Nogliki

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Nogliki

Ноглики
Nogliki.jpg
View of Nogliki from the bridge
Flag of Nogliksky rayon (Sakhalin oblast).png
Flag
Coat of Arms of Nogliksky rayon (Sakhalin oblast).png
Coat of arms
Location of Nogliki
Nogliki
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Nogliki
Location of Nogliki
Outline Map of Sakhalin Oblast.svg
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Nogliki
Nogliki (Sakhalin Oblast)
Coordinates: 51°48′45″N143°10′00″E / 51.81250°N 143.16667°E / 51.81250; 143.16667 Coordinates: 51°48′45″N143°10′00″E / 51.81250°N 143.16667°E / 51.81250; 143.16667
Country Russia
Federal subject Sakhalin Oblast [1]
Administrative district Nogliksky District [1]
Foundedlate 1940s
Urban-type settlement status since1960
Elevation
10 m (30 ft)
Population
  Total10,231
  Estimate 
(2018) [3]
10,090 (−1.4%)
   Capital ofNogliksky District [1]
  Urban okrugNogliksky Urban Okrug [4]
   Capital ofNogliksky Urban Okrug [4]
Time zone UTC+11 (MSK+8   OOjs UI icon edit-ltr-progressive.svg [5] )
Postal code(s) [6]
694450 OOjs UI icon edit-ltr-progressive.svg
Dialing code(s) +7 42444 [7]
OKTMO ID64732000051
A typical home in Nogliki Dwelling in nogliki.jpg
A typical home in Nogliki

Nogliki (Russian : Ноглики) is an urban locality (an urban-type settlement) and the administrative center of Nogliksky District of Sakhalin Oblast, Russia, located near the eastern coast of Sakhalin Island, about 6 kilometers (3.7 mi) inland from the Sea of Okhotsk shoreline and about 600 kilometers (370 mi) north of Yuzhno-Sakhalinsk. Population: 10,231(2010 Census); [2] 10,729(2002 Census); [8] 11,546(1989 Census). [9]

Contents

History

It was founded in the late 1940s with the beginnings of petroleum production in the area.[ citation needed ] It was granted urban-type settlement status in 1960.[ citation needed ]

Some believe that this ethnonym owes its origin to the self-name of one of the clans of the Sakhalin Nivkhs “Noglan”, and the historical name of their camp is called “Noglvo”, or in the Russian version of “Nogliki”. Others believe that in its first principle it is a hydronym, and connect the appearance of the name of the settlement with the small river Nogliki - the right tributary of the Imchin river, which flows, in turn, into the Tym river in its lowest reaches. In modern pronunciation, these names, of course, are a distortion of the original, for the Nivkhs called the Nogly-ngi river, and their camp, which was once located on the site of the present regional center, was called Nogl-in. The name of the river is associated with numerous surface oil manifestations in its basin and means “smelling river”; from the words "nogla" - odorous and "and" - the river.

Administrative and municipal status

Within the framework of administrative divisions, Nogliki serves as the administrative center of Nogliksky District and is subordinated to it. [1] As a municipal division, the urban-type settlement of Nogliki and eleven rural localities of Nogliksky District are incorporated as Nogliksky Urban Okrug. [4]

Economy and transportation

Nogliki is a supplier for the oil fields Sakhalin I and Sakhalin II, located in the Pacific Ocean off the coast to the northeast. There is also some logging activity in the area around the settlement. The settlement is also the northern terminus of the Sakhalin Rail Network, with the narrow-gauge line reaching the settlement in 1978. Another railway connecting Nogliki with the town of Okha further to the north was completed in 1953; however, this line closed in to passenger traffic in the 1980s, with only occasional goods traffic thereafter. [10]

An airport servicing the nearby oil and gas developments opened in September 2007. [11]

Climate

The climate is harsh subarctic, with long, very cold winters only marginally moderated by the ocean and very cool, short summers. Nogliki is influenced by the Siberian High and the Russian mainland in winters, resulting in very cold temperatures. Over the course of the year Nogliki sees a massive latitude anomaly in relation to other coastal climates on similar latitudes. For example the area surrounding London, United Kingdom has a 12 °C (22 °F) warmer climate in terms of yearly mean.

