Nizhny Kuranakh

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Nizhny Kuranakh
Нижний Куранах(Russian)
Аллараа Кураанах (Sakha)
-   Urban-type settlement [1]   -
Vid na Nizhnii Kuranakh s dorogi - panoramio.jpg
View of Nizhny Kuranakh from the main road
Map of Russia - Sakha (Yakutia) Republic (2008-03).svg
Location of the Sakha (Yakutia) Republic in Russia
Yakutia notext.svg
Red pog.svg
Nizhny Kuranakh
Location of Nizhny Kuranakh in the Sakha (Yakutia) Republic
Coordinates: 58°49′N125°31′E / 58.817°N 125.517°E / 58.817; 125.517 Coordinates: 58°49′N125°31′E / 58.817°N 125.517°E / 58.817; 125.517
Administrative status  (as of June 2009)
Country Russia
Federal subject Sakha Republic [2]
Administrative district Aldansky District [2]
Settlement Settlement of Nizhny Kuranakh [2]
Administrative center of Settlement of Nizhny Kuranakh [2]
Municipal status  (as of April 2012)
Municipal district Aldansky Municipal District [3]
Urban settlement Nizhny Kuranakh Urban Settlement [3]
Administrative center of Nizhny Kuranakh Urban Settlement [3]
Statistics
Population (2010 Census) 5,901 inhabitants [4]
Population (January 2016 est.) 5,459 inhabitants [5]
Time zone YAKT (UTC+09:00) [6]
Founded1920s[ citation needed ]
Urban-type settlement status since 1950 [2]
Postal code(s) [7] 678940
Nizhny Kuranakh on Wikimedia Commons
Nizhny Kuranakh population
2010 Census 5,901 [4]
2002 Census 7,027 [8]
1989 Census 8,190 [9]
1979 Census 6,274 [10]

Nizhny Kuranakh (Russian : Ни́жний Курана́х; Sakha : Аллараа Кураанах) is an urban locality (an urban-type settlement) in Aldansky District of the Sakha Republic, Russia, located 30 kilometers (19 mi) from Aldan, the administrative center of the district. [2] As of the 2010 Census, its population was 5,901. [4]

Russian language East Slavic language

Russian is an East Slavic language, which is official in the Russian Federation, Belarus, Kazakhstan and Kyrgyzstan, as well as being widely used throughout Eastern Europe, the Baltic states, the Caucasus and Central Asia. It was the de facto language of the Soviet Union until its dissolution on 25 December 1991. Although nearly three decades have passed since the breakup of the Soviet Union, Russian is used in official capacity or in public life in all the post-Soviet nation-states, as well as in Israel and Mongolia.

The classification system of the types of inhabited localities in Russia, the former Soviet Union, and some other post-Soviet states has certain peculiarities compared with the classification systems in other countries.

Urban-type settlement is an official designation for a semi-urban settlement, used in several Eastern European countries. The term was historically used in Bulgaria, Poland, and the Soviet Union, and remains in use today in 10 of the post-Soviet states.

Contents

History

It was first settled in the 1920s, when gold was discovered and mining activities began.[ citation needed ] It was granted urban-type settlement status in 1950. [2]

Administrative and municipal status

Within the framework of administrative divisions, the urban-type settlement of Nizhny Kuranakh, [1] together with two rural localities, is incorporated within Aldansky District as the Settlement of Nizhny Kuranakh. [2] As a municipal division, the Settlement of Nizhny Kuranakh is incorporated within Aldansky Municipal District as Nizhny Kuranakh Urban Settlement. [3]

Aldansky District District in Sakha Republic, Russia

Aldansky District is an administrative and municipal district, one of the thirty-four in the Sakha Republic, Russia. It is located in the south of the republic on the right bank of the Lena River near the mouth of the Aldan River and borders with Khangalassky and Amginsky Districts in the north, Ust-Maysky District in the northeast, Khabarovsk Krai in the east, Neryungrinsky District in the south, and with Olyokminsky District in the west and southwest. The area of the district is 156,800 square kilometers (60,500 sq mi). Its area is larger than the country of Bangladesh. Its administrative center is the town of Aldan. As of the 2010 Census, the total population of the district was 42,632, with the population of Aldan accounting for 49.9% of that number.

Economy

Nizhny Kuranakh is located on the Amur–Yakutsk Mainline, between the towns of Aldan and Tommot. Employment is centered mainly on the nearby open-cut gold mine. Mining company Aldanzoloto maintains its head offices in Nizhny Kuranakh and employs about 80% of its workforce. [11]

Amur–Yakutsk Mainline railway line

The Amur–Yakutsk Mainline, abbreviated to AYaM is a partially complete railway in eastern Russia, linking the Trans-Siberian Railway and Baikal–Amur Mainline with the Sakha Republic.

Aldan, Russia Town under district jurisdiction in Sakha Republic, Russia

Aldan is a gold-mining town and the administrative center of Aldansky District of the Sakha Republic, Russia, located in the Aldan highlands, in the Aldan River basin, on the stream Orto-Sala near its mouth in the Seligdar River, about 470 kilometers (290 mi) south of the republic's capital of Yakutsk. As of the 2010 Census, its population was 21,275.

