|Population||438 (2001 census) |
528 (2011 census)
|OS grid reference|
|Sovereign state||United Kingdom|
|EU Parliament||East Midlands|
|Website||Welcome to the Charlton-cum-Newbottle Website!|
Newbottle is a civil parish and largely deserted village in South Northamptonshire, about 4 miles (6.4 km) west of the market town of Brackley. It is close to the Oxfordshire county boundary and about 4.5 miles (7.2 km) south-east of the town of Banbury.
South Northamptonshire is a district in Northamptonshire, England. Its council is based in the town of Towcester, first established as a settlement in Roman Britain. The population of the Local Authority District Council in 2011 was 85,189.
Market town or market right is a legal term, originating in the Middle Ages, for a European settlement that has the right to host markets, distinguishing it from a village and city. On the European continent, a town may be correctly described as a "market town" or as having "market rights", even if it no longer holds a market, provided the legal right to do so still exists.
Brackley is a town in Northamptonshire, England, 22 miles (35 km) from Oxford and 20 miles (32 km) from Northampton. Historically a market town based on the wool and lace trade, it was built on the intersecting trade routes between London, Birmingham and the Midlands and Cambridge and Oxford. Brackley is close to Silverstone and home to the Mercedes AMG Petronas F1 Team.
A stream that is a tributary of the River Cherwell forms the parish boundary to the north-west. The remainder of the parish boundary mostly follows field boundaries.
The River Cherwell is a major tributary of the River Thames in central England. It rises near Hellidon in Northamptonshire and flows south through Oxfordshire for 40 miles (64 km) to meet the Thames at Oxford. It adds a significant discharge to the Thames—when entering Oxford, the Thames's discharge is 17.6 m³/s, but after leaving and consuming the Cherwell it has increased to 24.8 m³/s. The river gives its name to the Cherwell local government district and Cherwell, an Oxford student newspaper.
The parish includes the larger village of Charlton, about 0.5 miles (800 m) southeast of Newbottle. The 2001 census recorded a parish population of 438, most of whom live in Charlton. increasing to a joint population of 528 at the 2011 census.
Charlton is a village in the parish of Newbottle, Northamptonshire, England in between Brackley and Kings Sutton, lying close to a small tributary of the River Cherwell. It is a small village with a population about 200. At the 2011 census the population was included in the civil parish of Newbottle.
Rainsborough Camp is an early Iron Age hill fort in the southernmost part of the parish. Excavations in 1961–65 found that it had been inhabited and developed in phases between the 4th century BC and about 4 AD.
Rainsborough Camp is an Iron Age hillfort in South Northamptonshire, England, between the villages of Croughton, Aynho, and Charlton.
The British Iron Age is a conventional name used in the archaeology of Great Britain, referring to the prehistoric and protohistoric phases of the Iron Age culture of the main island and the smaller islands, typically excluding prehistoric Ireland, which had an independent Iron Age culture of its own. The parallel phase of Irish archaeology is termed the Irish Iron Age. The Iron Age is not an archaeological horizon of common artefacts, but is rather a locally diverse cultural phase.
Hillforts in Britain refers to the various hillforts within the island of Great Britain. Although the earliest such constructs fitting this description come from the Neolithic British Isles, with a few also dating to later Bronze Age Britain, British hillforts were primarily constructed during the British Iron Age. Some of these were apparently abandoned in the southern areas that were a part of Roman Britain, although at the same time, those areas of northern Britain that remained free from Roman occupation saw an increase in their construction. Some hillforts were reused in the Early Middle Ages, and in some rarer cases, into the Later Medieval period as well. By the early modern period, these had essentially all been abandoned, with many being excavated by archaeologists in the nineteenth century onward.
Newbottle manor house is 16th century, built probably in the reign of Henry VIIIpossibly by Peter Dormer, a member of the famous Buckinghamshire family, who held "Nubottel" at about that time when his daughter Elizabeth married the owner of Salford Hall, Salford Abbots. The west wing was added in the 17th century and the library has panelling dating from about 1730. The house has also an octagonal dovecote.
