Nord-Aurdal

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Nord-Aurdal kommune
Fagernes, Nord-Aurdal.JPG
View over Strandefjorden, with Fagernes to the right
Flag of Nord-Aurdal.gif
Nord-Aurdal komm.svg
Norway Counties Innlandet Position.svg
NO 3451 Nord-Aurdal.svg
Nord-Aurdal within Innlandet
Coordinates: 60°57′35″N9°15′51″E / 60.95972°N 9.26417°E / 60.95972; 9.26417 Coordinates: 60°57′35″N9°15′51″E / 60.95972°N 9.26417°E / 60.95972; 9.26417
Country Norway
County Innlandet
District Valdres
Established1 Jan 1838
  Created as Formannskapsdistrikt
Administrative centre Fagernes
Government
  Mayor (2011)Inger Torun Klosbøle (Ap)
Area
  Total906.47 km2 (349.99 sq mi)
  Land849.13 km2 (327.85 sq mi)
  Water57.34 km2 (22.14 sq mi)  6.3%
  Rank#128 in Norway
Population
 (2022)
  Total6,354
  Rank#152 in Norway
  Density7.5/km2 (19/sq mi)
  Change (10 years)
Decrease2.svg −1.2%
Demonym Nordaurdøl [1]
Official language
[2]
   Norwegian form Neutral
Time zone UTC+01:00 (CET)
  Summer (DST) UTC+02:00 (CEST)
ISO 3166 code NO-3451
Website Official website

Nord-Aurdal is a municipality in Innlandet county, Norway. It is located in the traditional district of Valdres. The administrative centre of the municipality is the town Fagernes. Other urban centres in Nord-Aurdal include the villages of Aurdal, Leira, and Skrautvål. The municipality is served by Fagernes Airport, Leirin. In Nord-Aurdal, there is an alpine skiing center called Valdres Alpinsenter. [3]

Contents

The 906-square-kilometre (350 sq mi) municipality is the 128th largest by area out of the 356 municipalities in Norway. Nord-Aurdal is the 152nd most populous municipality in Norway with a population of 6,354. The municipality's population density is 7.5 inhabitants per square kilometre (19/sq mi) and its population has decreased by 1.2% over the previous 10-year period. [4] [5]

General information

View of the Dokkafjorden area Dokkafjorden from Aurdal - panoramio.jpg
View of the Dokkafjorden area
Nord.Aurdal seen from Hippesbygde Nord-Aurdal.JPG
Nord.Aurdal seen from Hippesbygde
Gentiana nivalis Gentiana nivalis.jpg
Gentiana nivalis

The parish of Nordre Aurdal was established as a municipality on 1 January 1838 (see formannskapsdistrikt law). On 1 January 1894, the new Etnedal Municipality was established by merging the eastern valley area of Nordre Etnedal (population: 362) from Nordre Aurdal municipality and the Søndre Etnedal area (population: 1,331) from the neighboring municipality of Søndre Aurdal. On 1 January 1979, there was a border adjustment in an unpopulated area where part of Etnedal was transferred to Nord-Aurdal and another part of Nord-Aurdal that was transferred to Etnedal. Then on 1 January 1984, the unpopulated northern side of the Makalaus mountain was transferred from Sør-Aurdal to Nord-Aurdal. [6] [3]

Name

The municipality (and parish) was named after the valley in which it is located. The Old Norse form of the valley name was Aurardalr. The first element is the genitive case of an old river name Aur (now called Bøaelva) and the last element is dalr which means "valley" or "dale". The old river name is derived from aurr which means "gravel". Originally the municipality was named Nordre Aurdal. The name was changed from Nordre Aurdal to Nord-Aurdal in the early 20th century. Both nordre and nord mean "north" (more specifically, "nordre" means "northern"), so the name Nord-Aurdal means "(the) northern (part of) Aurdal". (The Church of Norway parish of Aurdal was divided into two in 1805, just over 30 years before the municipality was established in 1838.) [7]

