Nicholas Liverpool

Last updated

Nicholas Liverpool
Nicholas Liverpool.jpg
6th President of Dominica
In office
2 October 2003 17 September 2012
Prime Minister Pierre Charles
Osborne Riviere (Acting)
Roosevelt Skerrit
Preceded by Vernon Shaw
Succeeded by Eliud Williams
Personal details
Born
Nicholas Joseph Orville Liverpool

(1934-09-09)9 September 1934
Grand Bay, British Leeward Islands
Died1 June 2015(2015-06-01) (aged 80)
Miami, Florida, U.S.
Resting placeGrand Bay Roman Catholic Church Cemetery
Political party Independent
Spouse(s)Verna Liverpool
Alma mater University of Hull
City Law School
University of Sheffield

Nicholas Joseph Orville Liverpool (9 September 1934 – 1 June 2015) was a politician and jurist from Dominica who served as the sixth President of Dominica from 2 October 2003 to 17 September 2012.

Dominica country in the Caribbean

Dominica, officially the Commonwealth of Dominica, is an island country in the West Indies. The capital, Roseau, is located on the western side of the island. It is part of the Windward Islands in the Lesser Antilles archipelago in the Caribbean Sea. The island is located near Guadeloupe to the northwest and Martinique to the south-southeast. Its area is 750 km2 (290 sq mi), and the highest point is Morne Diablotins, at 1,447 m (4,747 ft) in elevation. The population was 71,293 at the 2011 census. The Commonwealth of Dominica is one of the Caribbean's few republics.

Contents

Biography

In 1957, Liverpool entered the University of Hull and obtained an LL.B (Hons.) degree in 1960. He was called to the bar at Inner Temple in 1961. He received a Ph.D degree from University of Sheffield in 1965. [1] After returning to the Caribbean, he spent 18 years as a law lecturer at the University of the West Indies in Barbados and in 1992 became dean of its law school. He served as a regional judge and then an appeal court judge in several countries in the Caribbean including Belize and Grenada. He also served as a high court judge in Antigua and Montserrat and served on a number of tribunals and commissions for legal reform. In 2002 he was chairman of the constitutional review commission for Grenada. [2] The University of Hull awarded him a degree of Doctor of Laws in July 2011. [3]

University of Hull university in Kingston upon Hull, England

The University of Hull is a public research university in Kingston upon Hull, a city in the East Riding of Yorkshire, England. It was founded in 1927 as University College Hull. The main university campus is located in Hull and is home to the Hull York Medical School, a joint initiative with the University of York. Students are served by Hull University Union.

The Bachelor of Laws is an undergraduate degree in law originating in England and offered in Japan and most common law jurisdictions—except the United States and Canada—as the degree which allows a person to become a lawyer. It historically served this purpose in the U.S. as well, but was phased out in the mid-1960s in favor of the Juris Doctor degree, and Canada followed suit.

Inner Temple one of the four Inns of Court in London, England

The Honourable Society of the Inner Temple, commonly known as Inner Temple, is one of the four Inns of Court in London. To be called to the Bar and practise as a barrister in England and Wales, a person must belong to one of these Inns. It is located in the wider Temple area of the capital, near the Royal Courts of Justice, and within the City of London.

Liverpool became Ambassador to the United States in March 1998, [4] serving in that capacity until 2001. [5]

United States Federal republic in North America

The United States of America (USA), commonly known as the United States or America, is a country comprising 50 states, a federal district, five major self-governing territories, and various possessions. At 3.8 million square miles, the United States is the world's third or fourth largest country by total area and is slightly smaller than the entire continent of Europe's 3.9 million square miles. With a population of over 327 million people, the U.S. is the third most populous country. The capital is Washington, D.C., and the largest city by population is New York City. Forty-eight states and the capital's federal district are contiguous in North America between Canada and Mexico. The State of Alaska is in the northwest corner of North America, bordered by Canada to the east and across the Bering Strait from Russia to the west. The State of Hawaii is an archipelago in the mid-Pacific Ocean. The U.S. territories are scattered about the Pacific Ocean and the Caribbean Sea, stretching across nine official time zones. The extremely diverse geography, climate, and wildlife of the United States make it one of the world's 17 megadiverse countries.

In the same year as elected president, Liverpool was awarded the Dominica Award of Honour. Between 2002 and 2003 he also served as a Member of the UNESCO governing board. In July 2008 he agreed to serve a second term as President upon the expiration of his first term, following a joint nomination by Prime Minister Roosevelt Skerrit and Opposition Leader Earl Williams. [6]

The Dominica Award of Honour is an award of the Commonwealth of Dominica. Created in 1967, it is the highest honour presented by the President of the Commonwealth of Dominica on behalf of the state.

