A variant of the Nihon Falcom logo
|Kabushiki gaisha Nihon Farukomu|
|Traded as||TYO: 3723|
Nihon Falcom Corporation is a Japanese video game company who primarily develop role-playing video games, most notably in the Ys and The Legend of Heroes series. The company was founded in 1981, making them one of the oldest role-playing game developers still in existence today.They are credited with pioneering the action role-playing game genre, the Japanese role-playing game industry, and the development of the personal computer software industry in Japan as a whole.
A role-playing video game is a video game genre where the player controls the actions of a character immersed in some well-defined world. Many role-playing video games have origins in tabletop role-playing games and use much of the same terminology, settings and game mechanics. Other major similarities with pen-and-paper games include developed story-telling and narrative elements, player character development, complexity, as well as replayability and immersion. The electronic medium removes the necessity for a gamemaster and increases combat resolution speed. RPGs have evolved from simple text-based console-window games into visually rich 3D experiences.
Ys is a series of role-playing video games developed by Nihon Falcom. The first game in the series, Ys I: Ancient Ys Vanished, was released on the NEC PC-8801 in 1987. Ys games have also appeared on the Sharp X1, MSX2, FM-7, NEC PC-9801, Sharp X68000, Master System, Sega Genesis, Sega Saturn, Famicom, NES, Nintendo DS, Microsoft Windows, PlayStation 2, PlayStation Portable, TurboGrafx-CD, Apple IIGS, mobile phones, Super NES, PlayStation Vita, PlayStation 4, and Nintendo Switch. As of 2017, the series had sold over 4.8 million copies worldwide.
The Legend of Heroes is a series of role-playing video games developed by Nihon Falcom. First starting as a part of the Dragon Slayer series in the late 1980s, the series evolved into its own decade-spanning, interconnected series spanning fourteen entries, encompassing multiple meta series within it as well. The most recent entry, The Legend of Heroes: Trails of Cold Steel IV, released in Japan on September 27, 2018.
Falcom was one of the three most prominent and influential Japanese role-playing video game developers in the 1980s, alongside Enix and Square,both of which were influenced by Falcom. They are credited with laying the foundations for the Japanese role-playing game industry.
Enix Corporation was a Japanese video game publisher that produced video games, anime and manga. Enix is known for publishing the Dragon Quest series of role-playing video games.
Square Co., Ltd. was a Japanese video game company founded in September 1986 by Masafumi Miyamoto. It merged with Enix in 2003 to form Square Enix. The company also used SquareSoft as a brand name to refer to their games, and the term is occasionally used to refer to the company itself. In addition, "Square Soft, Inc" was the name of the company's American arm before the merger, after which it was renamed to "Square Enix, Inc".
Eastern role-playing video games (RPGs) are RPGs developed in East Asia. Most Eastern RPGs are Japanese role-playing video games (JRPGs), developed in Japan. RPGs are also developed in South Korea and in China.
Falcom's first role-playing game was Panorama Toh (Panorama Island), released for the NEC PC-88 in 1983 and created by Yoshio Kiya, who would go on to create the Dragon Slayer and Brandish franchises. While its RPG elements were limited, lacking traditional statistical or leveling systems, the game featured real-time combat with a gun, bringing it close to the action RPG formula that Falcom would later be known for. Set on a desert island, the game's overworld is presented as a hex grid and featured a day-night cycle. There were also indigenous non-player characters (NPCs) who the player could choose to attack, have a conversation with, or give money for items, though NPCs could choose to run away with the money. In order to survive on the island, the player needs to find and consume rations, as every normal action consumes hit points. The island also has traps, which require calling for help and waiting for NPCs to help. The player could also be bit by snakes that poison and paralyze the player, requiring medicine to heal or calling for help from NPCs.
1983 has seen many sequels and prequels in video games and several new titles such as Mario Bros., Pole Position II and Spy Hunter.
A desert island, or uninhabited island, is an island, islet or atoll that is not permanently populated by humans. Uninhabited islands are often used in movies or stories about shipwrecked people, and are also used as stereotypes for the idea of "paradise". Some uninhabited islands are protected as nature reserves and some are privately owned. Devon Island in Canada is claimed to be the largest uninhabited island in the world.
