|Union||New Zealand Rugby Union|
|Head coach||Glenn Moore|
|Most caps||Fiao'o Fa'amausili (53)|
|World Rugby ranking|
|Current||2 (as of 23 November 2020)|
|Highest||1 (2003–2012, 2013–2014, 2015–2017, 2017–2020)|
|Lowest||2 (2012–2013, 2014–2015, 2017, 2020–)|
| New Zealand 56 – 0 Netherlands |
( Christchurch, New Zealand; 26 August 1990)
| New Zealand 134 – 6 Germany |
( Amsterdam, Netherlands; 2 May 1998)
| England 21 – 7 New Zealand |
( Esher, England; 29 November 2011)
|Appearances||7 (First in 1991)|
|Best result||Champions 1998, 2002, 2006, 2010, 2017|
The New Zealand national women's rugby union team, called the Black Ferns, represents New Zealand in women's rugby union, which is regarded as the country's national sport.The team has won five of the past six Women's Rugby World Cups.
They have an 87% winning record in test match rugby, and are the only women's international side with a winning record against every opponent. Since their international debut in 1991, the Black Ferns have lost to only four of the 16 nations they have played in test matches.
The team's nickname combines the colour black and the silver fern, which are iconic New Zealand sporting symbols. For example, the All Blacks is New Zealand's famous men's rugby team, the Black Caps is the men's cricket team, the White Ferns is the women's cricket team, while the Silver Ferns is the national women's netball team.
Starting with the inaugural International Rugby Board (IRB)-sponsored Cup in 1998, the Black Ferns won four consecutive World Cups, including the 2002 World Cup in Barcelona, the 2006 World Cup in Edmonton, Alberta, Canada, and the 2010 World Cup in London, England. Most recently, the Black Ferns have won their 5th World Cup, beating the English team in Belfast on 27 August 2017.
The Black Ferns have participated in most WRWC events since its inauguration in 1991, only missing the 1994 championship in Scotland. They also won the Canada Cup in 1996, 2000, and 2005, and the Churchill Cup in 2004.
Farah Palmer was captain of the Ferns from 1997 to 2005, when she lost her captaincy due to a shoulder injury. That year, she was honoured as International Women's (Rugby) Personality of the Year at the IRB Awards. For the 5th Women's Rugby World Cup in Canada, Palmer fought her way back into the team and again led the it to World Cup victory. After the win, Palmer announced her retirement from the Black Ferns in September 2006.
From 2002 until their last game of 2009, the Black Ferns enjoyed a streak of 24 consecutive test match wins spanning almost 9 years.
While rugby is the most popular spectator game in New Zealand, the Black Ferns have suffered in the past from similar problems to any women's sport: under-funding, lack of support and lack of publicity. The New Zealand Rugby Union (NZRU) and IRB have been criticised for not doing more to promote women's rugby, although support is beginning to improve in those organisations, in large part due to the Ferns' successes. The NZRU started funding the Black Ferns in 1995, thus giving a great boost to their game. Accordingly, the Black Ferns have benefitted from being included in NZRU High Performance initiatives. Along with professional coaches the team has had access to professional development resources such as analysis. In more recent times, the team's profile has risen greatly at a grassroots level, due in great part to their string of successes, and it is increasingly seen to be a national team on the same basis as any other.
In January 2010, the Women's Provincial Championship (WPC) came under severe threat after the NZRU announced that the championship series would have to go due to budget cuts. As the championship was a prime builder of training, skill and competition for New Zealand women's rugby, the decision was a shock for players and supporters, including former captain Farah Palmer (especially since it was a World Cup year).NZRU said women's domestic rugby was one of many victims of the tight financial times. They faced a barrage of criticism for their decision, and eventually reinstated the WPC after the Black Ferns won the 2010 World Cup.
The WPC was renamed the Farah Palmer Cup in 2016, in honour of the influential former captain.
