Nina Lagergren

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Nina Lagergren
Nina Lagergren 2009.jpg
Lagergren in 2009
Born
Nina Viveka Maria von Dardel

(1921-03-03)3 March 1921
Died5 April 2019(2019-04-05) (aged 98)
Djursholm, Sweden
Spouse(s)Gunnar Lagergren
Children4

Nina Viveka Maria Lagergren (néevon Dardel; 3 March 1921 – 5 April 2019) was a Swedish businesswoman and the half-sister of Raoul Wallenberg, and the leading force to find out what happened to him after his disappearance. She was the founder of the Raoul Wallenberg Academy. She also presented Sommar i P1 in 2014 on Swedish Radio. She was the mother-in-law of Kofi Annan.

Raoul Wallenberg 20th-century Swedish architect, businessman, diplomat and humanitarian

Raoul Gustaf Wallenberg was a Swedish architect, businessman, diplomat, and humanitarian. He is remembered for saving tens of thousands of Jews in Nazi-occupied Hungary during the Holocaust from German Nazis and Hungarian Fascists during the later stages of World War II. While serving as Sweden's special envoy in Budapest between July and December 1944, Wallenberg issued protective passports and sheltered Jews in buildings designated as Swedish territory.

Kofi Annan 7th Secretary-General of the United Nations

Kofi Atta Annan was a Ghanaian diplomat who served as the seventh Secretary-General of the United Nations from January 1997 to December 2006. Annan and the UN were the co-recipients of the 2001 Nobel Peace Prize. He was the founder and chairman of the Kofi Annan Foundation, as well as chairman of The Elders, an international organization founded by Nelson Mandela.

Contents

Work

Nina Lagergren was the founder of the Raoul Wallenberg Academy, which she ran along with her parents Fredrik and Maj von Dardel and her brother Guy von Dardel. [1] [2] In 2000, Lagergren was awarded the Wallenberg Medal, which was presented to her by the University of Michigan. [3] [4]

Guy von Dardel Swedish physicist

Guy Fredrik von Dardel was a Swedish physicist who researched particle physics and participated in the establishment of CERN.

Wallenberg Medal

The Wallenberg Medal of the University of Michigan is awarded to outstanding humanitarians whose actions on behalf of the defenseless and oppressed reflect the heroic commitment and sacrifice of Raoul Wallenberg, the Swedish diplomat who rescued tens of thousands of Jews in Budapest during the closing months of World War II.

University of Michigan Public research university in Ann Arbor, Michigan, United States

The University of Michigan, often simply referred to as Michigan, is a public research university in Ann Arbor, Michigan. The university is Michigan's oldest; it was founded in 1817 in Detroit, as the Catholepistemiad, or University of Michigania, 20 years before the territory became a state. The school was moved to Ann Arbor in 1837 onto 40 acres (16 ha) of what is now known as Central Campus. Since its establishment in Ann Arbor, the university campus has expanded to include more than 584 major buildings with a combined area of more than 34 million gross square feet spread out over a Central Campus and North Campus, two regional campuses in Flint and Dearborn, and a Center in Detroit. The university is a founding member of the Association of American Universities.

Lagergren was the presenter of an episode of Sommar i P1 at Sveriges Radio on 4 August 2014 where she told about her life and her work to find out what had happened to her half-brother. [5]

Sveriges Radio Swedish government-operated radio broadcaster

Sveriges Radio AB is Sweden's national publicly funded radio broadcaster. Sveriges Radio is a public limited company, owned by an independent foundation, previously funded through a licensing fee, the level of which is decided by the Swedish Riksdag. As of January 1st 2019, the funds stem from standard taxation. No advertising is permitted. Its legal status could be described as that of a quasi-autonomous non-governmental organization.

