Nikolai Malko

Last updated

Nicolai Andreyevich Malko (Russian : Никола́й Андре́евич Малько́, Ukrainian : Микола Андрійович Малько; 4 May 1883 23 June 1961) was a symphonic conductor.

Contents

Biography

Malko was born in Brailiv, Vinnytsia oblast, Ukraine. His father was Ukrainian, his mother Russian. In 1906 he completed his studies in history and philology at Saint Petersburg University. In 1909 he graduated from the Saint Petersburg Conservatory, where he had included Rimsky-Korsakov, Glazunov and Lyadov among his teachers. He published articles on music criticism in the Russian press and performed as a pianist and later a conductor. In 1909 he became a conductor at the Mariinsky Theatre and, six years later, the head conductor there.

From 1909 he studied conducting in Munich under Felix Mottl. In 1918 he became the director of the conservatory in Vitebsk and from 1921 taught at the Moscow Conservatory. From 1921 to 1924 he shuttled between Vitebsk, Moscow, Kiev and Kharkiv, conducting in each of these cities. In 1925 he became a professor of the Leningrad Conservatory. He became conductor of the Leningrad Philharmonic Orchestra in 1926 and conducted the world première of the Symphony No. 1 by his pupil Dmitri Shostakovich that same year, and the premiere of Shostakovich's Symphony No. 2, dedicated to him, in 1927. Malko also conducted the premiere of Nikolai Myaskovsky's 5th Symphony. [1] Myaskovsky's 9th Symphony was dedicated to Nikolai Malko.

He was succeeded as director of the Leningrad Philharmonic by his pupil Aleksandr Gauk in 1928, and continued to teach at the Conservatory. In 1929, invited to appear in the West, he and his wife left the Soviet Union, and did not return for thirty years, until a U.S. State Department-sanctioned invitation from the Soviet Ministry of Culture brought him back to conduct in Moscow, Leningrad, and Kiev. Once in the West, Malko lived in Vienna, Prague and in Copenhagen, where he helped establish the Danish Radio Symphony Orchestra, with the title Permanent Guest Conductor.

With the outbreak of World War II in 1940, Malko settled in the United States, where he also taught conducting. His thoughts on conducting technique were gathered together and published in a volume entitled, The Conductor and his Baton (1950); a handbook on conducting currently available in the United States (Elizabeth A. H. Green: The Modern Conductor, 1996) is explicitly based on the principles set forth in Malko's book. From 1942 to 1946, he was music director of the Grand Rapids Symphony in Grand Rapids, Michigan, which was a community orchestra at the time.

Malko recorded extensively for EMI in Copenhagen and then with the Philharmonia, in London. In 1951 he premiered Vagn Holmboe's 7th Symphony with the Danish Radio Symphony Orchestra. [2] From 1954 to 1956 he lived in Britain and was principal conductor of the Yorkshire Symphony Orchestra. Immediately after that, he moved unexpectedly to Australia, to take up the post of Chief Conductor of the Sydney Symphony Orchestra following the hurried departure of Sir Eugene Goossens. He remained in this position until his death in Sydney five years later.

A 4-CD box set featuring Malko conducting Tchaikovsky Symphony No.2, Shostakovich Symphony No.1, Haydn Symphony No.83, Mussorgsky Prelude Khovanschina, Rimsky-Korsakov Tsar's Bride & Symphonic Suite 'Antar', Bruckner Symphony No. 7 and Kodaly Szekelyfono 'The Spinning Room' is available from Lyrita (REAM.2120). In 1952 Richard Itter, the founder of Lyrita, began to make domestic recordings of BBC transmissions using state-of-the-art disc and tape recorders. He documented his collection but rarely listened to it, thus preserving a pristine archive. The Lyrita Recorded Edition Trust began a transfer programme in 2014 with the intention to release the best and rarest of these recordings to the public. The Itter collection is predominantly of British music, but it also contains some unique international repertoire. This release is the first in a planned occasional series in which Lyrita will pay tribute to those musicians who made an important contribution to musical life in the UK.

Honours

He was a National Patron of Delta Omicron, an international professional music fraternity. [3]

In 1960, the Danish King Frederick IX named Malko a Knight of the Order of Dannebrog.

Related Research Articles

Alexander Glazunov Russian composer (1865–1936)

Alexander Konstantinovich Glazunov was a Russian composer, music teacher, and conductor of the late Russian Romantic period. He served as director of the Saint Petersburg Conservatory between 1905 and 1928 and was instrumental in the reorganization of the institute into the Petrograd Conservatory, then the Leningrad Conservatory, following the Bolshevik Revolution. He continued heading the Conservatory until 1930, though he had left the Soviet Union in 1928 and did not return. The best-known student under his tenure during the early Soviet years was Dmitri Shostakovich.

Saint Petersburg Conservatory music school in Saint Petersburg

The N. A. Rimsky-Korsakov Saint Petersburg State Conservatory is a school of music in Saint Petersburg, Russia. In 2004, the conservatory had around 275 faculty members and 1,400 students.

