Nik Abdul Aziz Nik Mat

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Nik Abdul Aziz
نئ عبدالعزيز بن نئ مت
Nik Aziz Kelantan.jpg
Menteri Besar of Kelantan
In office
22 October 1990 6 May 2013
Monarch Sultan Ismail Petra
Sultan Muhammad V
DeputyAhmad Yaakob
Preceded by Mohamed Yaacob
Succeeded by Ahmad Yaakob
2nd Spiritual Leader of PAS
In office
1991 12 February 2015
Preceded by Yusof Rawa
Succeeded by Haron Din
Member of the Malaysian Parliament
for Pengkalan Chepa
In office
1974–1986
Preceded byNew constituency
Succeeded by Nik Abdullah Arshad
Member of the Malaysian Parliament
for Kelantan Hilir
In office
1967–1974
Preceded by Ahmad Abdullah
Succeeded byConstituency abolished
Member of the Kelantan State Assembly
for Chempaka
In office
1995 12 February 2015
Preceded byNew constituency
Succeeded by Ahmad Fathan Mahmood
Member of the Kelantan State Assembly
for Semut Api
In office
1986–1995
Preceded byWan Mamat Wan Yusof
Succeeded byConstituency abolished
PAS Head of the Ulama Wing
In office
1971–1995
Kelantan Pan-Malaysian Islamic Party Commissioner
In office
1978–2013
Succeeded by Ahmad Yaakob
Personal details
Born
Nik Abdul Aziz bin Nik Mat

(1931-01-10)10 January 1931
Kampung Pulau Melaka, Kota Bharu, Kelantan, British Malaya (now Malaysia)
Died12 February 2015(2015-02-12) (aged 84)
Kampung Pulau Melaka, Kota Bharu, Kelantan, Malaysia
Resting placeTanah Perkuburan Pulau Melaka, Kota Bharu, Kelantan, Malaysia
Political party Pan-Malaysian Islamic Party (PAS)
Spouse(s)Tuan Sabariah Tuan Ishak (m. 1963-2015, his death)
ChildrenNik Aini
Nik Omar
Nik Adli
Nik Abdul Rahim
Nik Mohamad Abduh
Nik Adilah
Nik Mohamad Asri
Nik Amani
Nik Amalina
Nik Asma' Salsabila
ParentsNik Mat Raja Banjar
Aminah Abdul Majid
Alma mater Al-Azhar University
Darul Uloom Deoband

Tuan Guru Dato' Bentara Setia Haji Nik Abdul Aziz bin Nik Mat (Jawi: نئ عبدالعزيز بن نئ مت; 10 January 1931 – 12 February 2015) was a Malaysian politician and Muslim cleric. He was the Menteri Besar of Kelantan from 1990 to 2013 and the Mursyidul Am or Spiritual Leader of the Pan-Malaysian Islamic Party (PAS) from 1991 until his death in 2015. Overall, his career as an elected politician lasted for some 48 years following his election to the Parliament of Malaysia in 1967.

Ulama class of Muslim legal scholars

In Sunni Islam, the ulama, are the guardians, transmitters and interpreters of religious knowledge, of Islamic doctrine and law.

Hajji title of honor

Hajji (الحجّي) is a title which is originally given to a Muslim person who has successfully completed the Hajj to Mecca. It is also often used to refer to an elder, since it can take time to accumulate the wealth to fund the travel, and in many Muslim societies as an honorific title for a respected man. The title is placed before a person's name; for example Joshua Omo becomes Hajji Joshua Omo.

Jawi alphabet Arabic alphabet for writing the Malay language, Acehnese, Banjarese, Minangkabau, Tausug and several other languages

Jawi is an Arabic alphabet for writing Malay, Acehnese, Banjarese, Minangkabau, Tausūg and several other languages in Southeast Asia.

