Niğde

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Niğde
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Niğde
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Niğde
Coordinates: 37°58′00″N34°40′45″E / 37.96667°N 34.67917°E / 37.96667; 34.67917 Coordinates: 37°58′00″N34°40′45″E / 37.96667°N 34.67917°E / 37.96667; 34.67917
Country Turkey
Province Niğde
Government
  MayorFaruk Akdoğan (AKP)
Area
[1]
  District2,302.99 km2 (889.19 sq mi)
Elevation
1,229 m (4,032 ft)
Population
 (2012) [2]
   Urban
118,186
  District
200,044
  District density87/km2 (220/sq mi)
Website www.nigde.bel.tr

Niğde (Ancient Greek : Νίγδη) is a town and the capital of Niğde Province in the Central Anatolia region of Turkey at an elevation of 1,300 m. In 2010 the population was 109,724. [3]

Niğde Province Province of Turkey in Central Anatolia

Niğde Province is a province in the southern part of Central Anatolia, Turkey. Population is 341,412 of which 141,360 live in the city of Niğde. The population was 348,081 in 2000 and 305,861 in 1990. It covers an area of 7,312 km2. Neighbouring provinces are Kayseri, Adana, Mersin, Konya, Aksaray and Nevşehir.

Provinces of Turkey first-level administrative division of Turkey

Turkey is divided into 81 provinces. Each province is divided into a number of different districts. Each provincial government is seated in the central district. The central district usually bears the name of the province. There are only three exceptions to this naming scheme:

Turkey Republic in Western Asia

Turkey, officially the Republic of Turkey, is a transcontinental country located mainly in Western Asia, with a smaller portion on the Balkan Peninsula in Southeast Europe. East Thrace, located in Europe, is separated from Anatolia by the Sea of Marmara, the Bosphorous strait and the Dardanelles. Turkey is bordered by Greece and Bulgaria to its northwest; Georgia to its northeast; Armenia, the Azerbaijani exclave of Nakhchivan and Iran to the east; and Iraq and Syria to the south. Istanbul is the largest city, but more central Ankara is the capital. Approximately 70 to 80 per cent of the country's citizens identify as Turkish. Kurds are the largest minority; the size of the Kurdish population is a subject of dispute with estimates placing the figure at anywhere from 12 to 25 per cent of the population.

Contents

The town is located between the volcanic Melandiz Mountains, which include the Mount Hasan stratovolcano near the city of Aksaray to the north, and the Niğde Massif to the south-southeast. The massif is a metamorphic dome that contains abandoned antimony and iron mines. Several marble quarries are currently active in the pure white crystalline marble of the massif.

Mount Hasan mountain in Aksaray, Turkey

Mount Hasan is an inactive stratovolcano in Aksaray province, Turkey. With an elevation of 3,268 m (10,722 ft), it ranks as the second highest mountain of central Anatolia. A caldera 4-5 kilometres wide formed near the current summit around 7500 BC, in an eruption recorded in Neolithic paintings.

Aksaray Municipality in Central Anatolia, Turkey

Aksaray is a city in the Central Anatolia region of Turkey and the capital district of Aksaray Province. According to 2009 census figures, the population of the province is 376 907 of which 171,423 live in the city of Aksaray. The district covers an area of 4,589 km2 (1,772 sq mi), and the average elevation is 980 m (3,215 ft), with the highest point being Mt. Hasan at 3,253 m (10,673 ft).

In geology, a massif is a section of a planet's crust that is demarcated by faults or flexures. In the movement of the crust, a massif tends to retain its internal structure while being displaced as a whole. The term also refers to a group of mountains formed by such a structure.

One of the most historically important places in Turkey is near Nigde, the Gumusler cave church, in a small village close to central Nigde.

History

See Niğde Province for a summary of the history of the region, which goes back a long way. This is rich farmland near a number of ancient trade routes, particularly the road from Kayseri (ancient Caesarea) to the Cilician Gates. Settlers throughout history include Hittites, Assyrians, Greeks, Armenians, Romans, Byzantines and finally Turks from 1166 onwards. In the early Middle Ages, it was known as Magida (Greek : Μαγίδα), and was settled by the remaining inhabitants of nearby Tyana after the latter fell to the Arabs in 708/709. By the early 13th century Niğde was one of the largest cities in Anatolia. After the fall of the Sultanate of Rûm (of which it had been one of the principal cities), Niğde was captured by Anatolian beyliks such as Karaman Beylik and Eretna Beylik. According to Ibn Battuta, ruinous, and did not pass into Ottoman hands till the time of Mehmet II.

