Norfolk County, Massachusetts

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Norfolk County
County of Norfolk
NorfolkCoCourt.JPG
Flag of Norfolk County, Massachusetts.gif
Flag
NorfolkCountyMA-seal.png
Seal
Motto(s): 
Antiquity, Perseverance, History, Industry
Map of Massachusetts highlighting Norfolk County.svg
Location within the U.S. state of Massachusetts
Massachusetts in United States.svg
Massachusetts's location within the U.S.
Coordinates: 42°11′57″N71°09′16″W / 42.199158°N 71.154442°W / 42.199158; -71.154442
CountryFlag of the United States.svg United States
StateFlag of Massachusetts.svg  Massachusetts
Founded1793
Named for Norfolk
Seat Dedham
Largest city Quincy
Area
  Total444 sq mi (1,150 km2)
  Land396 sq mi (1,030 km2)
  Water48 sq mi (120 km2)  11%%
Population
  Estimate 
(2019)
706,775
  Density1,694/sq mi (654/km2)
Time zone UTC−5 (Eastern)
  Summer (DST) UTC−4 (EDT)
Congressional districts 2nd, 4th, 7th, 8th
Website www.norfolkcounty.org

Norfolk County is located in the U.S. state of Massachusetts. At the 2010 census, the population was 670,850. [1] [2] Its county seat is Dedham. [3] It is the fourth most populous county in the United States whose county seat is neither a city nor a borough, and it is the second most populous county that has a county seat at a town. The county was named after the English county of the same name. [4] Two towns, Cohasset and Brookline, are exclaves.

Contents

Norfolk County is included in the Boston-Cambridge-Newton, MA-NH Metropolitan Statistical Area.

Norfolk County is the 33rd highest-income county in the United States with a median household income of $81,899. It is the second wealthiest county in Massachusetts, after Middlesex, which is 25th.

History

Norfolk County, Massachusetts was created on March 26, 1793, by legislation signed by Governor John Hancock. Most of the towns were originally part of Suffolk County, Massachusetts. The towns of Dorchester and Roxbury were part of Norfolk County when it was created but, as Boston annexed each town, they became part of Suffolk County again. Hingham and Hull were originally part of the Norfolk County legislation but petitioned to remain in Suffolk county and in June 1793 their removal to Norfolk county was repealed. In 1803, they were moved into Plymouth County, Massachusetts. Norfolk County is the birthplace of four Presidents of the United States (John Adams, John Quincy Adams, John F. Kennedy, and George H.W. Bush), resulting in the moniker "County of Presidents." [5]

Sheriffs

There have been 21 sheriffs of Norfolk County. [6]

YearsSheriff [6]
2021Present Patrick W. McDermott
20182021 Jerome P. McDermott
19992018 Michael G. Bellotti
19961999 John H. Flood
19751996 Clifford H. Marshall
19611975 Charles Hedges
19581961 Peter M. McCormack
19391958 Samuel Wragg
18981939 Samuel Capen
18851898 Augustus B. Endicott
18781885 Rufus Corbin Wood
18571878 John W. Thomas
18531857 Thomas Adams
18521853 John W. Thomas
18481852 Thomas Adams
18431848 Jerauld N. E. Mann
18341843 John Baker, II
18121834 Elijah Crane
18111812 William Brewer
18101811 Elijah Crane
17981810 Benjamin Clark Cutler
17941798 Atherton Thayer
17931794 Ebeneezer Thayer

Treasurers

YearsTreasurer
2021Present Michael G. Bellotti
20172021 James E. Timilty
2002-2017Joseph Connolly
1997–2002 Tim Cahill
1907- Henry D. Humphrey
1889-1907Charles W. Smith
1855-1889 Chauncey C. Churchill
1793-1809 Isaac Bullard

Registers of Deeds

YearsRegister
2002–present [7] William P. O'Donnell
2001-2002 [7] Paul D. Harold
1970-2001 [7] Barry T. Hannon
1947-1970 [7] L. Thomas Shine
1917-1947 [7] Walter W. Chambers
1916-1917 [7] Edward L. Burdakin
1874-1916 [8] John H. Burdakin
1861-1874 [8] James Foord
1821-1861 [8] Enos Foord
1813-1821 [8] James Foord
1793-1813 [8] Eliphalet Pond, Jr.