Climate data for Nogliki (1948-2011)
MonthJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDecYear
Record high °C (°F)2.2
(36.0)
3.5
(38.3)
11.9
(53.4)
18.2
(64.8)
29.9
(85.8)
32.8
(91.0)
33.0
(91.4)
33.9
(93.0)
28.4
(83.1)
22.2
(72.0)
11.4
(52.5)
8.9
(48.0)
33.9
(93.0)
Average high °C (°F)−13.6
(7.5)
−10.9
(12.4)
−5.0
(23.0)
2.1
(35.8)
8.6
(47.5)
15.1
(59.2)
18.3
(64.9)
19.6
(67.3)
15.7
(60.3)
7.6
(45.7)
−3.5
(25.7)
−11.4
(11.5)
3.4
(38.1)
Daily mean °C (°F)−18.2
(−0.8)
−16.0
(3.2)
−10.0
(14.0)
−1.8
(28.8)
3.8
(38.8)
9.5
(49.1)
13.2
(55.8)
14.7
(58.5)
10.7
(51.3)
3.2
(37.8)
−7.7
(18.1)
−15.7
(3.7)
−1.4
(29.5)
Average low °C (°F)−23.6
(−10.5)
−22.3
(−8.1)
−16.7
(1.9)
−6.6
(20.1)
−0.6
(30.9)
4.2
(39.6)
8.6
(47.5)
10.1
(50.2)
5.8
(42.4)
−1.6
(29.1)
−12.6
(9.3)
−20.9
(−5.6)
−6.5
(20.3)
Record low °C (°F)−40.0
(−40.0)
−42.2
(−44.0)
−37.8
(−36.0)
−26.1
(−15.0)
−10.0
(14.0)
−11.0
(12.2)
0.0
(32.0)
−1.0
(30.2)
−4.0
(24.8)
−20.0
(−4.0)
−33.9
(−29.0)
−41.1
(−42.0)
−42.2
(−44.0)
Average precipitation mm (inches)34.9
(1.37)
41.8
(1.65)
34.7
(1.37)
45.0
(1.77)
48.1
(1.89)
58.6
(2.31)
63.5
(2.50)
99.6
(3.92)
86.3
(3.40)
82.5
(3.25)
36.6
(1.44)
38.2
(1.50)
669.8
(26.37)
Average relative humidity (%)77.973.976.579.580.480.585.685.380.876.575.776.679.1
Source: climatebase.ru (1948-2011)

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References

Notes

  1. 1 2 3 4 5 Law #25-ZO
  2. 1 2 Russian Federal State Statistics Service (2011). Всероссийская перепись населения 2010 года. Том 1 [2010 All-Russian Population Census, vol. 1]. Всероссийская перепись населения 2010 года [2010 All-Russia Population Census] (in Russian). Federal State Statistics Service.
  3. "26. Численность постоянного населения Российской Федерации по муниципальным образованиям на 1 января 2018 года". Federal State Statistics Service. Retrieved January 23, 2019.
  4. 1 2 3 Law #524
  5. "Об исчислении времени". Официальный интернет-портал правовой информации (in Russian). June 3, 2011. Retrieved January 19, 2019.
  6. Почта России. Информационно-вычислительный центр ОАСУ РПО. (Russian Post). Поиск объектов почтовой связи (Postal Objects Search) (in Russian)
  7. Телефонные коды Сахалина - Dialing codes of Sakhalin (in Russian)
  8. Russian Federal State Statistics Service (May 21, 2004). Численность населения России, субъектов Российской Федерации в составе федеральных округов, районов, городских поселений, сельских населённых пунктов – районных центров и сельских населённых пунктов с населением 3 тысячи и более человек [Population of Russia, Its Federal Districts, Federal Subjects, Districts, Urban Localities, Rural Localities—Administrative Centers, and Rural Localities with Population of Over 3,000](XLS). Всероссийская перепись населения 2002 года [All-Russia Population Census of 2002] (in Russian).
  9. Всесоюзная перепись населения 1989 г. Численность наличного населения союзных и автономных республик, автономных областей и округов, краёв, областей, районов, городских поселений и сёл-райцентров [All Union Population Census of 1989: Present Population of Union and Autonomous Republics, Autonomous Oblasts and Okrugs, Krais, Oblasts, Districts, Urban Settlements, and Villages Serving as District Administrative Centers]. Всесоюзная перепись населения 1989 года [All-Union Population Census of 1989] (in Russian). Институт демографии Национального исследовательского университета: Высшая школа экономики [Institute of Demography at the National Research University: Higher School of Economics]. 1989 via Demoscope Weekly.
  10. Website about Okha-Nogliki railway, with photos Archived August 26, 2011, at the Wayback Machine (in Russian)
  11. Report in the Kommersant Archived June 10, 2011, at the Wayback Machine

Sources

Wikivoyage-Logo-v3-icon.svg Nogliki travel guide from Wikivoyage