Nick Greiner

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Nick Greiner

AC
President of the Liberal Party of Australia
In office
24 June 2017 7 August 2020
DeputyFay Duda
Allan Pidgeon
Karina Okotel
Trish Worth
Leader Malcolm Turnbull
Scott Morrison
Preceded by Richard Alston
Succeeded by John Olsen
37th Premier of New South Wales
Elections: 1984, 1988, 1991
In office
25 March 1988 24 June 1992
Monarch Elizabeth II
Deputy Wal Murray
Preceded by Barrie Unsworth
Succeeded by John Fahey
Member of the New South Wales Parliament
for Ku-ring-gai
In office
13 September 1980 24 June 1992
Preceded by John Maddison
Succeeded by Stephen O'Doherty
29th Leader of the Opposition of New South Wales
In office
15 March 1983 24 March 1988
Premier Neville Wran
Barrie Unsworth
Deputy Rosemary Foot
Peter Collins
Preceded by John Dowd
Succeeded by Bob Carr
Personal details
Born
Nicholas Frank Hugo Greiner

(1947-04-27) 27 April 1947 (age 74)
Budapest, Hungary
NationalityAustralian
Political party Liberal Party of Australia
Spouse(s)
(m. 1970; sep.  2013)
Children2
Education St Ignatius' College, Riverview
University of Sydney
Harvard Business School
OccupationBusinessman, politician

Nicholas Frank Hugo Greiner AC (born 27 April 1947) is an Australian politician who served as the 37th Premier of New South Wales from 1988 to 1992. Greiner was Leader of the New South Wales Division of the Liberal Party from 1983 to 1992 and Leader of the Opposition from 1983 to 1988. [1] Greiner had served as the Federal President of the Liberal Party of Australia from 2017 to 2020. [2]

Contents

Early life

Greiner was born in Budapest, Hungary to a Hungarian father and a Slovak mother. [3] His mother was of half-Jewish ancestry and was imprisoned in a Nazi concentration camp during the Holocaust. [4] His parents subsequently moved to Vienna before arriving in Australia in the early 1950s. He was educated at Saint Ignatius' College, Riverview in Sydney's lower north shore, before graduating with honours in Economics at the University of Sydney. Later he attended Harvard Business School. After briefly working for an Idaho timber company, Greiner returned to Australia, where he joined the timber company that his family owned. Greiner has also held the position of Australian chairman of British American Tobacco. [5]

Political career

A member of the Liberal Party, Greiner unsuccessfully sought to enter the New South Wales Legislative Assembly for the safe Liberal seat of Willoughby in 1978. He defeated sitting member Laurie McGinty for Liberal preselection. Although defeated in his first bid to enter the legislature by local bus driver Eddie Britt as part of the "Wranslide" Labor victory that year (largely due to McGinty running as an independent), Greiner successfully contested a 1980 by-election for the electorate of Ku-ring-gai. [6]

Greiner successfully defended Ku-ring-gai in the 1981 state election, managing a modest swing in his favour even as the Liberal-National Country Coalition was cut down to only 28 seats in total. Shortly after the election, he ran for the party leadership, but lost to John Dowd. He was however appointed as Shadow Treasurer and Shadow Minister for Housing and Cooperatives. [7] However, in 1983, Greiner ousted Dowd in a leadership challenge. [8] Highlighting allegations of corruption against the Labor Party government of Premier Neville Wran during the 1984 election campaign, Greiner managed to pick up a seven percent swing and cut the Wran government's previously overwhelming majority in half, from 19 seats to eight. In the process, he regained much of what the Coalition had lost in the previous two "Wranslides."

Wran retired in 1986, and was succeeded by Barrie Unsworth. In what proved to be a harbinger of things to come, the Liberals came within 54 votes of derailing Unsworth's bid to enter the lower house (he had previously been a member of the Legislative Council), and managed to take Wran's old seat on a large swing. At the March 1988 election, Greiner led the Coalition to a landslide victory. The Coalition scored a swing of over 8 percent and took 22 seats from Labor, including several Labor heartland seats where the Coalition had not come close to winning in years.

Premier of New South Wales

Greiner handed over a number of responsibilities previously associated with the Premier's Department to other ministers. However, in a rare move, he served as his own Treasurer (having retained the Shadow Treasurer's portfolio upon becoming party leader), thus concentrating considerable power in his hands. He decided to keep the Treasurer's post for himself in order to focus on repairing the State's parlous financial position.

