Map of Thailand highlighting Nonthaburi Province
|Incorporated into Bangkok||1943|
|Separated from Bangkok||1946|
|• Governor||Suchin Chaichumsak|
(since October 2019)
|• Total||622 km2 (240 sq mi)|
|Area rank||Ranked 75th|
|• Rank||Ranked 16th|
|• Density||2,003.7/km2 (5,190/sq mi)|
|• Density rank||Ranked 2nd|
|Human Achievement Index|
|• HAI (2017)||0.6788 "high"|
|Time zone||UTC+7 (ICT)|
|ISO 3166 code||TH-12|
Nonthaburi (Thai : นนทบุรี, pronounced [nōn.tʰáʔ.bū.rīː] ) is one of the central provinces (changwat) of Thailand, established by the Act Establishing Changwat Samut Prakan, Changwat Nonthaburi, Changwat Samut Sakhon and Changwat Nakhon Nayok, Buddhist Era 2489 (1946), which came into force on 9 May 1946.
Neighboring provinces are (from north clockwise) Phra Nakhon Si Ayutthaya, Pathum Thani, Bangkok, and Nakhon Pathom. Nonthaburi is the most densely populated province after Bangkok. The Bang Kwang Central Prison is in the province.
Nonthaburi is directly northwest of Bangkok on the Chao Phraya River. The province is part of the greater Bangkok Metropolitan Area. In most parts it is as urbanized as the capital,and the boundary between the two provinces is nearly unrecognizable. There is no forest area in the province.
Nonthaburi was established for more than 400 years. It was originally a densely populated village known in the name of "Ban Talat Khwan" which is a fertile land because it is on the bank of the Chao Phraya River and a famous fruit orchard of Ayutthaya.
In 1549, Maha Chakkraphat raised Ban Talat Khwan as Nonthaburi City, by the Nonthaburi city was originally located at Bang Kraso today with Wat Hua Muang (Nowadays is an abandoned temple that the government has used as the location of Phra Nang Klao Hospital) as the northern district and there is a temple at the end of the city as the southern area.
In 1636, King Prasat Thong ordered to dig for the southern canal at Tai Mueang Temple go through the front of Khema Temple and became the new Chao Phraya River at present, the former Chao Phraya River is shoal and eventually became a canal.
During the reign of King Narai. In 1665, he realized that when the Chao Phraya River changed the walkway makes it easier for the enemy to approach the city. He ordered a fortress to be built at the estuary and moved Nonthaburi city to the estuary at the same time, Nonthaburi city is located around the estuary since then.
In 1916, King Rama VI changed the word "city" to "province", Nonthaburi city was renamed to be called Nonthaburi province. In 1942, when the economic downturn occurred after World War II, the government collapsed Nonthaburi to save the budget. By transferring Muang Nonthaburi District and Pak Kret District to Phra Nakhon Province (now Bangkok) and transfer Bang Kruai District, Bang Yai District and Bang Bua Thong District up to Thonburi Province, until Nonthaburi has been raised as a province again in 1946, districts have returned to the administrative area of the province as it was until now.
The provincial seal shows earthenware, a traditional product of Nonthaburi. The provincial flower and tree is the yellow flame tree ( Peltophorum pterocarpum ).
The provincial slogan translates to "Grand royal mansion, renowned Suan Somdet, Ko Kret's pottery, famous ancient temples, tasty durians, and the beautiful government office". The royal mansion refers to Phra Tamnak Nonthaburi in Mueang Nonthaburi District, the former residence of Prince Maha Vajiralongkorn. Princess Mother Srinagarindra Garden (Suan Somdet) is a water garden with a statue of princess Srinagarindra in the Pak Kret District. The provincial administration building once received an award as the most beautiful such building by the Ministry of Interior.
Nonthaburi Province is renowned for growing the best durians in the country. Durian has been a well-known fruit in this province for 400 years.The fruit is known as "Durian Non" which means durian from Nonthaburi Province. It is also known as the most expensive durian in the world. There are six groups of Nonthaburi durian which are Kop, Luang, Kan Yao, Kampan, Thong Yoi, and miscellaneous. Most durian orchards are near rivers such as the Chao Phraya. This is because the soil next to the river is good for planting which is also good for durian trees. Many durian orchards have disappeared due to flooding and pollution. The price of durian Non depends on its group. Kan Yao is the most expensive, starting from around 10,000 baht up to 20,000 baht (or about US$600) for one durian. The Kan Yao itself is not easy to find in normal markets. The main reason for the high price is because it is rare. The recent flood in 2011 cleared out almost all of the durian trees in Nonthaburi, and only a few trees have been newly planted. Also, residential areas are expanding into agricultural areas.
