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|Norman Leslie Robert Franks|
|Genre||history, biography, non-fiction, militaria|
|Subject||aviation, World War I, World War II|
Norman Leslie Robert Franks (born 1940) is an English militaria writer who specialises in aviation topics. He focuses on the pilots and squadrons of World Wars I and II.
Militaria are artifacts or replicas of military, police, etc., collected for their historical significance. Such antiques include firearms, swords, knives, and other equipment such as uniforms, military orders and decorations and insignia. An alternate name, used by many dealers, for militaria is 'military antiquities' or 'military antiques'.
He published his first book in 1976. He was an Organisation and Methods Officer with the Nationwide Building Society in London before he retired. He now lives in Bexhill-on-Sea, East Sussex, with his wife Heather. They have two sons, Rob and Mike, and five grandchildren.
Nationwide Building Society is a British mutual financial institution, the seventh largest cooperative financial institution and the largest building society in the world with over 15 million members. It has its headquarters in Swindon, with an office in Threadneedle Street, London, and administration centres based in Bournemouth, Northampton and Glasgow.
Bexhill-on-Sea is a seaside town situated in the county of East Sussex in South East England. An ancient town and part of the local-government district of Rother, Bexhill is home to a number of archaeological sites, a Manor House in the Old Town, an abundance of Edwardian and Victorian architecture, and the famous De La Warr Pavilion: today a centre for contemporary art – which has featured the work of Andy Warhol, Cerith Wyn Evans and Richard Wilson amongst others – and an auditorium, where Bob Marley had his first UK appearance and has since seen performances by Elvis Costello, Goldfrapp, Ray Davies, Years & Years, Patti Smith and Laurie Anderson.
East Sussex is a county in South East England. It is bordered by the counties of Kent to the north and east, Surrey to the north west and West Sussex to the west, and to the south by the English Channel.
He was a consultant for the Channel 4 television series Dogfight: The Mystery of the Red Baron . His 1995 book on the Red Baron has been published and reissued by three publishers. He is also one of the founding members of the Cross and Cockade society for World War I aviation historians, which was formed in 1970, and a member of Over the Front, the league of World War I aviation historians.
Channel 4 is a British public-service free-to-air television network that began transmission on 2 November 1982. Although largely commercially-self-funded, it is ultimately publicly-owned; originally a subsidiary of the Independent Broadcasting Authority (IBA), the station is now owned and operated by Channel Four Television Corporation, a public corporation of the Department for Digital, Culture, Media and Sport, which was established in 1990 and came into operation in 1993. With the conversion of the Wenvoe transmitter group in Wales to digital terrestrial broadcasting on 31 March 2010, Channel 4 became a UK-wide TV channel for the first time.
In total, he has authored over 120 books covering military aviation.
The International Standard Book Number (ISBN) is a numeric commercial book identifier which is intended to be unique. Publishers purchase ISBNs from an affiliate of the International ISBN Agency.
The following are lists of World War I flying aces. Historically, a flying ace was defined as a military aviator credited with shooting down five or more enemy aircraft during aerial combat. The term was first used by French newspapers, describing Adolphe Pégoud as l'as, after he downed seven German aircraft.
Paul Billik was a World War I fighter ace credited with 31 victories. He was killed in a flying accident while pioneering civil aviation.
Generalmajor Otto Fruhner MMC, IC, was a German World War I flying ace credited with 27 victories. He was one of the first aviators to parachute from a stricken aircraft.
No. 87 Squadron RAF was an aircraft squadron of the Royal Air Force during the First World War and Second World War.
Lieutenant Lawrence Kingsley Callahan was a World War I flying ace credited with seventeen victories.
Vizefeldwebel Kurt Ungewitter was a German test pilot for Rumpler Flugzeugwerke and Albatros Flugzeugwerke, aircraft manufacturers in 1913. During World War I, he became a flying ace credited with seven aerial victories. He died in a postwar flying accident on 14 March 1927.
Group Captain Robert Wardlow "Bobby" Oxspring, was a Royal Air Force officer and flying ace of the Second World War.
Captain James William Pearson was an American World War I flying ace credited with twelve aerial victories while flying for the British Royal Air Force.
Offizierstellvertreter Robert Heibert MMC IC was a German flying ace during World War I. He was credited with 13 confirmed aerial victories; he also had seven unconfirmed claims.
Leutnant Adolf Schulte IC was a German World War I flying ace credited with nine aerial victories. His short gallant career would end in a fatal midair crash with his enemies.
Oberleutnant Walter Ewers was a World War I flying ace credited with eight aerial victories.
Hauptmann Paul Henning Aldabert Theodor von Osterroht IC was a German military aviation pioneer who became a flying ace in World War I. After valorous service as a bomber pilot and commander,he was called upon to found one of the original German Jagdstaffels. By March 1917 he led that unit into combat. Between 29 March and noon of 23 April, he scored seven aerial victories. Six hours later, he was killed in action while on patrol.
Flight Lieutenant Nicholas Gresham Cooke, DFC, nicknamed "Lanky", was a Royal Air Force pilot and Second World War flying ace most notable as an ace in a day. He was killed in action over the Dunkirk evacuation beaches.