An overworld is, in a broad sense, an area within a video game that interconnects all its levels or locations. They are mostly common in role-playing games, though this does not exclude other video game genres.
Falcom eventually went on to create their flagship franchises, including the Dragon Slayer , The Legend of Heroes and Ys series. The original Dragon Slayer was responsible for setting the template for the action role-playing game genre.Dragon Slayer II: Xanadu (1985) had more than 400,000 copies sold, making it the best-selling PC game up until that time.
Dragon Slayer is a series of video games developed and published by Nihon Falcom. The first Dragon Slayer title is an early action role-playing game, released in 1984 for the NEC PC-88 computer system and ported by Square for the MSX. Designed by Yoshio Kiya, the game gave rise to a series of sequels, most of them created by Falcom, with the exception of Faxanadu by Hudson Soft. The Dragon Slayer series was historically significant, both as a founder of the Japanese role-playing game industry, and as the progenitor of the action role-playing game genre.
Dragon Slayer is an action role-playing game, developed by Nihon Falcom and designed by Yoshio Kiya. It was originally released in 1984 for the PC-8801, PC-9801, Sharp X1 and FM-7, and became a major success in Japan. It was followed by an MSX port published by Square in 1985, a Super Cassette Vision by Epoch in 1986 and a Game Boy port by the same company in 1990 under the name Dragon Slayer I. A remake of Dragon Slayer was also included in the Falcom Classics collection for the Sega Saturn.
Action role-playing video games are a subgenre of role-playing video games. The games emphasize real-time combat where the player has direct control over the characters as opposed to turn or menu-based combat. These games often use action game combat systems similar to hack and slash or shooter games. Action role-playing games may also incorporate action-adventure games, which include a mission system and RPG mechanics, or massively multiplayer online role-playing games (MMORPGs) with real-time combat systems.
While most of Falcom's games have been ported to various video game consoles of all generations, they have only developed a few non-PC video games themselves.The company's decision to develop mainly for PCs rather than consoles set them apart from their main rivals, Enix and Square, but limited the company's popularity in the Western world, thus limiting their growth potential in the 1990s. By the early 2010s, the Ys series was second only to the Final Fantasy series as the largest Japanese role-playing game franchise in terms of the overall number of game releases.
A video game console is a computer device that outputs a video signal or visual image to display a video game that one or more people can play.
The Western world, also known as the West, refers to various nations depending on the context, most often including at least part of Europe, Australasia, and the Americas, with the status of Latin America in dispute. There are many accepted definitions, all closely interrelated. The Western world is also known as the Occident, in contrast to the Orient, or Eastern world.
Final Fantasy is a Japanese science fantasy media franchise created by Hironobu Sakaguchi, and developed and owned by Square Enix. The franchise centers on a series of fantasy and science fantasy role-playing video games (RPGs/JRPGs). The first game in the series was released in 1987, with 14 other main-numbered entries being released since then. The franchise has since branched into other video game genres such as tactical role-playing, action role-playing, massively multiplayer online role-playing, racing, third-person shooter, fighting, and rhythm, as well as branching into other media, including CGI films, anime, manga, and novels.
Falcom was also a pioneer in video game music, with their early soundtracks mostly composed by chiptune musicians Yuzo Koshiro and Mieko Ishikawa.They were one of the first game companies to have their own named sound team dedicated to writing scores for their games, known as the Falcom Sound Team jdk. Falcom's Ys soundtracks in particular are considered some of the most influential role-playing game scores of all time.
Video game music is the soundtrack that accompanies video games. Early video game music was once limited to simple melodies of early sound synthesizer technology. These limitations inspired the style of music known as chiptunes, which combines simple melodic styles with more complex patterns or traditional music styles, and became the most popular sound of the first video games.
