Nirmala Srivastava

Last updated

Nirmala Srivastava
Shri Mataji Nirmala Shrivastava.jpg
Born(1923-03-21)21 March 1923
Died23 February 2011(2011-02-23) (aged 87)
Known for Sahaja Yoga
Spouse(s)
(m. 1947)
Website http://www.sahajayoga.org/

Nirmala Srivastava (née Nirmala Salve) (21 March 1923 – 23 February 2011), also known as Shri Mataji Nirmala Devi, was the founder of Sahaja Yoga, a new religious movement sometimes classified as a cult. [1] [2] She said "You cannot know the meaning of your life until you're connected to the power that created you". She claimed to have been born fully realised and spent her life working for peace by developing and promoting a simple technique through which people can achieve their own self-realization. [3] [4]

Contents

Early life

Born in Chindawara, Madhya Pradesh, India to a Hindu father and a Christian mother Prasad and Cornelia Salve, her parents named her Nirmala, which means "immaculate". [5] [6] She said that she was born self-realised. [7] Her father, a scholar of fourteen languages, translated the Koran into Marathi, and her mother was the first woman in India to receive an honours degree in mathematics. [4] Shri Mataji descended from the royal Shalivahana/Satavahana dynasty. [7] The former union minister N.K.P. Salve was her brother and the lawyer Harish Salve is her nephew. The Salve surname is one of a number included in the Satavahana Maratha clan.

She passed her childhood years in the family house in Nagpur. [8] In her youth she stayed in the ashram of Mahatma Gandhi. [5] [9] Like her parents, she was involved with the struggle for Indian independence and, as a youth leader when a young woman, was jailed for participating in the Quit India Movement in 1942. [5] [10] [11] Taking responsibility for her younger siblings and living a spartan lifestyle during this period infused the feeling of self-sacrifice for the wider good. [12] She studied at the Christian Medical College in Ludhiana and the Balakram Medical College in Lahore. [8]

Shortly before India achieved independence in 1947, Shri Mataji married Chandrika Prasad Srivastava, [10] a high-ranking Indian civil servant who later served Prime Minister Lal Bahadur Shastri as Joint Secretary, and was bestowed an honorary KCMG by Elizabeth II. [13] They had two daughters, Kalpana Srivastava [14] and Sadhana Varma. [15] In 1961, Nirmala Srivastava launched the "Youth Society for Films" to infuse national, social and moral values in young people. She was also a member of the Central Board of Film Certification.

Sahaja Yoga

Shri Mataji Nirmala Devi temple in Naddi HH Shri Mataji Nirmala Devi.jpg
Shri Mataji Nirmala Devi temple in Naddi

Nirmala Srivastava founded Sahaja Yoga in 1970. [16]

Shri Mataji at Easter 1985.jpg

During meditation, seekers of truth experience a state of self-realization produced by kundalini awakening, and this is accompanied by the experience of thoughtless awareness or mental silence. [17]

Shri Mataji described Sahaja Yoga as the pure, universal religion integrating all other religions. [18] She claimed that she was a divine incarnation, [19] more precisely an incarnation of the Holy Ghost, or the Adi Shakti of the Hindu tradition, the great mother goddess who had come to save humanity. [18] [20] This is also how she is regarded by most of her devotees. [21] Sahaja Yoga has sometimes been characterized as a cult. [22] [23]

Later work

Nirmala Srivastava in her last years Nirmala Srivastava.jpg
Nirmala Srivastava in her last years

In 2003 a charity house for the rehabilitation of destitute women was set up in Delhi (the Vishwa Nirmala Prem Ashram). [24] She set up the Shri P.K. Salve Kala Pratishthan in Nagpur as an international music school in the same year, to promote classical music and fine art. [4] [25]

Until 2004, during her travels, she gave numerous public lectures, pujas, and interviews to newspapers, television and radio. In 2004 her official website announced that she had completed her work and Sahaja Yoga centers exist in almost every country of the world. [26] She continued to give talks to her devotees [27] and allowed them to offer her puja. [28]

She spoke on several occasions about the harms of drinking alcohol [29] and that many people were cured from addiction when they got their self realization through Sahaja Yoga. [30]

Honors and recognition

See also

Related Research Articles

Saraswati A principal Hindu goddess, goddess of knowledge, music and speech

Saraswati, also known as Sharada, is the Hindu goddess of knowledge, music, art, speech, wisdom, and learning. She is a part of the trinity (Tridevi) of Saraswati, Lakshmi, and Parvati. All the three equal forms unite with the trinity of Brahma, Vishnu, and Shiva to create, maintain, and regenerate the Universe, respectively.