In 2018, after the success of New Zealand women's national rugby sevens team, all Sevens and Black Ferns players have been offered semi-professional contracts. They also played the first Test series against Australian Walleroos, which was played on the same night as the Men's Bledisloe Cup Tests.
The 2018 season finished with a 1–1 drawn series against France, with France becoming only the fourth team in the world to beat the Black Ferns. The Black Ferns' loss in the final game of the year ended a 17-month long winning streak and was also the final game for captain Fa’amausili, who retired from international rugby.
In 2019, the Black Ferns won the annual Women's Rugby Super Series for the second time.
New Zealand will host the 2021 Women's Rugby World Cup after beating out neighbour Australia for the rights.New Zealand automatically qualified for the 2021 event as host.
Squad for the 2017 Women's Rugby World Cup in Ireland
Note: Due to the lighter schedule for women's rugby, caps include provincial and international fixtures
|Player||Position||Date of birth (age)||Caps||Franchise / province|
|Toka Natua||Prop||22 November 1991||16||Waikato|
|Fiao'o Fa'amausili (c)||Hooker||30 September 1980||52||Auckland Storm / Auckland|
|Te Kura Ngata-Aerengamate||Hooker||21 October 1991||20||Counties Manukau|
|Aldora Itunu||Prop||28 August 1991||15||Auckland Storm / Auckland|
|Aleisha Nelson||Prop||3 February 1990||23||Auckland Storm / Auckland|
|Sosoli Talawadua||Prop||30 January 1989||8||Waikato|
|Eloise Blackwell||Lock||28 December 1990||32||Auckland|
|Becky Wood||Lock||8 August 1987||7||North Harbour Hibiscus / North Harbour|
|Charmaine Smith||Lock||15 November 1990||14||North Harbour|
|Charmaine McMenamin||Flanker||13 May 1990||14||Auckland Storm / Auckland|
|Lesley Ketu||Flanker||1 October 1987||9||Waikato|
|Rawinia Everitt||Flanker||9 April 1986||22||Counties Manukau|
|Sarah Goss||Flanker||9 December 1992||10||Manawatu|
|Linda Itunu||Number 8||21 November 1984||35||Auckland Storm / Auckland|
|Aroha Savage||Number 8||11 March 1990||28||Counties Manukau|
|Aotearoa Mata'u||Flanker||5 February 1997||8||Counties Manukau|
|Kendra Cocksedge||Half-back||1 July 1988||42||Canterbury|
|Kristina Sue||Half-back||13 March 1987||27||Manawatu Cyclones / Manawatu|
|Victoria Subritzky-Nafatali||First five-eighth||2 December 1991||19||Counties Manukau|
|Renee Wickcliffe||Wing||30 May 1987||30||Counties Manukau|
|Carla Hohepa||Centre||27 July 1985||19||Otago Spirit / Southland|
|Kelly Brazier||Centre||28 October 1995||32||Bay of Plenty|
|Stacey Waaka||Centre||3 November 1995||11||Waikato|
|Theresa Fitzpatrick||Centre||25 February 1995||7||Auckland Storm / Auckland|
|Chelsea Alley||Centre||11 July 1992||15||Waikato|
|Portia Woodman||Wing||20 July 1991||16||Counties Manukau|
|Hazel Tubic||Fullback||31 December 1990||11||Counties Manukau Heat / Counties Manukau|
|Selica Winiata||Fullback||14 November 1986||31||Manawatu|
The first four games listed below – played at RugbyFest 1990 – are not generally accepted as being internationals by New Zealand authorities. However, in men's rugby it is general practice to award full international status to any games where ONE side considers a game to be an international. As a result all games in that tournament have been treated as full internationals in this article.
