The NIC logo
|Formation||November 27, 1909|
The North-American Interfraternity Conference (or NIC; formerly known as the National Interfraternity Conference) is an association of collegiate men's fraternities that was formally organized in 1910, although it began at a meeting at the University Club in New York City on November 27, 1909.The power of the organization rests in a House of Delegates in which each member fraternity is represented by a single delegate. However, the group's executive and administrative powers are vested in an elected board of directors consisting of nine volunteers from various NIC fraternities. Headquartered in Indianapolis, Indiana, the NIC also operates a small professional staff.
A college is an educational institution or a constituent part of one. A college may be a degree-awarding tertiary educational institution, a part of a collegiate or federal university, an institution offering vocational education, or a secondary school.
A board of directors is a group of people who jointly supervise the activities of an organization, which can be either a for-profit business, nonprofit organization, or a government agency. Such a board's powers, duties, and responsibilities are determined by government regulations and the organization's own constitution and bylaws. These authorities may specify the number of members of the board, how they are to be chosen, and how often they are to meet.
Volunteering is generally considered an altruistic activity where an individual or group provides services for no financial or social gain "to benefit another person, group or organization". Volunteering is also renowned for skill development and is often intended to promote goodness or to improve human quality of life. Volunteering may have positive benefits for the volunteer as well as for the person or community served. It is also intended to make contacts for possible employment. Many volunteers are specifically trained in the areas they work, such as medicine, education, or emergency rescue. Others serve on an as-needed basis, such as in response to a natural disaster.
The NIC seeks to provide services that will include, "but not be limited to, promotion of cooperative action in dealing with fraternity matters of mutual concern, research in areas of fraternity operations and procedures, fact-finding and data gathering, and the dissemination of such data to the member fraternities". However, it notes that "[c]onference action shall not in any way abrogate the right of its member fraternities to self-determination".
As of June 2011, the NIC had seventy-five member organizations with 5,500 chapters located on over 800 campuses in the United States and Canada with approximately 350,000 undergraduate members.
The United States of America (USA), commonly known as the United States or simply America, is a country comprising 50 states, a federal district, five major self-governing territories, and various possessions. At 3.8 million square miles, the United States is the world's third or fourth largest country by total area and is slightly smaller than the entire continent of Europe. With a population of over 327 million people, the U.S. is the third most populous country. The capital is Washington, D.C., and the most populous city is New York City. Most of the country is located contiguously in North America between Canada and Mexico.
Canada is a country in the northern part of North America. Its ten provinces and three territories extend from the Atlantic to the Pacific and northward into the Arctic Ocean, covering 9.98 million square kilometres, making it the world's second-largest country by total area. Its southern border with the United States, stretching some 8,891 kilometres (5,525 mi), is the world's longest bi-national land border. Canada's capital is Ottawa, and its three largest metropolitan areas are Toronto, Montreal, and Vancouver.
Originally named the Interfraternity Conference, the name was changed to the National Interfraternity Conference in 1931. The current name, the North-American Interfraternity Conference, was adopted in 1999 to reflect the organization's affiliations at Canadian colleges and universities.[ citation needed ]
The NIC membership requirements are detailed in the By-Laws of the North-American Interfraternity Conference.Each member fraternity must be national or international in scope, as opposed to local, which is defined to mean having five chapters of ten men each, having three chapters which have been part of the fraternity for at least five years, and have a constitution that calls for national conventions with interim authority vested in a smaller governing body. Further, each fraternity must be exclusive of other NIC members and, therefore, in competition with them for the purposes of recruitment. All members' chapters must exist at four or two-year degree granting colleges. The members agree to share "best practices, statistics and information that will benefit member organizations".
Also, the members agree to uphold universal fraternal ideals, to hold their individual chapters and colonies to their general vision statements, honor NIC resolutions, abide by the NIC Constitution and By-Laws, attend all meetings of the House of Delegates, and pay membership dues.