Prime Minister of Dominica

The Prime Minister of Dominica is the head of government in the Commonwealth of Dominica. Nominally, the position was created on November 3, 1978 when Dominica gained independence from the United Kingdom. Hitherto, the position existed de facto as Premier.

Roosevelt Skerrit Prime Minister of Dominica

Roosevelt Skerrit is a Dominican politician who has been Prime Minister of Dominica since 2004; he has also been the Member of Parliament for the Vieille Case constituency since 2000. Regionally, he has served as the chairman of the Organisation of Eastern Caribbean States (OECS) and most recently as chairman of the Caribbean Community (CARICOM) in 2010.

Nicholas Liverpool died on 1 June 2015 in Miami, Florida, where he was receiving medical treatment. He was 80 years old. [7]

National honours

Foreign honours

Italy republic in Southern Europe

Italy, officially the Italian Republic, is a European country consisting of a peninsula delimited by the Italian Alps and surrounded by several islands. Located in the middle of the Mediterranean sea and traversed along its length by the Apennines, Italy has a largely temperate seasonal climate. The country covers an area of 301,340 km2 (116,350 sq mi) and shares open land borders with France, Slovenia, Austria, Switzerland and the enclaved microstates of Vatican City and San Marino. Italy has a territorial exclave in Switzerland (Campione) and a maritime exclave in the Tunisian Sea (Lampedusa). With around 60 million inhabitants, Italy is the fourth-most populous member state of the European Union.

House of Bourbon-Two Sicilies cadet branch of the Spanish royal family

The House of Bourbon-Two Sicilies is a cadet branch of the Spanish royal family that ruled parts of Southern Italy for more than a century in the 18th and 19th centuries. It descends from the Capetian dynasty in legitimate male line through Philippe de Bourbon, Duke of Anjou, a younger grandson of Louis XIV of France who established the Bourbon dynasty in Spain in 1700 as Philip V. In 1759 King Philip's younger grandson was appanaged with the kingdoms of Naples and Sicily, becoming Ferdinand IV and III, respectively, of those realms. His descendants occupied the joint throne until 1860, claimed it thereafter from exile, and constitute the extant Bourbon-Two Sicilies family. The name "Bourbon-Two Sicilies" combines the patriline (Bourbon) with their former territorial designation.

Sacred Military Constantinian Order of Saint George chivalric order

The Sacred Military Constantinian Order of Saint George is a Roman Catholic dynastic order of knighthood founded 1520–1545 by two brothers belonging to the Angeli Comneni family. Currently, the grand magistry of the order is disputed among claimants to the headship of the former reigning house of Bourbon-Two Sicilies as heirs of the Farnese.

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References

  1. "Curriculum Vitae of Dr. N.J.O. Liverpool, D.A.H. President of the Commonwealth of Dominica" Archived 28 September 2008 at the Wayback Machine , President's Office. Accessed 26 July 2008.
  2. Turner, Barry, eds. The Statesman's Yearbook 2010: The Politics, Cultures And Economies Of The World. New York: Palgrave Macmillan, 2009, p. 405.
  3. "His Excellency Dr Nicholas Liverpool DAH, OCC". University of Hull. 6 May 2015. Archived from the original on 11 June 2015. Retrieved 7 June 2015.
  4. List of Dominican ambassadors to the United States , U.S. State Department website.
  5. "His Excellency Dr. Nicholas J. O. Liverpool D.A.H. O.C.C." Office of the President of Dominica.
  6. "Dominica's president to serve second term" [ permanent dead link ], caribbeannetnews.com, 26 July 2008.
  7. "Former head of state dies". Jamaica Observer. 1 June 2015. Retrieved 7 June 2015.
  8. http://www.constantinian.org.uk/president-and-first-lady-of-dominica-honoured-by-constantinian-order-at-london-ceremony/
  9. "More condolence messages for Dr Liverpool". Dominica Vibes. 5 June 2015. Retrieved 7 June 2015.

Note

  1. In 2012 Liverpool was awarded and invested by HRH The Duke of Castro as a Knight Grand Cross with Gold Star of the Sacred Military Constantinian Order of Saint George in recognition to his contribution to law and Catholic Life and served from 2014 as Vice Delegate for Dominica for the Order.
Political offices
Preceded by
Vernon Shaw
President of Dominica
2003–2012
Succeeded by
Eliud Williams