(Full internationals only)
See Women's international rugby for information about the status of international games and match numbering.
|1990-08-28(RF)||New Zealand||8–0||Soviet Union||Christchurch||[2/1/1]|
|1990-08-30(RF)||New Zealand||9–3||United States||Christchurch||[3/5/1]|
|1990-09-01(RF)||New Zealand||12–4||World XV||Christchurch||[4/1/1]|
|1991-04-06 (WC)||New Zealand||24-8||Canada||Glamorgan Wanderers||[5/4/1]|
|1991-04-10 (WC)||Wales||6-24||New Zealand||Llanharan||[8/6/1]|
|1991-04-12 (WC)||New Zealand||0-7||United States||Cardiff Arms Park||[7/9/2]|
|1996-09-08 (CC)||Canada||3-88||New Zealand||Edmonton||[15/11/2]|
|1996-09-11 (CC)||New Zealand||88-8||United States||Edmonton||[12/20/3]|
|1996-09-14 (CC)||France||0-109||New Zealand||Edmonton||[38/13/1]|
|1998-05-02 (WC)||Germany||6-134||New Zealand||Amsterdam||[19/16/1]|
|1998-05-05 (WC)||New Zealand||76-0||Scotland||Amsterdam||[17/30/1]|
|1998-05-09 (WC)||New Zealand||46-3||Spain||Amsterdam||[18/17/1]|
|1998-05-12 (WC)||England||11-44||New Zealand||Amsterdam||[46/19/2]|
|1998-05-16 (WC)||New Zealand||44-12||United States||Amsterdam||[20/29/4]|
|1999-10-16 (T99)||New Zealand||73-0||Canada||Palmerston North, New Zealand||[22/26/3]|
|1999-10-19 (T99)||New Zealand||65-5||United States||Palmerston North, New Zealand||[23/32/5]|
|2000-09-23 (CC)||Canada||0-41||New Zealand||Winnipeg||[28/24/4]|
|2000-09-27 (CC)||New Zealand||45-0||United States||Winnipeg||[25/35/6]|
|2000-09-30 (CC)||England||13-32||New Zealand||Winnipeg||[65/26/3]|
|2001-06-16||New Zealand||17-22||England||North Harbour Stadium, Albany||[28/77/5]|
|2002-05-13 (WC)||Germany||0-117||New Zealand||Barcelona||[35/29/2]|
|2002-05-18 (WC)||Australia||3-36||New Zealand||Barcelona||[15/30/6]|
|2002-05-21 (WC)||New Zealand||30-0||France||Barcelona||[31/78/2]|
|2002-05-25 (WC)||England||9-19||New Zealand||Barcelona||[85/32/6]|
|2003-10-04||New Zealand||37-0||World XV||Eden Park, Auckland||[33/2/2]|
|2003-10-11||New Zealand||38-18||World XV||Whangarei||[34/3/3]|
|2004-06-08 (CC)||Canada||5-32||New Zealand||Thunderbird Stadium, Vancouver||[43/35/5]|
|2004-06-13 (CC)||New Zealand||35-0||United States||Calgary Rugby Park||[36/48/7]|
|2004-06-19 (CC)||England||0-38||New Zealand||Edmonton||[104/37/7]|
|2005-06-29 (CC)||New Zealand||30-9||Scotland||Ottawa||[39/88/2]|
|2005-07-05 (CC)||Canada||3-43||New Zealand||Ottawa||[49/39/6]|
|2005-07-08 (CC)||Canada||5-32||New Zealand||Ottawa||[50/40/7]|
|2005-10-22||New Zealand||24-15||England||Eden Park, Auckland||[41/114/8]|
|2005-10-26||New Zealand||33-8||England||Waikato Stadium, Hamilton||[42/115/9]|
|2006-08-31 (WC)||New Zealand||66-7||Canada||Ellerslie Rugby Park, Edmonton||[56/43/8]|
|2006-09-04 (WC)||New Zealand||50-0||Samoa||St. Albert Rugby Park, St. Albert||[44/10/1]|
|2006-09-08 (WC)||New Zealand||21-0||Scotland||Ellerslie Rugby Park, Edmonton||[45/98/3]|
|2006-09-12 (WC)||New Zealand||40-10||France||Ellerslie Rugby Park, Edmonton||[46/110/3]|
|2006-09-17 (WC)||England||17-25||New Zealand||The Brick Field, Edmonton||[124/47/10]|
|2007-10-16||New Zealand||21-10||Australia||Cooks Gardens, Wanganui||[48/23/7]|
|2010-08-20 (WC)||New Zealand||55-3||South Africa||Surrey Sports Park, Guildford||[54/20/1]|
|2010-08-24 (WC)||Australia||5-32||New Zealand||Surrey Sports Park, Guildford||[29/55/11]|