Maxim Shostakovich Russian-American conductor and pianist

Maxim Dmitrievich Shostakovich is a Russian conductor and pianist. He is the second child of the composer Dmitri Shostakovich and Nina Varzar.

Nikolai Myaskovsky Russian composer

Nikolai Yakovlevich Myaskovsky or Miaskovsky or Miaskowsky, was a Russian and Soviet composer. He is sometimes referred to as the "Father of the Soviet Symphony". Myaskovsky was awarded the Stalin Prize five times, more than any other composer.

Vagn Gylding Holmboe was a Danish composer and teacher who wrote largely in a neo-classical style.

Felix Blumenfeld Russian composer, pianist, conductor

Felix Mikhailovich Blumenfeld was a Russian composer, conductor of the Imperial Opera St-Petersburg, pianist, and teacher.

Symphony No. 1 (Rachmaninoff) symphony by Sergei Rachmaninoff

Russian composer Sergei Rachmaninoff's Symphony No. 1 in D minor, his Op. 13, was composed between January and October 1895 at his Ivanovka estate near Tambov, Russia. Despite its poor initial reception, the symphony is now seen as a dynamic representation of the Russian symphonic tradition, with British composer Robert Simpson calling it "a powerful work in its own right, stemming from Borodin and Tchaikovsky, but convinced, individual, finely constructed, and achieving a genuinely tragic and heroic expression that stands far above the pathos of his later music."

<i>Mlada</i> (Rimsky-Korsakov) opera by Rimsky-Korsakov 1890

Mlada is an opera-ballet in four acts, composed between 1889 and 1890 by Nikolai Rimsky-Korsakov, to a libretto by Viktor Krylov that was originally employed for an aborted project of the same name from 1872.

Vladimir Fedoseyev Russian conductor

Vladimir Ivanovich Fedoseyev is a Soviet and Russian conductor.

Vassily Sinaisky Russian conductor and pianist

Vassily Serafimovich Sinaisky is a Russian conductor and pianist.

Boris Emmanuilovich Khaykin was a Russian Jewish conductor who was named a People's Artist of the USSR in 1972.

<i>Kashchey the Deathless</i> opera by Nikolai Rimsky-Korsakov

Kashchey the Deathless, a.k.a.Kashchey the Immortal, is a one-act opera in three scenes by Nikolai Rimsky-Korsakov. The libretto was written by the composer, and is based on a Russian fairy tale about Koschei the Deathless, an evil, ugly old wizard, who menaced principally young women. A similar fairy tale was also used by Igor Stravinsky and Michel Fokine to create their iconic ballet, The Firebird.

Natan Grigoryevich Rakhlin was a Soviet conductor.

Maximilian Osseyevich Steinberg was a Russian composer of classical music.

Alexander Prior is a British composer and conductor who studied at the Saint Petersburg Conservatory. He is currently the conductor for the Edmonton Symphony Orchestra.

Ilya Aleksandrovich Musin was a Russian conductor, a prominent teacher and a theorist of conducting.

Konstantin Saradzhev was an Armenian conductor and violinist. He was an advocate of new Russian music, and conducted a number of premieres of works by Pyotr Ilyich Tchaikovsky, Modest Mussorgsky, Igor Stravinsky, Sergei Prokofiev, Nikolai Myaskovsky, Dmitri Shostakovich, and Aram Khachaturian. His son Konstantin Konstantinovich Saradzhev was a noted bell ringer and musical theorist.

Andrei Nikolaevich Chistyakov or Andrey Chistiakov was a Russian conductor and National Artist of Russia.

Konstantin Konstantinovich Ivanov (1907–1984), was a Soviet and Russian conductor. The third man to hold the post of conductor of the USSR State Symphony Orchestra, he is known from a number of recordings made by the old USSR state recording company Melodiya, but biographical information about him has been hard to find.

Alexander Kantorov is a Russian conductor who was born in Leningrad and was a graduate of both Moscow and Saint Petersburg Conservatories. He used to take violin lessons under guidance from Mikhail Vaiman and then completed postgraduate education under guidance from Yuri Temirkanov.

References

  1. "Reference for Malko's 1920 Premiere of Myaskovsky's 5th Symphony" . Retrieved 2007-01-12.
  2. Rapoport, Paul (1996). The compositions of Vagn Holmboe : a catalog of works and recordings with indexes of persons and titles. Copenhagen : Edition W. Hansen. p. 46. ISBN   87-598-0813-6.
  3. Delta Omicron Archived January 27, 2010, at the Wayback Machine
Cultural offices
Preceded by
Valery Berdyaev
Musical Directors, St Petersburg Philharmonic Orchestra
1926-1930
Succeeded by
Aleksandr Gauk
Preceded by
Launy Grøndahl
Principal Conductors, Danish National Symphony Orchestra
1930-1937
Succeeded by
Fritz Busch