Nicolas Dondeau

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Nicolas Dondeau
Born(1752-03-25)25 March 1752
Fontaine-Denis-Nuisy, Marne, France
Died 21 October 1834(1834-10-21) (aged 82)
Provins, Seine-et-Marne, France
Nationality French
Occupation Lawyer, politician
Known for Minister of Police

Nicolas Dondeau (25 March 1752 21 October 1834) was a French lawyer and politician who was Minister of Police during the French Revolution.

French Revolution social and political revolution in France and its colonies occurring from 1789 to 1798

The French Revolution was a period of far-reaching social and political upheaval in France and its colonies beginning in 1789. The Revolution overthrew the monarchy, established a republic, catalyzed violent periods of political turmoil, and finally culminated in a dictatorship under Napoleon who brought many of its principles to areas he conquered in Western Europe and beyond. Inspired by liberal and radical ideas, the Revolution profoundly altered the course of modern history, triggering the global decline of absolute monarchies while replacing them with republics and liberal democracies. Through the Revolutionary Wars, it unleashed a wave of global conflicts that extended from the Caribbean to the Middle East. Historians widely regard the Revolution as one of the most important events in human history.


Early years

Nicolas Dondeau was born at Fontaine-Denis, Marne, on 25 March 1752. His parents were sieur Claude Dondeau and Catherine Bregeon. [1] He was made principal of Anchin College in Douai in 1772. [2] He became an advocate at the parliament of Douai in 1785, where he exercised various administration and judicial functions. On 23 April 1786 he married Marguerite-Françoise Davesnes, daughter of an advocate at the parliament of Flanders. [3] In May 1791 he was a municipal commissioner of Douai, and in the absence of Louis-Joseph Art was acting as procureur of the commune. [4] Dondeau entered the administration and became a head of division in the Ministry of the General Police under Philippe-Antoine Merlin de Douai. [5]

Douai Subprefecture and commune in Hauts-de-France, France

Douai is a commune in the Nord département in northern France. It is a sub-prefecture of the department. Located on the river Scarpe some 40 kilometres from Lille and 25 km (16 mi) from Arras, Douai is home to one of the region's most impressive belfries. The population of the metropolitan area, including Lens, was 552,682 in 1999.

French Flanders

French Flanders is a part of the historical County of Flanders in present-day France where Flemings were traditionally the dominant ethnic group and where a dialect of Dutch was or still is traditionally spoken. The region lies in the modern-day region of Hauts-de-France and roughly corresponds to the arrondissements of Lille, Douai and Dunkirk on the southern border with Belgium. Together with French Hainaut and the Cambrésis, it makes up the French Department of Nord.

Philippe-Antoine Merlin de Douai French politician

Philippe-Antoine Merlin, known as Merlin de Douai was a French politician and lawyer.


Dondeau was named Minister of the General Police on 25 Pluvôise VI (13 February 1798). [5] He replaced Pierre-Jean-Marie Sotin de La Coindière. [6] His conduct as a minister was sensible and moderate. [7] On 22 Ventôse VI (12 March 1798) he addressed a letter to justices of the peace and officers of the police recommending that they repress libertinism. On 12 Germinal VI (1 April 1798) he sent another letter about the troubles stirred up by agitators during public performances, who stubbornly demanded symphonies, airs or dances that had not been announced on the posters. On 24 Floréal VI (13 May 1798) he wrote to the director of the theater of Montansier saying he had heard that actors were appearing on stage with their hair in rolls, which he described as an insolent scandal. [5]

Later career

On 27 Floréal VI (16 May 1798) Dondeau resigned as minister and was replaced by Marie Jean François Philibert Lecarlier. The same day he was named administrator of the lotteries in place of Thabaud de Surins, who had been elected deputy. [8] In 1800 he was named judge of the criminal court of the department of Seine-et-Marne. He became a counselor of the court, and retired on 17 January 1816. [7] He died at Provins, Seine-et-Marne, on 21 October 1834. [9]

Seine-et-Marne Department of France

Seine-et-Marne is a French department, named after the Seine and Marne rivers, and located in the Île-de-France region.

Provins Subprefecture and commune in Île-de-France, France

Provins is a commune in the Seine-et-Marne department in the Île-de-France region in north-central France.

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  1. Robinet 1899, pp. 651-652.
  2. Duthilloeul 1844, p. 128.
  3. Deregnaucourt 1828, p. 157.
  4. Dechristé 1880, p. 429.
  5. 1 2 3 Robert & Cougny 1891, p. 396.
  6. Liste chronologique des ministres de la police, SFHP.
  7. 1 2 Duthilloeul 1844, p. 129.
  8. Robert & Cougny 1891, p. 397.
  9. Robinet 1899, p. 652.