Geography

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 444 square miles (1,150 km2), of which 396 square miles (1,030 km2) is land and 48 square miles (120 km2) (11%) is water. [9] It is the third-smallest county in Massachusetts by total area. The county is not completely contiguous; the towns of Brookline and Cohasset are each part of Norfolk County but are separated from the majority of Norfolk County (and each other) by either water or other counties. At the county's formation, Hingham and Hull were to be part of it, but joined Plymouth County instead, leaving Cohasset as the initial exclave of Norfolk County and an enclave of Plymouth County. Brookline became the second exclave of Norfolk County in 1873 when the neighboring town of West Roxbury was annexed by Boston (thus leaving Norfolk County to join Suffolk County) and Brookline refused to be annexed by Boston after the Brookline-Boston annexation debate of 1873.

Adjacent counties

National protected areas

Major Highways

Demographics

Historical population
CensusPop.
1800 27,216
1810 31,24514.8%
1820 36,47116.7%
1830 41,97215.1%
1840 53,14026.6%
1850 78,89248.5%
1860 109,95039.4%
1870 89,443−18.7%
1880 96,5077.9%
1890 118,95023.3%
1900 151,53927.4%
1910 187,50623.7%
1920 219,08116.8%
1930 299,42636.7%
1940 325,1808.6%
1950 392,30820.6%
1960 510,25630.1%
1970 605,05118.6%
1980 606,5870.3%
1990 616,0871.6%
2000 650,3085.6%
2010 670,8503.2%
2019 (est.)706,775 [10] 5.4%
U.S. Decennial Census [11]
1790-1960 [12] 1900-1990 [13]
1990-2000 [14] 2010-2019 [1]
Norfolk County Administration Offices (including the County Commissioners and the County Treasurer) in Dedham. Norfolk CountyMA Commission.JPG
Norfolk County Administration Offices (including the County Commissioners and the County Treasurer) in Dedham.

2000 census

At the 2000 census there were 650,308 people, 248,827 households, and 165,967 families residing in the county. The population density was 1,628 people per square mile (628/km2). There were 255,154 housing units at an average density of 639 per square mile (247/km2). The racial makeup of the county was 89.02% White or European American, 3.18% Black or African American, 0.13% Native American, 5.50% Asian, 0.02% Pacific Islander, 0.78% from other races, and 1.37% from two or more races. 1.84%. [15] were Hispanic or Latino of any race. 28.6% were of Irish, 13.4% Italian, 7.7% English and 5.0% descendants of colonists ancestry according to Census 2000. 85.7% spoke English, 2.3% Chinese in any dialect, 2.0% Spanish, 1.0% Italian and 1.0% French as their first language.

Of the 248,827 households 31.20% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 54.20% were married couples living together, 9.50% had a female householder with no husband present, and 33.30% were non-families. 26.80% of households were one person and 10.80% were one person aged 65 or older. The average household size was 2.54 and the average family size was 3.14.

The age distribution was 23.40% under the age of 18, 7.00% from 18 to 24, 31.60% from 25 to 44, 23.50% from 45 to 64, and 14.40% 65 or older. The median age was 38 years. For every 100 females, there were 91.40 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 87.60 males.

The median household income was $63,432 and the median family income was $77,847 (these figures had risen to $77,294 and $95,243 respectively as of a 2007 estimate [16] ). Males had a median income of $51,301 versus $37,108 for females. The per capita income for the county was $32,484. About 2.90% of families and 4.60% of the population were below the poverty line, including 4.40% of those under age 18 and 5.70% of those age 65 or over.

