Nokia, Finland

Last updated
Nokia
Town
Nokian kaupunki
Nokia stad
Nokian Pirkkalaistorin suuntaan 21.11-09,klo 14.30 - panoramio.jpg
Nokia.vaakuna.svg
Nokia sijainti Suomi.svg
Location of Nokia in Finland
Coordinates: 61°28′36″N23°30′19″E / 61.47667°N 23.50528°E / 61.47667; 23.50528 Coordinates: 61°28′36″N23°30′19″E / 61.47667°N 23.50528°E / 61.47667; 23.50528
CountryFlag of Finland.svg  Finland
Region Pirkanmaa
Sub-region Tampere sub-region
Charter 1922
Market town 1937
City rights 1977
Government
   Town manager Markku Rahikkala
Area
 (2018-01-01) [1]
  Total347.76 km2 (134.27 sq mi)
  Land288.18 km2 (111.27 sq mi)
  Water59.58 km2 (23.00 sq mi)
  Rank 237th largest in Finland
Population
 (2021-12-31) [2]
  Total34,889
  Rank 33rd largest in Finland
  Density121.07/km2 (313.6/sq mi)
   Demonym
Nokialainen (Finnish)
Population by native language
[3]
   Finnish 98% (official)
   Swedish 0.3%
  Others1.6%
Population by age
[4]
  0 to 140%
  15 to 6420,953%
  65 or older0%
Time zone UTC+02:00 (EET)
  Summer (DST) UTC+03:00 (EEST)
Municipal tax rate [5] 21%
Website www.nokiankaupunki.fi

Nokia (Finnish pronunciation:  [ˈnokiɑ] ) is a town and a municipality on the banks of the Nokianvirta River (part of the Kokemäki River) in the region of Pirkanmaa, some 15 kilometres (9 mi) west of Tampere in Finland. The distance to Tampere Airport from Nokia is 16 kilometres (9.9 mi) using road connections when circling Lake Pyhäjärvi. Its neighboring municipalities are Hämeenkyrö, Pirkkala, Sastamala, Tampere, Vesilahti and Ylöjärvi. As of 31 December 2021 it has a population of 34,889 and it is one of the fastest-growing cities in the area; today, Nokia is the 33rd largest municipality of Finland by population, and the second largest municipality in Pirkanmaa after Tampere.

Contents

Etymology and heraldry

The origin of the name Nokia is obscure. In modern Finnish, noki means soot and nokia is its inflected plural, although this form of the word is rarely if ever used. The most common theory claims the name actually originates from the archaic Finnish word nois (pl. nokia) or nokinäätä ("soot marten"), meaning sable. [6] After the sable was hunted to extinction in Finland, the word was applied to any dark-coated fur animal, such as the marten, which are found in the area to this day. The sable is enshrined on the Nokia coat of arms. However, later research has appeared to indicate that sables never inhabited Finland in the first place, and the name nois may actually refer to the beaver. [7] [8] The coat of arms was designed by Gustaf von Numers and was confirmed on October 25, 1951. [9]

History

Kulju Manor [fi] in Siuro, Nokia, has been a seat farm since 1670. Kuljun kartano (Suoniemi) - panoramio.jpg
Kulju Manor  [ fi ] in Siuro, Nokia, has been a seat farm since 1670.

The first literary reference to Nokia is in a 1505 document in connection with the Nokia Manor.

Nokia was the setting of one of the largest battles in the Club War, a 1596 peasant uprising against feudal lords. The peasants, armed with clubs, took up residence in Nokia Manor and won several skirmishes against the feudal cavalry, but were decisively defeated by Klaus Fleming on 1–2 January 1597. Thousands of clubmen were slain and their leader Jaakko Ilkka, who had fled, was captured a few weeks later and executed. The Club War was the last major peasant revolt in Finland, and it permanently consolidated the hold of the nation state. Much later, in the Finnish Civil War (1918), Nokia (along with neighboring Tampere) was a Socialist stronghold and saw some combat.

Nokia used to reach out to the current heart of Tampere, with the Pispala area a part of Nokia's Suur-Pirkkala area. Suur-Pirkkala was eventually split into Pohjois- and Eteläis-Pirkkala (Northern and Southern). In 1938 Pohjois-Pirkkala was renamed as Nokia and Southern Pirkkala restored its original Pirkkala name. Nokia was designated as a city in 1977.

