Nine Little Piano Pieces

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Nine Little Piano Pieces
by Béla Bartók
Bartok Bela 1927.jpg
Béla Bartók in 1927
Native nameKilenc kis zongoradarab
Catalogue
Composed1926 (1926) 1926 (1926):
Movements9
ScoringPiano

Nine Little Piano Pieces, Sz. 82, BB 90 (Hungarian : Kilenc kis zongoradarab) is a collection of short pieces for piano by Hungarian composer Béla Bartók. It was completed in 1926.

Contents

Composition

A composer devoted to education, Bartók wrote many easy short pieces during his lifetime. However, in the 1920s he had also earned a high reputation as a concert pianist and performer, which made him tour frequently, especially while he was in Europe. 1925 was a year that was specifically productive in terms of public performance; however, that implied that he wouldn't be active again until the end of May, 1926, after his tours and most of his sporadic concert activity came to a pause. Bartók finished a fairly decently long list of compositions during the second half of 1926: the Piano Sonata, which was finished in June; Out of Doors , which was completed between June and August; and one of his most important pieces for the piano – the First Piano Concerto, which he began composing in August and finished on November 12. Along with these pieces, he also completed this set of Nine Little Piano Pieces, a compilation of short pieces that were released in three volumes and had a primarily educational purpose. [1]

Bartók finished the whole set consisting in three volumes on October 31, 1926. [2] A partial premiere of Nine Little Piano Pieces took place on December 8, 1926, in a recital that Bartók himself gave at the Academy of Music in Budapest, where he also premiered his piano sonata and Out of Doors. On that occasion, Bartók only played seven short movements from the collection. [3]

Structure

This 15-minute set of nine pieces is divided into three volumes that were initially sold separately and constituted Bartók's scrapbook at the time of its publication. The first volume was a collection of contrapuntal studies; the second, a set of character pieces; and the third consisted of just one movement, which was meant to be a concert piece for young performers. [4]

The movement list is as follows:

Volume I (Four Dialogues)
  1. Moderato
  2. Andante
  3. Lento
  4. Allegro vivace
Volume II
  1. Menuetto. Moderato
  2. Air. Allegro — Meno mosso
  3. Marcia delle bestie. Comodo
  4. Tambourine. Allegro molto
Volume III
  1. Preludio — All'ungherese. [lower-alpha 1] Molto moderato

Publication

The score was initially published by Universal Edition in 1927. [lower-alpha 2] However, Boosey & Hawkes is the copyright holder only in the United States since 1954. The whole set was revised by Béla Bartók's son, Peter Bartók, and republished in 1995, along with a series of works for piano. Peter's revision was just a correction of minor details after the examination of the original manuscript sources. [5]

Notable recordings

Following are some of the most well-known recordings of this piece:

PianoRecord companyYear of recordingFormat
Jenő Jandó Naxos Records 2012 CD [6]

Footnotes

  1. The title is misspelled in the version published by Boosey & Hawkes as All Ungherese
  2. UE 10000

Related Research Articles

The Piano Concerto No. 3 in E major, Sz. 119, BB 127 of Béla Bartók is a musical composition for piano and orchestra. The work was composed in 1945 during the final months of his life, as a surprise birthday present for his second wife Ditta Pásztory-Bartók.

Viola Concerto (Bartók)

The Viola Concerto in A minor, Sz. 120, BB 128 was one of the last pieces written by Béla Bartók. He began composing his viola concerto while living in Saranac Lake, New York, in July 1945. The piece was commissioned by William Primrose, a respected violist who knew that Bartók could provide a challenging piece for him to perform. He said that Bartók should not "feel in any way proscribed by the apparent technical limitations of the instrument"; Bartók, though, was suffering from the terminal stages of leukemia when he began writing the viola concerto and left only sketches at the time of his death.

The Piano Sonata, BB 88, Sz. 80, is a piano sonata by Hungarian composer Béla Bartók, composed in June 1926. 1926 is known to musicologists as Bartók's "piano year", when he underwent a creative shift in part from Beethovenian intensity to a more Bachian craftsmanship.

The Concerto in C minor for Piano, Trumpet, and String Orchestra, Op. 35, was completed by Dmitri Shostakovich in 1933. The concerto was an experiment with a neo-baroque combination of instruments.

The Piano Concerto No. 1, Sz. 83, BB 91 of Béla Bartók was composed in 1926. Average playing time is between 23 and 24 minutes.

<i>Out of Doors</i> (Bartók) Five pieces for piano by Béla Bartók

Out of Doors is a set of five piano solo pieces, Sz. 81, BB 89, written by Béla Bartók in 1926. Out of Doors is among the very few instrumental compositions by Bartók with programmatic titles.

