids between 1866 and 1871. The medal was initially issued in 1899 and had to be applied for. The application period was later extended to 1907, then to 1928.

Africa General Service Medal Award

The Africa General Service Medal, established in 1902, was a campaign medal of the United Kingdom. It was awarded for minor campaigns that took place in tropical Africa between 1900 and 1956, with a total of forty five clasps issued. The medal is never seen without a clasp and some are very rare. Most medals were granted to British led local forces, including the King's African Rifles and the West African Frontier Force. The only campaigns where European troops were present in any numbers were the various Somaliland campaigns,, and in Kenya.

Egypt Medal Award

The Egypt Medal (1882–1889) was awarded for the military actions involving the British Army and Royal Navy during the 1882 Anglo-Egyptian War and in the Sudan between 1884 and 1889.

Ashantee Medal Award

The Ashantee Medal is a British campaign medal instituted on 1 June 1874. It was awarded to British, Colonial and allied native forces, under the command of Major General Sir Garnet Wolseley, who were deployed against the army of the Ashanti King Kofi Karikari, during the Third Anglo-Ashanti War, June 1873 to February 1874.

Ashanti Medal Award

The Ashanti Medal was sanctioned in October 1901 and was the first campaign medal authorised by Edward VII. This medal was created for those troops engaged in the Third Ashanti Expedition, also known as the War of the Golden Stool. This expedition lasted from March – December 1900, with the final outcome that the Ashanti maintained its de facto independence. Ashanti was made a Protectorate of the British Empire, but they ruled themselves with little reference to the colonial power.

Medal for the Defence of Kelat-I-Ghilzie Award

The Kelat-I-Ghilzie Medal is a campaign medal issued by the British East India Company, to the defenders of the fort at Kelat-I-Ghilzie during the First Anglo-Afghan War.

Khedives Star Military award

The Khedive's Star was a campaign medal established by Khedive Tewfik Pasha to reward those who had participated in the military campaigns in Egypt and the Sudan between 1882 and 1891. This included British forces who served during the 1882 Anglo-Egyptian War and the subsequent Mahdist War, who received both the British Egypt Medal and the Khedive's Star. Cast in bronze and lacquered, it is also known as the Khedive's Bronze Star.

Royal Niger Companys Medal Award

The Royal Niger Company’s Medal was a campaign medal issued in 1899 by the Royal Niger Company for service in minor military operations in Nigeria between 1886 and 1897. The award was approved by the British Government and could be worn by British servicemen.

References

  1. 1 2 John W. Mussell, editor. Medal Yearbook 2015. pp. 147 Published Token Publishing Limited, Honiton, Devon. 2015.{{cite book}}: |author= has generic name (help)
  2. Horse Guards' General Order 17 of 1 March 1869, quoted in Orders & Medals Research Society Journal, volume 58, number 1, page 18. March 2019.
  3. "Papers relative to the issue of the New Zealand War Medal". Papers Past. National Library. 1871. Retrieved 27 February 2021. “That, in accordance with the report of the Joint Committee, the New Zealand War Medal should be granted to such Colonial Forces and friendly Natives in all cases where the claimants have been actually under fire, or otherwise conspicuous for distinguished service in the field. The medal also to be given to the nearest relatives or any who have died of wounds or been killed in action”.
  4. 1 2 3 4 5 Joslin, Litherland and Simpkin. British Battles and Medals. p. 143. Published Spink, London. 1988.
  5. Joslin, Litherland and Simpkin. British Battles and Medals. p. 144. Published Spink, London. 1988.
  6. Taprell Dorling. Ribbons and Medals. p. 62 A.H.Baldwin & Sons Ltd, London. 1956.