Nina Hamnett

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Nina Hamnett
Roger Fry Nina Hamnett.jpg
1917 portrait of Nina Hamnett painted by Roger Fry (Courtauld Gallery, London)
Born(1890-02-14)14 February 1890
Died16 December 1956(1956-12-16) (aged 66)
London, England
NationalityBritish
OccupationArtist and writer
Known forQueen of Bohemia
Hamnett was born at No.3, Lexden Terrace, Tenby, Wales Lexden Terrace, Tenby - geograph.org.uk - 1454374.jpg
Hamnett was born at No.3, Lexden Terrace, Tenby, Wales
Nina Hamnett painted by Roger Fry, 1917, in a dress designed by Vanessa Bell and made at the Omega Workshops Nina Hamnett.jpg
Nina Hamnett painted by Roger Fry, 1917, in a dress designed by Vanessa Bell and made at the Omega Workshops

Nina Hamnett (14 February 1890 16 December 1956) was a Welsh artist and writer, and an expert on sailors' chanteys, who became known as the Queen of Bohemia.

Contents

Early life

Hamnett was born in Shirley House, Picton Road in the small coastal town of Tenby, Pembrokeshire, Wales. [2] Her father George Hamnett was an army officer, born in Chennai (formerly Madras), India. Her mother Mary was born in St. John's, Newfoundland and Labrador. Nina was sent to a private boarding school at Westgate-on-Sea before moving on aged 12, to the Royal School for Daughters of Officers of the Army in Bath, Somerset from 1902 to 1905. [3] Her father was dishonourable discharged from the army and he took work as a taxi driver. Her education had to be funded by her aunts and by a loan against a future bequest. [1] From 1906 to 1907 she studied at the Pelham Art School and then at the London School of Art until 1910. In 1914 she went to Montparnasse, Paris to study at Marie Vassilieff's Academy.

While studying in London she met and posed for Henri Gaudier-Brzeska who sculpted a series of nude bronzes. During this period she became friendly with Olivia Shakespear and Ezra Pound. She went on to have a love affair with Brzeska, and later with Modigliani [4] and Roger Fry. [5]

On her first night in the Bohemian community she went to the café La Rotonde where the man at the next table introduced himself as "Modigliani, painter and Jew". In addition to making close friends with Amedeo Modigliani, Pablo Picasso, Serge Diaghilev, and Jean Cocteau, she stayed for a while at La Ruche, where many of the leading members of the avant-garde lived at the time. In Montparnasse in 1914 she also met her future husband, the Norwegian artist, Edgar de Bergen who later changed his name to Roald Kristian to sound less German. She would remain married for forty years but her relationship with her husband lasted only three years. [6] In 1916 her husband was deported as an unregistered alien. [5]

Her work was well regarded by Walter Sickert who endeavoured to advise of on her painting but she lacked his dedication and she revelled in not taking advice. Sickert used her as a model and also painted her with her husband in 1915-16 in The Little Tea Party: Nina Hamnett and Roald Kristian [6]

Flamboyant lifestyle

The Little Tea Party Hamnett and her husband by Walter Sickert The Little Tea Party Nina Hamnett and Roald Kristian 1915 16.jpg
The Little Tea Party Hamnett and her husband by Walter Sickert

Flamboyantly unconventional, and openly bisexual, Hamnett once danced nude on a Montparnasse café table just for the "hell of it". She drank heavily, was sexually promiscuous, and kept numerous lovers and close associations within the artistic community. Very quickly, she became a well-known bohemian personality throughout Paris and modeled for many artists. Her reputation soon reached back to London, where for a time, she went to work making or decorating fabrics, clothes, murals, furniture, and rugs at the Omega Workshops, which was directed by Roger Fry, Vanessa Bell, and Duncan Grant. [7]

Her artistic creations were widely exhibited during World War I, including at the Royal Academy in London as well as the Salon d'Automne in Paris. Back in England, she taught at the Westminster Technical Institute from 1917 to 1918. [6] After Kristian left, she took up with another free spirit, composer E. J. Moeran.

From the mid-1920s until the end of World War II, the area known as Fitzrovia was London's main Bohemian artistic centre. The place took its name from the popular Fitzroy Tavern on the corner of Charlotte and Windmill Streets that formed the area's centre. Home of the café life in Fitzrovia, it was Hamnett's favourite hangout as well as that of her friend from her home town, Augustus John, and later another Welshman, the poet Dylan Thomas.

Later life

In 1932 Hamnett published Laughing Torso, a tale of her bohemian life, which became a bestseller in the UK and US. The notorious occultist Aleister Crowley unsuccessfully sued her and the publisher for libel over allegations of black magic made in her book. [8]

Although she won the case, the situation profoundly affected her for the remainder of her life. Alcoholism would soon overtake her many talents [1] and the tragic "Queen of the Fitzroy" spent a good part of the last few decades of her life at the bar, (usually that of the Fitzroy Tavern), trading anecdotes for drinks.

Twenty-three years after her first book Laughing Torso was published, Hamnett, in poor health, released a follow up book aptly titled: Is She a Lady?

Hamnett died in 1956 from complications after falling out of her apartment window and being impaled on the fence forty feet below. The great debate has always been whether or not it was a suicide attempt or merely a drunken accident. Her last words were "Why don't they let me die?" [9]

A biography, Nina Hamnett: Queen of Bohemia, by Denise Hooker was published in 1986. In 2011, Hamnett was the subject of a short film by writer/director Chris Ward 'What Shall We Do With The Drunken Sailor' starring Siobhan Fahey. In November 2019, the Fitzrovia Chapel will host an exhibition called Nina Hamnett - 'Everybody was Furious'.

See also

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References

  1. 1 2 3 B. J. Elliott; Jo-Ann Wallace (3 June 2014). Women Artists and Writers: Modernist (Im)Positionings. Routledge. pp. 28–. ISBN   978-1-317-76214-0.
  2. 1901 England, Wales & Scotland Census Transcription
  3. Hooker, Denise (2004). "Hamnett , Nina (1890–1956)". Oxford Dictionary of National Biography . Oxford University Press. Retrieved 26 January 2013.(subscription required)
  4. J. J. Wilhelm. Ezra Pound in London and Paris, 1908-1925 p. 150
  5. 1 2 Jill Berk Jiminez (15 October 2013). Dictionary of Artists' Models. Routledge. pp. 261–. ISBN   978-1-135-95914-2.
  6. 1 2 3 Moorby, Nicola; Hackney, Stephen (2012-05-01). The Little Tea Party: Nina Hamnett and Roald Kristian 191516 by Walter Richard Sickert. Tate. ISBN   9781849763851.
  7. Omega Workshops
  8. Moorby, Nicola; Hackney, Stephen (2012-05-01). The Little Tea Party: Nina Hamnett and Roald Kristian 191516 by Walter Richard Sickert. Tate. ISBN   9781849763851.
  9. "Red Flame: "Nina Hamnet (1890-1956)"". Archived from the original on June 26, 2004. Retrieved 2006-05-25.CS1 maint: BOT: original-url status unknown (link)