Industrial history

Old industrial building in Nokia Industrial - panoramio (1).jpg
Old industrial building in Nokia

The eponymous telecommunications giant Nokia was founded by Fredrik Idestam in 1865 as a pulp mill. The Finnish Rubber Works Ltd (Suomen Gummitehdas Oy) (founded 1898) set up a factory in Nokia in 1904. These two companies and the Cable Company Ltd (Kaapelitehdas Oy) amalgamated in 1967 forming Nokia Corporation. Different branches of this conglomerate were split into several companies or sold off around 1990. The rubber works still operates in Nokia as Nokian Tyres and the paper mill as Essity. See History of Nokia for further details.

The telecommunication company Nokia no longer has any operations in the city of Nokia. Despite the company having been founded in Nokia, the headquarters were moved to Espoo, and the main factories are in Salo, both nearly 200 kilometres south of Nokia. The only current presence of the company in the city is the Nokia mansion, which is sometimes used for private parties for the company's executive staff. The city has repeatedly been asked to commemorate the company it gave birth to, but it has always declined, on the grounds that mobile phones were never produced there. [11]

Nokia does have engineering and design facilities 15 kilometers away in nearby Tampere.

Present

Spa hotel Rantasipi Eden [fi] in Nokia Kylpylahotelli Rantasipi Eden Nokia.jpg
Spa hotel Rantasipi Eden  [ fi ] in Nokia

Today's Nokia is famous for its spa, factory shops, waterways, and events. Nokia also enjoys good road and air connections. The largest companies are AGCO Power, Nokian Tyres, Purso, Patria Aviation and Essity paper mill. From a religious perspective, Nokia is best known for the charismatic Nokia Revival which began in 1990. Nokia is also known for its own fast food cuisine, Kuuma koira. [lower-alpha 1] and as a home town of Nokian Brewery. Due to the closeness of Tampere studio facilities, Nokia has been also used as a filming location. For example, Eric Sykes' The Big Freeze and Finnish TV production Korpelan Kujanjuoksu have been prominently filmed there.

Demographics

The following graph shows the population development of the town since 1964.

Nokia's population growth in 1964–2020
YearPopulation
1964
18 455
1980
23 644
1985
24 325
1990
26 063
1995
26 287
2000
26 905
2005
29 147
2010
31 647
2015
33 162
2020
33 966
Sources: Statistics Finland; [12] Historian suursanakirja. [13]

Notable natives and residents

Statistics

Employed according to socio-economic station in Nokia: [14]
SESEmployers
Entrepreneurs altogether954
Higher officials1322
Lower officials3137
Farm workers49
Industrial workers2731
Other production workers802

Distances to the other cities and towns

Twin towns – sister cities

Nokia is twinned with: [15]

See also

Notes

  1. Finnish variation on a hot dog

Related Research Articles

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Tampere</span> Third-most populous city in Finland

Tampere is a city in the Pirkanmaa region, located in the western part of Finland. Tampere is the most populous inland city in the Nordic countries. It has a population of 244,029; the urban area has a population of 341,696; and the metropolitan area, also known as the Tampere sub-region, has a population of 393,941 in an area of 4,970 km2 (1,920 sq mi). Tampere is the second-largest urban area and third most-populous individual municipality in Finland, after the cities of Helsinki and Espoo, and the most populous Finnish city outside the Greater Helsinki area. Today, Tampere is one of the major urban, economic, and cultural hubs in the whole inland region.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Lempäälä</span> Municipality in Pirkanmaa, Finland

Lempäälä is a municipality in the Pirkanmaa region of Finland with 24,163 inhabitants. Lempäälä is located south of the city of Tampere. The municipality covers an area of 307.06 square kilometres (118.56 sq mi) of which 37.51 km2 (14.48 sq mi) is water. The population density is 89.64 inhabitants per square kilometre (232.2/sq mi).

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Western Finland Province</span> Place in Finland

Western Finland was a province of Finland from 1997 to 2009. It bordered the provinces of Oulu, Eastern Finland and Southern Finland. It also bordered the Gulf of Bothnia towards Åland. Tampere was the largest city of the province.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Pirkkala</span> Municipality in Pirkanmaa, Finland

Pirkkala is a municipality of Finland. It is located some 10 kilometres (6 mi) south-west from Tampere in the Pirkanmaa region. The municipality has a population of 20,207 and covers an area of 104.04 square kilometres (40.17 sq mi) of which 22.66 km2 (8.75 sq mi) is water. The population density is 248.3 inhabitants per square kilometre (643/sq mi), which makes it the most densely populated municipality in Finland that does not use the title of town or city. Pirkkala is also currently the fastest-growing municipality in the Pirkanmaa region. The municipality is unilingually Finnish.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Pirkanmaa</span> Region of Finland

