Nonthaburi Province

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Nonthaburi

นนทบุรี
Wat Poramaiyikawas Worawihan.jpg
Wat Chaloem Phrakiat.jpg
wadkuu `.paakekrd cch.nnthburii (15).jpg
Nonthaburi1.jpg
IMPACT Arena.jpg
MRT Purple Line Train T013 20160806.jpg
thngcchanghwadnnthburii.svg
Flag
Nonthaburi Province Seal.svg
Seal
Thailand Nonthaburi locator map.svg
Map of Thailand highlighting   Nonthaburi Province
Coordinates: 13°51′45″N100°30′52″E / 13.86250°N 100.51444°E / 13.86250; 100.51444 Coordinates: 13°51′45″N100°30′52″E / 13.86250°N 100.51444°E / 13.86250; 100.51444
Founded1561
Incorporated into Bangkok 1943
Separated from Bangkok 1946
Capital Nonthaburi
Government
  GovernorSuchin Chaichumsak
(since October 2019) [1]
Area
[2]
  Total622 km2 (240 sq mi)
Area rank Ranked 75th
Population
 (2018) [3]
  Total1,246,295
  Rank Ranked 16th
  Density2,003.7/km2 (5,190/sq mi)
  Density rank Ranked 2nd
Human Achievement Index
[4]
  HAI (2017)0.6788 "high"
Ranked 4th
Time zone UTC+7 (ICT)
Postal code
11xxx
Calling code 02
ISO 3166 code TH-12
Vehicle registration นนทบุรี
Website www.nonthaburi.go.th

Nonthaburi (Thai : นนทบุรี, pronounced [nōn.tʰáʔ.bū.rīː] ) is one of the central provinces (changwat) of Thailand, established by the Act Establishing Changwat Samut Prakan, Changwat Nonthaburi, Changwat Samut Sakhon and Changwat Nakhon Nayok, Buddhist Era 2489 (1946), which came into force on 9 May 1946. [5]

Contents

Neighboring provinces are (from north clockwise) Phra Nakhon Si Ayutthaya, Pathum Thani, Bangkok, and Nakhon Pathom. Nonthaburi is the most densely populated province after Bangkok. The Bang Kwang Central Prison is in the province.

Geography

Nonthaburi is directly northwest of Bangkok on the Chao Phraya River. The province is part of the greater Bangkok Metropolitan Area. In most parts it is as urbanized as the capital, [6] and the boundary between the two provinces is nearly unrecognizable. There is no forest area in the province. [7]

History

Ayutthaya Period

Nonthaburi was established for more than 400 years. It was originally a densely populated village known in the name of "Ban Talat Khwan" which is a fertile land because it is on the bank of the Chao Phraya River and a famous fruit orchard of Ayutthaya.

In 1549, Maha Chakkraphat raised Ban Talat Khwan as Nonthaburi City, by the Nonthaburi city was originally located at Bang Kraso today with Wat Hua Muang (Nowadays is an abandoned temple that the government has used as the location of Phra Nang Klao Hospital) as the northern district and there is a temple at the end of the city as the southern area.

In 1636, King Prasat Thong ordered to dig for the southern canal at Tai Mueang Temple go through the front of Khema Temple and became the new Chao Phraya River at present, the former Chao Phraya River is shoal and eventually became a canal.

During the reign of King Narai. In 1665, he realized that when the Chao Phraya River changed the walkway makes it easier for the enemy to approach the city. He ordered a fortress to be built at the estuary and moved Nonthaburi city to the estuary at the same time, Nonthaburi city is located around the estuary since then.

Rattanakosin period

In 1916, King Rama VI changed the word "city" to "province", Nonthaburi city was renamed to be called Nonthaburi province. In 1942, when the economic downturn occurred after World War II, the government collapsed Nonthaburi to save the budget. By transferring Muang Nonthaburi District and Pak Kret District to Phra Nakhon Province (now Bangkok) and transfer Bang Kruai District, Bang Yai District and Bang Bua Thong District up to Thonburi Province, until Nonthaburi has been raised as a province again in 1946, districts have returned to the administrative area of the province as it was until now.