2010 census

As of the 2010 United States census, there were 670,850 people, 257,914 households, and 168,903 families residing in the county. [17] The population density was 1,693.6 inhabitants per square mile (653.9/km2). There were 270,359 housing units at an average density of 682.5 per square mile (263.5/km2). [18] The racial makeup of the county was 82.3% white, 8.6% Asian, 5.7% black or African American, 0.2% American Indian, 1.3% from other races, and 1.9% from two or more races. Those of Hispanic or Latino origin made up 3.3% of the population. [17] The largest ancestry groups were: [19]

  • 31.8% Irish
  • 15.5% Italian
  • 11.0% English
  • 7.0% German
  • 4.6% French
  • 4.3% Chinese
  • 4.1% Polish
  • 3.2% Russian
  • 3.1% American
  • 2.8% Scottish
  • 2.6% French Canadian
  • 2.4% Scotch-Irish
  • 2.0% West Indian
  • 2.0% Sub-Saharan African
  • 1.9% Portuguese
  • 1.8% Swedish
  • 1.6% Indian
  • 1.4% Arab
  • 1.4% Greek
  • 1.2% Canadian
  • 1.1% Vietnamese
  • 1.1% Lithuanian

Of the 257,914 households, 32.2% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 52.0% were married couples living together, 10.1% had a female householder with no husband present, 34.5% were non-families, and 27.6% of households were made up of individuals. The average household size was 2.53 and the average family size was 3.15. The median age was 40.7 years. [17]

The median income for a household in the county was $81,027 and the median family income was $101,870. Males had a median income of $68,070 versus $51,870 for females. The per capita income for the county was $42,371. About 4.1% of families and 6.2% of the population were below the poverty line, including 6.3% of those under age 18 and 6.9% of those age 65 or over. [20]

Demographic breakdown by town

Income

The ranking of unincorporated communities that are included on the list are reflective if the census designated locations and villages were included as cities or towns. Data is from the 2007-2011 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates. [21] [22] [23]

RankTownPer capita
income
Median
household
income
Median
family
income
PopulationNumber of
households
Dover CDP $91,039$183,125$212,1252,322725
1 Dover Town$82,800$184,646$200,7355,5641,765
2 Wellesley Town$65,394$145,208$175,15627,8188,553
3 Brookline Town$63,964$97,250$142,18058,37124,891
4 Needham Town$60,972$121,080$160,45528,78610,350
5 Cohasset Town$59,891$117,831$147,2227,4832,706
6 Westwood Town$59,422$120,078$151,97614,5085,172
7 Medfield Town$56,905$128,446$139,24712,0044,011
Chestnut Hill (02467) ZCTA $55,947$114,140$151,37521,9526,237
8 Sharon Town$53,687$121,265$142,46317,5386,268
Medfield CDP$47,660$107,386$127,6326,3942,357
9 Wrentham Town$47,119$100,938$119,18810,8793,978
Sharon CDP$46,079$102,521$124,4055,5322,007
10 Canton Town$45,991$90,951$111,77021,4088,460
11 Milton Town$44,718$104,713$129,23426,8288,956
12 Medway Town$44,472$106,058$119,86412,6704,433
13 Walpole Town$43,983$90,763$109,03523,8628,626
Norfolk CountyCounty$43,685$83,733$106,309666,426255,944
14 Norfolk Town$42,452$118,809$132,25011,1513,125
15 Foxborough Town$42,236$92,370$108,20916,7346,470
Walpole CDP$41,820$89,327$99,8086,1192,522
16 Dedham Town$41,143$83,364$105,58624,5219,528
Millis-Clicquot CDP$39,884$82,798$103,7504,3701,831
17 Millis Town$39,344$90,360$99,9767,8523,043
18 Franklin City$39,043$92,066$109,60231,31710,866
19 Braintree City$37,317$83,710$97,26235,40913,267
20 Plainville Town$36,802$81,371$102,7808,1763,232
Foxborough CDP$36,239$61,771$91,9915,2062,388
21 Norwood Town$35,997$73,838$95,39728,48311,559
22 Weymouth City$35,939$68,594$86,97253,56522,543
Massachusetts State$35,051$65,981$83,3716,512,2272,522,409
Bellingham CDP$33,927$81,941$87,6064,5801,833
23 Bellingham Town$33,170$83,534$93,65516,1655,879
24 Quincy City$32,911$60,947$77,23191,48439,965
25 Stoughton Town$32,363$68,191$87,07026,89310,455
26 Avon Town$31,304$72,880$89,2144,3411,609
27 Holbrook Town$29,940$63,790$76,56810,7494,193
28 Randolph City$29,210$64,465$77,66131,86712,041
United States Country$27,915$52,762$64,293306,603,772114,761,359