Sahaja Yoga Religious movement, founded in 1970 by Nirmala Srivastava

Sahaja Yoga was founded in 1970 by Shri Mataji Nirmala Devi. Shri Nirmala Srivastava is more widely known as Her Holiness Shri Mataji Nirmala Devi or as "Mother" by her followers, who are called Sahaja yogis.

The International Sahaja Public School in Dharamsala, India is a school run by the Sahaja Yoga movement. The school was founded in 1990.

Sahaja Spontaneous enlightenment in Indian and Tibetan Buddhism

Sahaja means spontaneous enlightenment in Indian and Tibetan Buddhist spirituality. Sahaja practices first arose in Bengal during the 8th century among Buddhist yogis called Sahajiya siddhas.

Chhindwara City in Madhya Pradesh, India

Chhindwara is a city in India and a Municipal Corporation in Chhindwara district in the Indian state of Madhya Pradesh. The city is the administrative headquarters of Chhindwara District. Chhindwara is reachable by rail or road from adjacent cities Betul, Nagpur and Jabalpur. The nearest airport is in Nagpur (130 km); however there is a small airport located in the city which is unservicable for passenger planes.

Madhubani art Style of painting, practiced in Bihar, India

Madhubani art is a style of Indian painting, practiced in the Mithila region of the Indian subcontinent. This painting is done with a variety of tools, including fingers, twigs, brushes, nib-pens, and matchsticks and using natural dyes and pigments. It is characterised by its eye-catching geometrical patterns. There is ritual content for particular occasions, such as birth or marriage, and festivals, such as Holi, Surya Shasti, Kali Puja, Upanayana, and Durga Puja.

Chandrika Prasad Srivastava KCMG, ComIH, IAS (Retd.) was an Indian civil servant, international administrator, and diplomat.

Bhajan Sopori

Bhajan Sopori is an Indian instrumentalist. He is a player of the santoor, an ancient stringed musical instrument. On the occasion of 67th Indian Republic Day 2016, Pandit Bhajan Sopori was accorded Jammu and Kashmir State lifetime achievement award.

Events in the year 1923 in India.

Hinduism in Ukraine

Hinduism is a minority religion in Ukraine. It is followed by 0.1% of the population, with a slightly higher proportion in Western Ukraine (0.2%).

Hemlata (singer)

Hemlata is an Indian playback singer in Bollywood best known for her songs in the late 1970s. She is classically trained. She established herself in film, concerts, television and music.

Manjusha Art

Manjushas are an Indian art form. They are temple-shaped boxes comprising eight pillars. They are made of bamboo, jute, and paper. They also contain paintings of Hindu gods and goddesses and other characters. These boxes are used in Bishahari puja, a festival dedicated to the Snake God that is celebrated in Bhagalpur and nearby regions, India.

Nirmala may refer to:

Nalini Bala Devi

Nalini Bala Devi was a noted Indian writer and poet of Assamese literature, known for nationalistic as well as mystical poetry. She was awarded the Padma Shri by the Government of India in 1957 for her contribution to literature, and 1968 she won the Sahitya Akademi Award given by Sahitya Akademi for her poetry collection Alakananda. She is the first woman Assamese poet to be awarded with Padma Shri and the first lady to the chair the Assam Sahitya Sabha.