|2010-08-28 (WC)||New Zealand||41–8||Wales||Surrey Sports Park, Guildford||[56/134/2]|
|2010-09-01 (WC)||New Zealand||45–7||France||Twickenham Stoop||[149/57/4]|
|2010-09-05 (WC)||England||10-13||New Zealand||Twickenham Stoop||[168/58/13]|
|2011-11-26||England||10-0||New Zealand||Twickenham, London||[179/59/14]|
|2012-11-27||England||17-8||New Zealand||Aldershot Military Stadium||[192/63/18]|
|2013-07-16||New Zealand||14-9||England||Waikato Stadium, Hamilton||[66/200/21]|
|2013-07-20||New Zealand||29-8||England||ECOlight Stadium, Pukekohe||[67/201/22]|
|2014-06-01||New Zealand||38-3||Australia||Rotorua International Stadium||[68/32/12]|
|2014-06-10||New Zealand||90-12||Samoa||Eden Park, Auckland||[69/18/2]|
|2014-08-01 (WC)||New Zealand||79-5||Kazakhstan||CNR, Marcoussis Pitch 2||[72/59/1]|
|2014-08-05 (WC)||New Zealand||14-17||Ireland||CNR, Marcoussis Pitch 1||[73/128/1]|
|2014-08-09 (WC)||New Zealand||34–3||United States||CNR, Marcoussis Pitch 1||[74/98/8]|
|2014-08-13 (WC)||New Zealand||63–7||Wales||CNR, Marcoussis Pitch 1||[75/161/3]|
|2014-08-17 (WC)||United States||5–55||New Zealand||CNR, Marcoussis Pitch 1||[100/76/9]|
|2015-06-27 (SS)||Canada||22 – 40||New Zealand||Calgary||[109/77/11]|
|2015-07-01 (SS)||New Zealand||26 – 7||England||Calgary||[78/224/23]|
|2015-07-05 (SS)||New Zealand||47–14||United States||Ellerslie Rugby Park, Edmonton||[79/103/10]|
|2016-10-22||New Zealand||67-3||Australia||Eden Park, Auckland||[80/40/13]|
|2016-10-26||New Zealand||29-3||Australia||QBE Stadium, North Harbour||[81/41/14]|
|2016-11-19||England||20–25||New Zealand||Twickenham Stoop, London||[238/82/24]|
|2016-11-23||Canada||10–20||New Zealand||Donnybrook, Dublin||[116/83/12]|
|2016-11-27||Ireland||8–38||New Zealand||UCD Bowl, Dublin, Ireland||[145/84/2]|
|2017-06-09||New Zealand||28–16||Canada||Westpac Stadium, Wellington||[85/120/12]|
|2017-06-13||New Zealand||44–17||Australia||Rugby Park, Christchurch||[86/43/15]|
|2017-06-17||New Zealand||21–29||England||Rotorua International Stadium||[87/247/25]|
|2017-08-09 (WC)||New Zealand||44-12||Wales||Billings Park UCD, Dublin||[88/179/4]|
|2017-08-13 (WC)||New Zealand||121–0||Hong Kong||Billings Park UCD, Dublin||[89/37/1]|
|2017-08-17 (WC)||Canada||5-48||New Zealand||Billings Park UCD, Dublin||[125/90/13]|
|2017-08-22 (WC)||New Zealand||45-12||United States||Ravenhill Stadium, Belfast||[91/114/11]|
|2017-08-26 (WC)||England||32-41||New Zealand||Ravenhill Stadium, Belfast||[252/92/26]|
|2018-08-18||Australia||11-31||New Zealand||ANZ Stadium, Sydney||[50/93/16]|
|2018-08-25||New Zealand||45-17||Australia||Eden Park, Auckland||[94/51/17]|
|2018-11-03||United States||6–67||New Zealand||Chicago||[116/95/12]|
|2019-06-29 (SS)||Canada||20–35||New Zealand||Chula Vista, San Diego|||
|2019-07-03 (SS)||United States||0-33||New Zealand||Chula Vista, San Diego|||
|2019-07-06 (SS)||France||25-16||New Zealand||Chula Vista, San Diego|||
|2019-07-14 (SS)||New Zealand||28-13||England||Chula Vista, San Diego|||
|2019-08-10||Australia||10–47||New Zealand||Optus Stadium, Perth|||
|2019-08-17||New Zealand||37–8||Australia||Eden Park, Auckland|||
|2009-11-17||England A||3-48||New Zealand||Esher||[-/-/-]|
List of women's international rugby union test matches – the most complete listing of all women's international results since 1982.