Dance Suite, Sz. 77, BB 86a, is a well-known 1923 orchestral work by the Hungarian composer Béla Bartók. The composer produced a reduction for piano in 1925, though this is less commonly performed.

Eight Improvisations on Hungarian Peasant Songs, Op. 20, Sz. 74, BB 83, also known as Improvisations on Hungarian Peasant Songs or simply as Improvisations, is a composition for solo piano by Hungarian composer Béla Bartók. It was finished in 1920.

Romanian Christmas Carols, Sz, 57, BB 67 is a set of little colinde, typical Christmas songs from Romanian villages, habitually sung by small groups of children, adapted in 1915 by Hungarian composer Béla Bartók to be played on the piano after hearing them sung in the below villages.

Fifteen Hungarian Peasant Songs, Sz. 71, BB 79 is a collection of short folk melodies arranged for piano by Hungarian composer Béla Bartók. It was composed between 1914 and 1918. In 1933, Bartók adapted and orchestrated parts of the piece as Hungarian Peasant Songs, Sz. 100, BB 107, commonly known by its Hungarian name, Magyar parasztdalok.

The Piano Sonata, sometimes also referred to as Sonata for Piano or in its original French form, Sonate pour piano, is a 1924 piano sonata by Russian expatriate composer Igor Stravinsky.

<i>Kopatchinskaja-Say</i> 2008 studio album by Fazıl Say & Patricia Kopatchinskaja

Kopatchinskaja-Say is the first studio album by violinist Patricia Kopatchinskaja (1977) from Moldova, and the 16th for pianist and composer Fazıl Say (1970) from Turkey. Recorded in October 2007 in Köln, Germany, it was released by Naïve Classique on September 15, 2008. Kopatchinskaja-Say features the music of Beethoven, Ravel, Bartók, and an original composition by Say.

Sonatas, duos and fantasies by Franz Schubert include all works for solo piano by Franz Schubert, except separate dances. They also include a number of works for two players: piano four hands, or piano and a string instrument.

Ten Easy Pieces, Sz. 39, BB 51 is a collection of short pieces for piano by Hungarian composer Béla Bartók. It was composed in 1908.

Three Hungarian Folksongs, Sz. 66, BB 80b is a collection of folksongs for piano by Hungarian composer Béla Bartók. It was composed between 1914 and 1918.

Three Burlesques, Op. 8c, Sz. 47, BB 55 is a set of burlesques for piano by Hungarian composer Béla Bartók. It was composed between 1908 and 1911.

14 Bagatelles Musical composition by Béla Bartók

14 Bagatelles, Sz.38, BB 50; 3rd Set, Op. 6 is a set of pieces for solo piano by Hungarian composer Béla Bartók, written in the spring of 1908 and first performed by the composer June 29, 1908, in Berlin. The work was published the following year in Budapest by Rozsnyai Károly. Composed the same year as Ten Easy Pieces, 14 Bagatelles was experimental and signified Bartók's departure from the tonality of 19th century composition. The work borders on atonality, and Bartók adopted some techniques of Debussy and Schoenberg.

<i>Eight Hungarian Folksongs</i> Hungarian piano composition

Eight Hungarian Folksongs, Sz. 64, BB 47 is a song cycle for high voice and piano by Hungarian composer Béla Bartók. It was composed between 1907 and 1917.

<i>Twenty Hungarian Folksongs</i> Song cycle by Béla Bartók

Twenty Hungarian Folksongs, Sz. 92, BB 98, is the last cycle of folksongs for voice and piano by Hungarian composer Béla Bartók.

References

  1. Cooper, David (2015). Béla Bartók. Yale University Press. ISBN   978-0-300-21307-2 . Retrieved 8 April 2020.
  2. Bartók, Béla (1939). Nine little piano pieces (1926). Boosey & Hawkes.
  3. Schneider, David E. (2006). Bartok, Hungary, and the Renewal of Tradition: Case Studies in the Intersection of Modernity and Nationality. University of California Press. ISBN   978-0-520-93205-0 . Retrieved 8 April 2020.
  4. Yeomans, David (2000). Bartók for Piano. Indiana University Press. ISBN   978-0-253-21383-9 . Retrieved 8 April 2020.
  5. "Bartók: 9 Little Piano Pieces for piano". Universal Edition. Retrieved 8 April 2020.
  6. "BARTÓK, B.: Piano Music, Vol. 7 (Jandó) - 14 Bagatelles / 9 Little Piano Pieces". naxos.com. Retrieved 14 April 2020.