Naina Devi also known as Naina Ripjit Singh, was Indian vocalist of Hindustani classical music, most known for her thumri renditions, though she also sang dadra and ghazals. She was a music producer at All India Radio and later with Doordarshan. She started her musical training under Girja Shankar Chakravarty in her teens, later restarted it with Ustad Mushtaq Hussain Khan of Rampur-Sahaswan gharana and Rasoolan Bai of Benaras gharana, in the 1950s. Born in an aristocratic family in Kolkata, she was married into the royal family of Kapurthala State at age 16, and was started singing in concerts only after her husband died in 1949, and she moved to Delhi.

Sumitra Charat Ram was a noted Indian arts patron, impresario and the founder of Shriram Bharatiya Kala Kendra (SBKK) established in 1952. She played a key role in the revival of performing arts, especially Kathak in the post-independence era, with the establishment of Kathak Kendra.

Mahasundari Devi

Mahasundari Devi was an Indian artist and Madhubani painter. She was awarded the Tulsi Samman by the Government of Madhya Pradesh in 1995, and in 2011 she received the Padma Shri award from the Government of India.

Modern yoga consists of a range of techniques including asanas (postures) and meditation derived from some of the philosophies, teachings and practices of the Yoga school, which is one of the six schools of traditional Hindu philosophies, and organised into a wide variety of schools and denominations. It has been described by Elizabeth de Michelis as having four types, namely: Modern Psychosomatic Yoga, as in The Yoga Institute; Modern Denominational Yoga, as in Brahma Kumaris; Modern Postural Yoga, as in Iyengar Yoga; and Modern Meditational Yoga, as in early Transcendental Meditation. The yoga scholar Mark Singleton however does not subscribe to De Michelis's framework, considering the categories to "subsume detail, variation, and exception". In the 21st-century, modern yoga has become the subject of academic study. It has adopted innovations from Western gymnastics and other practices.

Suswani Mataji Kuldevi of Dugar and Surana gotras

Suswani Mataji also known as Susani Mata or Susvani Mata is a regional Jain as well Hindu goddess, popular in Rajasthan state of India. She is regarded as incarnation of Durga and worshipped by many Jain and Hindu communities.