A colony is a probationary body of a national fraternity or sorority. It can be considered a new Greek organization that is awaiting official recognition from their international headquarters to maintain a chapter on their college’s campus. A group wishing to become a member of a fraternity or sorority must first petition for status as a colony. The entire membership of the colony remains as uninitiated associates, usually learning and operating under the guidance of an advisor from the national organization and/or from a sponsoring chapter. If the colony prospers and meets its goals as set out by the national organization, the colony may later be chartered and the membership initiated. After this the sorority or fraternity will become a full chapter of the fraternity. This practice varies with different sororities and fraternities; however, many of them follow procedures and practices very similar to one another. Everything depends on the official nationals of each individual organization.
Each member fraternity must share a wealth of statistical information with the NIC including the number of new members, new member retention, the number of new initiates, total number of initiates, annual retention rate, the number of new chapters and their size, the number of closed chapters and the reason for closure, the total number of active chapters, number of members who are "campus leaders", number of hours of community service completed, and amount of money raised for charitable causes. This information is aggregated, and the raw data is destroyed.
The NIC requires its members to support open expansion on their campuses. It requires that its members are insured and have risk management programs. It imposes a grade requirement on new members and initiated members. It denies members from having women's auxiliary groups. It requires alcohol free recruitment and new member programs, and new member programs are capped at twelve weeks and encouraged to be shorter. Finally, each member must have provisions for the emergency temporary suspension of any of its chapters.
NIC members are required to "communicate its values through its ritual at least annually or as prescribed by its policies."
The NIC serves to advocate the needs of its member fraternities through enrichment of the fraternity experience; advancement and growth of the fraternity community; and enhancement of the educational mission of the host institutions. The NIC is also committed to enhancing the benefits of fraternity membership. Each of the 75 member organizations has adopted basic expectations of their members and agreed to the following Nine Basic Expectations.
The NIC is not a governing or regulatory board. It is a voluntary trade association; therefore, it is important that the leadership of the organization gather on a regular basis. This occurs annually at the NIC Congressional Reception and the NIC Annual Meeting.
At the congressional reception, the leadership of the NIC, National Panhellenic Conference (NPC), National Pan-Hellenic Council (NPHC), and the National Association of Latino Fraternal Organizations (NALFO) sponsor a series of meetings and receptions to advance an agenda that is positive toward fraternal organizations. Legislative priorities are determined with current emphasis on the College Fire Prevention Act which authorizes federal funding to upgrade fire safety in college dormitories and fraternity/sorority housing. It is estimated that there is $3.7 billion worth of fraternity housing, most of which is currently not fitted with fire prevention devices such as sprinklers. Other legislative priorities include Freedom of Association, Freedom of Speech, student privacy, and single sex exemptions under Title IX.
The North-American Interfraternity Conference has conducted research which suggests that to most effectively improve its public perception, high school juniors and seniors should be the primary focus of its public relations campaign. Specifically, the NIC would like to convince these students that their values align with those of the fraternity system before they enter the college environment.
Additionally, the North-American Interfraternity Conference believes that fraternity involvement supports the retention and success of college students, and, therefore, that strong partnerships between the fraternity and university community will have a positive effect on both communities. Moreover, they believe that support from the university community is essential to the success on the NIC's public relations initiatives.
Five permanent staff members create learning opportunities for all undergraduate men through a variety of programs, most notably the IFC Academy, Undergraduate Interfraternity Institute (UIFI), IMPACT, Futures Quest, Recruitment Program, Alumni Academy, and the Alcohol Summit. The purpose of the NIC is to promote service, scholarship, the opportunity for self-development, and brotherhood.
The IFC Academy is a one‐day, 14‐hour program, focusing participants on their role in developing high‐performing IFCs - specifically the role of the IFC in serving the needs of its member fraternities, and the role the NIC Standards play in supporting high performance. The program provides IFCs with benchmarks to measure your successes on campus, tools to assess how IFCs should be responding to the needs of its member chapters, and a renewed enthusiasm for advocating for the needs of the fraternity community on its campus.
The Undergraduate Interfraternity Institute (UIFI) is a five-day co-educational program that brings fraternity and sorority leaders together and teaches leadership skills, creates awareness of important issues, and calls on each graduate of the program to lead a change initiative within his/her fraternity/sorority community. The program, begun in 1990, has over 4600 graduates since its inception. In addition, over 120 fraternity/sorority advisors, staff, and volunteers participate each year as facilitators during the program. These facilitators support the work of the NIC staff by leading small group discussions that personalize the experience throughout the institute. St. Jude Children's Research Hospital has become an active partner in the UIFI curriculum by sponsoring the Service component of the curriculum.