Kayseri Metropolitan municipality in Central Anatolia, Turkey

Kayseri is a large industrialised city in Central Anatolia, Turkey. It is the seat of Kayseri Province. The city of Kayseri, as defined by the boundaries of Kayseri Metropolitan Municipality, is structurally composed of five metropolitan districts, the two core districts of Kocasinan and Melikgazi, and since 2004, also Hacılar, İncesu and Talas.

Caesarea Place in Haifa

Caesarea is a town in north-central Israel, which inherits its name and much of its territory from the ancient city of Caesarea Maritima. Located midway between Tel Aviv and Haifa on the coastal plain near the city of Hadera, it falls under the jurisdiction of Hof HaCarmel Regional Council. With a population of 5,127, it is the only Israeli locality managed by a private organization, the Caesarea Development Corporation, and also one of the most populous localities not recognized as a local council.

Cilician Gates pass through the Taurus Mountains

The Cilician Gates or Gülek Pass is a pass through the Taurus Mountains connecting the low plains of Cilicia to the Armenian Plateau, by way of the narrow gorge of the Gökoluk River. Its highest elevation is about 1000m.

More recent immigrants include Turkish people from Bulgaria and other Balkan countries, who were settled here by the Turkish authorities in the 1950s and '60s.

Climate

Niğde has a cold semi-arid climate (Köppen climate classification BSk), bordering on hot, dry-summer continental climate (Köppen climate classification Dsa). Niğde has hot and dry summers and cold and snowy winters. Most of the precipitation is during late spring.

Köppen climate classification climate classification system

The Köppen climate classification is one of the most widely used climate classification systems. It was first published by the Russian climatologist Wladimir Köppen (1846–1940) in 1884, with several later modifications by Köppen, notably in 1918 and 1936. Later, the climatologist Rudolf Geiger introduced some changes to the classification system, which is thus sometimes called the Köppen–Geiger climate classification system.

Humid continental climate Category in the Köppen climate classification system

A humid continental climate is a climatic region defined by Russo-German climatologist Wladimir Köppen in 1900, typified by large seasonal temperature differences, with warm to hot summers and cold winters. Precipitation is usually distributed throughout the year. The definition of this climate regarding temperature is as follows: the mean temperature of the coldest month must be below −3 °C (26.6 °F) and there must be at least four months whose mean temperatures are at or above 10 °C (50 °F). In addition, the location in question must not be semi-arid or arid. The Dfb, Dwb and Dsb subtypes are also known as hemiboreal.