Rugby union, commonly known simply as rugby, is a full-contact team sport that originated in England in the first half of the 19th century. One of the two codes of rugby football, it is based on running with the ball in hand. In its most common form, a game is played between two teams of 15 players each, using an oval-shaped ball on a rectangular field called a pitch. The field has H-shaped goalposts at both ends.
The New Zealand men's national rugby union team, commonly known as the All Blacks, represents New Zealand in men's international rugby union, which is considered the country's national sport. The team won the Rugby World Cup in 1987, 2011 and 2015.
The Bledisloe Cup is a rugby union competition between the national teams of Australia and New Zealand that has been contested since the 1930s. The frequency at which the competition is held has varied, as has the number of matches played, but it currently consists of an annual three-match series, reduced to a two-match series in World Cup years, with two of the matches also counting towards The Rugby Championship. New Zealand have had the most success, winning the trophy in 2020 for the 48th time, while Australia have won the trophy 12 times.
The Australia national rugby union team, nicknamed the Wallabies, is the representative national team in the sport of rugby union for the nation of Australia. The team first played at Sydney in 1899, winning their first test match against the touring British Isles team.
The England national rugby union team represents England in men's international rugby union. They compete in the annual Six Nations Championship with France, Ireland, Italy, Scotland and Wales. England have won the championship on 29 occasions – winning the Grand Slam 13 times and the Triple Crown 26 times – making them the most successful outright winners in the tournament's history. As of 15 October 2020, England are ranked second in the world by the International Rugby Board. They are currently the only team from the Northern Hemisphere to win the Rugby World Cup, having won the tournament in 2003, and have been runners-up on three other occasions.
New Zealand Rugby (NZR) is the governing body of rugby union in New Zealand. It was founded in 1892 as the New Zealand Rugby Football Union (NZRFU), 12 years after the first provincial unions in New Zealand. In 1949 it became an affiliate to the International Rugby Football Board, now known as World Rugby, the governing body of rugby union for the world. It dropped the word "Football" from its name in 2006. The brand name New Zealand Rugby was adopted in 2013. Officially, it is an incorporated society with the name New Zealand Rugby Union Incorporated.
The France national rugby union team represents France in men's international rugby union and it is administered by the French Rugby Federation. They traditionally play in blue shirts emblazoned with the national emblem of a golden rooster on a red shield, with white shorts and red socks; thus they are commonly referred to as Les Tricolores or Les Bleus. The team's home matches are mostly played at the Stade de France in the Paris suburb of Saint-Denis. France is ranked 4th in the World Rugby Rankings as of 3 November 2020.
