|Nihonbashi Mitsui Tower|
The tower photographed at dusk in 2007; Mitsui Honkan in foreground
|Type||Office and hotel|
|Location||Chuo, Tokyo, Japan|
|Construction started||Oct. 2002|
|Roof||194.69 metres (639 ft)|
|Floor count||39 above ground, 4 underground|
|Floor area||133,856 m2 (1,440,810 sq ft)|
|Design and construction|
|Architect||Cesar Pelli & Associates|
|Structural engineer||Nihon Sekkei|
The Nihonbashi Mitsui Tower (日本橋三井タワー) is a skyscraper located in Chuo, Tokyo, Japan. The 192-metre, 34-storey building is primarily used for office space with the upper floors occupied by a hotel. Its construction was completed in 2005. It is connected by an underground concourse to the Tokyo Metro Mitsukoshimae Station.
A skyscraper is a continuously habitable high-rise building that has over 40 floors and is taller than approximately 150 m (492 ft). Historically, the term first referred to buildings with 10 to 20 floors in the 1880s. The definition shifted with advancing construction technology during the 20th century. Skyscrapers may host offices, residential spaces, and retail spaces. For buildings above a height of 300 m (984 ft), the term supertall skyscrapers can be used, while skyscrapers reaching beyond 600 m (1,969 ft) are classified as megatall skyscrapers.
Chūō is a special ward that forms part of the heart of Tokyo, Japan. The ward refers to itself in English as Chūō City. It was formed in 1947 as a merger of Kyobashi and Nihonbashi wards following Tokyo City's transformation into Tokyo Metropolis.
Tokyo, officially Tokyo Metropolis, one of the 47 prefectures of Japan, has served as the Japanese capital since 1869. As of 2018, the Greater Tokyo Area ranked as the most populous metropolitan area in the world. The urban area houses the seat of the Emperor of Japan, of the Japanese government and of the National Diet. Tokyo forms part of the Kantō region on the southeastern side of Japan's main island, Honshu, and includes the Izu Islands and Ogasawara Islands. Tokyo was formerly named Edo when Shōgun Tokugawa Ieyasu made the city his headquarters in 1603. It became the capital after Emperor Meiji moved his seat to the city from Kyoto in 1868; at that time Edo was renamed Tokyo. Tokyo Metropolis formed in 1943 from the merger of the former Tokyo Prefecture and the city of Tokyo. Tokyo is often referred to as a city but is officially known and governed as a "metropolitan prefecture", which differs from and combines elements of a city and a prefecture, a characteristic unique to Tokyo.
The tower is located next to Mitsui Honkan, the historical headquarters of the Mitsui conglomerate, designed by Trowbridge & Livingston and built in 1929. Mitsui Honkan was designated as an Important Cultural Property in 1998, and the Mitsui Tower project was subsequently designed and built in a complementary style. This is most visible in the exterior design of the lower levels of the tower. Mitsui Honkan was refurbished alongside the construction of Mitsui Tower, and now houses the Mitsui Memorial Museum in addition to a branch of Sumitomo Mitsui Banking Corporation.
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