|Nihon Terebi Hōrudingusu Kabushiki-gaisha|
|Type||Publicly listed kabushiki gaisha|
|Founded||Tokyo, Japan (October 28, 1952 )|
6-1, Higashi-Shimbashi Itchome, Minato, Tokyo,
|Japan, Asia, United States, Western Europe|
Number of employees
|3,259 (as of March 31, 2013, consolidated)|
|Nippon Terebi Hōsōmō Kabushiki-gaisha|
|Founded||Tokyo, Japan (April 26, 2012 )|
Nippon Television Network Preparatory Corporation
6-1, Higashi-Shimbashi Itchome, Minato, Tokyo,
|Japan, United States, Western Europe, East Asia|
Number of employees
|1,193 (as of April 1, 2013)|
|Parent||Nippon Television Holdings, Inc.|
|Kantō Region, Japan|
|Channels|| Digital: 25 (UHF)|
|Slogan||Watching will change the world.|
|Affiliations|| Nippon News Network (news)|
Nippon Television Network System (non-news)
|Owner||Nippon Television Network Corporation|
BS Nittele 4K
Nittele News 24
|Founded||October 28, 1952|
First air date
|August 28, 1953|
Former channel number(s)
4 ch (VHF) (1953-2011) Digital:
|ERP||10 kW (68 kW ERP)|
|Translator(s)|| Mito, Ibaraki |
Analog: Channel 42
Digital: Channel 14
Analog: Channel 35
Digital: Channel 25
JOAX-DTV, virtual channel 4 (UHF digital channel 25), branded as Nippon TV, is the flagship station of the Nippon Television Network System, owned-and-operated by the Nippon Television Network Corporation which is a subsidiary of the certified broadcasting holding company Nippon Television Holdings, Inc. , itself a listed subdisiary of The Yomiuri Shimbun Holdings, Japan's largest media conglomerate by revenue and the second largest behind Sony ; Nippon Television Holdings forms part of Yomiuri's main television broadcasting arm alongside Kansai region flagship Yomiuri Telecasting Corporation, which owns a 6.4% share in the company.
Nippon TV's studios are located in the Shiodome area of Minato, Tokyo, Japan and its transmitters are located in the Tokyo Skytree. Broadcasting terrestrially across Japan, the network is sometimes contracted to Nittere (日テレ), and abbreviated as "NTV" or "AX". It is also the first commercial TV station in Japan, and it has been broadcasting on Channel 4 since its inception. Nippon Television is the home of the syndication networks NNN (for news programs) and NNS (for non-news programs). Except for Okinawa Prefecture , these two networks cover the whole of Japan.
On July 31, 1952, Nippon TV was granted the first TV broadcasting license for a commercial broadcaster in Japan. 14–15 The Nippon Television Network Corporation was established in October of the same year. After obtaining the broadcasting license, Nippon Television purchased the land for the construction of the headquarters building in Nibancho, Chiyoda-ku, Tokyo (currently the Nippon Television Kojicho branch office), and began preparations for the broadcast of TV programs. : 26–27 However, due to delays in delivering equipment used for broadcasting, test trials were significantly delayed from their initial scheduled date, resulting in NHK being the first to start broadcasting TV programs. : 30–31 On August 24, 1953, Nippon TV started broadcast trials : 35 and four days later, Nippon TV officially began to broadcast TV programs as Asia's first commercial broadcaster, with an animated dove spreading its wings in the logo on its first sign-on. : 35 The first TV commercial (for Seikosha clocks) was also aired at the same time:
Due to high prices, television sets were not widely available at the launch of NTV and NHK. As a result, NTV installed 55 street TVs in the Kanto area in an effort to broaden the advertisement impact. 36 This program was a huge success, attracting 8,000 to 10,000 people to watch sports broadcasts such as professional baseball and sumo wrestling. : 43:
Plans for the expansion of Nippon TV to whole of Japan wasn't continued due to its given license being restricted to the Kanto area only. 88 As a result, the Yomiuri Shimbun Group filed for a separate TV license in Osaka under the name Yomiuri TV . : 52 In 1955, Matsutaro Shoriki stepped down as the president of Nippon TV after being elected to the Japan's House Of Representatives. : 59–61:
With the issuance of a large number of new TV licenses by the Ministry of Post in the late 1950s, Yomiuri Shimbun and Nippon Television began to establish TV stations outside the Kanto area. 97 On August 28, 1958, Yomiuri TV started broadcasting, marking the start of Nippon TV's expansion into the Kansai area. : 99 However, due to the close partnership between Nippon TV and the Yomiuri Shimbun, the network's expansion was opposed by local newspapers, and the network's expansion was slower than that of the JNN affiliates, which are less newspaper-oriented. : 89 Following TBS' establishment of JNN in 1959, : 15 Nippon Television founded the second Japanese television network, NNN, in April 1, 1966, with a total of 19 affiliated stations as founding members. : 21–22 Nippon Television founded the NNS (Nippon Television Network System) in 1972 to improve collaboration among network stations in the field of non-news programming. : 213 On September 15, 1959, Nippon Television's stock was listed on the Tokyo Stock Exchange, becoming the first media company in Japan to list its stock. : 123:
Nippon Television applied to the Ministry of Posts in April 1957 for a color television broadcast license, which it received in December of that year. 105–108 Matsutaro Shoriki returned to Nippon TV as the president of the broadcaster after resigning as the Minister of State in 1958. : 114 After taking office as the president, he increased his investment in color television. The first live coverage broadcast on color TV was the wedding of the Crown Prince (currently Emperor Akihito) on April 10, 1959 alongside the first TV program with commercials broadcast in color. : 14–17 : 127 Nippon TV aired a total of 938 hours of programs broadcast in color in 1961. : 129 In addition to color TV broadcast, programs produced in black and white color had been increasing. In October 1963, Nippon TV has successfully trialed overnight broadcasts. : 159:
After the death of Matsutaro Shoriki in October 9, 1969, Nippon TV and NHK agreed to integrate signal transmission facilities in the Tokyo Tower. 194:
When Kobayashi Shoriki (son-in-law of Matsutaro Shoriki) took over Nippon TV in 1969, he continued the progress of TV broadcasting in color. 202 In April 1970, Nippon TV's color programs accounted for 76.4% of total broadcast time, ahead of NHK which was second with 73%. : 211 In October 1971, Nippon TV achieved in broadcasting all of its programs in color. : 211:
However, during this period, due to the economic depression in Japan and the discovery of falsification of financial reports by the Ministry of Finance, Nippon TV was in the state of recession. 58 Ratings of other Japanese commercial TV stations also declined during that period, from competing with Fuji TV for second place in the core bureau for most of the 1960s to competing with Fuji TV and NET TV (currently TV Asahi), and then being pulled away from TBS. : 318–319 This led Kobayashi Shoriki to launch business reforms to promote the outsourcing of program productions : 63–64 and decided to build a new headquarters which enabled them to turn losses into profits in 1972. : 207–208:
On March 9, 1984, Dan Goodwin, aka Spider Dan, Skyscraperman, in a paid publicity event, used suction cups to climb the 10 floor Nippon Television Kojimachi Annex in Chiyoda.
1980s: The ceiling of the Sistine Chapel in the Vatican City was cleaned with NTV's financial help.(see also: Restoration of the Sistine Chapel frescoes)
April 2005: The Mona Lisa Viewing Room at the Louvre, Paris, was completed. The renovation was sponsored by NTV.
July 2010: The renovation of the exhibition area in the Louvre for Venus de Milo was also completed with the support of NTV.
Stopped analog TV on July 24, 2011.
The company has intimate connections with Studio Ghibli, led by Hayao Miyazaki, and holds the exclusive rights to broadcast their motion pictures. It has also produced and broadcast popular anime series like My Hero Academia , Claymore , Death Note , Hajime no Ippo , as well as Detective Conan and Inuyasha (which are produced through its Osaka affiliate, Yomiuri TV). NTV produced the first, unsuccessful Doraemon anime in 1973; when the second, more successful Doraemon series premiered in 1979, it was on TV Asahi, which remains the franchise's broadcaster to this day. As of now, NTV is currently producing a second anime adaptation of Hunter × Hunter . NTV has also been broadcasting the yearly Lupin III TV specials since 1989, which they co-produce with TMS Entertainment. Nippon Television announced on February 8, 2011, that it would make the anime studio Madhouse its subsidiary after becoming the primary stockholder at about 85%, via a third-party allocation of shares for about 1 billion yen (about US$12 million).
On January 29, 2014, Nippon Television announced that it will purchase a 54.3% stake in Tatsunoko Production and adopt the studio as a subsidiary.
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