Religion

Religious Affiliation in Norfolk County
Year1980199020002010
ReligionC*A**CACACA
Anabaptist (Mennonite)n/an/a188145n/an/a
Ba'haism0n/a0n/a21801198
Baptist297,063297,936324,992465,558
Brethren3951500n/a0n/a
Buddhismn/an/an/an/a4n/a71,653
Catholicism64304,13763336,79763380,93052355,321
Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-Day Saints1432264851,15041,262
Congregationalism/

United Church of Christ

3516,7864319,0164122,0494212,879
Christian Sciencen/an/a7350n/an/a5n/a
Episcopalianism/

Anglicanism

3117,9553012,9053112,7783311,016
Hinduismn/an/an/an/a6n/a237
Independent/

nondenominational

n/an/a1800n/an/a202,620
Islamn/an/an/an/a23,78234,616
Jainismn/an/an/an/a1n/a1n/a
Judaism208,2584137,1234138,3002019,709
Lutheranism134,629102,84382,59382,227
Methodism/Holiness257,937217,114247,097235,667
Messianic Judaismn/an/an/an/an/an/a1n/a
Orthodoxyn/an/a3n/a77,54393,539
Pentecostalism594551,382122,540172,485
Presbyterianism41,38071,42471,55891,196
Seventh-day Adventism/

Jehovah's Witnesses

15272,90053678537
Sikhismn/an/an/an/a2n/a1n/a
Quakerism1192119021062224
Unitarian-Universalism184,719174,591172,644173,102
Zoroastranianismn/an/an/an/an/an/a016

*congregations

**adherents

Government

The county has offices in Dedham Square. It runs the Norfolk County Correctional Center, the Norfolk County Registry of Deeds, and the Norfolk County Courthouse.

Current elected officials

All eligible voters of Norfolk County vote for three County Commissioners, a District Attorney, a Clerk of Courts, a Register of Deeds, a Sheriff, a County Treasurer, and a Register of Probate.

County Commissioners are elected for a four-year term; two Commissioners are elected to coincide with presidential elections, and one Commissioner is elected during the midterm elections. All three Commissioners must hail from a different municipality. The District Attorney is elected every four years coinciding with the midterm elections. The Clerk of Courts and Register of Deeds are elected every six years coinciding with the elections of Class I US Senators. The County Treasurer and Register of Probate are elected every six years coinciding with the elections of Class II US Senators. The Sheriff is elected every six years coinciding with the elections of Class III US Senators.

OfficeCurrent OfficeholderHometownNext Election
County Commissioners Richard R. Staiti (Democratic) [24] Canton 2024
Joseph P. Shea (Democratic) [24] Quincy
Peter H. Collins (Democratic) [25] Milton 2022
District Attorney Michael W. Morrissey (Democratic) [26] Quincy 2022
Clerk of Courts Walter F. Timilty, Jr. (Democratic) [27] Milton 2024
Register of Deeds William P. O'Donnell (Democratic) [28] Norwood 2024
Sheriff Patrick W. McDermott (Democratic) [29] Quincy 2022
County Treasurer Michael G. Bellotti (Democratic) [24] Quincy 2026
Register of Probate Colleen M Brierley (Democratic) [24] Norwood 2026

Politics

Like the majority of Massachusetts, Norfolk County leans Democratic. The last time it voted for a Republican candidate was in 1984, during Ronald Reagan's landslide victory in which he carried every state except Minnesota and Washington, D.C.

