Nicolas de Pigage

Last updated
Nicolas de Pigage Therbusch Nicolas de Pigage.jpg
Nicolas de Pigage

Nicolas de Pigage (3 August 1723 30 July 1796) was a French builder.

Pigage was born in Lunéville. His father was a stonemason. In 1743 he began his studies at the École Militaire, changing to the Académie Royale d'Architecture after only one year studying under Jacques-François Blondel. Elector Karl Theodor summoned him to his court in Mannheim and in 1752 he became the Oberbaudirector.

Lunéville Subprefecture and commune in Grand Est, France

Lunéville is a commune in the Meurthe-et-Moselle department in France.

École Militaire

Founded in 1750 by King Louis XV, the École Militaire is a vast complex of buildings housing various military training facilities. It is located in the 7th arrondissement of Paris, France, southeast of the Champ de Mars.

Jacques-François Blondel French architect

Jacques-François Blondel was an 18th-century French architect and teacher. After running his own highly successful school of architecture for many years, he was appointed Professor of Architecture at the Académie Royale d'Architecture in 1762, and his Cours d'architecture largely superseded a similarly titled book published in 1675 by his famous namesake, François Blondel, who had occupied the same post in the late 17th century.

Under his supervision, Schloss Benrath was built in 1755 to 1773 in Düsseldorf-Benrath. In 1762 he became the Head-Gardener of the gardens around the castle.

Schloss Benrath château

Schloss Benrath is a Baroque-style maison de plaisance in Benrath, which is now a borough of Düsseldorf. It was erected for the Elector Palatine Charles Theodor and his wife, Countess Palatine Elisabeth Auguste of Sulzbach, by his garden and building director Nicolas de Pigage. Construction began in 1755 and was completed in 1770. The ensemble at Benrath has been proposed for designation as a UNESCO World Heritage Site.

Düsseldorf-Benrath city district of Düsseldorf, Germany

Benrath is a part of Düsseldorf in the south of the city. It has been a part of Düsseldorf since 1929.

De Pigage contributed to the erection of the residency in Mannheim and of Schwetzingen Castle. He led the construction of the eastern wing of the Mannheimer Schloss.

Mannheim Palace historic castle in Mannheim, Germany

Mannheim Palace is a large Baroque palace in Mannheim, Baden-Württemberg, Germany. It was originally the main residence of the Prince-electors of the Electorate of the Palatinate of the House of Wittelsbach. Part of the palace is used by the University of Mannheim. The State of Baden-Württemberg offers tours of parts of the reconstructed and restored Baroque palace, which features tapestries, furniture, paintings, porcelain and silverware.

He was the architect of the Karlstor and of a mansion called Pflege Schönau. Pigage conducted many joint projects with Franz Wilhelm Rabaliatti but they were also in competition with each other.

Francesco Rabaliatti was a German architect and Court Builder to the Prince-elector Karl Theodor.

He died in Schwetzingen.


Related Research Articles

Schwetzingen Place in Baden-Württemberg, Germany

Schwetzingen is a German town situated in the northwest of Baden-Württemberg, around 10 km (6.2 mi) southwest of Heidelberg and 15 km (9.3 mi) southeast of Mannheim. Schwetzingen is one of the five biggest cities of the Rhein-Neckar-Kreis district and a medium-sized centre near the higher ranked city of Mannheim.

1753 in architecture

The year 1753 in architecture involved some significant events.

Charles Theodore, Elector of Bavaria German nobleman and elector

Charles Theodore reigned as Prince-elector and Count Palatine from 1742, as Duke of Jülich and Berg from 1742 and also as prince-elector and Duke of Bavaria from 1777 to his death. He was a member of the House of Palatinate-Sulzbach, a branch of the House of Wittelsbach.

Heidelberg Castle castle in Germany

Heidelberg Castle is a ruin in Germany and landmark of Heidelberg. The castle ruins are among the most important Renaissance structures north of the Alps.

Castle Solitude castle

Castle Solitude, also known as Solitude Palace, is a Rococo schloss and hunting retreat commissioned by Charles Eugene, Duke of Württemberg. It was designed by Johann Friedrich Weyhing and Philippe de La Guêpière, and constructed from 1764 to 1769. It is located on an elongated ridge between the towns of Leonberg, Gerlingen and Stuttgart in Baden-Württemberg. The castle offers views to the north over the towns of Weilimdorf, Korntal and Ludwigsburg, and the Württemberg lowlands around Ludwigsburg.

