Nik Abdul Aziz
نئ عبدالعزيز بن نئ مت
|Menteri Besar of Kelantan|
22 October 1990 –6 May 2013
|Monarch|| Sultan Ismail Petra |
Sultan Muhammad V
|Preceded by||Mohamed Yaacob|
|Succeeded by||Ahmad Yaakob|
|2nd Spiritual Leader of PAS|
1991 –12 February 2015
|Preceded by||Yusof Rawa|
|Succeeded by||Haron Din|
|Member of the Malaysian Parliament |
for Pengkalan Chepa
|Preceded by||New constituency|
|Succeeded by||Nik Abdullah Arshad|
|Member of the Malaysian Parliament |
for Kelantan Hilir
|Preceded by||Ahmad Abdullah|
|Succeeded by||Constituency abolished|
|Member of the Kelantan State Assembly |
1995 –12 February 2015
|Preceded by||New constituency|
|Succeeded by||Ahmad Fathan Mahmood|
|Member of the Kelantan State Assembly |
for Semut Api
|Preceded by||Wan Mamat Wan Yusof|
|Succeeded by||Constituency abolished|
|PAS Head of the Ulama Wing|
|Kelantan Pan-Malaysian Islamic Party Commissioner|
|Succeeded by||Ahmad Yaakob|
Nik Abdul Aziz bin Nik Mat
10 January 1931
Kampung Pulau Melaka, Kota Bharu, Kelantan, British Malaya (now Malaysia)
|Died||12 February 2015 84) (aged|
Kampung Pulau Melaka, Kota Bharu, Kelantan, Malaysia
|Resting place||Tanah Perkuburan Pulau Melaka, Kota Bharu, Kelantan, Malaysia|
|Political party||Pan-Malaysian Islamic Party (PAS)|
|Spouse(s)||Tuan Sabariah Tuan Ishak (m. 1963-2015, his death)|
Nik Abdul Rahim
Nik Mohamad Abduh
Nik Mohamad Asri
Nik Asma' Salsabila
|Parents||Nik Mat Raja Banjar|
Aminah Abdul Majid
|Alma mater|| Al-Azhar University |
Darul Uloom Deoband
Tuan Guru Dato' Bentara Setia Haji Nik Abdul Aziz bin Nik Mat (Jawi: نئ عبدالعزيز بن نئ مت; 10 January 1931 – 12 February 2015) was a Malaysian politician and Muslim cleric. He was the Menteri Besar of Kelantan from 1990 to 2013 and the Mursyidul Am or Spiritual Leader of the Pan-Malaysian Islamic Party (PAS) from 1991 until his death in 2015. Overall, his career as an elected politician lasted for some 48 years following his election to the Parliament of Malaysia in 1967.
In Sunni Islam, the ulama, are the guardians, transmitters and interpreters of religious knowledge, of Islamic doctrine and law.
Hajji (الحجّي) is a title which is originally given to a Muslim person who has successfully completed the Hajj to Mecca. It is also often used to refer to an elder, since it can take time to accumulate the wealth to fund the travel, and in many Muslim societies as an honorific title for a respected man. The title is placed before a person's name; for example Joshua Omo becomes Hajji Joshua Omo.
Jawi is an Arabic alphabet for writing Malay, Acehnese, Banjarese, Minangkabau, Tausūg and several other languages in Southeast Asia.
Nik Abdul Aziz was born in Kota Bharu in 1931 as the second of five siblings. He was raised by a single father (Tok Kura) who was an aspiring blacksmith.Nik Aziz's Islamic studies began in pondok schools in Kelantan and Terengganu. He went on to study at Darul Uloom Deoband in Uttar Pradesh, India for five years. He obtained his Bachelor of Arts in Arabic Studies and Master of Arts in Islamic jurisprudence from Al-Azhar University, Egypt. During his university studies, he was one of the witnesses and a civilian to have lived in the heat of the Arab-Israeli Conflict.
Kota Bharu is a city in Malaysia that serves as the state capital and royal seat of Kelantan. It is also the name of the territory (jajahan) or district in which Kota Bharu City is situated. The name means 'new city' or 'new castle/fort' in Malay. Kota Bharu is situated in the northeastern part of Peninsular Malaysia, and lies near the mouth of the Kelantan River at. The northeastern Malaysian city is close to the Thailand border.
Kelantan is a state of Malaysia. The capital and royal seat is Kota Bharu. The honorific of the state is Darul Naim. Kelantan is positioned in the north-east of Peninsular Malaysia. It is bordered by Narathiwat Province of Thailand to the north, Terengganu to the south-east, Perak to the west and Pahang to the south. To the north-east of Kelantan is the South China Sea.
