Nièvre

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Nièvre
Nevers prefecture ext 01.jpg
Prefecture building of the Nièvre department, in Nevers
Blason departement fr Nievre.svg
Coat of arms
Nievre-Position.svg
Location of Nièvre in France
Coordinates: 47°05′N03°30′E / 47.083°N 3.500°E / 47.083; 3.500 Coordinates: 47°05′N03°30′E / 47.083°N 3.500°E / 47.083; 3.500
Country France
Region Bourgogne-Franche-Comté
Prefecture Nevers
Subprefectures Château-Chinon
Clamecy
Cosne-Cours-sur-Loire
Government
   President of the General Council Marcel Charmant
Area
1
  Total6,817 km2 (2,632 sq mi)
Population
 (2016)
  Total209,161
  Rank 87th
  Density31/km2 (79/sq mi)
Time zone UTC+1 (CET)
  Summer (DST) UTC+2 (CEST)
Department number 58
Arrondissements 4
Cantons 17
Communes 309
^1 French Land Register data, which exclude estuaries, and lakes, ponds, and glaciers larger than 1 km².

Nièvre (IPA:  [njɛvʁ] ( Loudspeaker.svg listen )) is a department in the region of Bourgogne-Franche-Comté in the centre of France named after the River Nièvre. [1]

Contents

History

Nièvre is one of the original 83 departments created during the French Revolution on 4 March 1790. It was created from the former province of Nivernais.

Geography

Nièvre is part of the current region of Bourgogne-Franche-Comté, [1] although historically it was not part of the province of Burgundy. It is surrounded by the departments of Yonne, Côte-d'Or, Saône-et-Loire, Allier, Cher, and Loiret. The department is crossed by the river Loire, the longest river in France.

Demography

Nièvre is a rural department with about 33 inhabitants per km². [2] The main cities are Nevers, Cosne-sur-Loire, Varennes-Vauzelles, Marzy, Decize, Imphy, Clamecy and La Charité. [2] Only two cities reach 10 000 inhabitants. [2] It indicates the characteristic of the department, which is predominantly rural.

Population development since 1801:

Historical population
YearPop.±% p.a.
1801232,590    
1806241,739+0.77%
1821257,990+0.43%
1831282,521+0.91%
1841305,346+0.78%
1851327,161+0.69%
1861332,814+0.17%
1872339,917+0.19%
1881347,576+0.25%
1891343,576−0.12%
1901323,783−0.59%
1911299,312−0.78%
1921270,148−1.02%
1931255,195−0.57%
1936249,673−0.44%
1946248,559−0.04%
1954240,078−0.43%
1962245,921+0.30%
1968247,702+0.12%
1975245,212−0.14%
1982239,635−0.33%
1990233,278−0.34%
1999225,198−0.39%
2006222,218−0.19%
2011218,341−0.35%
2016209,161−0.86%
source: [3]

Wines

Nièvre is also well known for its white wine, Pouilly Fumé. [4] The vineyards are scattered around villages including Pouilly-Sur-Loire, which lends its name to the appellation, Tracy sur Loire, Boisgibault, Saint Andelain. The word fumé is French for "smoky", and it is said the name comes from the smoky or flinty quality of these wines. [4] The only grape allowed in the Pouilly-Fumé AC is Sauvignon blanc, which produces wines that are generally crisp, tart, and somewhat grassy.

Politics

In common with most French wine-producing departments, Nièvre is traditionally a left-wing department. The results of the second round of voting in presidential elections reflect this consistently:

Nièvre's best-known political representative was François Mitterrand who served as a senator and a deputy for the department, and as mayor of Château-Chinon for 22 years before his election to the presidency in 1981. [5]

Current National Assembly Representatives

ConstituencyMember [6] Party
Nièvre's 1st constituency Perrine Goulet La République En Marche!
Nièvre's 2nd constituency Patrice Perrot La République En Marche!

Tourism

Sport

The Circuit de Nevers Magny-Cours hosted the Formula One French Grand Prix from 1991 to 2008, the Bol d'Or from 2000 to 2014, and the French round of the Superbike World Championship since 2003. USO Nevers is a professional rugby team that plays in Rugby Pro D2.

See also

Related Research Articles

Burgundy Region of France

Burgundy is a historical territory and a former administrative region of east-central France. It takes its name from the Burgundians, an East Germanic people who moved westwards beyond the Rhine during the late Roman period.

Côte-dOr Department of France

Côte-d'Or is a department in Bourgogne-Franche-Comté.

Jura (department) Department of France

Jura is a department of Bourgogne-Franche-Comté in the east of France named after the Jura Mountains.

Saône-et-Loire Department of France

Saône-et-Loire is a French department, named after the Saône and the Loire rivers between which it lies.

La Charité-sur-Loire Commune in Bourgogne-Franche-Comté, France

La Charité-sur-Loire is a commune in the Nièvre department and Bourgogne-Franche-Comté region of eastern France.

