Nideggen

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Nideggen
Nideggen-Zulpicher Tor-CTH.JPG
Town gate - the Zülpicher Tor
DEU Nideggen COA.svg
Coat of arms
Location of Nideggen within Düren district
Nideggen in DN.svg
Germany adm location map.svg
Red pog.svg
Nideggen
North Rhine-Westphalia location map 01.svg
Red pog.svg
Nideggen
Coordinates: 50°42′N06°29′E / 50.700°N 6.483°E / 50.700; 6.483 Coordinates: 50°42′N06°29′E / 50.700°N 6.483°E / 50.700; 6.483
Country Germany
State North Rhine-Westphalia
Admin. region Köln
District Düren
Subdivisions9
Government
   Mayor Marco Schmunkamp (Ind.)
Area
  Total65.04 km2 (25.11 sq mi)
Elevation
304 m (997 ft)
Population
 (2017-12-31) [1]
  Total9,855
  Density150/km2 (390/sq mi)
Time zone CET/CEST (UTC+1/+2)
Postal codes
52385
Dialling codes 02425, 02427, 02474
Vehicle registration DN, JÜL
Website www.nideggen.de
Restored keep of Burg Nideggen BurgNideggen Wohnturm.jpg
Restored keep of Burg Nideggen

Nideggen is a town in the district of Düren in the state of North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany. It is located on the river Rur, in the Eifel hills, approx. 15 km south of Düren.

Düren is a Kreis (district) in the west of North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany. Neighboring districts are Heinsberg, Neuss, Rhein-Erft-Kreis, Euskirchen and Aachen.

North Rhine-Westphalia State in Germany

North Rhine-Westphalia is a state of Germany.

Germany Federal parliamentary republic in central-western Europe

Germany, officially the Federal Republic of Germany, is a country in Central and Western Europe, lying between the Baltic and North Seas to the north and the Alps, Lake Constance and the High Rhine to the south. It borders Denmark to the north, Poland and the Czech Republic to the east, Austria and Switzerland to the south, France to the southwest, and Luxembourg, Belgium and the Netherlands to the west.

Contents

Nideggen is known for its ruined, but partly restored castle (Burg Nideggen) and the sandstone rocks along the Rur. It is twinned with Thatcham in Berkshire, England. The first mention in history was in 1184.

Nideggen Castle castle

The ruins of Nideggen Castle are a symbol of the town of Nideggen in Germany and are owned by the county of Düren. The rectangular hill castle was the seat of the powerful counts and dukes of Jülich and had a reputation in the Middle Ages of being impregnable.

Sandstone A clastic sedimentary rock composed mostly of sand-sized particles

Sandstone is a clastic sedimentary rock composed mainly of sand-sized mineral particles or rock fragments.

Thatcham town in West Berkshire, United Kindom

Thatcham is a historic market town in the county of Berkshire, England, centred 3 miles (5 km) east of Newbury, 14 miles (24 km) west of Reading and 54 miles west of London. Its population grew rapidly in the second half of the 20th century: from 5,000 in 1951 and 7,500 in 1961 to 22,824 in 2001. During World War II, Thatcham housed one of the biggest Prisoner of War camps in the South, known as camp 1001.

The town was created in 1972 by amalgamation of eight until then independent communities: Abenden (782 inhabitants), Berg-Thuir (709), Brück (301), Embken (734), Muldenau (161), Nideggen (2,983), Rath (757), Schmidt (2,974), Wollersheim (637) (December 2014). It is situated between 250 and 450 metres above sea level.

Geographical position

Nideggen lies on the river Rur and at the banks of the Rurtalsperre, the second largest dam in Germany. The region is famous for its precipitous Early Triassic rocks of Buntsandstein in the valley of Rur and is situated between 250 and 450 metres over sea level.

Early Triassic first of three epochs of the Triassic period of the geologic timescale

The Early Triassic is the first of three epochs of the Triassic Period of the geologic timescale. It spans the time between 251.902 Ma and 247.2 Ma. Rocks from this epoch are collectively known as the Lower Triassic, which is a unit in chronostratigraphy. The Early Triassic is the oldest epoch of the Mesozoic Era and is divided into the Induan and Olenekian ages.

The Buntsandstein or Bunter sandstone is a lithostratigraphic and allostratigraphic unit in the subsurface of large parts of west and central Europe. The Buntsandstein predominantly consists of sandstone layers of the Lower Triassic series and is one of three characteristic Triassic units, together with the Muschelkalk and Keuper that form the Germanic Trias Supergroup.

Museums

In the municipally-owned Nideggen Castle is the unique Castle Museum of the Rhineland. The Düren Gate (Dürener Tor), one of the symbols of the town, hosts regular art exhibitions.

Castle Museum, Nideggen Local history museum in Nideggen

The Castle Museum is located in Nideggen Castle in the county of Düren, in the German state of North Rhine-Westphalia.