Climate data for Niğde (1960-2012)
MonthJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDecYear
Record high °C (°F)18.6
(65.5)
19.6
(67.3)
26.3
(79.3)
30.8
(87.4)
32.0
(89.6)
34.8
(94.6)
38.5
(101.3)
37.8
(100.0)
34.6
(94.3)
30.6
(87.1)
24.6
(76.3)
20.9
(69.6)
38.5
(101.3)
Average high °C (°F)4.6
(40.3)
6.1
(43.0)
11.1
(52.0)
16.6
(61.9)
21.3
(70.3)
25.7
(78.3)
29.3
(84.7)
29.3
(84.7)
25.6
(78.1)
19.7
(67.5)
12.9
(55.2)
7.1
(44.8)
17.4
(63.4)
Daily mean °C (°F)−0.4
(31.3)
0.8
(33.4)
5.2
(41.4)
10.5
(50.9)
15.1
(59.2)
19.3
(66.7)
22.6
(72.7)
22.2
(72.0)
17.7
(63.9)
12.1
(53.8)
6.1
(43.0)
1.8
(35.2)
11.1
(52.0)
Average low °C (°F)−4.6
(23.7)
−3.6
(25.5)
0.0
(32.0)
4.5
(40.1)
8.3
(46.9)
11.8
(53.2)
14.8
(58.6)
14.3
(57.7)
10.2
(50.4)
6.0
(42.8)
1.2
(34.2)
−2.4
(27.7)
5.0
(41.1)
Record low °C (°F)−21.7
(−7.1)
−24.2
(−11.6)
−23.9
(−11.0)
−6.9
(19.6)
−2.6
(27.3)
3.5
(38.3)
7.1
(44.8)
6.7
(44.1)
1.0
(33.8)
−5.2
(22.6)
−14.7
(5.5)
−20.6
(−5.1)
−24.2
(−11.6)
Average precipitation mm (inches)31.4
(1.24)
32.2
(1.27)
35.0
(1.38)
45.2
(1.78)
48.3
(1.90)
25.0
(0.98)
4.9
(0.19)
3.9
(0.15)
7.9
(0.31)
26.9
(1.06)
32.2
(1.27)
40.7
(1.60)
333.6
(13.13)
Average rainy days10.410.611.211.812.26.82.01.52.96.77.711.094.8
Mean monthly sunshine hours 120.9134.4186213.9275.9333375.1356.5300229.4159117.82,801.9
Source #1: Devlet Meteoroloji İşleri Genel Müdürlüğü [4]
Source #2: Hong Kong Observatory [5]

Niğde today

Nigde city center Nigde5.JPG
Niğde city center

Nigde University opened in 1992 and is starting to bring more cultural and social amenities to what is essentially a large town with a very rural feel to it, providing schools, basic shopping, and other necessities to the surrounding villages. The city is small and there is still plenty of green space and gardens around the houses. The people generally tend to be religious and conservative.

Sightseeing

Bolkar Mountains mountain in Turkey

Bolkar Mountains, also known as Bulgar Dagh or Bolghar Dagh, are a mountain range situated in the middle part of the Taurus mountains complex in southern Turkey bounded by the Göksu River to the west and the Pozantı River to the east. The northern part of the mountains lies in Niğde province, while the southern peaks rise in Mersin province.

Aladağlar National Park national park in Turkey

Aladağlar National Park ), established on April 21, 1995, is a national park in southern Turkey. The national park, a mountain range of Anti-Taurus Mountains, stretches over the locations Yahyalı in Kayseri Province, Çamardı in Niğde Province and Aladağ in Adana Province.

Gümüşler Monastery is a Byzantine-era cave monastery in the city of Gümüşler, Niğde Province, Turkey.

Notable natives

See also

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References

  1. "Area of regions (including lakes), km²". Regional Statistics Database. Turkish Statistical Institute. 2002. Retrieved 2013-03-05.
  2. "Population of province/district centers and towns/villages by districts - 2012". Address Based Population Registration System (ABPRS) Database. Turkish Statistical Institute. Retrieved 2013-02-27.
  3. Statistical Institute Archived August 24, 2011, at the Wayback Machine
  4. http://www.hko.gov.hk/wxinfo/climat/world/eng/europe/gr_tu/nigde_e.htm
  5. "Gümüsler Monastery at Cappadocia". voyageanatolia.blogspot.com. Retrieved 17 April 2018.
  6. https://www.google.no/webhp?hl=no#hl=no&q=ni%C4%9Fde+alaaddin+camii+kap%C4%B1s%C4%B1 Niğde Alaaddin Mosque where a chiaroscuro drawing of a woman's face with crown and long hair appears at a specific time of the year.
  7. Werkgroep Coupure, Werkgroep Coupure (2009). De Coupure in Gent. Scheiding en verbinding. Academia Press. p. 304. ISBN   9789038213231. Leonidas-Kestekidès (°1882 Nikede, met Griekse nationaliteit…(Translated: Leonidas Kestekides (° 1882 Nigde of Greek nationality
  8. Rōmanou, Kaitē (2009). Serbian and Greek Art Music: A Patch to Western Music History. Intellect Books. p. 152. ISBN   9781841502786. Petros Petrides was born in Nigde, Kappadokia, in 1892 and died in Kifissia (Attica) in 1977. A man of vast knowledge on various fields of science and art, who is rightfully placed among the most cultivated and educated Greek composers of the first half of the 20th century;