Coat of arms

The coat of arms was granted by royal decree on 20 December 1985. The arms show three blue flowers of the species Gentiana nivalis (or Snow Gentian) on a yellow background. The flowers, which are locally known as "the blue eyes of Christ", grow all over Norway, but they grow abundantly in this area. Three flowers were chosen to represent the three main settlements of the municipality: Aurdal, Fagernes, and Leira. This type of flower only opens in sunlight and heat, so it was chosen to symbolize being open and positive. [8] [9]

Churches

The Church of Norway has six parishes (sokn) within the municipality of Nord-Aurdal. It is part of the Valdres prosti (deanery) in the Diocese of Hamar.

Churches in Nord-Aurdal
Parish (sokn)Church nameLocation of the churchYear built
Aurdal Aurdal Church Aurdal 1737
Skrautvål Skrautvål Church Skrautvål 1785
Svenes Strand Church Synnstrond 1735
Tingnes Tingnes Church Fagernes 1972
Tisleidalen Tisleidalen Church Hovda 1957
Ulnes Ulnes Church Ulnes 1250

Geography

Number of minorities (1st and 2nd generation) in Nord-Aurdal by country of origin in 2017 [10]
AncestryNumber
Flag of Lithuania.svg  Lithuania 81
Flag of Poland.svg  Poland 73
Flag of Romania.svg  Romania 62
Flag of the Netherlands.svg  Netherlands 38
Flag of Syria.svg  Syria 36
Flag of Eritrea.svg  Eritrea 34
Flag of Denmark.svg  Denmark 33

Nord-Aurdal municipality is located to the north of Sør-Aurdal Municipality, east of Etnedal Municipality and Gausdal Municipality, and south of Øystre Slidre Municipality and Vestre Slidre Municipality. To the west, it is bordered by Hemsedal Municipality and Gol Municipality in Buskerud county. Nord-Aurdal measures about 52.4 kilometres (32.6 mi) on the north–south axis and 43.3 kilometres (26.9 mi) on the east–west axis.

The municipality lies in the western side of Innlandet county. Although Fagernes is the administrative center of Nord-Aurdal, the village of Aurdal was the historic centre of the centuries-old Church of Norway parish of Aurdal. Nord-Aurdal is part of the traditional district of Valdres in the central part of southern Norway, situated between the valleys of Gudbrandsdal and Hallingdal.

The highest point in Nord-Aurdal is the Duptjernkampen at 1,325 metres (4,347 ft). About 50% of the land is above 900 metres (3,000 ft). The Tisleifjorden and Aurdalsfjorden are large inland lakes that are located in Nord-Aurdal. The river Begna flows through the municipality as well, with the Strondafjorden being a large lake that the river flows through.

Government

All municipalities in Norway, including Nord-Aurdal, are responsible for primary education (through 10th grade), outpatient health services, senior citizen services, unemployment and other social services, zoning, economic development, and municipal roads. The municipality is governed by a municipal council of elected representatives, which in turn elects a mayor. [11] The municipality falls under the Vestre Innlandet District Court and the Eidsivating Court of Appeal.

Municipal council

The municipal council (Kommunestyre) of Nord-Aurdal is made up of 21 representatives that are elected to four year terms. The party breakdown of the council is as follows:

Nord-Aurdal Kommunestyre 20202023 [12]   
Party Name (in Norwegian)Number of
representatives
  Labour Party (Arbeiderpartiet)6
  Progress Party (Fremskrittspartiet)2
  Conservative Party (Høyre)2
  Centre Party (Senterpartiet)8
  Socialist Left Party (Sosialistisk Venstreparti)1
  Liberal Party (Venstre)2
Total number of members:21
Nord-Aurdal Kommunestyre 20162019 [13] [14]   
Party Name (in Norwegian)Number of
representatives
  Labour Party (Arbeiderpartiet)11
  Progress Party (Fremskrittspartiet)3
  Conservative Party (Høyre)3
  Christian Democratic Party (Kristelig Folkeparti)1
  Centre Party (Senterpartiet)4
  Socialist Left Party (Sosialistisk Venstreparti)1
  Liberal Party (Venstre)2
Total number of members:25
Nord-Aurdal Kommunestyre 20122015 [15]   
Party Name (in Norwegian)Number of
representatives
  Labour Party (Arbeiderpartiet)9
  Progress Party (Fremskrittspartiet)4
  Conservative Party (Høyre)4
  Centre Party (Senterpartiet)4
  Socialist Left Party (Sosialistisk Venstreparti)1
  Liberal Party (Venstre)3
Total number of members:25
Nord-Aurdal Kommunestyre 20082011 [14]   
Party Name (in Norwegian)Number of
representatives
  Labour Party (Arbeiderpartiet)8
  Progress Party (Fremskrittspartiet)6
  Conservative Party (Høyre)3
  Christian Democratic Party (Kristelig Folkeparti)1
  Centre Party (Senterpartiet)5
  Socialist Left Party (Sosialistisk Venstreparti)1
  Liberal Party (Venstre)1
Total number of members:25
Nord-Aurdal Kommunestyre 20042007 [14]   
Party Name (in Norwegian)Number of
representatives
  Labour Party (Arbeiderpartiet)8
  Progress Party (Fremskrittspartiet)4
  Conservative Party (Høyre)3
  Christian Democratic Party (Kristelig Folkeparti)1
  Centre Party (Senterpartiet)6
  Socialist Left Party (Sosialistisk Venstreparti)2
  Liberal Party (Venstre)1
Total number of members:25
Nord-Aurdal Kommunestyre 20002003 [14] [16]   
Party Name (in Norwegian)Number of
representatives
  Labour Party (Arbeiderpartiet)9
  Progress Party (Fremskrittspartiet)2
  Conservative Party (Høyre)4
  Christian Democratic Party (Kristelig Folkeparti)1
  Centre Party (Senterpartiet)7
  Socialist Left Party (Sosialistisk Venstreparti)1
  Liberal Party (Venstre)1
Total number of members:25
Nord-Aurdal Kommunestyre 19961999 [17]   
Party Name (in Norwegian)Number of
representatives
  Labour Party (Arbeiderpartiet)10
  Conservative Party (Høyre)4
  Christian Democratic Party (Kristelig Folkeparti)1
  Centre Party (Senterpartiet)8
  Socialist Left Party (Sosialistisk Venstreparti)1
  Liberal Party (Venstre)1
Total number of members:25
Nord-Aurdal Kommunestyre 19921995 [18]   
Party Name (in Norwegian)Number of
representatives
  Labour Party (Arbeiderpartiet)9
  Progress Party (Fremskrittspartiet)1
  Conservative Party (Høyre)3
  Christian Democratic Party (Kristelig Folkeparti)1
  Centre Party (Senterpartiet)8
  Socialist Left Party (Sosialistisk Venstreparti)2
  Liberal Party (Venstre)1
Total number of members:25
Nord-Aurdal Kommunestyre 19881991 [19]   
Party Name (in Norwegian)Number of
representatives
  Labour Party (Arbeiderpartiet)12
  Conservative Party (Høyre)5
  Christian Democratic Party (Kristelig Folkeparti)1
  Centre Party (Senterpartiet)6
  Liberal Party (Venstre)1
Total number of members:25
Nord-Aurdal Kommunestyre 19841987 [20]   
Party Name (in Norwegian)Number of
representatives
  Labour Party (Arbeiderpartiet)11
  Progress Party (Fremskrittspartiet)1
  Conservative Party (Høyre)5
  Christian Democratic Party (Kristelig Folkeparti)2
  Centre Party (Senterpartiet)5
  Liberal Party (Venstre)1
Total number of members:25
Nord-Aurdal Kommunestyre 19801983 [21]   