The Greiner government, which promised "sensible, moderate but progressive" government, wasted no time in commencing its legislative agenda, announcing across-the-board spending cuts and plans to announce a mini-budget in June. A key government policy was to cut costs in education, including increasing charges for public education, eliminating free public transport for school students and reducing teaching staff (2,400 teaching staff and 800 support staff) through creating composite classes and closing smaller schools, while looking for public assets to sell (ultimately $340 million of assets were identified) and capital works projects which could be abandoned. However, it was forced to defer its plans to repeal Aboriginal land rights legislation (an election commitment) and reduce the power of the Ombudsman to investigate the police when Democrat and Call to Australia members of the Upper House combined with Labor to defeat these pieces of legislation. [9] By September 1988, having promised at the election to run the state like a business, the government were able to announce serious progress towards reducing the state debt and its first budget projected a surplus, and were trying to resolve housing pressures caused by rapidly increasing house prices (which rose from $65,000 to $165,000 in the twelve months to October). [10] Another election promise realised by the new Government was to create the Independent Commission Against Corruption (ICAC) capable of investigating allegations of corruption and graft against the government and within the state. In its first year, it investigated large donations to the Labor and National parties. Despite significant pressure from the parliamentary Nationals, whose leader was implicated in one of the investigations, Greiner refused to budge or to dilute ICAC's powers. [11]

By 1989, the government's position could be described as higher government charges and reduced government services. Increased taxes and fees on motor vehicle drivers, petrol, water, public transport and child care, as the aforementioned cuts to education took effect, the pay of health workers was frozen, workers' compensation to injured workers was limited (although this was later blocked by the Upper House) and state assets were sold off. [12] A series of strikes on the part of teachers and the growing unpopularity of Education Minister Terry Metherell caused problems for the Greiner government during the latter stages of its first term. In August 1989, the Industrial Commission ruled against the government in determining that class sizes were an industrial issue rather than the sole discretion of the Director-General. The government also cut rail services to the north coast, deeming them commercially unviable, and cut 8,000 State Rail Authority employees in an effort to offset the authority's $1 billion annual debt – however, this left the Pacific Highway as the only land transport link for several major towns, and in October and December 1989, two major crashes on the road, both involving passenger buses, claimed a combined total of 54 deaths and 55 injuries. [11] While Opposition Leader Bob Carr made the link between pressure on roads and withdrawal of the country services, [13] a coroner's report in April 1990 pinned the blame on the Federal Government and its "piecemeal" approach to repairs of the Pacific Highway. The government meanwhile reduced speed limits for heavy vehicles to 90 km/h after the accidents, but a work-to-rule campaign by the Transport Workers Union disrupted Sydney's peak-hour traffic and Greiner overrode the Transport Minister to restore the previous 100 km/h limit in late January 1990. [14]

In May 1990, Greiner asked Metherell to try and resolve the ongoing battle with the State's teachers, and they were offered a 9% pay rise, although the disputes continued. Lecturers in the TAFE system, also within Metherell's portfolio, joined them after the government indicated its willingness to implement a report by a private management consultant envisaging a public-private partnership and massive staffing cuts. Metherell resigned from his position in 1990 but the disputes with teachers continued. [14]

Regarded as a fiscal conservative, Greiner was still considered much further to the left than many of his fellow Liberals in terms of social policy. He criticised then Federal Opposition Leader John Howard's controversial comments on immigration policy during the late 1980s, and was widely respected within the ethnic community.

Buoyed by his government's strong performance in the polls, Greiner called a snap election for 25 May 1991. Despite widespread predictions by political and media commentators that Greiner would be easily re-elected to a second term, the impact of the Government's policies, particularly in terms of service cuts and increased charges, caused many voters to turn back to Labor. The election saw the Coalition win 52 percent of the two-party vote. However, much of the Coalition margin was wasted on landslide margins in its heartland, while Labor took back many marginal seats it had lost in its severe defeat of three years prior. The result was a hung Parliament, with the Coalition one seat short of a majority. Greiner was forced into a minority government, relying on support from four Independent MPs. His parliamentary majority was further eroded with the decision of Terry Metherell to become an Independent in late 1991, and with the loss of The Entrance in a 1992 by-election following a Court of Disputed Returns overthrowing the original result.