Richard Hugh McCaw is a retired New Zealand professional rugby union player. He captained the national team, the All Blacks, in 110 out of his 148 test matches, and won two Rugby World Cups. He has won the World Rugby player of the year award a joint record three times and was the most capped test rugby player of all time from August 2015 to October 2020.
The Rugby World Cup Sevens is the premier stand-alone international rugby sevens competition outside the Olympic Games. The event is contested every four years, with tournaments for men's and women's national teams co-hosted at the same venues. It is organised by World Rugby, the sport's governing body.
Daniel William Carter is a New Zealand rugby union player.
Sir Graham William Henry is a New Zealand rugby union coach, and former head coach of the country's national team, the All Blacks.
Rugby union is the unofficial national sport of New Zealand. The national team, the All Blacks, is currently ranked the second best international rugby team in the world, after South Africa. The sport has been known in New Zealand since 1870. The top domestic competitions are the semi-professional Mitre 10 Cup and amateur Heartland Championship, and above them Super Rugby, in which New Zealand has five franchises. The country co-hosted and won the first ever Rugby World Cup in 1987, and hosted and won the 2011 Rugby World Cup. They have won three World Cups, tied with South Africa, the most of any other country. They are also the current World Champions in 7s rugby for men and women.
The haka, a traditional dance of the Māori people, has been used in sports in New Zealand and overseas. The challenge has been adopted by the New Zealand national rugby union team, the "All Blacks", and a number of other New Zealand national teams perform before their international matches; some non-New Zealand sports teams have also adopted the haka.
Rugby union in Argentina is a popular team sport. The first rugby match played in the country dates back to 1873, as the game was introduced by the British. The Argentina national team, sometimes referred to as the Pumas, have competed at the Rugby World Cup, and are considered a tier one nation by the sport's governing body, World Rugby.
The Australia women's national rugby union team, also known as the Wallaroos, has competed at all Women's Rugby World Cups since 1998, with their best result finishing in third place in 2010.
Farah Rangikoepa Palmer is a lecturer in the Department of Management at Massey University and a former captain of New Zealand's women's rugby union team, the Black Ferns.
Kelly Brazier is a New Zealand rugby union player. She plays flyhalf, centre or fullback in New Zealand, Canterbury and Canadian club Edmonton Clansmen RFC.
In rugby union, the Tom French Cup is an honour awarded by New Zealand Rugby Union (NZRU) to the Tom French Memorial Māori player of the year. The cup has been awarded annually since 1949, when it was donated to the New Zealand Māori coach Tom French while the team was on tour in Australia. French had represented Buller provincially, and was selected for New Zealand Maori in 1911. After the First World War, where he lost an arm at Passchendaele, French continued his involvement in rugby by serving as both a selector and administrator. In 1957 he was made a life member of the NZRU.
Anna Mary Richards is a former New Zealand rugby union player. She represented New Zealand at four World Cups and is the most capped Black Fern. She was a member of the 1998 Women's Rugby World Cup, 2002 Women's Rugby World Cup, 2006 Women's Rugby World Cup, and 2010 Women's Rugby World Cup.
The Farah Palmer Cup, is the highest level domestic women's rugby competition in New Zealand and is named after the former Black Ferns captain, Farah Palmer. This contest is held annually from late August to early November and managed by the New Zealand Rugby Union, or NZRU. The competition was first introduced in 1999, with a total of fourteen teams competing initially. The number of teams increased to eighteen in the year 2000, but has decreased to as few as six teams, with 13 currently featured. Canterbury are the current holders of the JJ Stewart Trophy, the women's equivalent of the Ranfurly Shield. The Farah Palmer Cup is an amateur competition; players are not paid salaries and hold jobs outside of rugby.
Traditionally New Zealanders have excelled in rugby union, which is regarded as the national sport, and track and field athletics.