A manor house was historically the main residence of the lord of the manor. The house formed the administrative centre of a manor in the European feudal system; within its great hall were held the lord's manorial courts, communal meals with manorial tenants and great banquets. The term is today loosely applied to various country houses, frequently dating from the late medieval era, which formerly housed the gentry.
Henry VIII was King of England from 1509 until his death in 1547. Henry was the second Tudor monarch, succeeding his father, Henry VII. Henry is best known for his six marriages, in particular his efforts to have his first marriage, to Catherine of Aragon, annulled. His disagreement with the Pope on the question of such an annulment led Henry to initiate the English Reformation, separating the Church of England from papal authority. He appointed himself the Supreme Head of the Church of England and dissolved convents and monasteries, for which he was excommunicated. Henry is also known as "the father of the Royal Navy"; he invested heavily in the Navy, increasing its size greatly from a few to more than 50 ships.
The Church of England parish church of Saint James has a tower built in about 1290-1210and a Norman font. The present chancel is 13th century. Between the nave and north aisle is a four-bay Decorated Gothic arcade. The south aisle is a Perpendicular Gothic arcade addition. The Gothic Revival east window in the chancel was inserted in 1865 and its stained glass is by C.E. Kempe.
A parish church in the Church of England is the church which acts as the religious centre for the people within the smallest and most basic Church of England administrative region, the parish – since the 19th century called the ecclesiastical parish to avoid confusion with the civil parish which many towns and villages have.
The term Norman architecture is used to categorise styles of Romanesque architecture developed by the Normans in the various lands under their dominion or influence in the 11th and 12th centuries. In particular the term is traditionally used for English Romanesque architecture. The Normans introduced large numbers of castles and fortifications including Norman keeps, and at the same time monasteries, abbeys, churches and cathedrals, in a style characterised by the usual Romanesque rounded arches and especially massive proportions compared to other regional variations of the style.
A baptismal font is an article of church furniture used for baptism.
In the Middle Ages St. James' belonged to the Augustinian Dunstable Priory.The Priory's annals for 1291 record it as receiving tithes from Newbottle. It still possessed St. James' in 1535 when the Crown's bailiff valued the Priory's property and estates in preparation for the Dissolution of the Monasteries.
St. James' now forms a single benefice with SS Peter and Paul, King's Sutton.
William Butterfield was a Gothic Revival architect and associated with the Oxford Movement. He is noted for his use of polychromy.
Turweston is a village and civil parish in the Aylesbury Vale district of Buckinghamshire, England. The village is beside the River Great Ouse, which bounds the parish to the north, west and south. Turweston is the most northwesterly parish in Buckinghamshire: the Ouse here forms the county boundary with Northamptonshire to the north and west and Oxfordshire to the south. Across the river the Northamptonshire market town of Brackley is just west of Turweston, with the town centre about 1 mile (1.6 km) west of the village. The parish has an area of 1,295 acres (524 ha) and the 2011 Census recorded a parish population of 211 people.
Silverstone is a village and civil parish in Northamptonshire, England. It is about 4 miles (6.4 km) from Towcester on the former A43 main road, 10 miles (16 km) from the M1 motorway junction 15A and about 12 miles (19 km) from the M40 motorway junction 10, Northampton, Milton Keynes and Banbury. The population of the civil parish at the 2011 census was 2,176. The A43 now bypasses to the south-east of the village.
Thorpe Mandeville is a village and civil parish in South Northamptonshire, England about 6 miles (10 km) northeast of Banbury in neighbouring Oxfordshire. The hamlet of Lower Thorpe is just north of the village.
King's Sutton is a village and civil parish in South Northamptonshire, England in the valley of the River Cherwell. The village is about 4 miles (6.4 km) south-east of Banbury, Oxfordshire.
Titchmarsh is a village and civil parish in East Northamptonshire, England. The 2001 census recorded a parish population of 543 people, increasing to 598 at the 2011 Census.