Greiner was only the second head of government at either federal or state level in Australia who was born outside the Commonwealth of Nations, the first being Chris Watson, Prime Minister in 1904.[ citation needed ]

ICAC investigation and resignation

Greiner and Environment Minister Tim Moore decided to offer Liberal-turned-independent MP Terry Metherell an executive position in the Environmental Protection Authority. If Metherell accepted the position, he would have to resign his parliamentary seat, which the Liberal Party was confident of winning in a by-election. While Metherell initially agreed to the position on 10 April 1992, it was criticised by Labor and the independents, and documents were ultimately released showing he had applied for a job in the Premier's Department and then been seconded to the EPA, and had applied after the closing date, but was appointed within hours of his application. Greiner was accused of misleading the parliament, and in late April, Labor and the independents passed a no-confidence motion in Greiner's leadership (though, critically, not against the government) in the Legislative Assembly. The pressure led to Greiner moving that the Assembly refer the matter to ICAC. The inquiry began on 5 May, and following detailed evidence by Metherell that his resignation was part of a package negotiated with Greiner and Moore and the release of Metherell's diaries, Greiner and backbencher Brad Hazzard admitted their statements to the inquiry were wrong. Greiner as a witness could not recall 20 key events under investigation, and the inquiry heard that the director-general appointed Metherell when it was discovered he could not legally be appointed to the EPA. [15]

On 19 June, ICAC commissioner Ian Temby concluded that while Greiner had not acted criminally and had not set out to be corrupt, he would be seen "by a notional jury as conducting himself contrary to known and recognised standards of honesty and integrity". [16] Temby found strongest against Environment Minister Tim Moore, a friend of Metherell's who was central to the offer. However, the Commission did not recommend taking action against the two ministers, saying that this was properly the role of Parliament. [17] Greiner focused on the words "honesty and integrity" and argued he was only "technically corrupt", but by 21 June, it was clear the independents would support a vote of no confidence in Greiner and Moore. Greiner lodged a case with New South Wales Court of Appeal and argued any such motions would breach natural justice while the appeal was being heard, but Labor and the independents argued that the Parliament was the body which should decide Greiner's future. Labor tabled a no-confidence motion, which was due up for vote on 24 June. [15] The independents told Greiner that unless he resigned, they would withdraw their support from the government and support the no-confidence motion. [18] Accordingly, Greiner resigned, and was succeeded by John Fahey. [15]

Greiner successfully appealed against the finding in the New South Wales Court of Appeal, which in a 2-1 vote on 21 August 1992 overturned the ICAC findings. [19] The court found that ICAC had "exceeded its jurisdiction" in ruling against the two ministers [20] and granted "declaratory relief that the Commission's report was wrong in law". [21] Following the affair, a parliamentary committee inquiring into ICAC's powers in December 1992 recommended that Section 9 of the ICAC Act, on which the successful appeal was based, should be repealed as it was too narrow in defining corrupt conduct. [22] While the section was not repealed, a sub-section was ultimately added in 1994 which addressed the behaviour of ministers and members of parliament, and gave legislative enforcement to ministerial and parliamentary codes of conduct. [23]

Subsequent career

In 1994 Greiner was made a Companion of the Order of Australia "for (his) service to public sector reform and management and to the community." [24]

He went on to hold directorships with many of Australia's leading companies. Greiner was chairman of the board of WD&HO Wills and then British American Tobacco Australia for the period 1996 to 2004. [25] In 2011, he was Chairman of Bradken, Citigroup Australia, The Nuance Group, QBE Lenders' Mortgage Insurance, Blue Star Print Group and Playup; and Deputy Chairman of CHAMP Private Equity. [26] In May 2011, Greiner was appointed as Chairman of Infrastructure NSW by the O'Farrell government. [27]

In 2016, his website listed him as holding positions, mostly as chairman or deputy chairman, with: [28] [ self-published source? ]

In the few years after leaving State politics, Greiner had been touted for a tilt at Federal politics including the prospect of replacing Alexander Downer as Federal Liberal Leader and becoming Prime Minister by leading the Coalition to victory at the 1996 Federal election but none of this eventuated.