Terengganu, formerly spelled Trengganu or Tringganu, is a sultanate and constitutive state of federal Malaysia. The state is also known by its Arabic honorific, Dāru l-Īmān. The coastal city of Kuala Terengganu which stands at the mouth of the broad Terengganu River is both the state and royal capital as well as the largest city in Terengganu. There are many islands located close to the coast of Terengganu state, such as Redang Island.
Having returned from Egypt, Nik Aziz began as a teacher at various religious schools in Kelantan, hence his popular nickname "Tok Guru."
Nik Aziz joined PAS in 1967. He contested and won the Kelantan Hilir parliamentary seat by-election in that same year, and held the seat (later renamed Pengkalan Chepa) until 1986.In 1982, he was part of a movement by young members to bring change to the party leadership. PAS had lost the Kelantan state elections in 1978 and, as PAS state commissioner, Nik Aziz began to question president Asri Muda's leadership. Finally, in the PAS Muktamar (General Assembly) that year, Asri was forced to resign.
Pengkalan Chepa is a town and also a parliamentary constituency in Kelantan, Malaysia. Pengkalan Chepa is where the Sultan Ismail Petra Airport is located. It is located about 8 km from Kota Bharu town.
Tan Sri Datuk Mohamad Asri bin Muda was a Malaysian politician who served as the President of the Pan-Malaysian Islamic Party (PAS) from 1969 to 1982, and as the Menteri Besar of Kelantan.
After stepping aside from federal politics, Nik Aziz won a seat in the Kelantan State Assembly in the 1986 general elections. In 1990, PAS managed to wrest control of Kelantan back from Barisan Nasional. In his capacity as party leader in the state, Nik Aziz became Menteri Besar of Kelantan.He succeeded Yusof Rawa as spiritual leader of PAS in 1991.
The National Front is a political coalition in Malaysia that was founded in 1973 as a coalition of right-wing and centre parties. They are currently the largest opposition coalition in the country's Dewan Rakyat.
Yusof bin Abdullah was a Malaysian politician. He was a member of the Parliament of Malaysia and from 1983 to 1989 served as President of the Pan-Malaysian Islamic Party (PAS). His legal name was Yusof Abdullah.
Nik Aziz's government was re-elected on four occasions (1995, 1999, 2004, 2008), until his retirement in 2013. During the 1990s, his administration in Kelantan frequently clashed on the role of Islam in Malaysia with the then Prime Minister Mahathir Mohamad. In contrast with the racially exclusive ruling party UMNO, he openly rejected communal politics.
Tun Mahathir bin Mohamad, known informally as Dr. M, is a Malaysian physician, politician, and author who is the current Prime Minister of Malaysia. He previously served as prime minister from 1981 until his retirement in 2003, by which time he was the world's longest-serving elected leader. He is the chairman of the Pakatan Harapan coalition, as well as a member of the Parliament of Malaysia for the Langkawi constituency in the state of Kedah. Mahathir's political career has spanned more than 70 years since he first joined a newly formed United Malays National Organisation (UMNO) in 1946; he formed his own party, the Malaysian United Indigenous Party (PPBM), in 2016.
Nik Aziz commanded support from a large number of non-Muslims in Malaysia and played a leading role during PAS' increase in popularity among non-Muslims.
Nik Aziz drew some criticism for his hardline Islamic views. His advocacy of Islamic shariah law for all Malay Muslims drew criticism, as did his suggestion that women would be at a lower risk of being raped if they abandoned using their lipstick and perfume, and for a 15-year ban on the game of snooker.He was also recorded once stating that fashionable and sexy-dressing women deserved to be raped during a ceramah.
In 2012, there was an issue of Catholics in Malaysia using the Arabic term for "God"; "Allah" in their Christian Bible. Initially, Nik Aziz stated that the word "Allah" can be used by non-Muslims as the origin of the word itself is evidently pre-Islamic. The issue caused a stir in the Muslim community. The PAS party was almost divided into two blocs; one that supported the use of the word, and one that did not. Aiming to restore unity in PAS, Nik Aziz took back his words and disapproved of the word "Allah" being used by non-Muslims.
His son Nik Adli was held under the Malaysian Internal Security Act in 2001 for alleged terrorist activities including planning jihad, possession of weapons, and membership in the Kumpulan Mujahidin Malaysia (KMM), an Islamist extremist group.After 5 years in detention without trial, he was released.
