|Born||25 March 1752|
Fontaine-Denis-Nuisy, Marne, France
|Died|| 21 October 1834 82) (aged|
Provins, Seine-et-Marne, France
|Known for||Minister of Police|
Nicolas Dondeau (25 March 1752 – 21 October 1834) was a French lawyer and politician who was Minister of Police during the French Revolution.
The French Revolution was a period of far-reaching social and political upheaval in France and its colonies beginning in 1789. The Revolution overthrew the monarchy, established a republic, catalyzed violent periods of political turmoil, and finally culminated in a dictatorship under Napoleon who brought many of its principles to areas he conquered in Western Europe and beyond. Inspired by liberal and radical ideas, the Revolution profoundly altered the course of modern history, triggering the global decline of absolute monarchies while replacing them with republics and liberal democracies. Through the Revolutionary Wars, it unleashed a wave of global conflicts that extended from the Caribbean to the Middle East. Historians widely regard the Revolution as one of the most important events in human history.
Nicolas Dondeau was born at Fontaine-Denis, Marne, on 25 March 1752. His parents were sieur Claude Dondeau and Catherine Bregeon.He was made principal of Anchin College in Douai in 1772. He became an advocate at the parliament of Douai in 1785, where he exercised various administration and judicial functions. On 23 April 1786 he married Marguerite-Françoise Davesnes, daughter of an advocate at the parliament of Flanders. In May 1791 he was a municipal commissioner of Douai, and in the absence of Louis-Joseph Art was acting as procureur of the commune. Dondeau entered the administration and became a head of division in the Ministry of the General Police under Philippe-Antoine Merlin de Douai.
Douai is a commune in the Nord département in northern France. It is a sub-prefecture of the department. Located on the river Scarpe some 40 kilometres from Lille and 25 km (16 mi) from Arras, Douai is home to one of the region's most impressive belfries. The population of the metropolitan area, including Lens, was 552,682 in 1999.
French Flanders is a part of the historical County of Flanders in present-day France where Flemings were traditionally the dominant ethnic group and where a dialect of Dutch was or still is traditionally spoken. The region lies in the modern-day region of Hauts-de-France and roughly corresponds to the arrondissements of Lille, Douai and Dunkirk on the southern border with Belgium. Together with French Hainaut and the Cambrésis, it makes up the French Department of Nord.
Philippe-Antoine Merlin, known as Merlin de Douai was a French politician and lawyer.
Dondeau was named Minister of the General Police on 25 Pluvôise VI (13 February 1798).He replaced Pierre-Jean-Marie Sotin de La Coindière. His conduct as a minister was sensible and moderate. On 22 Ventôse VI (12 March 1798) he addressed a letter to justices of the peace and officers of the police recommending that they repress libertinism. On 12 Germinal VI (1 April 1798) he sent another letter about the troubles stirred up by agitators during public performances, who stubbornly demanded symphonies, airs or dances that had not been announced on the posters. On 24 Floréal VI (13 May 1798) he wrote to the director of the theater of Montansier saying he had heard that actors were appearing on stage with their hair in rolls, which he described as an insolent scandal.
On 27 Floréal VI (16 May 1798) Dondeau resigned as minister and was replaced by Marie Jean François Philibert Lecarlier. The same day he was named administrator of the lotteries in place of Thabaud de Surins, who had been elected deputy.In 1800 he was named judge of the criminal court of the department of Seine-et-Marne. He became a counselor of the court, and retired on 17 January 1816. He died at Provins, Seine-et-Marne, on 21 October 1834.
Seine-et-Marne is a French department, named after the Seine and Marne rivers, and located in the Île-de-France region.
Provins is a commune in the Seine-et-Marne department in the Île-de-France region in north-central France.
François Sébastien Letourneux (1752–1814) was a French lawyer and politician who was Minister of the Interior under the Directory.
Count Charles Marie Tanneguy Duchâtel was a French politician. He was Minister of the Interior in the Cabinet of François-Pierre Guizot, losing office in the February Revolution.
René François Élisabeth Tiburce de Thorigny was a French lawyer and politician who was appointed Minister of the Interior in the last cabinet of the French Second Republic.
Louis Bernard Bonjean was a French jurist who was a Senator under Napoleon III. He was a prolific author. During the Paris Commune he was taken prisoner and later shot.
Achille Tenaille de Vaulabelle was a French journalist and politician.
Nicolas Martin du Nord was a French magistrate and politician. He was Minister of Public Works, Agriculture and Commerce (1835–39) and Minister of Justice and Religious Affairs (1840–47).
Jean Lacave-Laplagne was a French magistrate and politician.
Guillaume-Isidore Baron de Montbel was a French politician who was a mayor of Toulouse, a deputy and a minister in the French government during the last year of the Bourbon Restoration. He was an ardent royalist and opposed to the freedom of press. After the July Revolution of 1830 he was tried in absentia and sentenced to civil death. He was later pardoned and returned to France.
Pierre François Hercule de Serre was a French soldier, lawyer and politician. He was a deputy from 1815 to 1824, and was Minister of Justice in three successive cabinets from 1818 to 1821. He sat on the center-right, but had liberal views on press freedom, direct elections and the use of juries.
Pierre Paul Nicolas Henrion de Pansey was a French jurist and politician. He was briefly Minister of Justice in the French provisional government of 1814 formed after the defeat of Napoleon. He was one of the presidents of the Court of Cassation, a final court of appeal in France. He wrote several major works on jurisprudence.
The Commissioners of the Committee of Public Safety were appointed by the French Committee of Public Safety to oversee the various administrative departments between 1 April 1794 and 1 November 1795.
Charles Joseph Mathieu Lambrechts was a Belgian-born lawyer who became Minister of Justice in France during the French Revolution. Later he was a deputy from 1819 to 1824.
Marie Jean François Philibert Lecarlier d'Ardon was a wealthy French landowner who entered politics during the French Revolution and was Minister of Police for a few months.
Dominique-Vincent Ramel was a French lawyer and politician who became Minister of Finance under the French Directory. He was an energetic reformer, but was blamed for many of the financial problems of the time, and went into retirement during the French Consulate and First French Empire. He supported Napoleon during the Hundred Days of 1815. After the second Bourbon Restoration, as a regicide he was forced into exile in Belgium, where he died without returning to France.
Guillaume-Charles Faipoult was a French aristocrat, soldier and politician who was Minister of Finance during the French Revolution. He then represented France in Italy, where he organized the newly formed republics. During the First French Empire he was prefect of the Scheldt department, and then Minister of Finance in Spain under Joseph Bonaparte. Faipoult was prefect of Saône-et-Loire during the Hundred Days.
Jules Godin was a French lawyer and politician of the French Third Republic. He was Deputy of French India from 1876 to 1881 and Senator of French India from 1891 to 1909. He was briefly Minister of Public Works in 1898.
Adolphe Robert was a 19th-century French historian and biographer.
Henri Barbet, or Henry Barbet, was a French industrialist and politician. He owned and ran the family cotton spinning and weaving factory in Rouen, one of the most important in the region. For many years he was mayor of Rouen. He was responsible for building two bridges over the Seine, and for a policy of putting the indigent and insane to work in charitable workshops. He was a deputy for the Seine during the July Monarchy and again during the Second French Empire.
Fernand Faure was a French economist and politician. He held office as a deputy from 1885 to 1889, then despite repeated attempts at reelection was out of office until becoming a Senator in 1924. During the interim period he taught and published various books and articles on economics and statistics.