Personal

Greiner is married to Kathryn Greiner AO , a former Councillor in the Sydney City Council, and daughter of Sir Bede Callaghan (a former Chairman of the Commonwealth Bank and Chancellor of University of Newcastle). They separated in 1995, then reconciled in 1996. [29] In October 2013 it was announced that they had again separated. [30] The couple have one son and one daughter.

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Electoral district of Ku-ring-gai State electoral district of New South Wales, Australia

Ku-ring-gai is an electoral district of the Legislative Assembly in the Australian state of New South Wales. Since 2015 it has been represented by Alister Henskens of the Liberal Party. The electorate covers the suburbs and parts of the suburbs of Gordon, Hornsby, Killara, Lindfield, Normanhurst, North Turramurra, North Wahroonga, Pymble, South Turramurra, Thornleigh, Turramurra, Wahroonga, Waitara, Warrawee and West Pymble.

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1991 New South Wales state election State election for New South Wales, Australia in March 1991

Elections to the 50th Parliament of New South Wales were held on Saturday 25 May 1991. All seats in the Legislative Assembly and half the seats in the Legislative Council were up for election. The Liberal-National Coalition government of Premier Nick Greiner, which enjoyed a considerable majority following their landslide win at the 1988 election, was seeking a second term in office against new Labor Opposition Leader Bob Carr.

1988 New South Wales state election State election for New South Wales, Australia in March 1988

Elections to the 49th Parliament of New South Wales were held on Saturday 19 March 1988. All seats in the Legislative Assembly and a third of the seats in the Legislative Council were up for election. The Labor government of Premier Barrie Unsworth was defeated by the Liberal-National Coalition, led by Opposition Leader Nick Greiner.

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Terry Alan Metherell is a former Australian politician who represented the Electoral district of Davidson in the New South Wales Legislative Assembly from 1981 to 1992. When the Liberal Party won the 1988 election, Premier Nick Greiner appointed him Minister for Education and Youth Affairs, a portfolio he held until 1990. In October 1991, he resigned from the Liberal party and remained in Parliament until his resignation to take up an offer of a public service job. This offer led to the downfall of Greiner, who was found to have corruptly offered the position to force a by-election in Metherell's district.

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1992 Ku-ring-gai state by-election Election result for Ku-ring-gai, New South Wales, Australia

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The Unsworth ministry was the 79th ministry of the New South Wales Government, and was led by the 36th Premier of New South Wales, the Honourable Barrie Unsworth,, representing the Labor Party.

The Greiner–Murray ministry (1991–92) or Second Greiner–Murray ministry or Second Greiner ministry was the 81st ministry of the New South Wales Government, and was led by the 37th Premier of New South Wales, the Honourable Nick Greiner,, representing the Liberal Party in coalition with the National Party, led by the Honourable Wal Murray,.

