Norfolk and Western Railway Company Historic District
Norfolk and Western Railway Company Historic District, June 2010
|Location||88 and 108 Jefferson St. NW, and 209 Shenandoah Ave., Roanoke, Virginia|
|Area||4.9 acres (2.0 ha)|
|Built||1896, 1903, 1931, 1905, 1949|
|Architect||Loewy, Raymond; et al.|
|Architectural style||Classical Revival, Art Deco, Moderne|
|NRHP reference #||99000076|
|Added to NRHP||January 27, 1999|
|Designated VLR||September 14, 1998|
Norfolk and Western Railway Company Historic District is a national historic district located at Roanoke, Virginia. It encompasses three contributing buildings constructed by the Norfolk and Western Railway. They are the Neoclassical Revival style General Office Building-South (1896, 1903); the Art Deco period General Office Building-North (1931); and the Moderne style Passenger Station (1905, 1949). The Passenger Station was renovated by architect Raymond Loewy in 1949.The Passenger Station is occupied by the O. Winston Link Museum.
Roanoke is an independent city in the U.S. state of Virginia. At the 2010 census, the population was 97,032. It is located in the Roanoke Valley of the Roanoke Region of Virginia.
The Norfolk and Western Railway was a US class I railroad, formed by more than 200 railroad mergers between 1838 and 1982. It was headquartered in Roanoke, Virginia, for most of its existence. Its motto was "Precision Transportation"; it had a variety of nicknames, including "King Coal" and "British Railway of America" even though the N&W had mostly articulated steam on its roster. During the Civil War, the N&W was the biggest railroad in the south and moved most of the products with their steam locomotives to help the South the best way they could.
Neoclassical architecture is an architectural style produced by the neoclassical movement that began in the mid-18th century. In its purest form, it is a style principally derived from the architecture of classical antiquity, the Vitruvian principles, and the work of the Italian architect Andrea Palladio.
It was listed on the National Register of Historic Places in 1999.
The National Register of Historic Places (NRHP) is the United States federal government's official list of districts, sites, buildings, structures, and objects deemed worthy of preservation for their historical significance. A property listed in the National Register, or located within a National Register Historic District, may qualify for tax incentives derived from the total value of expenses incurred preserving the property.
Broad Street Station was a union railroad station in Richmond, Virginia, United States, across Broad Street from the Fan district.
Park Place is a neighborhood in the western half of Norfolk, Virginia. Its boundaries are roughly Granby Street on the east, Colley Avenue on the west, 24th Street on the south and up to 38th Street to the north. Within these boundaries Park Place is made up of 4 subdivision; Virginia Place, East Kensington, Park Place, and Old Dominion Place.
The O. Winston Link Museum is a museum dedicated to the photography of O. Winston Link, the twentieth century railroad photographer widely considered the master of the juxtaposition between steam railroading and rural culture. He is most noted for his 1950's photographs of steam locomotives taken at night, lit by numerous flashbulbs. He carefully planned the lighting and the staging of these photos, placing human subjects in many.
The Virginian Railway Passenger Station, also known as the Virginian Station is a former rail station listed on the National Register of Historic Places in the South Jefferson neighborhood of the independent city of Roanoke, Virginia, U.S.A. Located at the intersection of Jefferson Street SE and Williamson Road, the Virginian Station served as a passenger station for the Virginian Railway between 1910 and 1956. The station was the only station constructed with brick along the entire length of the Virginian's 608 miles (978 km) network. It was severely damaged by fire on January 29, 2001.
Richlands Historic District is a national historic district located at Richlands, Tazewell County, Virginia. The district encompasses 91 contributing buildings in the central business district of the town of Richlands. It includes residential, commercial, and institutional buildings dating from the late-19th to mid-20th centuries. Notable buildings include the W.B.F. White and Sons Hardware building, Bank of Richlands, Norfolk and Western Railroad Section House, First Christian Church (1908), First United Methodist Church, and Richlands Presbyterian Church. Also located in the district is the separately listed Clinch Valley Coal and Iron Company Office.