Contents

Early life

Nik Abdul Aziz was born in Kota Bharu in 1931 as the second of five siblings. He was raised by a single father (Tok Kura) who was an aspiring blacksmith. [1] Nik Aziz's Islamic studies began in pondok schools in Kelantan and Terengganu. [2] He went on to study at Darul Uloom Deoband in Uttar Pradesh, India for five years. He obtained his Bachelor of Arts in Arabic Studies and Master of Arts in Islamic jurisprudence from Al-Azhar University, Egypt. During his university studies, he was one of the witnesses and a civilian to have lived in the heat of the Arab-Israeli Conflict. [3]

Kota Bharu State Capital in Kelantan, Malaysia

Kota Bharu is a city in Malaysia that serves as the state capital and royal seat of Kelantan. It is also the name of the territory (jajahan) or district in which Kota Bharu City is situated. The name means 'new city' or 'new castle/fort' in Malay. Kota Bharu is situated in the northeastern part of Peninsular Malaysia, and lies near the mouth of the Kelantan River at 6°8′N102°15′E. The northeastern Malaysian city is close to the Thailand border.

Kelantan State of Malaysia

Kelantan is a state of Malaysia. The capital and royal seat is Kota Bharu. The honorific of the state is Darul Naim. Kelantan is positioned in the north-east of Peninsular Malaysia. It is bordered by Narathiwat Province of Thailand to the north, Terengganu to the south-east, Perak to the west and Pahang to the south. To the north-east of Kelantan is the South China Sea.

Terengganu State of Malaysia

Terengganu, formerly spelled Trengganu or Tringganu, is a sultanate and constitutive state of federal Malaysia. The state is also known by its Arabic honorific, Dāru l-Īmān. The coastal city of Kuala Terengganu which stands at the mouth of the broad Terengganu River is both the state and royal capital as well as the largest city in Terengganu. There are many islands located close to the coast of Terengganu state, such as Redang Island.

Having returned from Egypt, Nik Aziz began as a teacher at various religious schools in Kelantan, hence his popular nickname "Tok Guru." [2]

Political career

Nik Aziz joined PAS in 1967. He contested and won the Kelantan Hilir parliamentary seat by-election in that same year, and held the seat (later renamed Pengkalan Chepa) until 1986. [2] In 1982, he was part of a movement by young members to bring change to the party leadership. PAS had lost the Kelantan state elections in 1978 and, as PAS state commissioner, Nik Aziz began to question president Asri Muda's leadership. Finally, in the PAS Muktamar (General Assembly) that year, Asri was forced to resign. [3]

Pengkalan Chepa is a town and also a parliamentary constituency in Kelantan, Malaysia. Pengkalan Chepa is where the Sultan Ismail Petra Airport is located. It is located about 8 km from Kota Bharu town.

Asri Muda Malaysian politician

Tan Sri Datuk Mohamad Asri bin Muda was a Malaysian politician who served as the President of the Pan-Malaysian Islamic Party (PAS) from 1969 to 1982, and as the Menteri Besar of Kelantan.

After stepping aside from federal politics, Nik Aziz won a seat in the Kelantan State Assembly in the 1986 general elections. In 1990, PAS managed to wrest control of Kelantan back from Barisan Nasional. In his capacity as party leader in the state, Nik Aziz became Menteri Besar of Kelantan. [2] He succeeded Yusof Rawa as spiritual leader of PAS in 1991.

Barisan Nasional right-wing political coalition founded in 1973

The National Front is a political coalition in Malaysia that was founded in 1973 as a coalition of right-wing and centre parties. They are currently the largest opposition coalition in the country's Dewan Rakyat.

Yusof bin Abdullah was a Malaysian politician. He was a member of the Parliament of Malaysia and from 1983 to 1989 served as President of the Pan-Malaysian Islamic Party (PAS). His legal name was Yusof Abdullah.

Nik Aziz's government was re-elected on four occasions (1995, 1999, 2004, 2008), until his retirement in 2013. During the 1990s, his administration in Kelantan frequently clashed on the role of Islam in Malaysia with the then Prime Minister Mahathir Mohamad. In contrast with the racially exclusive ruling party UMNO, he openly rejected communal politics. [4]

Mahathir Mohamad Malaysian politician

Tun Mahathir bin Mohamad, known informally as Dr. M, is a Malaysian physician, politician, and author who is the current Prime Minister of Malaysia. He previously served as prime minister from 1981 until his retirement in 2003, by which time he was the world's longest-serving elected leader. He is the chairman of the Pakatan Harapan coalition, as well as a member of the Parliament of Malaysia for the Langkawi constituency in the state of Kedah. Mahathir's political career has spanned more than 70 years since he first joined a newly formed United Malays National Organisation (UMNO) in 1946; he formed his own party, the Malaysian United Indigenous Party (PPBM), in 2016.

