Niketa Thopia

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Niketa Thopia
Lord of Krujë
Reign1392—1394, 1403—1415
Titles and styles
"Count from the Kingdom of Arberia"
"Ruler of the whole land of Arber"
Noble family Thopia family
SpouseA daughter of Komnen Arianiti
Father Karl Topia

Niketa Thopia (Albanian : Niketa Topia, Latin : Nicetas Thopia; [1] fl. 1388 – d. 1415) was the Lord of Krujë between 1392—1394 and 1403—1415. He was a member of the Thopia family and the son of Karl Topia, the Prince of Albania (r. 1368–1388).

Albanian language Indo-European language

Albanian is an Indo-European language spoken by the Albanians in the Balkans and the Albanian diaspora in the Americas, Europe and Oceania. With about 7.5 million speakers, it comprises an independent branch within the Indo-European languages and is not closely related to any other language in Europe.

Krujë Municipality in Durrës, Albania

Krujë is a town and a municipality in north central Albania. Located between Mount Krujë and the Ishëm River, the city is only 20 km north from the capital of Albania, Tirana.

Thopia family

Thopia family was one of the most powerful Albanian feudal families in the Late Middle Ages. It was initially part of the nobility of the Angevin Kingdom of Albania.



Niketa was the son of Karl Topia. His mother is unknown. Upon Karl Topia's death (1388), Marco Barbarigo inherited Krujë through his marriage with Helena, Niketa's older sister; Niketa's older brother Gjergj succeeded as Lord of Durazzo. Niketa held a territory south of Durazzo.

Marco Barbarigo was a Venetian nobleman, who married Helena Thopia and thus inherited the rule of Croia (Krujë), which he initially held under Venetian and later, after quarrelling with Venetian noblemen, Ottoman suzerainty, until in late 1394 when he was defeated by Venetian subject Niketa Thopia and forced into exile at the court of Đurađ II Balšić. He was appointed the Venetian governor of Cattaro (Kotor) in ca. 1422.

After the death of Bayezid (1402), many Albanian lords recognised Venetian suzerainty, such as Niketa, John Kastrioti and Koja Zaharija. [2] [ contradictory ] The Venetians were interested in having some buffer zone between them and the advancing Ottoman army.[ citation needed ] In 1403, Niketa Thopia managed to capture the city of Krujë from his sister, Helena Thopia, thus gaining another part of the territory previously held by the Thopia family. [3]

Gjon Kastrioti Albanian nobleman

Gjon Kastrioti, was an Albanian nobleman, member of the Kastrioti family, and the father of Skanderbeg. He governed the territory between the Cape of Rodon and Debar and had at his disposal an army of 2,000 horsemen.

Ottoman Empire Former empire in Southeast Europe, Western Asia and North Africa

The Ottoman Empire, historically known to its inhabitants and the Eastern world as Rome (Rûm), and known in Western Europe as the Turkish Empire or simply Turkey, was a state that controlled much of Southeast Europe, Western Asia and North Africa between the 14th and early 20th centuries. It was founded at the end of the 13th century in northwestern Anatolia in the town of Söğüt by the Oghuz Turkish tribal leader Osman I. Although initially the dynasty was of Turkic origin, it was thoroughly Persianised in terms of language, culture, literature and habits. After 1354, the Ottomans crossed into Europe, and with the conquest of the Balkans, the Ottoman beylik was transformed into a transcontinental empire. The Ottomans ended the Byzantine Empire with the 1453 conquest of Constantinople by Mehmed the Conqueror.

His daughter Mara married Balša III in 1407 and had a daughter Jelena, named after her grandmother Jelena Balšić. [4] Balša III and Niketa entered an alliance in order to drive out the Venetians. [5] Niketa then started to be a mediator between Balša and Venetians during the First Scutari War. [6] At the end of 1411, Niketa Thopia suffered a heavy defeat from the forces of Teodor III Muzaka during one skirmish. He himself was held prisoner and with the intervention of the Ragusan Republic was released, but only after conceding some territories around the Shkumbin river to the Muzaka family. Upon his death in 1415, the castle of Krujë fell into Ottomans' hands. [3]

Balša III Serbian noble

Balša Stracimirović or Balša III was the fifth and last ruler of Zeta from the Balšić noble family, from April 1403 to April 1421. He was the son of Đurađ II and Jelena Lazarević.

First Scutari War

The First Scutari War was an armed conflict in 1405—1412 between Zeta and the Venetian Republic over Scutari and other former possessions of Zeta captured by Venice.

Theodore Musachi or Teodor II Muzaka or Musa Arbanas was member of Albanian noble family Muzaka who ruled the Principality of Berat. According to the chronicle of Gjon Muzaka Teodor II Muzaka participated in the Battle of Kosovo in 1389 together with Prince Marko. Teodor II Muzaka actually was in territorial dispute over Kostur with Prince Marko and because this dispute he was commemorated in Serbian epic poetry as Musa Kesedžija.

He married the daughter of Komnen Arianiti. [7]

See also


  1. Nicolae Iorga (1908). Geschichte des Osmanischen reiches. F. A. Perthes aktiengsellschaft. p. 331. comes Nicetas
  2. Hamilton Alexander Rosskeen Gibb (1967). The Encyclopaedia of Islam. Brill. p. 654.
  3. 1 2 Anamali, Skënder and Prifti, Kristaq. Historia e popullit shqiptar në katër vëllime. Botimet Toena, 2002, ISBN   99927-1-622-3 p.251-252
  4. Spremić 2004 , pp. 73–108
    У јеку сукоба, Балша III. се 1407. оженио Маром, кћерком арбанашког господара Никете Топије. Брзо је добио кћер, којој је, по мајци, дао име Јелена.
  5. Aleks Buda (1984). Problems of the formation of the Albanian people, their language and culture. 8 Nëntori. p. 317.
  6. Fine 1994 , p. 512
  7. Shuteriqi, Dhimitër (2012). Zana Prela (ed.). Aranitët: Historia- Gjenealogjia-Zotërimet. Toena. p. 97. ISBN   978-99943-1-729-5.


International Standard Book Number Unique numeric book identifier

The International Standard Book Number (ISBN) is a numeric commercial book identifier which is intended to be unique. Publishers purchase ISBNs from an affiliate of the International ISBN Agency.

Momčilo Spremić is a Serbian historian and member of the Serbian Academy of Science and Arts. He is professor of General history of the Middle Ages at the University of Belgrade Faculty of Philosophy. Spremić specialized in the History of the Balkans, Italy and Spain in the Late Middle Ages.

Preceded by
Marco Barbarigo
Lord of Krujë
Succeeded by
Konstantin Balšić
Preceded by
Konstantin Balšić
Lord of Krujë
Succeeded by
Ottoman Empire

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