Noah M. Mason

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Noah Morgan Mason
NoahMMason.jpg
Noah M. Mason
Member of the U.S.HouseofRepresentatives
from Illinois's 12th district
In office
January 3, 1937 January 3, 1949
Preceded by John T. Buckbee
Succeeded by Edgar A. Jonas
Member of the U.S.HouseofRepresentatives
from Illinois's 15th district
In office
January 3, 1949 January 3, 1963
Preceded by Robert B. Chiperfield
Succeeded by Charlotte T. Reid
Member of the Illinois Senate
In office
1930–1936
Personal details
Born(1882-07-19)July 19, 1882
Glamorganshire, Wales
DiedMarch 29, 1965(1965-03-29) (aged 82)
Joliet, Illinois, U.S.
Resting placePlainfield Cemetery, Plainfield, Illinois, U.S.
Political party Republican

Noah Morgan Mason (July 19, 1882 – March 29, 1965) was a U.S. Representative from Illinois. A conservative Republican, he served 13 terms representing first the state's 12th congressional district and then, after a redrawing of boundaries, the 15th.

Contents

Mason was a conservative Republican who represented a rural downstate district. Less flamboyant and less visible than his colleague Everett McKinley Dirksen, he ardently supported states' rights in order to minimize the federal role, for he feared federal regulation of business. He also favored higher tariffs to protect American business and workers, a position that was increasingly unsupported by the wider Republican Party. He distrusted Roosevelt, and made many speeches against high federal spending. He called out New Dealers, such as Eveline Burns, Henry A. Wallace, Adolph A. Berle, Jr., and Paul Porter, as socialists, and suggested their policies resembled fascism. He was a member of the House Un-American Activities Committee (1938–43), and in 1950 he championed Joe McCarthy's exposes. [1] During the Eisenhower administration, while praising the Republican president, he opposed substantially all his initiatives, including statehood for Hawaii, and he supported Senator Pat McCarran in sharply restricting immigration to the US. [2] He advocated a radical rewriting of the tax code. [2] [3]

Career

Born in Glamorganshire, Wales, the 12th of 13 children, Mason immigrated to the United States in 1888 with his parents, who settled in La Salle, Illinois; his father was a coal miner and then a farmer. He left school at 14 to help on the farm, but at his mother's urging [2] attended Dixon College, and graduated from the Illinois State Normal University at Normal.

He was a teacher and principal of schools at Oglesby, Illinois from 1902 to 1905 and was superintendent of schools from 1908 to 1936. From 1918 to 1926 he was also an Oglesby city commissioner. He served as a member of the Illinois State Normal School Board from 1926 to 1930.

Mason served in the Illinois state senate from 1930 to 1936, and was then elected as a Republican to the 75th United States Congress and was reelected to the twelve succeeding Congresses (January 3, 1937 – January 3, 1963). He served on the Ways and Means Committee, where he was part of the conservative bloc. [2] [4] Mason voted against the Civil Rights Acts of 1957 and 1960, [5] [6] while he voted present on the 24th Amendment to the U.S. Constitution. [7]

He was not a candidate for renomination in 1962 for the Eighty-eighth Congress. He retired and lived in Plainfield, Illinois. He died in Joliet, Illinois, and was buried in Plainfield Cemetery in Plainfield.

See also

DodgerBlue flag waving.svg Conservatismportal

Notes

  1. Jack A. Samosky, "Congressman Noah Morgan Mason: Illinois' Conservative Spokesman", Journal of the Illinois State Historical Society, March 1983, Vol. 76 Issue 1, pp. 35-48.
  2. 1 2 3 4 Joseph and Stewart Alsop, "Mason Symbolizes Ike's Problem", St. Petersburg Times , June 30, 1953, p. 6.
  3. "Noah Mason", The Pittsburgh Press , March 31, 1965, p. 26.
  4. Edmond LeBreton, Associated Press, "Ways And Means Committee May Make, Break Key Projects", The Florence Times , November 15, 1962, sec. 3, p. 4.
  5. "HR 6127. CIVIL RIGHTS ACT OF 1957". GovTrack.us.
  6. "HR 8601. PASSAGE".
  7. "S.J. RES. 29. CONSTITUTIONAL AMENDMENT TO BAN THE USE OF POLL TAX AS A REQUIREMENT FOR VOTING IN FEDERAL ELECTIONS". GovTrack.us.

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References

PD-icon.svg This article incorporates  public domain material from the Biographical Directory of the United States Congress website http://bioguide.congress.gov .

U.S. House of Representatives
Preceded by
John T. Buckbee
Member of the  U.S. House of Representatives
from Illinois's 12th congressional district

January 3, 1937 - January 3, 1949
Succeeded by
Edgar A. Jonas
Preceded by
Robert B. Chiperfield
Member of the  U.S. House of Representatives
from Illinois's 15th congressional district

January 3, 1949 - January 3, 1963
Succeeded by
Charlotte T. Reid