Nik Aziz commanded support from a large number of non-Muslims in Malaysia and played a leading role during PAS' increase in popularity among non-Muslims. [5] [6] [7]

Issues

Hardline views

Nik Aziz drew some criticism for his hardline Islamic views. His advocacy of Islamic shariah law for all Malay Muslims drew criticism, as did his suggestion that women would be at a lower risk of being raped if they abandoned using their lipstick and perfume, and for a 15-year ban on the game of snooker. [8] [9] He was also recorded once stating that fashionable and sexy-dressing women deserved to be raped during a ceramah. [10]

The "Allah" issue

In 2012, there was an issue of Catholics in Malaysia using the Arabic term for "God"; "Allah" in their Christian Bible. Initially, Nik Aziz stated that the word "Allah" can be used by non-Muslims as the origin of the word itself is evidently pre-Islamic. The issue caused a stir in the Muslim community. The PAS party was almost divided into two blocs; one that supported the use of the word, and one that did not. Aiming to restore unity in PAS, Nik Aziz took back his words and disapproved of the word "Allah" being used by non-Muslims. [11]

Son detained under ISA

His son Nik Adli was held under the Malaysian Internal Security Act in 2001 for alleged terrorist activities including planning jihad, possession of weapons, and membership in the Kumpulan Mujahidin Malaysia (KMM), an Islamist extremist group. [12] [13] [14] [15] After 5 years in detention without trial, he was released. [16]

Retirement and death

Nik Aziz retired as Chief Minister of Kelantan at the 2013 election. PAS was re-elected and Nik Aziz's deputy, Ahmad Yaakob, took his place. Over the ensuing two years, Nik Aziz became increasingly ill with prostate cancer, and died on 12 February 2015(2015-02-12) (aged 84) at 9.40 p.m. Malaysia Standard Time (UTC+08:00); at his residence in Kampung Pulau Melaka, Kota Bharu. The following day, more than 10,000 people attended his funeral at Masjid Tok Guru, his local mosque. [17] His death triggered the Kelantan State Assembly seat of Chempaka by-election, 2015. [18]

Election results

Parliament of Malaysia
YearConstituencyOppositionVotesPctGovernmentVotesPctBallots castMajorityTurnout
1967 Kelantan Hilir Nik Abdul Aziz Nik Mat (PAS)11,85557.97%Tengku Noor Asiah Tengku Ahmad (UMNO)8,59642.03%20,7373,25974.84%
1969 Nik Abdul Aziz Nik Mat (PAS)13,63560.73%Mohamed Salleh Ibrahim (UMNO)8,81739.27%23,1834,81874.64%
1974 Pengkalan Chepa Umar Ibrahim (IND)4,68226.12%Nik Abdul Aziz Nik Mat (PAS)113,24373.88%19,2788,56162.10%
1978 Nik Abdul Aziz Nik Mat (PAS)11,89754.53%Muhammad Noor Ali (UMNO)9,91945.47%N/A1,978N/A
1982 Nik Abdul Aziz Nik Mat (PAS)16,75959.48%Hassan Harun (UMNO)11,41740.52%28,9075,34278.73%
1986 Bachok Nik Abdul Aziz Nik Mat (PAS)16,34749.59%Mohd. Zain Abdullah (HAMIM)16,61750.41%33,62727080.08%

Note:1 PAS were in the Alliance (1972–1973) and later Barisan Nasional (1973–1978) coalition government.

Kelantan State Legislative Assembly
YearConstituencyGovernmentVotesPctOppositionVotesPctBallots castMajorityTurnout
1986 Semut ApiHafsah Osman (UMNO)4,09439.64%Nik Abdul Aziz Nik Mat (PAS)6,23360.36%10,7542,13974.97%
1990 Nik Abdul Aziz Nik Mat (PAS)9,50479.10%Wan Mat (UMNO)2,51120.90%12,3416,99376.22%
1995 ChempakaNik Abdul Aziz Nik Mat (PAS)7,85172.80%Yusuf Isa (UMNO)2,93427.20%11,4134,91774.80%
1999 Nik Abdul Aziz Nik Mat (PAS)8,64974.48%Ropli Ishak (UMNO)2,30219.82%11,8016,34778.26%
2004 Nik Abdul Aziz Nik Mat (PAS)7,88965.10%Ruhani Mamat (UMNO)4,19534.62%12,4073,69481.47%
2008 Nik Abdul Aziz Nik Mat (PAS)9,51464.13%Nik Mohd Zain Omar (UMNO)5,26535.49%15,0774,24984.62%
2013 Nik Abdul Aziz Nik Mat (PAS)12,31067.92%Wan Razman Wan Abdul Razak (UMNO)5,81032.06%18,3606,50085.94%