References

  1. "Leaders of the Opposition in the NSW Legislative Assembly". Facts and Figures. Parliament of New South Wales . Retrieved 30 September 2014.
  2. Crowe. Maher, David, Sid (26 June 2017). "We're the party of freedom: Turnbull tries to rally Liberals". The Australian. Retrieved 28 November 2017.
  3. "Mr (Nick) Nicholas Frank Hugo Greiner". Former Members of the Parliament of New South Wales . Retrieved 16 June 2019.
  4. "Gruff, tough and ever the patriarch". The Sydney Morning Herald. 3 August 2004. Retrieved 7 April 2021.
  5. "Kathryn follows Nick out of door in protest". The Sydney Morning Herald . 12 August 2003.
  6. "Federal hope in NSW vote: Keating". Canberra Times (ACT : 1926 - 1995). 15 September 1980. p. 3. Retrieved 13 September 2018.
  7. "NSW 'SHADOW CABINET' Right-wing Members omitted by Dowd". Canberra Times (ACT : 1926 - 1995). 29 October 1981. p. 15. Retrieved 13 September 2018.
  8. "THE N.S.W. LIBERALS' NEW LEADER". Canberra Times (ACT : 1926 - 1995). 20 March 1983. p. 2. Retrieved 13 September 2018.
  9. Hannan, Kate (December 1988). "Australian Political Chronicle: January–June 1988". Australian Journal of Politics and History. 34 (3): 411–413. ISSN   0004-9522.
  10. Hannan, Kate (August 1989). "Australian Political Chronicle: July–December 1988". Australian Journal of Politics and History. 35 (2): 249–250. ISSN   0004-9522.
  11. 1 2 Hannan, Kate (August 1990). "Australian Political Chronicle: July–December 1989". Australian Journal of Politics and History. 36 (2): 236–240. ISSN   0004-9522.
  12. Hannan, Kate (December 1989). "Australian Political Chronicle: January–June 1989". Australian Journal of Politics and History. 35 (3): 444–446. ISSN   0004-9522.
  13. Lagan, Bernard (6 February 1990). "Unions tell government: We'll halt trains". The Sydney Morning Herald . p. 1. Retrieved 18 February 2012.
  14. 1 2 Hannan, Kate (December 1990). "Australian Political Chronicle: January–June 1990". Australian Journal of Politics and History. 36 (3): 426–430. ISSN   0004-9522.
  15. 1 2 3 "Australian Political Chronicle: January–June 1992". Australian Journal of Politics and History. 38 (3): 421–422. December 1992. doi:10.1111/j.1467-8497.1992.tb00683.x. ISSN   0004-9522.
  16. Independent Commission Against Corruption (19 June 1992). Report on Investigation into the Metherell Resignation and Appointment (PDF). ISBN   0-7305-9882-9. Archived from the original (PDF) on 24 September 2015. Retrieved 18 February 2012. (p. 51)
  17. Report, p. 74.
  18. Humphries, David (28 August 2010). "Winning over a tough crowd". The Sydney Morning Herald . Retrieved 15 February 2012.
  19. Brown, Kevin (22 August 1992). "Former NSW premier cleared". The Financial Times . London: The Financial Times Limited. p. 3.
  20. Michael, Sexton (30 August 2006). ADMINISTRATIVE LAW: THE NEW SOUTH WALES LANDSCAPE (PDF). Australian Institute of Administrative Law. p. 33. Archived from the original (PDF) on 12 April 2011.
  21. Greiner v ICAC, 10 NSW 7Australian Current Law Reporter (Supreme Court, NSW, Court of Appeal21 August 1992).
  22. "Australian Political Chronicle: July–December 1992". Australian Journal of Politics and History. 39 (2): 232. August 1993. doi:10.1111/j.1467-8497.1993.tb00060.x. ISSN   0004-9522.
  23. "Independent Commission Against Corruption (Amendment) Act 1994 No. 86" (PDF). 12 December 1994. Retrieved 18 February 2012.
  24. "GREINER, Nicholas Frank". It's an Honour. Commonwealth of Australia. June 1994. Retrieved 23 February 2009.
  25. "In the thrall of the monster drug barons". www.brushtail.com.au. Retrieved 13 December 2017.
  26. "The Hon Nick Greiner AC". www.nickgreiner.com.au. Retrieved 13 December 2017.
  27. Korporaal, Glenda (3 May 2011). "Infrastructure NSW chairman Nick Greiner looking to build trust with private sector". The Australian. Retrieved 12 February 2012.
  28. "Profile". The Hon Nick Greiner AC. Retrieved 8 December 2016.[ self-published source? ]
  29. The Australian Magazine, 12–13 July 1997. p. 27
  30. Whitbourn, Michaela (21 October 2013). "Nick Greiner splits from wife Kathryn". The Sydney Morning Herald. Retrieved 28 November 2013.

Further reading

 

New South Wales Legislative Assembly
Preceded by
John Maddison
Member for Ku-ring-gai
1980 1992
Succeeded by
Stephen O'Doherty
Political offices
Preceded by
John Dowd
Leader of the Opposition of New South Wales
1983 1988
Succeeded by
Bob Carr
Preceded by
Barrie Unsworth
Premier of New South Wales
1988 1992
Succeeded by
John Fahey
Preceded by
Ken Booth
Treasurer of New South Wales
1988 1992
Preceded by
Barrie Unsworth
Minister for Ethnic Affairs
1988 1992
Party political offices
Preceded by
John Dowd
Leader of the New South Wales Liberal Party
1983 1992
Succeeded by
John Fahey
Preceded by
Richard Alston
President of the Liberal Party of Australia
2017 date
Incumbent
Government offices
New title Chairman of Infrastructure NSW
2011 2013
Succeeded by
Graham Bradley