References

  1. "Advies van het Informatie- en Adviescentrum inzake de Schadelijke Sektarische Organisaties (IACSSO) over Sahaja Yoga" (in Dutch). IACSSO. 7 March 2005.
  2. Abgrall, Jean-Marie (2000). Soul Snatchers: The Mechanics of Cults. Algora Publishing. pp. 139–144.
  3. Wayne Dyer, "The power of intention" "She is the primordial mother", p56-57, Hay House, 2004
  4. 1 2 3 "Sahaja Yoga founder Nirmala Devi is dead". Indian Express . Express News Service. 25 February 2011. Archived from the original on 27 February 2011. Retrieved 24 February 2011.
  5. 1 2 3 H.P. Salve, My memoirs (New Delhi: LET, 2000), chapter 1
  6. "Origin and meaning of the name Nirmala". Archived from the original on 15 July 2011. Retrieved 1 March 2011.[ verification needed ]
  7. 1 2 "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 6 December 2013. Retrieved 13 January 2014.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  8. 1 2 Biography at shrimataji.net Archived 4 May 2006 at the Wayback Machine [ better source needed ]
  9. "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 14 January 2014. Retrieved 4 March 2013.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  10. 1 2 H.P. Salve, My memoirs (New Delhi: LET, 2000), chapter 4
  11. "A message for one and all, The Hindu, 7 April 2003". Archived from the original on 8 November 2012. Retrieved 6 April 2014.
  12. "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 14 January 2014. Retrieved 4 March 2013.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  13. "Burke's Peerage". Burkespeerage.com. 8 July 1920. Retrieved 26 November 2011.
  14. "Portraits of former IMO Secretaries-General unveiled". Imo.org. 21 June 2005. Archived from the original on 22 February 2007. Retrieved 26 November 2011.
  15. Rommel Varma; Sadhana Varma. Ascent to the Divine: Himalaya Kailasa-Manasarovar in Scripture, Art and Thought ISBN   978-2-88169-001-3
  16. Jones, Lindsey, ed. (2005). Encyclopedia of Religion (2nd ed.). Detroit: Macmillan Reference USA [Imprint]. ISBN   978-0-02-865997-8.
  17. Srivastava, Nirmala (1989). Sahaja Yoga Book One (2nd ed.). Australia: Nirmala Yoga.[ non-primary source needed ][ page needed ]
  18. 1 2 Coney, Judith (1999). Sahaja Yoga: Socializing Processes in a South Asian New Movement. Richmond: Curzon Press. ISBN   0-7007-1061-2.
  19. INFORM staff. "Meditation and Mindfulness". INFORM – the information network on religious movements. Archived from the original on 4 July 2017. Retrieved 9 May 2017.
  20. Sudhir Kakar (1991). Shamans, Mystics and Doctors: A Psychological Inquiry into India and its Healing Traditions. University of Chicago Press. ISBN   0226422798.:191
  21. "Prophecies and Fulfillments". Sahaja Yoga Meditation. Vishwa Nirmala Dharma. 7 May 2017. Archived from the original on 12 May 2017.
  22. "Advies van het Informatie- en Adviescentrum inzake de Schadelijke Sektarische Organisaties (IACSSO) over Sahaja Yoga" (in Dutch). IACSSO. 7 March 2005.
  23. Abgrall, Jean-Marie (2000). Soul Snatchers: The Mechanics of Cults. Algora Publishing. pp. 139–144.
  24. Arshiya Khanna (16 November 2006). "A New Childhood" (Editorial). Times of India. Archived from the original on 18 October 2012. Retrieved 4 November 2007.
  25. "Shri P.K. Salve Kala Pratishthan". PKS Academy. Archived from the original on 15 July 2011. Retrieved 25 February 2011.
  26. We want the world to know... Archived 21 January 2012 at WebCite "Shri Mataji has completed her work"
  27. "Sunday 23rd March. You have to forgive – Easter puja talk". Shrimataji.org. Archived from the original on 2 October 2011. Retrieved 26 November 2011.
  28. Shri Mataji allowed to offer her puja on the occasion of Buddha Purnima Archived 20 July 2008 at the Wayback Machine (20 May 2008) [ better source needed ]
  29. "Saturday 17th May. Will power and the menace called alcohol". Shrimataji.org. Archived from the original on 2 October 2011. Retrieved 26 November 2011.
  30. https://www.sahajayogaportal.org/en/stop-drinking-with-yoga.html
  31. Rome, Marcus (21 May 2011). "Yogi shared teachings at no cost". The Sydney Morning Herald. Archived from the original on 2 February 2017. Retrieved 19 November 2019.
  32. "A Selection of Awards and Recognitions". Archived from the original on 30 March 2017. Retrieved 2 March 2017.
  33. "International Scientific Conference, St. Peterburg". 00:15:46. Archived from the original on 7 February 2017. Retrieved 2 March 2017.CS1 maint: location (link)
  34. "Medical Conference, Ecological University of Bucharest". 55:17. Archived from the original on 7 February 2017. Retrieved 2 March 2017.CS1 maint: location (link)
  35. "Fourth World Conference On Women, Beijing, China". Archived from the original on 7 February 2017. Retrieved 2 March 2017.
  36. "Public Program at Maharashtra Institute of Technology". Archived from the original on 7 February 2017. Retrieved 2 March 2017.
  37. "Tribute To Shri Mataji Nirmala Devi By Claes Nobel". Archived from the original on 10 January 2017. Retrieved 2 March 2017.
  38. "Awards and Achievements". Archived from the original on 1 February 2017. Retrieved 2 March 2017.
  39. "Cittadinanza onoraria, Il Secolo XIX" (in Italian). Il Secolo XIX. Archived from the original on 7 February 2017. Retrieved 2 March 2017.
  40. "Nirmalkauns (Pandit Bhajan Abhay Sopori) in honor of Shri Mataji". 0:14-3:03. Archived from the original on 8 February 2017. Retrieved 3 March 2017.CS1 maint: location (link)

Bibliography