Party Name (in Norwegian)Number of
representatives
  Labour Party (Arbeiderpartiet)10
  Conservative Party (Høyre)5
  Christian Democratic Party (Kristelig Folkeparti)3
  Centre Party (Senterpartiet)7
Total number of members:25
Nord-Aurdal Kommunestyre 19761979 [22]   
Party Name (in Norwegian)Number of
representatives
  Labour Party (Arbeiderpartiet)11
  Conservative Party (Høyre)3
  Christian Democratic Party (Kristelig Folkeparti)3
  Centre Party (Senterpartiet)8
Total number of members:25
Nord-Aurdal Kommunestyre 19721975 [23]   
Party Name (in Norwegian)Number of
representatives
  Labour Party (Arbeiderpartiet)12
  Conservative Party (Høyre)2
  Christian Democratic Party (Kristelig Folkeparti)2
  Centre Party (Senterpartiet)8
  Liberal Party (Venstre)1
Total number of members:25
Nord-Aurdal Kommunestyre 19681971 [24]   
Party Name (in Norwegian)Number of
representatives
  Labour Party (Arbeiderpartiet)12
  Conservative Party (Høyre)2
  Christian Democratic Party (Kristelig Folkeparti)1
  Centre Party (Senterpartiet)9
  Liberal Party (Venstre)1
Total number of members:25
Nord-Aurdal Kommunestyre 19641967 [25]   
Party Name (in Norwegian)Number of
representatives
  Labour Party (Arbeiderpartiet)12
  Conservative Party (Høyre)2
  Christian Democratic Party (Kristelig Folkeparti)2
  Centre Party (Senterpartiet)8
  Joint List(s) of Non-Socialist Parties (Borgerlige Felleslister)1
Total number of members:25
Nord-Aurdal Herredsstyre 19601963 [26]   
Party Name (in Norwegian)Number of
representatives
  Labour Party (Arbeiderpartiet)11
  Conservative Party (Høyre)3
  Christian Democratic Party (Kristelig Folkeparti)2
  Joint List(s) of Non-Socialist Parties (Borgerlige Felleslister)9
Total number of members:25
Nord-Aurdal Herredsstyre 19561959 [27]   
Party Name (in Norwegian)Number of
representatives
  Labour Party (Arbeiderpartiet)11
  Conservative Party (Høyre)2
  Christian Democratic Party (Kristelig Folkeparti)3
  Joint List(s) of Non-Socialist Parties (Borgerlige Felleslister)9
Total number of members:25
Nord-Aurdal Herredsstyre 19521955 [28]   
Party Name (in Norwegian)Number of
representatives
  Labour Party (Arbeiderpartiet)10
  Christian Democratic Party (Kristelig Folkeparti)3
  Joint List(s) of Non-Socialist Parties (Borgerlige Felleslister)12
Total number of members:25
Nord-Aurdal Herredsstyre 19481951 [29]   
Party Name (in Norwegian)Number of
representatives
  Labour Party (Arbeiderpartiet)8
  Joint List(s) of Non-Socialist Parties (Borgerlige Felleslister)17
Total number of members:24
Nord-Aurdal Herredsstyre 19451947 [30]   
Party Name (in Norwegian)Number of
representatives
  Labour Party (Arbeiderpartiet)10
  Joint List(s) of Non-Socialist Parties (Borgerlige Felleslister)15
Total number of members:25
Nord-Aurdal Herredsstyre 19381940* [31]   
Party Name (in Norwegian)Number of
representatives
  Labour Party (Arbeiderpartiet)8
 Joint list of the Liberal Party (Venstre) and
the Radical People's Party (Radikale Folkepartiet)
1
  Joint List(s) of Non-Socialist Parties (Borgerlige Felleslister)16
Total number of members:25
Note: Due to the German occupation of Norway during World War II, no elections were held for new municipal councils until after the war ended in 1945.

Attractions

The Valdres Folkemuseum is located just outside Fagernes and has large collections of old houses, textiles, and music instruments.

Notable residents

Knut Hamsun, 1939 Hamsun bldsa HA0341.jpg
Knut Hamsun, 1939

International relations

Twin towns — Sister cities

Nord-Aurdal has sister city agreements with the following places: [36]

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