Rhineland historic region of Germany

The Rhineland is the name used for a loosely defined area of Western Germany along the Rhine, chiefly its middle section.

The castle high above the Rur valley (2016) 20160719 Nideggen 01.jpg
The castle high above the Rur valley (2016)

Related Research Articles

Eifel Low mountain range in Germany

The Eifel is a low mountain range in western Germany and eastern Belgium. It occupies parts of southwestern North Rhine-Westphalia, northwestern Rhineland-Palatinate and the southern area of the German-speaking Community of Belgium.

Jülich Place in North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany

Jülich is a town in the district of Düren, in the federal state of North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany. As a border region between the competing powers in the Lower Rhine and Meuse areas, the town and the Duchy of Jülich played a historic role from the Middle Ages up to the 17th century.

Rur river in Germany and the Netherlands

The Rur or Roer is a major river that flows through portions of Belgium, Germany and the Netherlands. It is a right (eastern) tributary to the Meuse. About 90 percent of the river's course is in Germany.

Hill 400, Bergstein mountain

Hill 400 is the name given by Allied forces during World War II to a 400.8 metres (1,315 ft) high hill located 1 kilometre (0.62 mi) east of the centre of Bergstein, a village in the Eifel region of Germany.

Krawutschke Tower

The Krawutschke Tower is a 13 metre tall observation tower in the Hürtgenwald municipality in Germany, about one kilometer east of the village center of Bergstein, approximately 10 km south of Düren. The Krawutschke Tower is 400.5 m above sea level, situated on the Burgberg, which, during World War II, also had the Allied-given name Hill 400 due to its elevation. The Krawutschke Tower has three platforms, one above the other, each separated by three meters.

Heimbach Place in North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany

Heimbach is a town in the district of Düren of the state of North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany. It is located on the river Rur, in the Eifel hills, approx. 20 km south of Düren. Heimbach has the smallest population of any town in North Rhine-Westphalia. The districts of the city are Blens, Düttling, Hasenfeld, Hausen, Hergarten and Vlatten, which prior to 1972 were villages with their own administration. Between Hausen and Hergarten lies the hamlet of Walbig, and between Hasenfeld and Schmidt is the hamlet of Buschfelder Hof, which formerly belonged to Blens.

Kreuzau Place in North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany

Kreuzau is a municipality in the district of Düren in the state of North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany. It is located on the river Rur, approx. 5 km south of Düren.

Operation Queen conflict

Operation Queen was an Anglo-American operation during World War II at the Western Front at the German Siegfried Line.

The Rur Eifel lies in the district of Düren in the German state of North Rhine-Westphalia, and is a local recreation area from the regions of Cologne, Aachen, Düsseldorf, Krefeld, Mönchengladbach and Bonn. Its name comes from the river Rur and the Eifel Mountains.

Urft Dam dam in Germany

The Urft Dam is a 58.50 metre high dam in the southwestern part of the state of North Rhine-Westphalia in Germany. It was built in 1905. The dam impounds the River Urft in the district of Euskirchen to create the Urft Reservoir (Urftstausee), 2.16 km² in area. The reservoir is also called the Urftsee.

Kermeter ridge in the Eifel National Park, Germany

The Kermeter is an upland region, up to 527.8 m above sea level (NN), which is part of the Rureifel within the North Eifel in the districts of Aachen, Düren and Euskirchen in the southwestern part of the state of North Rhine-Westphalia in Germany.

Eifel Club

The Eifel Club is one of the largest rambling clubs in Germany with a membership of 28.000. Its purpose is the "maintenance of local customs, the protection and care of monuments to which it is particularly committed".

Blens Castle castle

Blens Castle stands at a height of 205 m above sea level (NHN) on the eastern edge of Blens, a town quarter of Heimbach (Eifel) above the River Rur in the county of Düren, in the German state of North Rhine-Westphalia.

Wildbretshügel hill in Germany

The Wildbretshügel, at 525.3 m above sea level (NHN), is the third highest hill in the Kermeter, an upland region which is part of the Northern Eifel. It is located near Gemünd and Hasenfeld in the counties of Euskirchen and Düren in the German state of North Rhine-Westphalia.

Wollersheim Ortsteil of Nideggen in North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany

Wollersheim is a village in the municipality of Nideggen in the district of Düren in the German state of North Rhine-Westphalia.

Sonnenberg (Eifel) mountain in Germany

The Sonnenberg, near Heimbach in the county of Düren in the state of North Rhine-Westphalia, is a hill, 393.3 m above sea level (NHN), in the Rur Eifel, a northern part of the Eifel mountains in Germany.

Burgau Castle castle in Düren, Germany

Burgau Castle is a water castle in Düren, located in the town forest at the edge of the district Niederau.

References

  1. "Bevölkerung der Gemeinden Nordrhein-Westfalens am 31. Dezember 2017" (in German). Landesbetrieb Information und Technik NRW . Retrieved 2018-09-21.