Pirkanmaa, also known as Tampere Region in government documents, is a region of Finland. It borders the regions of Satakunta, South Ostrobothnia, Central Finland, Päijät-Häme, Kanta-Häme and Southwest Finland. Most of the water area in the Kokemäki River watershed is located in the Pirkanmaa region, although Lake Vanajavesi is partly in the Kanta-Häme region. The region got its name from Pirkkala, which in the Middle Ages comprised most of present-day Pirkanmaa. Tampere is the regional center and capital of Pirkanmaa, and at the same time the largest city in the region.

The 23 municipalities of the Pirkanmaa Region in Finland are divided into five sub-regions.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Ylöjärvi</span> Town in Pirkanmaa, Finland

Ylöjärvi is a town and a municipality in the Pirkanmaa region, 14 kilometres (9 mi) northwest of Tampere and 189 kilometres (117 mi) north of the capital city Helsinki in Finland. The town has a population of 33,529 and covers an area of 1,324.14 square kilometres (511.25 sq mi) of which 208.62 km2 (80.55 sq mi) is water. The population density is 30.06 inhabitants per square kilometre (77.9/sq mi).

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Ikaalinen</span> Town in Pirkanmaa, Finland

Ikaalinen is a town and municipality of Finland. It is part of the Pirkanmaa region, located 55 kilometres (34 mi) northwest of Tampere. The town has a population of 6,876 (31 December 2021) and covers an area of 843.40 square kilometres (325.64 sq mi) of which 93.16 km2 (35.97 sq mi) is water. The population density is 9.16 inhabitants per square kilometre (23.7/sq mi).

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Hämeenkyrö</span> Municipality in Pirkanmaa, Finland

Hämeenkyrö is a municipality of Finland. It is part of the Pirkanmaa region, and is located 36 kilometres (22 mi) from Tampere. The municipality has a population of 10,335 and covers an area of 505.10 square kilometres (195.02 sq mi) of which 41.34 km2 (15.96 sq mi) is water. The population density is 22.29 inhabitants per square kilometre (57.7/sq mi).

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Kokemäki</span> Town in Satakunta, Finland

Kokemäki is a town and municipality in the Satakunta Region of Finland. The town has a population of 6,957 and covers an area of 531.27 square kilometres (205.12 sq mi) of which 50.04 km2 (19.32 sq mi) is water. The population density is 14.46 inhabitants per square kilometre (37.5/sq mi).

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Orivesi</span> Town of Orivesi in Pirkanmaa, Finland

Orivesi is a town and a municipality of Finland. It is part of the Pirkanmaa region. The municipality has a population of 8,978 and covers an area of 960.09 square kilometres (370.69 sq mi) of which 160.53 km2 (61.98 sq mi) is water. The population density is 11.23 inhabitants per square kilometre (29.1/sq mi). The municipality official language is monolingually Finnish.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Pälkäne</span> Municipality in Pirkanmaa, Finland

Pälkäne is a municipality of Finland. It is part of the Pirkanmaa region. The municipality has a population of 6,439 and covers an area of 738.15 square kilometres (285.00 sq mi) of which 177.65 km2 (68.59 sq mi). The population density is 11.49 inhabitants per square kilometre (29.8/sq mi). Onkkaala is the administrative center of the municipality. Tampere is located 38 kilometres (24 mi) northwest of the center of Pälkäne.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Urjala</span> Municipality in Pirkanmaa, Finland

Urjala is a municipality of Finland. It is part of the Pirkanmaa region, near the town of Forssa. The municipality has a population of 4,673 and covers an area of 505.37 square kilometres (195.12 sq mi) of which 30.16 km2 (11.64 sq mi) is water. The population density is 9.83 inhabitants per square kilometre (25.5/sq mi).