Tommot Town under district jurisdiction in Sakha Republic, Russia

Tommot is a town in Aldansky District of the Sakha Republic, Russia, located on the Aldan River 390 kilometers (240 mi) southwest of Yakutsk, the capital of the republic, and 70 kilometers (43 mi) southwest of Aldan, the administrative center of the district. As of the 2010 Census, its population was 8,057.

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Yakokit Selo in Sakha Republic, Russia

Yakokit is a rural locality, one of three settlements, in addition to the Urban-type settlement of Nizhny Kuranakh, the administrative centre of the settlement, and the village of Verkhny Kuranakh in the settlement of Nizhny Kuranakh of Aldansky District in the Sakha Republic, Russia. It is located 47 kilometers (29 mi) from Aldan, the district centre and 17 kilometers (11 mi) from Nizhny Kuranakh. Its population as of the 2010 Census was 328; down from 397 recorded in the 2002 Census.

Kutana, Aldansky District, Sakha Republic Selo in Sakha Republic, Russia

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Chagda, Aldansky District, Sakha Republic Selo in Sakha Republic, Russia

Chagda is a rural locality, the only inhabited locality, and the administrative center of Chagdinsky Rural Okrug of Aldansky District in the Sakha Republic, Russia, located 380 kilometers (240 mi) from Aldan, the administrative center of the district. Its population as of the 2010 Census was 218, down from 368 recorded during the 2002 Census and 682 recorded during the 1989 Census.

References

Notes

  1. 1 2 According to Article 7 of the Law #77-I, lower-level administrative divisions with the status of a settlement have their administrative centers in an inhabited locality with the status of an urban-type settlement. According to the Registry of the Administrative-Territorial Divisions of the Sakha Republic, Nizhny Kuranakh is the administrative center of the Settlement of Nizhny Kuranakh.
  2. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 Registry of the Administrative-Territorial Divisions of the Sakha Republic
  3. 1 2 3 4 Law #173-Z 353-III
  4. 1 2 3 Russian Federal State Statistics Service (2011). "Всероссийская перепись населения 2010 года. Том 1" [2010 All-Russian Population Census, vol. 1]. Всероссийская перепись населения 2010 года (2010 All-Russia Population Census) (in Russian). Federal State Statistics Service . Retrieved June 29, 2012.
  5. Sakha Republic (Yakutia) Territorial Branch of the Federal State Statistics Service. Численность населения по районам республики на 1 января 2016 года (in Russian)
  6. Правительство Российской Федерации. Федеральный закон №107-ФЗ от 3 июня 2011 г. «Об исчислении времени», в ред. Федерального закона №271-ФЗ от 03 июля 2016 г. «О внесении изменений в Федеральный закон "Об исчислении времени"». Вступил в силу по истечении шестидесяти дней после дня официального опубликования (6 августа 2011 г.). Опубликован: "Российская газета", №120, 6 июня 2011 г. (Government of the Russian Federation. Federal Law #107-FZ of June 31, 2011 On Calculating Time , as amended by the Federal Law #271-FZ of July 03, 2016 On Amending Federal Law "On Calculating Time". Effective as of after sixty days following the day of the official publication.).
  7. Почта России. Информационно-вычислительный центр ОАСУ РПО. (Russian Post). Поиск объектов почтовой связи (Postal Objects Search) (in Russian)
  8. Russian Federal State Statistics Service (May 21, 2004). "Численность населения России, субъектов Российской Федерации в составе федеральных округов, районов, городских поселений, сельских населённых пунктов – районных центров и сельских населённых пунктов с населением 3 тысячи и более человек" [Population of Russia, Its Federal Districts, Federal Subjects, Districts, Urban Localities, Rural Localities—Administrative Centers, and Rural Localities with Population of Over 3,000](XLS). Всероссийская перепись населения 2002 года [All-Russia Population Census of 2002] (in Russian). Retrieved August 9, 2014.
  9. Demoscope Weekly (1989). "Всесоюзная перепись населения 1989 г. Численность наличного населения союзных и автономных республик, автономных областей и округов, краёв, областей, районов, городских поселений и сёл-райцентров" [All Union Population Census of 1989: Present Population of Union and Autonomous Republics, Autonomous Oblasts and Okrugs, Krais, Oblasts, Districts, Urban Settlements, and Villages Serving as District Administrative Centers]. Всесоюзная перепись населения 1989 года [All-Union Population Census of 1989] (in Russian). Институт демографии Национального исследовательского университета: Высшая школа экономики [Institute of Demography at the National Research University: Higher School of Economics]. Retrieved August 9, 2014.
  10. "Всесоюзная перепись населения 1979 г. Национальный состав населения по регионам России. (All Union Population Census of 1979. Ethnic composition of the population by regions of Russia.)". Всесоюзная перепись населения 1979 года (All-Union Population Census of 1979) (in Russian). Demoscope Weekly (website of the Institute of Demographics of the State University—Higher School of Economics. 1979. Retrieved 2008-11-25.
  11. Corporate Social Responsibility in the Mining Industries (Natalia Yakovleva), Ashgate Publishing Company, 2005.

Sources

State Assembly is the name for the unicameral legislature of the Sakha Republic, Russia. It is a legal successor of the Supreme Council of the Sakha Republic.