Chiptune, also known as chip music or 8-bit music, is a style of synthesized electronic music made using the programmable sound generator (PSG) sound chips in vintage arcade machines, computers and video game consoles. The term is commonly used to refer to tracker format music which intentionally sounds similar to older PSG-created music, as well as music that combines PSG sounds with modern musical styles.
Yuzo Koshiro is a Japanese video game music composer, arranger, music programmer, and president of the game development company, Ancient. He is often regarded as one of the most influential innovators in chiptune and video game music, producing music in a number of genres, including various electronic genres, experimental, symphonic, hip hop, jazz, and synth-rock.
|Computer the Golf|
|Cosmo Fighter II||X1|
|Super Horoscope Kanji Version||PC-8801|
|SSGN Covert Cruise Special Attack Strategy||FM-8|
|Horror House Part-II|
|1984||Monster House||Sharp MZ|
|The Threat of North||PC-6001|
|Escape from Twilight Zone||FM-7|
|1985||Dragon Slayer II: Xanadu||X1|
|1986||Xanadu Scenario II||PC-8801|
|Dragon Slayer Jr: Romancia||X1|
|Tombs & Treasure||PC-8801|
|1987||Ys I: Ancient Ys Vanished||PC-8801|
|Legacy of the Wizard||MSX 2|
|1988||Ys II: Ancient Ys Vanished - The Final Chapter|
|Ys III: Wanderers from Ys|
|Dragon Slayer: The Legend of Heroes|
|1992||Dragon Slayer: The Legend of Heroes II|
|1993||Brandish 2: Planet Buster||PC-9801|
|1994||The Legend of Xanadu||TurboGrafx-16|
|The Legend of Heroes II: Prophecy of the Moonlight Witch||PC-9801|
|Popful Mail||Super Famicom|
|Brandish 3: Spirit of Balcan||PC-9801|
|The Legend of Xanadu II||PC Engine CD|
|Revival Xanadu II Remix||PC-9801|
|Ys V: Lost Kefin, Kingdom of Sand||Super Famicom|
|1996||The Legend of Heroes: A Tear of Vermillion||PC-9801|
|Lord Monarch Original||Windows|
|1997||Lord Monarch First|
|Lord Monarch Pro|
|1998||Ys I Eternal|
|Vantage Master V2|
|1999||The Legend of Heroes III: Song of the Ocean|
|2000||Ys II Eternal|
|2001||Ys I & II Complete|
|Zwei: The Arges Adventure|
|2003||Ys VI: The Ark of Napishtim||Windows, PlayStation 2, mobile, PlayStation Portable|
|2004||The Legend of Heroes: Trails in the Sky||Windows, PlayStation Portable, PlayStation 3, PlayStation Vita|
|Gurumin: A Monstrous Adventure||Windows, PlayStation Portable, Nintendo 3DS|
|Ys: The Oath in Felghana||Windows, PlayStation Portable|
|Xanadu Next||N-Gage, Windows|
|2006||The Legend of Heroes: Trails in the Sky SC||Windows, PlayStation Portable, PlayStation 3, PlayStation Vita|
|Ys Origin||Windows, PlayStation 4, PlayStation Vita, Xbox One|
|2007||The Legend of Heroes: Trails in the Sky the 3rd||Windows, PlayStation Portable, PlayStation 3, PlayStation Vita|
|2008||Vantage Master Portable||PlayStation Portable|
|Zwei: The Ilvard Insurrection||Windows|
|2009||Brandish: The Dark Revenant||PlayStation Portable|
|Ys I & II Chronicles||PlayStation Portable, Windows|
|2010||Ys vs. Sora no Kiseki: Alternative Saga||PlayStation Portable|
|The Legend of Heroes: Zero no Kiseki|
|2011||The Legend of Heroes: Ao no Kiseki|
|2012||Nayuta no Kiseki|
|Ys: Memories of Celceta||PlayStation Vita, Windows|
|2013||The Legend of Heroes: Trails of Cold Steel||PlayStation 3, PlayStation Vita, Windows, PlayStation 4|
|2014||The Legend of Heroes: Trails of Cold Steel II|
|2015||Tokyo Xanadu||PlayStation Vita, PlayStation 4, Windows|
|2016||Ys VIII: Lacrimosa of Dana||PlayStation Vita, PlayStation 4, Windows, Nintendo Switch|
|2017||The Legend of Heroes: Trails of Cold Steel III||PlayStation 4|
|2018||The Legend of Heroes: Trails of Cold Steel IV|
|2019||Ys IX: Monstrum Nox|
Quintet Co., Ltd. was a Japanese video game developer, founded in April 1989. The company name is derived from musical terminology, as well as five elements of game design—planning, graphics, sound, programming and producing. Quintet was most active in the 1990s, when it had a strong relationship with Enix ; the company was also a member of the GD-NET group of Sega Saturn developers. Quintet has not been active since the 2000s and are likely defunct.