Voter registration and party enrollment as of October 13, 2010 [30]
PartyNumber of votersPercentage
Democratic 159,95635.28%
Republican 53,55611.81%
Unenrolled237,81052.45%
Minor Parties2,0540.45%
Total453,376100%
Presidential elections results
Presidential elections results [31]
Year Republican Democratic Third parties
2020 30.7% 125,29467.0%273,3122.2% 9,145
2016 32.6% 119,72360.3%221,8197.1% 26,153
2012 41.6% 148,39356.9%202,7141.5% 5,416
2008 39.7% 136,84158.2%200,6752.2% 7,400
2004 38.6% 127,76360.2%199,3921.2% 3,982
2000 33.8% 107,03359.4%188,4506.8% 21,694
1996 31.0% 92,98260.1%180,5049.0% 26,985
1992 31.8% 103,25546.4%150,48821.8% 70,521
1988 47.7% 150,30650.9%160,2891.4% 4,461
1984 53.6%160,31346.2% 138,2220.3% 784
1980 44.8%136,18438.6% 117,27416.6% 50,271
1976 45.2% 136,62851.3%155,3423.5% 10,646
1972 46.9% 134,45952.6%150,7320.5% 1,558
1968 36.0% 95,85860.3%160,5133.7% 9,835
1964 26.8% 68,61272.8%186,4880.4% 912
1960 47.2% 121,74452.6%135,4740.2% 503
1956 66.4%152,74733.3% 76,6560.3% 593
1952 65.2%140,40934.5% 74,3210.3% 631
1948 56.7%100,28040.9% 72,3272.3% 4,130
1944 58.2%97,49041.6% 69,6060.2% 383
1940 58.7%97,52540.8% 67,6540.5% 838
1936 55.4%82,54538.8% 57,7705.8% 8,575
1932 59.2%75,23238.6% 49,1212.2% 2,793
1928 60.7%73,53038.9% 47,0570.4% 489
1924 71.1%57,94818.5% 15,04110.5% 8,516
1920 74.7%51,82622.7% 15,7202.7% 1,839
1916 58.7%19,28438.7% 12,7022.6% 858
1912 32.8% 9,65031.4% 9,24435.8%10,537
1908 64.9%18,22527.3% 7,6827.8% 2,187
1904 62.2%16,10432.3% 8,3725.5% 1,434
1900 62.3%15,14432.6% 7,9225.1% 1,232
1896 73.5%16,89721.7% 4,9904.8% 1,113
1892 52.1%11,86245.4% 10,3272.5% 575
1888 54.0%10,77043.7% 8,7202.3% 449
1884 47.1%8,35141.3% 7,32111.6% 2,051
1880 59.7%10,01938.7% 6,4981.6% 265
1876 57.2%8,95642.7% 6,6850.1% 22
Gubernatorial elections results
Gubernatorial elections results [32]
Year Republican Democratic Third parties
2018 69.1%209,31830.6%92,7090.3% 1,018
2014 53.0%133,32842.9% 107,8914.2% 10,503
2010 44.2%119,85044.2% 119,80611.61% 31,489

Communities

Cities

Towns

Note: West Roxbury (annexed to Boston 1874), Roxbury (annexed to Boston 1868), Dorchester (founded 1630, annexed to Boston 1870), Hyde Park (incorporated 1868 from Dorchester, Milton, and Dedham, annexed to Boston 1912), and Hingham and Hull were originally part of Norfolk County when the county was incorporated in 1793. As of August 2012, Hingham's Precinct 2 will be part of the Fourth Norfolk District. [33]

Census-designated places

See also

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References

  1. 1 2 "State & County QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on July 15, 2011. Retrieved August 26, 2013.
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Bibliography

Coordinates: 42°10′N71°11′W / 42.17°N 71.19°W / 42.17; -71.19