Nontron

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Nontron
Nontron 24 Mairie facade 2014.JPG
The town hall in Nontron
Blason ville fr Nontron (Dordogne).svg
Coat of arms
Location of Nontron
Nontron
France location map-Regions and departements-2016.svg
Red pog.svg
Nontron
Aquitaine-Limousin-Poitou-Charentes region location map.svg
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Nontron
Coordinates: 45°31′46″N0°39′43″E / 45.5294°N 0.6619°E / 45.5294; 0.6619 Coordinates: 45°31′46″N0°39′43″E / 45.5294°N 0.6619°E / 45.5294; 0.6619
Country France
Region Nouvelle-Aquitaine
Department Dordogne
Arrondissement Nontron
Canton Périgord Vert Nontronnais
Intercommunality Périgord Nontronnais
Government
  Mayor (20202026) Nadine Herman-Bancaud
Area
1
24.67 km2 (9.53 sq mi)
Population
 (Jan. 2018) [1]
3,068
  Density120/km2 (320/sq mi)
Time zone UTC+01:00 (CET)
  Summer (DST) UTC+02:00 (CEST)
INSEE/Postal code
24311 /24300
Elevation183–274 m (600–899 ft)
(avg. 200 m or 660 ft)
1 French Land Register data, which excludes lakes, ponds, glaciers > 1 km2 (0.386 sq mi or 247 acres) and river estuaries.

Nontron (French pronunciation:  [nɔ̃tʁɔ̃] ( Loudspeaker.svg listen ); Occitan : Nontronh [nunˈtɾuɲ] ) is a commune in the Dordogne department in Nouvelle-Aquitaine in southwestern France.

Contents

History

The name Nontron probably derives from the Gallo-Roman personal name Nantironius. [2] Over time, the placename has been spelt Natadun, Nattun, Nantrun and Nontroun, before the current Nontron. [3]

The town was probably founded around 1100 BC and has been invaded or sacked several times, including by Saracens in the eighth century. [3] In the Hundred Years' War, Nontron was besieged several times, sitting on the border between the Kingdom of England and the Kingdom of France. [3] In 1800, after the French Revolution, it became a subprefecture of the department of the Dordogne. [4]

The town's railway station served passengers between 1883 and 1940, continuing to handle freight until 1975. [5] The town is known for producing a type of folding knife, known as the Nontron knife. [6]

Population

Historical population
YearPop.±%
1793 2,356    
1800 2,809+19.2%
1806 2,990+6.4%
1821 2,865−4.2%
1831 3,246+13.3%
1836 3,573+10.1%
1841 3,609+1.0%
1846 3,692+2.3%
1851 3,704+0.3%
1856 3,546−4.3%
1861 3,581+1.0%
1866 3,557−0.7%
1872 3,223−9.4%
1876 3,427+6.3%
1881 3,687+7.6%
1886 4,151+12.6%
1891 3,585−13.6%
YearPop.±%
1896 3,657+2.0%
1901 3,686+0.8%
1906 3,426−7.1%
1911 3,508+2.4%
1921 3,059−12.8%
1926 3,112+1.7%
1931 3,019−3.0%
1936 2,943−2.5%
1946 3,204+8.9%
1954 3,280+2.4%
1962 3,593+9.5%
1968 3,792+5.5%
1975 3,954+4.3%
1982 3,850−2.6%
1990 3,558−7.6%
1999 3,498−1.7%
2008 3,444−1.5%

See also

Related Research Articles

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References

  1. "Populations légales 2018". INSEE. 28 December 2020.
  2. Nontronh, Le nom occitan des communes du Périgord
  3. 1 2 3 Histoire de Nontron, official website of Nontron, accessed 20 January 2021.
  4. Historique de la Dordogne, SPLAF
  5. La gare, official website of Nontron, accessed 20 January 2021.
  6. "History of the Nontron Knife" . Retrieved 1 April 2019.