Farmville Historic District is a national historic district located at Farmville, Prince Edward County, Virginia. It encompasses 246 contributing buildings and 1 contributing object in the central business district and surrounding residential areas of Farmville. It includes a variety of commercial, residential, institutional, and industrial buildings dating from the mid-19th to early-20th centuries. Notable buildings include the Paulett-Gill house, Farmville Presbyterian Church, Johns Memorial Episcopal Church (1881), Farmville Methodist Church (1907), former Hotel Weyanoke (1925), the warehouses of the Dunnington Tobacco Company and Central Virginia Processing, Inc., the former Craddock-Terry Shoe Company, the former Cunningham and Company tobacco prizery, Norfolk and Western Railroad passenger station, Doyne Building, the Watkins M. Abbitt Federal Building (1917), Prince Edward County Courthouse, and the former Farmville High School (1913). Located in the district is the separately listed First Baptist Church.
The Oak Hill Railroad Depot is a historic depot in Oak Hill, West Virginia, United States. The depot is located on the southwest corner of Virginia Avenue and Central Avenue. It opened as a station on the White Oak Railway in 1903 and later became part of the Virginian Railway, which it served until 1957. From this year until closure in 1983, it operated as a depot for the Norfolk and Western Railway. The depot now serves as the meeting place for the White Oak chapter of the National Railway Historical Society. It is the only remaining Virginian Railway depot in West Virginia.
Petersburg Union Station is an unused train station in Petersburg, Virginia. It was originally built in 1909–1910 for the Norfolk and Western Railway, replacing an earlier structure damaged by a flood. This was the station for east-west Norfolk-Cincinnati trains of the Norfolk & Western Railway: Cavalier,Pocahontas and Powhatan Arrow. It was also at this station where passengers could transfer to trains bound for cities of the Northeast.
Beach Station a national historic district located near Chesterfield, in Chesterfield County, Virginia. The district includes six contributing buildings and one contributing site in the Village of Beach. They were all constructed about 1890 and are two single-family dwellings, a post office, a railway depot, an outbuilding, two railroad shanties, and the ruins of the former general store. Beach Station was accessible from the Farmville and Powhatan Railroad later named the Tidewater and Western Railroad. Leasing arrangements had been made with the Brighthope Railway company which was sold to become the Farmville and Powhatan. The district represents an unusual collection of late-nineteenth-century buildings in their historic surroundings. It was listed on the National Register of Historic Places in 2008.
The Luray Norfolk and Western Passenger Station is a historic train station located in Luray, Virginia, United States. The Shenandoah Valley Railroad reached Luray in 1881 and constructed a station near where the present station is located. Shortly after the Norfolk and Western Railway absorbed the Shenandoah Valley Railroad in 1890, plans arose to construct a new station in Luray. This station, which still stands, was constructed in 1906 and was designed by the railroad's Chief Engineer, Charles S. Churchill. The structure was partially destroyed by fire in 1908 when it was struck by lightning; however, it was soon thereafter reconstructed according to the original design. The station is a one-story brick structure featuring a hip roof. The building was converted to freight use around 1960 and was sold to the town of Luray by the Norfolk and Western's successor, the Norfolk Southern Railway, in 1999.
Shenandoah Historic District is a national historic district located at Shenandoah, Page County, Virginia. The district includes 451 contributing buildings, 3 contributing sites, and 4 contributing structures in the town of Shenandoah. They include residential, commercial, and institutional buildings in a variety of popular late-19th century and early-20th century architectural styles. Notable buildings include the Eagle Hotel and annex, Western Railway Young Men's Christian Association, Shenandoah General Store, Fields United Methodist Church, Christ United Methodist Church, St. Peter's Lutheran Church, Norfolk and Western Railway Station, and Shenandoah High School. Located in the district is the separately listed Shenandoah Land and Improvement Company Office.
Luray Downtown Historic District is a national historic district located at Luray, Page County, Virginia. The district includes 75 contributing buildings, 1 contributing structure, and 3 contributing objects in the central business district of the town of Luray. They include residential, commercial, governmental, and institutional buildings in a variety of popular 19th and 20th century architectural styles. Notable buildings include the Skyline Building, Luray Motor Company (1935), Luray United Methodist Church (1899-1900), Luray Post Office (1938), Page County Record Building (1912), Bridge Theatre, Casey Jones Overall Factory (1922), Mansion Inn, Jordan-McKim Building, Hotel Laurance, and Mimslyn Inn (1930-1931). The contributing objects include the Confederate Monument (1918) and clock. Located in the district are the separately listed Luray Norfolk and Western Passenger Station and Page County Courthouse.
Old Town Manassas, or the Manassas Historic District, is a national historic district located at Manassas, Virginia. It encompasses 206 contributing buildings and 1 contributing object in the central business district and surrounding residential area of city of Manassas.