New Palace (Stuttgart) palace in Stuttgart

The New Palace is an 18th-century Baroque palace and is one of the last large city palaces built in Southern Germany. The palace is located in the center of Stuttgart on the Schlossplatz in front of the Jubiläumssäule column and Konigsbau. Public tours of the building are only permitted by special arrangement, as the building contains some government offices. Once a historic residence of the Kings of Württemberg, the New Palace derives its name from its commissioning by Duke Carl Eugen of Württemberg to replace the Old Castle in the early years of his reign. Originally, Charles commissioned Nikolaus Friedrich Thouret, but architects Leopold Retti, Philippe da la Guepière, Reinhard Heinrich Ferdinand Fischer would contribute to the design, history, and construction of the palace.

Countess Palatine Maria Franziska of Sulzbach German countess

Countess Palatine Maria Francisca of Sulzbach, was a Countess Palatine of Zweibrücken-Birkenfeld by marriage to Frederick Michael, Count Palatine of Zweibrücken-Birkenfeld.

Schwetzingen Palace palace in Schwetzingen, Germany, formerly the summer residence of the Electors Palatine

Schloss Schwetzingen, or Schwetzingen Palace is a schloss in the German state of Baden-Württemberg. Schwetzingen was the summer residence of the Electors Palatine Charles III Philip and Charles IV Theodore. It is situated in Schwetzingen, roughly equidistant from the electors' seats at Heidelberg and Mannheim, and is most notable for its spacious and ornate gardens. Other than these exceptionally well preserved gardens and the palace proper, the compound also features the Schlosstheater Schwetzingen, the principal venue for the annual Schwetzingen Festival.

Castle Road

The Castle Road is a theme route in southern Germany and a small portion in the Czech Republic, between Mannheim and Prague.

Karlsberg Castle

Karlsberg Castle is a castle ruin on Buchenberg east of Homburg in Saarland, Germany. The castle was constructed from 1778 to 1788 in Baroque and Classical style by Johann Christian von Mannlich, architect and general building director of the dukes of Zweibrücken, by order of Charles II August, Duke of Zweibrücken. The castle was the largest country palace of Europe and served as the residence of the Duke of Zweibrücken. In 1793 the castle was destroyed by French revolutionary troops.


In Renaissance and Early Modern German architecture, a Lustschloss is a small palace which served the private pleasure of its owner, usually the ruler of the area it is located in, and was seasonally inhabited as a respite from court ceremonies and state duties. In France, the château de Madrid in the Bois de Boulogne, easily reached from Paris, set an example, and Louis XIV similarly retreated from onerous ceremonial at Versailles to his château of Marly.

The European Garden Heritage Network is a nonprofit organization established in 2003 within the EU-Programme INTERREG IIIB NWE to foster transnational co-operation in regional development and cultural heritage. It brings together garden experts, government services, foundations, and tourism agencies to preserve, develop, and promote gardens of historic interest within northwestern Europe.

Bertha Benz Memorial Route scenic route

The Bertha Benz Memorial Route is a German tourist and theme route in Baden-Württemberg and member of the European Route of Industrial Heritage. It opened in 2008 and follows the tracks of the world's first long distance road trip in 1888.

District 9, Düsseldorf District of Düsseldorf in North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany

District 9 is a southern city district of Düsseldorf, the state capital of North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany. The district covers an area of 36,59 square kilometres and has about 89,000 inhabitants.

Schlosstheater Schwetzingen palace theatre in Schwetzingen, Germany

Schlosstheater Schwetzingen is a court theater in Schwetzingen, Baden-Württemberg, Germany. The historic building, opened in 1753, is part of Schloss Schwetzingen and since 1952 the principal venue of the Schwetzingen Festival. It is also called Hoftheater, Hofoper, and Comoedienhaus. The frequently applied name Rokokotheater is misleading, because it shows also neoclassical elements, added in 1762.

Schloss Kirchheimbolanden

Schloss Kirchheimbolanden is located in the town of Kirchheimbolanden in the German state of Rhineland-Palatinate. As a castle the site was first mentioned in a document as early as 1390.

Catharina Treu German painter (1743-1811)

Catharina Treu was a German still life painter, and court painter for Charles Theodore, Elector of Bavaria in 1769.