Nicolas Henri de Grimouard

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Nicolas Henri de Grimouard
Nicolas-Henri-Rene de Grimouard.jpg
Born25 January 1743  OOjs UI icon edit-ltr-progressive.svg
Fontenay-le-Comte   OOjs UI icon edit-ltr-progressive.svg
Died7 February 1794  OOjs UI icon edit-ltr-progressive.svg (aged 51)
Rochefort   OOjs UI icon edit-ltr-progressive.svg
OccupationNaval officer  OOjs UI icon edit-ltr-progressive.svg

Nicolas Henri René de Grimouard (Fontenay-le-Comte, 25 January 1743 Rochefort, 7 February 1794) [1] [2] was an officer in the French Navy. He served in the War of American Independence, and became a member of the Society of the Cincinnati. [2]

Career

Grimouard joined the Navy as a Garde-Marine in 1758. He served on Inflexible in 1759 under Conflans. In 1770, he was promoted to Ensign, and to Lieutenant in 1778. He took part in fixe cruises of the escadre d'évolution. [2]

In 1779, Grimouard commanded the frigate Minerve . He captured the British Debora, and took part in the Battle of Grenada on 6 July 1779. [2] That same year, he was made a Knight in the Order of Saint Louis. [2]

In the action of 4 January 1781, Minerve was captured by HMS Courageux . Grimouard was wounded and taken prisoner, to be exchanged soon afterwards. [3]

He took part to the capture of Tobago and the capture of Grenada under de Grasse. At the Battle of the Saintes, on 12 April 1782, Grimouard was first officer on Magnifique, [2] under Macarty Macteigue. [4] [5]

Rossel's depiction of the action of 18 October 1782, where Scipion battled HMS London. Combat du Scipion conte le London-Rossel de Cercy mg 5095c.jpg
Rossel's depiction of the action of 18 October 1782, where Scipion battled HMS London.

He later took command of the 74-gun Scipion, and fought in the action of 18 October 1782, where he was wounded. Louis XVI made him a count after the battle, and commissioned a painting of the action from Rossel. [2]

Grimouard was promoted to contre-amiral in July 1792, and was appointed commander of the naval forces in Brest. In January 1793, he was promoted to Vice-amiral. [2]

During the Reign of Terror in the French Revolution, Grimouard was guillotined in Rochefort on 7 February 1794. [2]

Sources and references

Notes

    Citations

    1. Gaschignard (1990), p. 143.
    2. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 Contenson (1934), p. 187.
    3. Troude (1867), p. 117.
    4. Troude (1867), p. 140.
    5. Lacour-Gayet (1905), p. 648.

    Bibliography

    External

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