Warkworth is a village and civil parish in South Northamptonshire, about 2 miles (3 km) east of Banbury in Oxfordshire and 1 mile (1.6 km) southeast of junction 11 of the M40 motorway.
East Lockinge is a village in Lockinge civil parish, about 1.5 miles (2.4 km) east of Wantage. It was part of Berkshire until the 1974 local authority boundary changes transferred the Vale of White Horse to Oxfordshire. The village is included within the North Wessex Downs Area of Outstanding Natural Beauty (AONB).
Kings Cliffe is a village and civil parish on Willow Brook, a tributary of the River Nene, about 9 miles (14 km) northeast of Corby in East Northamptonshire. The parish adjoins the county boundary with the City of Peterborough and the village is about 12 miles (19 km) west of the city centre. The village is not far from the boundary with Lincolnshire and about 6 miles (10 km) south of Stamford.
Middleton Cheney is a village and civil parish in South Northamptonshire, England. The village is about 3 miles (5 km) east of Banbury in Oxfordshire and about 6 miles (10 km) west-northwest of Brackley. The A422 road between Banbury and Brackley used to pass through Middleton Cheney, but now bypasses it to the south.
Chipping Warden is a village in Northamptonshire, England about 6 miles (10 km) northeast of the Oxfordshire town of Banbury. The parish is bounded to the east and south by the River Cherwell, to the west by the boundary with Oxfordshire and to the north by field boundaries.
Marston St. Lawrence is a village and civil parish about 4 miles (6.4 km) northwest of Brackley in Northamptonshire. A stream flows through the village and another forms the southern boundary of the parish. The two merge as Farthinghoe Stream, a tributary of the Great Ouse. The 2001 Census recorded the parish population as 209, decreasing slightly to 202 at the 2011 Census.
Chesterton is a village and civil parish on Gagle Brook, a tributary of the Langford Brook in north Oxfordshire. The village is about 1 1⁄2 miles (2.4 km) southwest of the market town of Bicester. The village has sometimes been called Great Chesterton to distinguish it from the hamlet of Little Chesterton, about 3⁄4 mile (1.2 km) to the south in the same parish. The 2011 Census recorded the parish population as 850.
Caversfield is a village and civil parish about 1 1⁄2 miles (2.4 km) north of the centre of Bicester. In 1844 Caversfield became part of Oxfordshire, but until then it was always an exclave of Buckinghamshire. The 2011 Census recorded the parish's population as 1,788.
Clanfield is a village and civil parish about three miles (5 km) south of Carterton, Oxfordshire. The parish includes the hamlet of Little Clanfield one mile (1.6 km) west of the village, on Little Clanfield Brook which forms the parish's western boundary. The parish's eastern boundary is Black Bourton Brook and its southern boundary is Radcot Cut, an artificial watercourse on the River Thames floodplain. The 2011 Census recorded the parish's population as 879.
Chacombe is an English village and civil parish in South Northamptonshire, about 3 miles (5 km) north-east of the Oxfordshire town of Banbury. It has sometimes been spelt Chalcombe. The parish is bounded to the west by the River Cherwell, to the north by a tributary of it, and to the south-east by the Banbury–Syresham road. The 2011 Census recorded the parish population as 659.
Culworth is a village and civil parish about 7 miles (11 km) north of Brackley in South Northamptonshire, England. Culworth is also about 7 miles (11 km) northeast of the north Oxfordshire town of Banbury.
Loddington is a village and civil parish about 3 miles (5 km) west of Kettering, Northamptonshire, England.
Pillerton Hersey is a village and civil parish about 5.5 miles (9 km) north of Shipston-on-Stour in Warwickshire, England. The village is on a stream that flows northwest to join the River Dene. The 2011 Census recorded the parish's population as 170.
The Church of St James the Less, Sulgrave, is the Church of England parish church of Sulgrave, a village and civil parish about 5 miles (8 km) north of Brackley, Northamptonshire. The present church dates largely from the 13th and 14th centuries and is recorded in the National Heritage List for England as a designated Grade II* listed building.