Symbols

The provincial seal shows earthenware, a traditional product of Nonthaburi. The provincial flower and tree is the yellow flame tree ( Peltophorum pterocarpum ).

The provincial slogan translates to "Grand royal mansion, renowned Suan Somdet, Ko Kret's pottery, famous ancient temples, tasty durians, and the beautiful government office". The royal mansion refers to Phra Tamnak Nonthaburi in Mueang Nonthaburi District, the former residence of Prince Maha Vajiralongkorn. Princess Mother Srinagarindra Garden (Suan Somdet) is a water garden with a statue of princess Srinagarindra in the Pak Kret District. The provincial administration building once received an award as the most beautiful such building by the Ministry of Interior.

Agriculture

Nonthaburi Province is renowned for growing the best durians in the country. Durian has been a well-known fruit in this province for 400 years. [8] The fruit is known as "Durian Non" which means durian from Nonthaburi Province. [9] It is also known as the most expensive durian in the world. [8] There are six groups of Nonthaburi durian which are Kop, Luang, Kan Yao, Kampan, Thong Yoi, and miscellaneous. [9] Most durian orchards are near rivers such as the Chao Phraya. This is because the soil next to the river is good for planting which is also good for durian trees. [8] Many durian orchards have disappeared due to flooding and pollution. [9] The price of durian Non depends on its group. Kan Yao is the most expensive, starting from around 10,000 baht up to 20,000 baht (or about US$600) for one durian. The Kan Yao itself is not easy to find in normal markets. The main reason for the high price is because it is rare. The recent flood in 2011 cleared out almost all of the durian trees in Nonthaburi, and only a few trees have been newly planted. [8] Also, residential areas are expanding into agricultural areas. [9]

Health

Nonthaburi's main hospital operated by the Ministry of Public Health is Phra Nang Klao Hospital. It is also the location of the largest psychiatric hospital in Thailand- Srithanya Hospital.

Religion

Religion in Nonthaburi

   Buddhism (96.14%)
   Islam (3.13%)
   Christianity (0.59%)
   Confucianism, Sikhism and others (0.07%)
   Hinduism (0.05%)

Administrative divisions

Map of Nonthaburi province with districts Districts Nonthaburi.png
Map of Nonthaburi province with districts
City municipalities (thesaban nakhon)
Town municipalities (thesaban mueang)
Subdistrict municipalities (thesaban tambon) Municipal Areas in Nonthaburi Province EN.png
  City municipalities (thesaban nakhon)
  Town municipalities (thesaban mueang)
  Subdistrict municipalities (thesaban tambon)

Provincial government

The province is divided into six districts ( amphoes ). [3] The districts are further subdivided into 52 subdistricts ( tambons ) and 433 villages ( mubans ).

Local government

As of 8 September 2020 there are: one Nonthaburi Provincial Administrative Organization - PAO (ongkan borihan suan changwat) and twenty-two municipal (thesaban) areas in the province. The capital Nonthaburi and Pak Kret have city ( thesaban nakhon ) status. Further ten have town ( thesaban mueang ) status and ten subdistrict municipalities ( thesaban tambon ). [3]

 City municipalitiesPeople   
1 Nonthaburi [10] 254,375  2 Pak Kret [11] 190,272
 Town municipalitiesPeople   
1Mai Bang Bua Thong [12] 54,554  6Bang Kruai [13] 44,138
2Bang Bua Thong [14] 51,420  7Bang Khu Rat [15] 40,070
3Bang Rak Pattana [16] 46,766  8Bang Si Mueang [17] 32,880
4Phimon Rat [18] 46,803  9Sai Ma [19] 23,316
5Bang Mae Nang [20] 45,97410Bang Krang [21] 23,010
 Subdistrict mun.People   
1Plai Bang [22] 45,573  6Bang Yai [22] 11,620
2Sao Thong Hin [23] 39,315  7Bang Si Thong [24] 11,203
3Sala Klang [25] 18,582  8Bang Phlap [26] 10,417
4Ban Bang Muang [27] 17,526  9Bang Muang [22]   5,843
5Bang Len [28] 16,05010Sai Noi [22]   2,547