Nik Aziz retired as Chief Minister of Kelantan at the 2013 election. PAS was re-elected and Nik Aziz's deputy, Ahmad Yaakob, took his place. Over the ensuing two years, Nik Aziz became increasingly ill with prostate cancer, and died on 12 February 2015 (aged 84) at 9.40 p.m. Malaysia Standard Time (UTC+08:00); at his residence in Kampung Pulau Melaka, Kota Bharu. The following day, more than 10,000 people attended his funeral at Masjid Tok Guru, his local mosque. His death triggered the Kelantan State Assembly seat of Chempaka by-election, 2015.
|1967||Kelantan Hilir||Nik Abdul Aziz Nik Mat (PAS)||11,855||57.97%||Tengku Noor Asiah Tengku Ahmad (UMNO)||8,596||42.03%||20,737||3,259||74.84%|
|1969||Nik Abdul Aziz Nik Mat (PAS)||13,635||60.73%||Mohamed Salleh Ibrahim (UMNO)||8,817||39.27%||23,183||4,818||74.64%|
|1974||Pengkalan Chepa||Umar Ibrahim (IND)||4,682||26.12%||Nik Abdul Aziz Nik Mat (PAS)1||13,243||73.88%||19,278||8,561||62.10%|
|1978||Nik Abdul Aziz Nik Mat (PAS)||11,897||54.53%||Muhammad Noor Ali (UMNO)||9,919||45.47%||N/A||1,978||N/A|
|1982||Nik Abdul Aziz Nik Mat (PAS)||16,759||59.48%||Hassan Harun (UMNO)||11,417||40.52%||28,907||5,342||78.73%|
|1986||Bachok||Nik Abdul Aziz Nik Mat (PAS)||16,347||49.59%||Mohd. Zain Abdullah (HAMIM)||16,617||50.41%||33,627||270||80.08%|
Note:1 PAS were in the Alliance (1972–1973) and later Barisan Nasional (1973–1978) coalition government.
|1986||Semut Api||Hafsah Osman (UMNO)||4,094||39.64%||Nik Abdul Aziz Nik Mat (PAS)||6,233||60.36%||10,754||2,139||74.97%|
|1990||Nik Abdul Aziz Nik Mat (PAS)||9,504||79.10%||Wan Mat (UMNO)||2,511||20.90%||12,341||6,993||76.22%|
|1995||Chempaka||Nik Abdul Aziz Nik Mat (PAS)||7,851||72.80%||Yusuf Isa (UMNO)||2,934||27.20%||11,413||4,917||74.80%|
|1999||Nik Abdul Aziz Nik Mat (PAS)||8,649||74.48%||Ropli Ishak (UMNO)||2,302||19.82%||11,801||6,347||78.26%|
|2004||Nik Abdul Aziz Nik Mat (PAS)||7,889||65.10%||Ruhani Mamat (UMNO)||4,195||34.62%||12,407||3,694||81.47%|
|2008||Nik Abdul Aziz Nik Mat (PAS)||9,514||64.13%||Nik Mohd Zain Omar (UMNO)||5,265||35.49%||15,077||4,249||84.62%|
|2013||Nik Abdul Aziz Nik Mat (PAS)||12,310||67.92%||Wan Razman Wan Abdul Razak (UMNO)||5,810||32.06%||18,360||6,500||85.94%|
The Malaysian Islamic Party is an Islamist political party in Malaysia. PAS's electoral base is in Malaysia's rural and conservative north. The party has governed the east coast state of Kelantan twice and has also, in the past, formed governments in Terengganu ,Perak (2008-2009) and Kedah (2008–2013). The party currently holds 18 of the 222 seats in the federal House of Representatives and has elected parliamentarians or state assembly members in eight of the country's 13 states.
This article lists important figures and events in Malayan public affairs during the year 1951, together with births and deaths of significant Malayans.
The Bachok District is one of the administrative districts or jajahan in the state of Kelantan, Malaysia. Situated east and about 25 km from Kota Bharu. At present the population is predominantly Malays, with Chinese and Siamese make up as minorities. The main economy is agriculture apart from fishing, business and working in government and private sectors. Bachok Town is the centre of administration, business and transportation of the district. Other smaller towns are shown in the map below are famous for their wet markets and fair price groceries for the local folk.
Tan Sri Dato' Seri Abdul Khalid bin Ibrahim is a Malaysian politician who served as the 14th Menteri Besar of the state of Selangor from 2008 to 2014. He was elected to the Selangor State Assembly and the Parliament of Malaysia in 2008 and 2013 as a member of the People's Justice Party (PKR), but became an independent in August 2014, coinciding with his resignation as Menteri Besar. He was sacked from the party for his refusal to vacate his Selangor Menteri Besar post.
Dato' Seri Tuan Guru Haji Abdul Hadi bin Awang is a Malaysian politician who has been President of the Pan-Malaysian Islamic Party (PAS), an Islamic political party in Malaysia, since 2002. He was Menteri Besar of Terengganu from 1999 to 2004, and he was the state assemblyman for Rhu Rendang and currently Member of Parliament for Marang, both in Terengganu. At the international level, he has been appointed as the Vice President of the International Union of Muslim Scholars.