Arrondissement of Cosne-Cours-sur-Loire Arrondissement in Bourgogne-Franche-Comté, France

The arrondissement of Cosne-Cours-sur-Loire is an arrondissement of France in the Nièvre department in the Bourgogne-Franche-Comté region. It has 63 communes. Its population is 43,893 (2016), and its area is 1,395.4 km2 (538.8 sq mi).

The following is a list of the 17 cantons of the Nièvre department, in France, following the French canton reorganisation which came into effect in March 2015:

A77 autoroute road in France

The A77 autoroute is a motorway in central France. The road starts at the hamlet of Rosiers in Seine-et-Marne and finishes to the south of Nevers in Nièvre. It is also known as the l'Arbre - the motorway of the Tree.

Pouilly-Fumé

Pouilly-Fumé is an appellation d'origine contrôlée (AOC) for the dry sauvignon blanc white wine produced around Pouilly-sur-Loire, in the Nièvre département. Another white wine produced in the same area but with a different grape variety is called Pouilly-sur-Loire.

Tracy-sur-Loire Commune in Bourgogne-Franche-Comté, France

Tracy-sur-Loire is a commune in the Nièvre department in central France.

Loire Valley (wine) French wine region

The Loire Valley wine region includes the French wine regions situated along the Loire River from the Muscadet region near the city of Nantes on the Atlantic coast to the region of Sancerre and Pouilly-Fumé just southeast of the city of Orléans in north central France. In between are the regions of Anjou, Saumur, Bourgueil, Chinon, and Vouvray. The Loire Valley itself follows the river through the Loire province to the river's origins in the Cévennes but the majority of the wine production takes place in the regions noted above. The area includes 87 appellations under the Appellation d'origine contrôlée (AOC), Vin Délimité de Qualité Superieure (VDQS) and Vin de pays systems. While the majority of production is white wine from the Chenin blanc, Sauvignon blanc and Melon de Bourgogne grapes, there are red wines made from Cabernet franc. In addition to still wines, rosé, sparkling and dessert wines are also produced. With Crémant production throughout the Loire, it is the second largest sparkling wine producer in France after Champagne. Among these different wine styles, Loire wines tend to exhibit characteristic fruitiness with fresh, crisp flavors-especially in their youth. The Loire Valley has a long history of winemaking dating back to the 1st century. In the High Middle Ages, the wines of the Loire Valley were the most esteemed wines in England and France, even more prized than those from Bordeaux.

Mesves-sur-Loire Commune in Bourgogne-Franche-Comté, France

Mesves-sur-Loire is a commune in the Nièvre department in central France.

Pouilly-sur-Loire Commune in Bourgogne-Franche-Comté, France

Pouilly-sur-Loire is a commune in the Nièvre department in central France.

Saint-Andelain Commune in Bourgogne-Franche-Comté, France

Saint-Andelain is a commune in the Nièvre department in central France.

Pouilly-sur-Loire is an Appellation d'Origine Contrôlée (AOC) for white wine in the Loire Valley region of France. It is specifically produced around Pouilly-sur-Loire in the Nièvre department and was awarded AOC status by a decree issued on July 31, 1937

Gare de Cosne-sur-Loire railway station

Cosne-sur-Loire station is the railway station in Cosne-Cours-sur-Loire, Bourgogne-Franche-Comté, France. The station is located on the Moret-Lyon railway. The station is served by Intercités and TER (local) services operated by SNCF.

Gare de La Charité railway station in La Charité-sur-Loire, France

La Charité is a railway station in La Charité-sur-Loire, Bourgogne-Franche-Comté, France. The station is located on the Moret-Lyon railway. The station is served by Intercités and TER (local) services operated by SNCF.

Gare de Pouilly-sur-Loire railway station in Pouilly-sur-Loire, France

Pouilly-sur-Loire is a railway station in Pouilly-sur-Loire, Bourgogne-Franche-Comté, France. The station is located on the Moret-Lyon railway. The station is served by TER (local) services operated by SNCF.

Bourgogne-Franche-Comté Administrative region of France

Bourgogne-Franche-Comté, sometimes abbreviated BFC, is a region in the east of France created by the territorial reform of French Regions in 2014, from a merger of Burgundy and Franche-Comté. The new region came into existence on 1 January 2016, after the regional elections of December 2015, electing 100 members to the regional council of Bourgogne-Franche-Comté.

The Ligue de Bourgogne de football was a federal body of the French Football Federation which was founded in 1920. It was responsible for organising all football competitions in Burgundy.

References

  1. 1 2 "A Guide to the Departments of Bourgogne-Franche-Comté - New Regions". frenchentree.com. 13 October 2016. Retrieved 5 April 2018.
  2. 1 2 3 "NIEVRE : map, cities and data of the departement of Nièvre 58". www.map-france.com. Retrieved 5 April 2018.
  3. Site sur la Population et les Limites Administratives de la France
  4. 1 2 "Pouilly-Fumé". www.pouilly-fume.com. Retrieved 5 April 2018.
  5. "History of Burgundy, Famous Names". www.burgundytoday.com. Retrieved 5 April 2018.
  6. http://www.assemblee-nationale.fr/