Ys I: Ancient Ys Vanished is the first installment of Ys, an action role-playing video game series developed by Nihon Falcom in 1987. The name is commonly misspelled Y's due to an error on the packaging of an English-language release.
The Streets of Rage series of beat 'em up action video games, released by Sega from 1991 to 1994, are known for their memorable in-game chiptune music, produced by noted video game music composer Yuzo Koshiro. The series has inspired three soundtracks featuring music from the games.
Hydlide is a 1984 open world action role-playing video game developed and published by T&E Soft. It was originally released for the NEC PC-6001 and PC-8801 computers in 1984, in Japan only; ports for the MSX, MSX2, FM-7 and NEC PC-9801 were released the following year. A Nintendo Famicom version was first released under the name Hydlide Special on March 18, 1986 in Japan; three years later, in June 1989, that version saw a North American release for the Nintendo Entertainment System by FCI, its title having been returned to simply Hydlide. The game sold 2 million copies in Japan, across all platforms.
Sorcerian is a series of action role-playing game developed by Nihon Falcom.
Ys II: Ancient Ys Vanished - The Final Chapter is an action role-playing video game developed by Nihon Falcom, and first released on June 24, 1988 for the PC-8801 and PC-9801. It is the sequel to Ys I: Ancient Ys Vanished, and takes place immediately following the end of the first game. The game has received a very large number of ports and remakes over the years.
In video games, music can be streamed, where the audio is pre-recorded and played back when required. While early video games were restricted to sequenced music, streaming music has become a more viable option as technology has improved.
Dragon Slayer: The Legend of Heroes is a role-playing game developed by the Nihon Falcom. It is the sixth game in the Dragon Slayer line of games, and the first in The Legend of Heroes series.
Ys I & II is an action role-playing video game compilation for the TurboGrafx-CD released in 1989 by Hudson Soft/NEC. It consist of enhanced remakes of the first two Ys games developed and published by Nihon Falcom for the PC-8801 home computer in Japan. It was released as Ys Book I & II for the TurboGrafx-CD in North America in 1990, and was a pack-in title for the TurboDuo in 1992. Ys I & II was released on the Virtual Console in Japan on October 2007, and worldwide the following year.
Xanadu, also known as Xanadu: Dragon Slayer II, is an action role-playing game developed by Nihon Falcom and released in 1985 for the PC-8801, X1, PC-8001, PC-9801, FM-7 and MSX computers. Enhanced remakes were later released for the Sega Saturn, PC-9801 and Windows platforms. It is the second in the Dragon Slayer series, preceded by Dragon Slayer and followed by Dragon Slayer Jr: Romancia, which, as most games in the Dragon Slayer series, have very little relation with each other.
Brandish (ブランディッシュ) is a series action role-playing video games by Nihon Falcom.
Tokyo Xanadu is an action role-playing game developed by Nihon Falcom. The game is a part of the Xanadu series, and was developed out of Nihon Falcom's desire to create a game of a different type and setting than their other role-playing game franchises, The Legend of Heroes and Ys. The game was first released in Japan for the PlayStation Vita in September 2015, and worldwide in June 2017. An enhanced version of the game, Tokyo Xanadu eX+, was released in Japan for the PlayStation 4 in September 2016, and worldwide, in addition to a Microsoft Windows version, in December 2017.