Datuk Haji Husam bin Musa is a Malaysian politician. He is currently the Vice-President of National Trust Party (Amanah) since 2016. Previously he was the Pan-Malaysian Islamic Party (PAS) Vice-President, from 2011 until 2015. On 6 May 2016, he was sacked from PAS by the party's disciplinary committee for alleged misconduct.
This article lists important figures and events in Malayan public affairs during the year 1954, as well as births and deaths of significant Malayans.
The Nik Family refers to the people who have the Nik title in front of their names in Malaysia. The Nik family largely originated from the state of Kelantan, which is located on the east coast of the Malaysian Peninsula. As Nik is part of the Malay Title by inheritance, it is customary for the title to be passed on to the children of a father who has the Nik title. Rarely, the title is also passed on from a mother having the Nik title. According to the history of Kelantan, the first recognised Sultan of Kelantan, Sultan Muhammad I, was also known as Nik Muhammadiah. The first king of Reman in Upper Pattani and Upper Perak was also known as Tok Nik Leh.
Tan Sri Nik Ahmad Kamil bin Nik Mahmud was a Malaysian politician who played an active role during the country's road to independence. A prominent member of the United Malays National Organisation (UMNO) in the state of Kelantan, he served as the fourth Speaker of the Dewan Rakyat, the lower house of the Malaysian Parliament.
Kota Bharu–Kuala Krai Expressway also known as the People's Expressway, is a state expressway that is under construction in Kelantan, Malaysia. It was planned as a national expressway, but was constructed as a state expressway because the federal government dropped out of the expressway project several times since 1990; consequently, the expressway will be the first state-owned controlled-access expressway once completed. Nevertheless, the project was gradually integrated into the Central Spine Road 34 project by 2015.
Ustaz Dato' Bentara Kanan Ahmad bin Yakob is a Malaysian politician and teacher. He is the current Menteri Besar of Kelantan.
The Kumpulan Mujahidin Malaysia (KMM), or Malaysian Mujahideen Movement, is/was a terrorist organisation that supported an overthrow of the Mahathir government and is/was for the creation of a pan-regional Islamic state comprising southern Thailand, the entirety of Indonesia, and the southern Philippines. It is believed to be self-financing and is often tied in correlation to smaller more extremist groups in Southeast Asia. The KMM is often cited as being associated with the Jemaah Islamiyah or JI. The Malaysian government, who is actively fighting against the Malaysian Mujahideen Movement, have arrested anywhere from 70 to 80 terrorists. The government currently has 48 members in total detained.
The Parti Hizbul Muslimin Malaysia or Muslim People's Party of Malaysia (HAMIM) was a political party in Malaysia.
A by-election was held for the Kelantan State Assembly seat of Chempaka on 22 March 2015 following the nomination day on 10 March 2015. The seat fell vacant after the death of the incumbent five-term assemblyman and former Menteri Besar of Kelantan, Nik Abdul Aziz Nik Mat from prostate cancer in Kubang Kerian, Kelantan on 12 February 2015. Niz Aziz was a member of PAS, part of the Pakatan Rakyat coalition. Nik Abdul Aziz had retained the seat in the 13th General Election in 2013 by beating Wan Razman Wan Abd Razak of the Barisan Nasional with a majority of 6,500 votes.
Kelantanese Malays are a sub-ethnic group of Malays native to the state of Kelantan, Malaysia as well as in northern Terengganu. The Kelantanese Malays are closely related to Thai Malays and Terengganuan Malays in neighbouring Terengganu, these two Malay sub-ethnic groups shared historical, cultural and linguistic as well as kinship ties with the Kelantanese Malays. Kelantanese Malays forms 94% of Kelantan's population, which makes them the largest ethnic group in Kelantan and around 150,000 in Besut, Terengganu.
The Siti Khadijah Market is a market in Kota Bharu, Kelantan, Malaysia.
The 14th Kelantan State election will be held on or before 23 August 2018. The previous state election was held on 5 May 2013. The state assemblymen is elected to 5 years term each.
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| Menteri Besar of Kelantan |
22 October 1990 – 6 May 2013
|Parliament of Malaysia|
| Member of Parliament for Kelantan Hilir |
| Member of Parliament for Pengkalan Chepa |
Nik Abdullah Arshad
| Member of Kelantan State Assembly for Chempaka|
1995 – 12 February 2015
Ahmad Fathan Mahmood
Wan Mamat Wan Yusof
| Member of Kelantan State Assembly for Semut Api|
|Party political offices|
| Spiritual Leader of the Pan-Malaysian Islamic Party |
1991 – 12 February 2015
|Preceded by|| Pan-Malaysian Islamic Party Head of the Ulama Wing|
|Preceded by|| Kelantan Pan-Malaysian Islamic Party Commissioner|