Nonthaburi's main hospital operated by the Ministry of Public Health is Phra Nang Klao Hospital. It is also the location of the largest psychiatric hospital in Thailand- Srithanya Hospital.
The province is divided into six districts ( amphoes ).The districts are further subdivided into 52 subdistricts ( tambons ) and 433 villages ( mubans ).
As of 8 September 2020 there are: one Nonthaburi Provincial Administrative Organization - PAO (ongkan borihan suan changwat) and twenty-two municipal (thesaban) areas in the province. The capital Nonthaburi and Pak Kret have city ( thesaban nakhon ) status. Further ten have town ( thesaban mueang ) status and ten subdistrict municipalities ( thesaban tambon ).
|1||Mai Bang Bua Thong||54,554||6||Bang Kruai||44,138|
|2||Bang Bua Thong||51,420||7||Bang Khu Rat||40,070|
|3||Bang Rak Pattana||46,766||8||Bang Si Mueang||32,880|
|4||Phimon Rat||46,803||9||Sai Ma||23,316|
|5||Bang Mae Nang||45,974||10||Bang Krang||23,010|
|1||Plai Bang||45,573||6||Bang Yai||11,620|
|2||Sao Thong Hin||39,315||7||Bang Si Thong||11,203|
|3||Sala Klang||18,582||8||Bang Phlap||10,417|
|4||Ban Bang Muang||17,526||9||Bang Muang||5,843|
|5||Bang Len||16,050||10||Sai Noi||2,547|
The non-municipal areas are administered by 23 Subdistrict Administrative
Organizations - SAO (ongkan borihan suan tambon).
|Bang Si Muang||41|
|Province Nonthaburi, with an HAI 2017 value of 0.6788 is "high", occupies place 4 in the ranking.|
Since 2003, United Nations Development Programme (UNDP) in Thailand has tracked progress on human development at sub-national level using the Human achievement index (HAI), a composite index covering all the eight key areas of human development. National Economic and Social Development Board (NESDB) has taken over this task since 2017.
|1 - 15||"high"|
|16 - 30||"somewhat high"|
|31 - 45||"average"|
|45 - 60||"somewhat low"|
|61 - 77||"low"|
|Map with provinces and HAI 2017 rankings|
Reports (data) from Thai government are "not copyrightable" (Public Domain), Copyright Act 2537 (1994), section 7.
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Pak Kret is a city in Nonthaburi Province, Thailand. It lies in the Central Thai plains on the east bank of the lower Chao Phraya River, bordering Bangkok to the east, Nonthaburi City to the south, and Pathum Thani Province to the north. It is part of the Bangkok Metropolitan Region megalopolis. With a registered population of 190,272, Pak Kret is the third most populous city (nakon) in Thailand.
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Download จำนวนประชากร ปี พ.ศ.2562 - Download population year 2019
Sanitation districts Plai Bang, Bang Yai, Bang Muang and Sai Noi are upgraded to subdistrict municipality, effectively 25 May 1999
No.4.15 Established Sao Thong Hin Subdistrict Administrative Organization (SAO), Bang Yai district, Nonthaburi province is Sao Thong Hin subdistrict municipality.
No.4.28 Established Bang Si Thong Subdistrict Administrative Organization (SAO), Bang Kruai district, Nonthaburi province is Bang Si Thong subdistrict municipality, effectively 5 September 2013.
Established Sala Klang Subdistrict Administrative Organization (SAO), Bang Kruai district, Nonthaburi province is Sala Klang subdistrict municipality.
No.4.119 Established Bang Phlap Subdistrict Administrative Organization (SAO), Pak Kret district, Nonthaburi province is Bang Phlap subdistrict municipality, effectively 6 September 2013.
No.4.25 Established Ban Bang Muang Subdistrict Administrative Organization (SAO), Bang Yai district, Nonthaburi province is Ban Bang Muang subdistrict municipality, effectively 30 September 2011.
No.4.16 Established Bang Len Subdistrict Administrative Organization (SAO), Bang Yai district, Nonthaburi province is Bang Len subdistrict municipality, effectively 30 September 2011.
There are 41 communities.
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