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Akaa</span> Town in Pirkanmaa, Finland

Akaa is a town and a municipality in Pirkanmaa, Finland. It was created on January 1, 2007 when the town of Toijala and the municipality of Viiala were united into a single town. The municipality of Kylmäkoski was consolidated with Akaa on 1 January 2011.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Sastamala</span> Town in Pirkanmaa, Finland

Sastamala is a town and municipality of Finland. It is located in the Pirkanmaa region. The town has a population of 23,995 and covers an area of 1,531.75 square kilometres (591.41 sq mi) of which 96.14 km2 (37.12 sq mi) is water, making it the largest municipality in the Pirkanmaa region in terms of area. The population density is 18.58 inhabitants per square kilometre (48.1/sq mi). The municipality is unilingually Finnish.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Finnish national road 3</span> Road in Finland

Finnish national road 3 is a highway in Finland between Helsinki and Vaasa via Hämeenlinna and Tampere. The road is 424 kilometres (263 mi) long and it is part of the European route E12. 180 kilometres (110 mi) of the highway is motorway, connecting Helsinki to Tampere. North of Tampere, the road is mostly two-lane road, with a share of 2+1 road. The busiest point on Highway 3 is in Helsinki, north of the Ring I junction, where the average traffic volume is about 90,000 vehicles per day.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Tampere–Pori railway</span>

The Tampere–Pori railway is a railway running between the cities of Tampere and Pori in Finland. The line carries passenger traffic from Tampere to Pori via five railway stations and continues as a freight line to the Port of Pori. Tampere–Pori railway was opened in 1895 and the line follows the river Kokemäenjoki.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Kiikka</span> Former municipality in Satakunta, Finland

Kiikka is a locality and former municipality in Pirkanmaa region, Finland. It was consolidated in 1981 with Keikyä into a municipality of Äetsä, which in turn, was consolidated with Vammala and Mouhijärvi into a town of Sastamala in 2009. Kiikka is located by the river Kokemäenjoki, about 10 kilometres south of the Sastamala town center.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Tampere Ring Road</span> Highway in the Pirkanmaa region, Finland

The Tampere Ring Road or former Finnish National Road 60 is a ring road in Tampere sub-region, Finland. It leads from Ylöjärvi to Tampere, passing by Nokia and Pirkkala. Its western part forms part of Highway 3, while its eastern part forms part of Highway 9.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Siuro</span>

Siuro is a village in the western part of the Nokia town in Pirkanmaa, Finland. In 2015, the population of the village was measured to be 2,526 inhabitants. Siuro is a fairly large area, which includes the western part of the nearby Siuronkoski rapids. The historical border between Turku and Pori and Häme Provinces ran along Siuronkoski until the end of 1972. The village of Linnavuori is also often considered part of Siuro. In the north the area is bordered by Highway 11 and in the south by Lake Kulovesi. Siuro is less than ten kilometers from the center of Nokia and 25 kilometres (16 mi) from Tampere.

References

  1. "Area of Finnish Municipalities 1.1.2018" (PDF). National Land Survey of Finland. Retrieved 30 January 2018.
  2. "Preliminary population structure by area, 2021M01*-2021M12*". StatFin (in Finnish). Statistics Finland . Retrieved 2 February 2022.
  3. "Population according to language and the number of foreigners and land area km2 by area as of 31 December 2008". Statistics Finland's PX-Web databases. Statistics Finland. Retrieved 29 March 2009.
  4. "Population according to age (1-year) and sex by area and the regional division of each statistical reference year, 2003–2020". StatFin. Statistics Finland . Retrieved 2 May 2021.
  5. "List of municipal and parish tax rates in 2021" (PDF). Tax Administration of Finland. 1 December 2020. Retrieved 10 April 2021.
  6. Matti Helminen (18 February 2008). "Kuuluiko soopeli Suomen eläimistöön" (in Finnish). Archived from the original on 19 February 2007.
  7. Larry Huldén: Oliko soopeli karjalainen turkiseläin? Viipurin läänin historia II. Jyväskylä 2004 (in Finnish)
  8. http://www.kotus.fi/index.phtml?s=2269 Nokian ja rahan vaha yhteys (in Finnish)
  9. Suomen kunnallisvaakunat (in Finnish). Suomen Kunnallisliitto. 1982. p. 124. ISBN   951-773-085-3.
  10. Kauniaisten ja Kuljun kartanot – Museovirasto (in Finnish)
  11. Aamulehti weekend supplement, August 18–19, 2007
  12. "Väestö kielen mukaan sekä ulkomaan kansalaisten määrä ja maa-pinta-ala alueittain 1980 – 2016" (in Finnish). Statistics Finland. March 29, 2017. Retrieved October 26, 2021.
  13. Kaisu-Maija Nenonen & Ilkka Teerijoki (1998). Historian suursanakirja (in Finnish). WSOY. ISBN   951-0-22044-2.
  14. The information is based on the 1995 census. Statistics Finland, September 25, 2006
  15. "Ystävyyskaupunkitoiminta" (in Finnish). City of Nokia. Retrieved 3 September 2019.