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References

  1. Zulkifli Sulong (3 July 2010). "Meet Nik Aziz's brother, the teacher with a dream". Harakah . Retrieved 4 July 2010.
  2. 1 2 3 4 Menteri Besar Kelantan, Parti Islam Semalaysia (PAS), retrieved 13 June 2010
  3. 1 2 Abdul Razak Ahmad (8 May 2007). "76 and frail, yet he's still the one they want". New Straits Times . New Straits Times Press.
  4. Shazwan Mustafa Kamal (9 June 2010). "Nik Aziz says 'no way' to PAS-Umno unity talks". The Malaysian Insider.
  5. Wong, Chin Huat (27 August 2009). "Can PAS manage victory?". The Nut Graph.
  6. Shazwan Mustafa Kamal (10 June 2010). "PAS succession plan not an issue, says Nik Aziz". The Malaysian Insider.
  7. Zubaidah Abu Bakar (8 June 2010). "Pas fishing for non-Malay votes". New Straits Times.
  8. "Cleric: Women's Sexy Clothing Distracting Muslim Men From Sleep, Prayers". Fox News. 31 October 2007.
  9. Lewis, Leo (2 November 2007). "Female fashions cause sleepless nights". The Australian.
  10. Sira Habibu. "Video clip of Nik Aziz goes viral", The Star Online , 25 October 2012. Retrieved on 26 February 2013.
  11. The Star. "Nik Aziz makes about-turn on ‘Allah’ use", Kota Bahru, 15 Januari 2013. Retrieved on 26 February 2013.
  12. Kumpulan Mujahidin Malaysia (KMM) GlobalSecurity.org
  13. Wong, Chun Wai; Charles, Lourdes (2 January 2003). "Nik Aziz's son named in report". The Star (Malaysia).
  14. Kumpulan Mujahidin Malaysia Novelguide.com
  15. Background Information on Other Terrorist Groups US Department of State
  16. MacIntyre, Ian; Zulklifli, C.A. (19 October 2006). "Nik Aziz's son freed with 10 others". The Star (Malaysia).
  17. Lim Sue Goan (14 February 2014). "Pakatan sans Anwar, Nik Aziz". Sin Chew Jit Poh. Retrieved 11 March 2015.
  18. "PAS spiritual leader Nik Aziz dies, by-election looms". Malay Mail. 13 February 2015. Retrieved 12 February 2015.
Political offices
Preceded by
Mohamed Yaacob
Menteri Besar of Kelantan
22 October 1990 – 6 May 2013
Succeeded by
Ahmad Yaakob
Parliament of Malaysia
Preceded by
Ahmad Abdullah
Member of Parliament for Kelantan Hilir
1967–1974
Succeeded by
Constituency abolished
Preceded by
New constituency
Member of Parliament for Pengkalan Chepa
1974–1986
Succeeded by
Nik Abdullah Arshad
Preceded by
New constituency
Member of Kelantan State Assembly for Chempaka
1995 – 12 February 2015
Succeeded by
Ahmad Fathan Mahmood
Preceded by
Wan Mamat Wan Yusof
Member of Kelantan State Assembly for Semut Api
1986–1995
Succeeded by
Constituency abolished
Party political offices
Preceded by
Yusof Rawa
Spiritual Leader of the Pan-Malaysian Islamic Party
1991 – 12 February 2015
Succeeded by
Haron Din
Preceded by
Pan-Malaysian Islamic Party Head of the Ulama Wing
1971–1995
Succeeded by
Preceded by
Kelantan Pan-Malaysian Islamic Party Commissioner
1978–2013
Succeeded by
Ahmad Yaakob