On 8 March 1945, Soviet-controlled Hungarian radio announced that Wallenberg and his driver had been murdered on their way to Debrecen, suggesting that they had been killed by the Arrow Cross Party or the Gestapo. [6] Sweden's foreign minister, Östen Undén, and its ambassador to the Soviet Union, Staffan Söderblom, wrongly assumed that they were dead. In April 1945, W. Averell Harriman, then of the US State Department, offered the Swedish government help in inquiring about Wallenberg's fate, but the offer was declined. [6] Söderblom met with Vyacheslav Molotov and Stalin in Moscow on 15 June 1946. Söderblom, still believing Wallenberg to be dead, ignored talk of an exchange for Russian defectors in Sweden. [6] [7] [8] In 1991, Vyacheslav Nikonov was charged by the Russian government with investigating Wallenberg's fate. He concluded that Wallenberg died in 1947, executed while a prisoner in Lubyanka. [9] He may have been a victim of the C-2 poison (carbylamine-choline-chloride) tested at the poison laboratory of the Soviet secret services. [10]

Gestapo official secret police of Nazi Germany

The Geheime Staatspolizei, abbreviated Gestapo, was the official secret police of Nazi Germany and German-occupied Europe.

Östen Undén Swedish politician

Bo Östen Undén was a Swedish academic (J.D.), civil servant and Social Democratic politician, serving as acting Prime Minister of Sweden 6 – 11 October 1946, following the death of Per Albin Hansson. In 1917, he was appointed professor and head of the department of civil law at Uppsala University, but he came to divide his career between politics and academia, which prompted his resignation from the position as rector magnificus (1929–1932) of that university. He served as the foreign ministry's expert on international law, as Minister for Foreign Affairs of Sweden 1924–1926 and 1945–1962, minister without portfolio 1917–1920 and 1932–1936, the government's chancellor for universities 1937–1951, and he chaired the parliament's committee on foreign relations during World War II.

Soviet Union 1922–1991 country in Europe and Asia

The Soviet Union, officially the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics (USSR), was a socialist state in Eurasia that existed from 1922 to 1991. Nominally a union of multiple national Soviet republics, its government and economy were highly centralized. The country was a one-party state, governed by the Communist Party with Moscow as its capital in its largest republic, the Russian Soviet Federative Socialist Republic. Other major urban centres were Leningrad, Kiev, Minsk, Alma-Ata, and Novosibirsk. It spanned over 10,000 kilometres east to west across 11 time zones, and over 7,200 kilometres north to south. It had five climate zones: tundra, taiga, steppes, desert and mountains.

Some former prisoners claimed to have seen Wallenberg after his reported death in 1947. [11] In February 1949, former German Colonel Theodor von Dufving, a prisoner of war, provided statements concerning Wallenberg. While in the transit camp in Kirov, while being moved to Vorkuta, Dufving encountered a prisoner dressed in civilian clothes with his own special guard. The prisoner claimed that he was a Swedish diplomat and said he was there "through a great error". [12] Lagergren continued to work with this information throughout her life, searching for details about his fate. [13] In October 2016, Wallenberg was declared dead by Sweden's Tax Agency. [14]

Theodor von Dufving [Theoderich Heinrich August Wilhelm von Dufving] was a German officer of the Wehrmacht during the Second World War.

Kirov, Kirov Oblast City in Kirov Oblast, Russia

Kirov is a city and the administrative center of Kirov Oblast, Russia, located on the Vyatka River. As of the 2010 Census, its population was 473,695.

Vorkuta Town in Komi Republic, Russia

Vorkuta is a coal-mining town in the Komi Republic, Russia, situated just north of the Arctic Circle in the Pechora coal basin at the Usa River. Population: 70,548 (2010 Census); 84,917 (2002 Census); 115,646 (1989 Census).

Personal life

Crown Princess Victoria and Nina Lagergren on 27 January 2012 at a commemoration ceremony for the Holocaust and the 100th birthday of Raoul Wallenberg Kronprinsessan Victoria halsar pa Nina Lagergren.jpg
Crown Princess Victoria and Nina Lagergren on 27 January 2012 at a commemoration ceremony for the Holocaust and the 100th birthday of Raoul Wallenberg

She was married to judge and marshal Gunnar Lagergren from 1943 until his death in 2008, and the couple had four children together. [15] Lagergren was the mother-in-law of Annan as her eldest daughter, Nane Annan, was married to Kofi Annan, the former Secretary-General of the UN. [16] [17] Lagergren was also the niece of painter Nils Dardel. She was part of the opening of the exhibition of his art work at Moderna Museet in Stockholm in 2014. [18]

Secretary-General of the United Nations head of the United Nations Secretariat

The Secretary-General of the United Nations is the head of the United Nations Secretariat, one of the six principal organs of the United Nations. The Secretary-General serves as the chief administrative officer of the United Nations. The role of the United Nations Secretariat, and of the Secretary-General in particular, is laid out by Chapter XV of the United Nations Charter.