The non-municipal areas are administered by 23 Subdistrict Administrative
Organizations - SAO (ongkan borihan suan tambon). [29]

 MunicipalitiesCommunities
 Nonthaburi [30] 93
 Bang Si Muang [31] 41

Human achievement index 2017

HealthEducationEmploymentIncome
Health icon Thai.png Round Landmark School Icon - Transparent.svg Employment icon.png Numismatics and Notaphily icon.png
103343
HousingFamilyTransportParticipation
586-house-with-garden.svg
Parents, enfants, famille.png
Groundtransport inv.svg Icon Sociopolitica y relaciones internacionales (wikiproyect, es.wp).png
6130173
Province Nonthaburi, with an HAI 2017 value of 0.6788 is "high", occupies place 4 in the ranking.

Since 2003, United Nations Development Programme (UNDP) in Thailand has tracked progress on human development at sub-national level using the Human achievement index (HAI), a composite index covering all the eight key areas of human development. National Economic and Social Development Board (NESDB) has taken over this task since 2017. [4]

RankClassification
  1 - 15"high"
16 - 30"somewhat high"
31 - 45"average"
45 - 60"somewhat low"
61 - 77"low"

See also

Notes

Reports (data) from Thai government are "not copyrightable" (Public Domain), Copyright Act 2537 (1994), section 7.

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  24. "Number of local government organizations: Summary elevating local authorities". dla.go.th. Department of Local Administration (DLA). 31 May 2013. Retrieved 17 September 2020. No.4.28 Established Bang Si Thong Subdistrict Administrative Organization (SAO), Bang Kruai district, Nonthaburi province is Bang Si Thong subdistrict municipality, effectively 5 September 2013.
  25. "Number of local government organizations: Summary elevating local authorities". dla.go.th. Department of Local Administration (DLA). 15 August 2008. Retrieved 12 January 2009. Established Sala Klang Subdistrict Administrative Organization (SAO), Bang Kruai district, Nonthaburi province is Sala Klang subdistrict municipality.
  26. "Number of local government organizations: Summary elevating local authorities". dla.go.th. Department of Local Administration (DLA). 3 September 2013. Retrieved 17 September 2020. No.4.119 Established Bang Phlap Subdistrict Administrative Organization (SAO), Pak Kret district, Nonthaburi province is Bang Phlap subdistrict municipality, effectively 6 September 2013.
  27. "Number of local government organizations: Summary elevating local authorities". dla.go.th. Department of Local Administration (DLA). 12 September 2011. Retrieved 17 September 2020. No.4.25 Established Ban Bang Muang Subdistrict Administrative Organization (SAO), Bang Yai district, Nonthaburi province is Ban Bang Muang subdistrict municipality, effectively 30 September 2011.
  28. "Number of local government organizations: Summary elevating local authorities". dla.go.th. Department of Local Administration (DLA). 29 June 2011. Retrieved 17 September 2020. No.4.16 Established Bang Len Subdistrict Administrative Organization (SAO), Bang Yai district, Nonthaburi province is Bang Len subdistrict municipality, effectively 30 September 2011.
  29. Department of Provincial Administration (DOPA), List of 5,324 SAO's information as of date 20 December 2019, 23 SAO's (no.1751-1776) were established in 1995 (9), in 1996 (8) and in 1997 (6).
  30. "ดูทั้งหมด" [view all]. nakornnont.go.th (in Thai). 2020. Retrieved 28 October 2020. 93 communities.
  31. "ข้อมูลชุมชน" [Community information]. bangsrimuang.go.th (in Thai). 2020. Retrieved 28 October 2020. There are 41 communities.