Ninian Edwards

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  1. Richard J. Jensen (1978), Illinois: A History, University of Illinois Press, 27.
  2. Robert P. Howard (1988), Mostly Good and Competent Men: Illinois Governors, 1818–1988, Illinois Issues and the Illinois State Historical Society, 33.
  3. 1 2 Howard, 35.
  4. "EDWARDS, Benjamin", Biographical Directory of the United States Congress , Senate Historical Office and House Legislative Resource Center, . Retrieved July 16, 2010.
  5. Howard, 38.
  6. "Ninian Edwards" (n.d.) Encyclopedia Dickinsonia, Dickinson College. "Ninian Edwards, class of 1792". Archived from the original on March 14, 2012. Retrieved June 22, 2010.. Retrieved July 9, 2010.
  7. 1 2 3 Howard, 39.
  8. Thomas Ford, quoted in Howard, 34.
  9. Jensen, 27.
  10. Howard, 39–40.
  11. Solon J. Buck (1917), Illinois in 1818, University of Illinois Press, 185. Ed. Bill Thayer, . Retrieved July 9, 2010; Hammond, J.C., (2007), Slavery, Freedom, and Expansion in the Early American West. Charlottesville, VA: University of Virginia Press, Jeffersonian America Series.
  12. 1 2 Howard, 34' Missouri Gazette, Dec. 12, 1812; 1814 May 25 Bill of Sale Between Ninian Edwards and Theodore Hunt for Enslaved child Wallace, May 25, 1814, Lucas Collection, Missouri History Museum, Archives; Thomas Forsyth (St. Louis) to Governor Edwards, in Clarence E. Carter, ed., The Territorial Papers of the United States, 17:260
  13. Ninian W. Edwards (1870), History of Illinois, from 1778 to 1833; and Life and Times of Ninian Edwards, Illinois State Journal Company, 27. Google Books, . Retrieved August 3, 2010.
  14. Howard,40.
  15. Jensen, 27–28.
  16. Buck, 193.
  17. Howard, 24; Buck, 206.
  18. Buck, 194.
  19. Howard, 40.
  20. Howard, 41.
  21. Buck, 195.
  22. Holden, Robert J. (2004). "Edwards, Ninian," Encyclopedia of the War of 1812, ed. Stephen Heidler and Jeanne T. Heidler, Naval Institute Press, 163. Google Books, . Retrieved August 14, 2011.
  23. Ferguson, Gillum. (2012). Illinois in the War of 1812. Urbana, Chicago, Springfield: University of Illinois Press. p. 31-32
  24. Ferguson, Gillum. (2012). Illinois in the War of 1812. Urbana, Chicago, Springfield: University of Illinois Press. p. 32
  25. Ferguson, Gillum. (2012). Illinois in the War of 1812. Urbana, Chicago, Springfield: University of Illinois Press. p. 78
  26. Ferguson, Gillum. (2012). Illinois in the War of 1812. Urbana, Chicago, Springfield: University of Illinois Press. p. 82
  27. Holden, 164.
  28. Ferguson, Gillum. (2012). Illinois in the War of 1812. Urbana, Chicago, Springfield: University of Illinois Press. p.83-86
  29. Howard, 42.
  30. Johnson, Mark L. (2011). "Fort Clark Constructed at Peoria in 1813," InterBusiness Issues, Central Illinois Business Publishers, . Retrieved August 14, 2011.
  31. Howard, 42–43.
  32. Howard, 43
  33. Howard, 43; Buck, 205.
  34. Buck, 215.
  35. Buck, 216–217.
  36. Buck, 218, and Howard, 43.
  37. "Resident Population and Apportionment of the U.S. House of Representatives: Illinois", United States Census Bureau, . Retrieved July 9, 2010; Buck, 319, . Retrieved July 9, 2010.
  38. Buck, 212.
  39. Buck, 303–304.
  40. Buck, 306, 316.
  41. Senators of the United States: 1789 -2010 (2010), Senate Historical Office, . Retrieved August 4, 2010.
  42. Buck, 304.
  43. 1 2 Biographical Directory of the United States Congress.
  44. Howard, 36–37.
  45. Johnson, Charles B. (1960), Growth of Cook County Vol. I, Board of Commissioners of Cook County. Secretary to the Cook County Board of Commissioners, . Retrieved July 9, 2010.
  46. Howard, 37–38.
  47. Howard, 44.
  48. Jensen, 28.
  49. Howard, 354.
  50. U.S. Census Bureau.
  51. Jensen, 32.
  52. Howard, 35–36.
  53. "Chronology of Illinois History" (2009), Illinois Secretary of State, "Archived copy" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on June 7, 2011. Retrieved June 24, 2010.{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link). Retrieved July 9, 2010.
  54. Thomas Ford (1854), A History of Illinois, S.C. Griggs. Ed. Rodney O. Davis (1995), University of Illinois Press, 43–44. Google Books, . Retrieved July 9, 2010.
  55. James P. Ronda (1994), "Red Head's Domain: William Clark's Indian Brokerage", Between Indian and White Worlds: Cultural Broker, ed. Margaret Connell Szasz, University of Oklahoma Press, 90. Google Books, . Retrieved July 9, 2010.
  56. "Chronology of Illinois History"; Ford, 43–44.
  57. Howard, 44
  58. 'Death Of Hon. Cyrus Edwards,' Alton Daily Telegraph (Illinois), September 6, 1877
  59. 1 2 The Political Graveyard (2010), Lawrence Kestenbaum, . Retrieved July 9, 2010.
  60. Gannett, Henry (1905). The Origin of Certain Place Names in the United States. Govt. Print. Off. pp.  115.
  61. "Historical Edwardsville" (n.d.), City of Edwardsville, Archived September 26, 2007, at the Wayback Machine . Retrieved July 10, 2010.
  62. "The Edwards Trace". Illinois State Historical Society . Retrieved March 9, 2013.
  63. Brady, Reporter Gabriel. "Public outcry for relocation of statue erupts, racist past cited". AlestleLive.com. Retrieved July 4, 2020.
Ninian Edwards
Portrait of Gov. Ninian Edwards at the State Capitol in Springfield.jpg
3rd Governor of Illinois
In office
December 6, 1826 December 6, 1830
U.S. Senate
Preceded by
None
U.S. senator (Class 3) from Illinois
1818–1824
Served alongside: Jesse B. Thomas
Succeeded by
Political offices
New creation
Formation of Illinois Territory
Governor of Illinois Territory
1809–1818
Succeeded byas Governor of Illinois
Preceded by Governor of Illinois
1826–1830
Succeeded by