Marion Historic District is a national historic district located at Marion, Smyth County, Virginia. The district includes 361 contributing buildings, 2 contributing sites, and 1 contributing object in the central business district and surrounding residential areas of Marion. It includes a variety of residential, commercial, institutional, industrial, and governmental buildings primarily dating from the mid-19th to mid-20th centuries. Notable buildings include the Sheffey Loom House, Odd Fellows Lodge, Look & Lincoln Wagon Factory warehouse, the Beaux-Arts style Marion County Courthouse (1905), Mt. Pleasant Methodist Church, Courtview Building (1890s), Marion High School (1907-1908), Marion Junior College (1912), the Overall Factory, Weiler Building, Bank of Marion (1922), Royal Oak Presbyterian Church (1923), Marion Municipal Building (1935), Marion Post Office (1936), and a Lustron house (1948). Also located in the district are the separately listed Hotel Lincoln, Lincoln Theatre, Marion Male Academy, and Norfolk & Western Railway Depot.
Saltville Historic District is a national historic district located at Saltville, Smyth County, Virginia. The district includes 104 contributing buildings and 3 contributing sites in the central business district and surrounding residential areas of Saltville. It includes a variety of residential and commercial buildings primarily dating from the late-19th to mid-20th centuries. Notable buildings and sites include Well Fields, Saltville Golf Course, Office Building (1850), Mathieson Alkali Office Building (1894), company store (1895), First National Bank of Saltville, St. Paul's Episcopal Church (1896), Gothic Revival style Madam Russell Memorial United Methodist Church, Duplex House (1894), Saltville Post Office (1931), Piggly-Wiggly Store, Saltville Savings Bank (1920), and Saltville Town Hall (1949).
Norfolk & Western Railway Depot is a historic railway depot located at Marion, Smyth County, Virginia. It was built in 1904 by the Norfolk and Western Railway. It is a one-story, stone and brick, Queen Anne style building. It features detailed porches supported by arching brackets on the street side and iron columns on the other three sides and a slate and shingled hipped roof with dormers. The building measures 25 feet by 128 feet, and has an attached former ticket office. The building was converted for office and retain use in 1993-1994.
Foster Falls Historic District is a national historic district located near Max Meadows, Wythe County, Virginia. The district encompasses 12 contributing buildings, 2 contributing sites, and 3 contributing structures in the village of Foster Falls. They are primarily industrial and commercial buildings and structures built in the late-19th century. They include the iron furnace stack, the rail bed and frame railroad passenger station, a general store building, and a combination gristmill/sawmill. The district and includes the Foster Falls Hotel, a late-Victorian style brick building. The hotel property includes two brick dependencies associated with an orphanage that occupied the hotel building beginning in 1938. It now serves as the headquarters of the New River Trail State Park.
The Danville Tobacco Warehouse and Residential District is a national historic district located at Danville, Virginia. The district includes 532 contributing buildings, 3 contributing sites, and 2 contributing structures in the city of Danville. The district reflects the late-19th century and early-20th development of Danville as a tobacco processing center and includes residential, commercial, and industrial buildings reflecting that growth. It also includes archaeological sites related to early Native American settlements in the area. Notable buildings include the American Tobacco's Harris Building, the Imperial Tobacco Company Building, Cabell Warehouse, Patton Storage Units, Crowell Motor Company, Municipal Power Station (1912), Riverside Cotton Mill #1 (1886), and a variety of "shotgun" houses and bungalow workers housing. Located in the district are the separately listed Danville Municipal Building and Danville Southern Railway Passenger Depot.
The West Freemason Street Area Historic District is a national historic district located at Norfolk, Virginia. It encompasses 48 contributing buildings in a primarily residential section on the western edge of the center city of Norfolk. It developed between the late-18th and early-20th centuries and includes notable examples of the Federal, Greek Revival, and Late Victorian styles. Notable buildings include the Glisson House, Whittle House, McCullough Row, and the Camp-Hubard house. Located in the district is the separately listed Allmand-Archer House.
Norfolk and Western Railway Freight Station is a historic freight depot located in the Melrose-Rugby neighborhood of Roanoke, Virginia. It encompasses 111 contributing buildings and 2 contributing objects in a planned residential subdivision, with most of the dwellings being built between the late 1910s and late 1940s. It is a primarily residential district with single-family dwellings. The houses include American Craftsman-style bungalow, American Foursquare, and Cape Cod style. The building houses the Virginia Museum of Transportation
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