Ninian Spot

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Ninian Spot
Bishop of Galloway
Church Roman Catholic Church
See Diocese of Galloway
In office1458-1480 × 1482
Predecessor Thomas Spens/ Thomas Vaus
Successor George Vaus
Orders
Consecration1459
Personal details
Bornunknown
unknown
Died1480 × 1482
Previous post(s) Treasurer of Dunkeld

Ninian Spot [de Spot] (died 1480 × 1482) was a royal clerk and prelate in the 15th century Kingdom of Scotland. He spent much of his youth at university, eventually obtaining Master's Degree. [1]

He can be found as Comptroller of the Rolls (compotorum rotulator) in 1456, 1457 and in 1459; in such a role his name occurs frequently in the Register of the Great Seal of Scotland , which also mentions that he was a canon of Dunkeld Cathedral. [1] This is certain, as he is found in the Bargany Papers as Treasurer of the diocese of Dunkeld on 24 September 1454. [2] The prebend was presumably the church of Menmure, which was taken by John Balfour, later Bishop of Brechin, after Ninian became Bishop of Galloway in 1458/9. Before becoming Bishop of Galloway (or Whithorn), he had also held the parish church of Nelbland, probably Newlands in the diocese of Glasgow, which is mentioned in papal documents because it became vacant upon Spot's accession to the bishopric. [3]

He was provided to the bishopric of Galloway on 15 December 1458, after the second and successful translation of the former bishop Thomas Spens to the bishopric of Aberdeen; the first translation of Spens had been unsuccessful, and so his first replacement, Thomas Vaus, did not take up the bishopric. [4] It is not clear why Spot rather than Vaus became bishop on the second occasion. Spot was consecrated sometime between 12 March and 16 April 1459, and was granted the temporalities of the see on 27 April. [5]

As Bishop of Whithorn, Ninian attended the parliaments of 1459, 1462, 1467, 1476 and that of 1 June 1478. [3] He continued his work as a government clerk, appearing as a witness to charters under the Great Seal until 1476, his last appearance dating to 22 July 1476; his last appearance as auditor of the exchequer was on 12 June 1480. [3] This is Bishop Ninian's last appearance in any records, and because he is not known to be dead until 9 December 1482, he must have died at some point between these two dates. [5] It was during Ninian's episcopate that Pope Sixtus IV created the Archbishopric of St Andrews, under which Galloway became a suffragan. [3] Although no bishop of Galloway had sworn allegiance to an Archbishop of York since the episcopate of Michael MacKenlagh (1355-1358 × 1359), and although since then the see had been directly under Roman authority, this act made the break with York final. [6]

Notes

  1. 1 2 Dowden, Bishops, p. 369.
  2. Watt, Fasti Ecclesiae, p. 114.
  3. 1 2 3 4 Dowden, Bishops, p. 370.
  4. Dowden, Bishops, pp. 369–70; Watt, Fasti Ecclesiae, p. 132.
  5. 1 2 Watt, Fasti Ecclesiae, p. 132.
  6. Watt, Fasti Ecclesiae, p. 128.

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The Bishop of Galloway, also called the Bishop of Whithorn, was the eccesiastical head of the Diocese of Galloway, said to have been founded by Saint Ninian in the mid-5th century. The subsequent Anglo-Saxon bishopric was founded in the late 7th century or early 8th century, and the first known bishop was one Pehthelm, "shield of the Picts". According to Anglo-Saxon ecclesiastical tradition, the bishopric was founded by Saint Ninian, a later corruption of the British name Uinniau or Irish Finian; although there is no contemporary evidence, it is quite likely that there had been a British or Hiberno-British bishopric before the Anglo-Saxon takeover. After Heathored, no bishop is known until the apparent resurrection of the diocese in the reign of King Fergus of Galloway. The bishops remained, uniquely for Scottish bishops, the suffragans of the Archbishop of York until 1359 when the pope released the bishopric from requiring metropolitan assent. James I formalised the admission of the diocese into the Scottish church on 26 August 1430 and just as all Scottish sees, Whithorn was to be accountable directly to the pope. The diocese was placed under the metropolitan jurisdiction of St Andrews on 17 August 1472 and then moved to the province of Glasgow on 9 January 1492. The diocese disappeared during the Scottish Reformation, but was recreated by the Catholic Church in 1878 with its cathedra at Dumfries, although it is now based at Ayr.

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References

Religious titles
Preceded by
Thomas Archer
Treasurer of Dunkeld
1432 × 1454-1454 × 1456
i.e. fl. 1454
Succeeded by
Maurice MacNab
Preceded by Bishop of Galloway
1458-1480 × 1482
Succeeded by