United Nations Intergovernmental organization

The United Nations (UN) is an intergovernmental organization that was tasked to maintain international peace and security, develop friendly relations among nations, achieve international co-operation and be a centre for harmonizing the actions of nations. The headquarters of the UN is in Manhattan, New York City, and is subject to extraterritoriality. Further main offices are situated in Geneva, Nairobi, Vienna and The Hague. The organization is financed by assessed and voluntary contributions from its member states. Its objectives include maintaining international peace and security, protecting human rights, delivering humanitarian aid, promoting sustainable development and upholding international law. The UN is the largest, most familiar, most internationally represented and most powerful intergovernmental organization in the world. In 24 October 1945, at the end of World War II, the organization was established with the aim of preventing future wars. At its founding, the UN had 51 member states; there are now 193. The UN is the successor of the ineffective League of Nations.

Nils Dardel Swedish Post-Impressionist painter

Nils Dardel was a 20th-century Swedish Post-Impressionist painter, grandson to famous Swedish painter Fritz von Dardel.

Lagergren died on 5 April 2019 at the age of 98. [19]

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References

  1. Wallenberg, Sharon Leontine (29 November 2017). "The Search for Raoul Wallenberg the Truth". AuthorHouse. Retrieved 8 April 2019 via Google Books.
  2. Holmström, Mikael (2 March 2009). ""Besvikelse att inte få mer hjälp"". Svenska Dagbladet (in Swedish). Retrieved 8 April 2019.
  3. "Nina Lagergren - Wallenberg". University of Michigan. Archived from the original on 1 November 2013.
  4. "Hero's sister still hopes mystery will be solved - Radio Sweden" (in Swedish). Sveriges Radio. Retrieved 8 April 2019.
  5. "Nina Lagergren - Raoul Wallenbergs halvsyster" (PDF) (in Swedish). Sveriges Radio. Retrieved 8 April 2019.
  6. 1 2 3 "Ingen vill se Wallenberg som en simpel guldtjuv - Inloggad". Expressen (in Swedish). Retrieved 8 April 2019.
  7. "The Last Word on Wallenberg? New Investigations, New Question". American Jewish Committee. Archived from the original on 8 April 2019. Retrieved 8 April 2019.
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  9. Brent, Jonathan (2008). Inside the Stalin Archives. Atlas and Co.
  10. Fedorov, L.A. (2005). Советское биологическое оружие: история, экология, политика [The Soviet biological weapons: history, ecology, politics] (in Russian). Moscow.
  11. "Search for Swedish Holocaust hero". BBC News. 17 January 2005. Retrieved 8 April 2019.
  12. "Wallenberg - stone". Searching for Raoul Wallenberg. Archived from the original on 10 October 2008.
  13. Wannefors, Linnéa (8 April 2019). "Raoul Wallenbergs syster Nina Lagergren har gått bort" (in Swedish). SVT. Retrieved 8 April 2019.
  14. "Holocaust hero Wallenberg declared dead". BBC News. 31 October 2016. Retrieved 8 April 2019.
  15. "Raoul Wallenbergs halvsyster Nina Lagergren har dött". Expressen (in Swedish). Retrieved 8 April 2019.
  16. "The life and times of Kofi Annan: Meet Nane Annan, the beautiful wife he leaves behind". Evewoman. Retrieved 8 April 2019.
  17. Hamidi-Nia, Gilda (18 August 2018). "Kofi Annan tillbringade sina somrar i Sverige" (in Swedish). SVT. Retrieved 8 April 2019.
  18. "Wallenbeg" (PDF) (in Swedish). Sveriges Radio. Retrieved 8 April 2019.
  19. "Nina Lagergren är död". Dagens Nyheter (in Swedish). 8 April 2019. Retrieved 8 April 2019.

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