IMPACT is a campus based weekend program that brings fraternity and sorority community leaders together to identify a strategy for change and/or improvement to the local fraternal experience. IMPACT is an acronym for Influence, Motivation, Purpose, Action, Commitment, and Trust. These are the five ideals that the curriculum of the program emphasizes. The campus leaders work together during the course of the weekend to identify what needs to change in order to ensure a bright future for the entire community. The staff of the NIC leads these programs throughout the year.
The Jon Williamson Futures Quest brings together the newest members of the fraternity community. In order to participate, these men will have joined a fraternity in the previous year. The curriculum of Futures Quest is designed to allow the participants to begin their fraternal journey in a very positive way and builds an awareness of the vast scope of the opportunities that are available to each of them. During the experience, these men will identify a personal action plan for what he wants to accomplish during his years in college and beyond. The participants leave the program with a feeling of confidence and their self-esteem is affirmed. This in turn positively influences the fraternities as these men assume the leadership positions.
The most important aspect of the fraternal experience may be the need to invite new members to join a fraternity each year. As a result, the NIC offers a program to its members that teaches participants new skills in recruitment and focuses on the positive aspects of membership. The Recruitment Program is one of the most important programs offered by the NIC. Not only does it ensure that membership in fraternities will continue, it also teaches vital skills that each participant can use beyond the fraternal experience. The program makes the direct statement, "If you want to recruit me, then you better have a plan." The goal of the program is that every participant has a plan of action for their recruitment goals.
Programs are offered for alumni members of fraternities as well. Vital to the success of the undergraduate chapters, is the importance of having chapter advisors and alumni mentors. The Alumni Academy is an opportunity for alumni members of fraternities to identify ways to serve the fraternity as a chapter advisor, house corporation member, and/or mentor. In addition, the alumni are re-educated about the purpose of fraternity in the lives of young men and the newer aspects of the fraternity experience in today's society. Finally, the academy forms a community from among the alumni boards that are on each campus. It brings together the alumni role models, getting them to solve campus issues while recognizing the effectiveness of teamwork.
The NIC is always seeking ways in which it may develop new initiatives to enhance the work of its member organizations. In 2000, the NIC received a $750,000 cooperative grant from the National Highway Traffic Safety Administration. This signaled the beginning of efforts to reach into the college community and have students determine the best course of action to take to deal with the number one issue on college campuses - alcohol. The Alcohol Summit is designed to bring together a coalition of students to discuss alcohol issues and create lasting outcomes to address the effects of alcohol and high risk drinking behaviors.
At one time, the National Interfraternity Conferences separated its members into those with Junior membership and those with Senior membership.
|Acacia||May 11, 1904||38||94||50,000||November 27, 1909-Founder|
|Alpha Chi Rho||June 4, 1895||41||93||30,500||November 27, 1909-Founder|
|Alpha Delta Gamma||October 10, 1924||12||29||November 30, 1961 as Junior|
|Alpha Delta Phi||October 29, 1832||33||53||1,100||50,000||November 27, 1909-Founder|
|Alpha Epsilon Pi||November 7, 1913||170||238||9,500||90,000||1921 as Junior|
1930 as Senior
|Alpha Gamma Rho||April 4, 1908||72||65,000||1918|
|Alpha Gamma Sigma||January 28, 1923||8||4,350||June 19, 1971|
|Alpha Kappa Lambda||April 22, 1914||30||79||1930 as Junior|
1954 as Senior
|Alpha Phi Alpha||December 4, 1906||354||414||175,000||2006|
|Alpha Phi Delta||November 5, 1914||36||96||800||19,100||1926 as Junior|
1930 as Senior
|Alpha Sigma Phi||December 6, 1845||161||212||5,800||85,000||November 27, 1909-Founder*|
|Alpha Tau Omega||September 11, 1865||132||250||6,500||200,000||November 27, 1909-Founder|
|Beta Chi Theta||June 2, 1999||27||1,700||2006|
|Beta Sigma Psi||April 17, 1925||10||25||1952 as Junior|
1969 as Senior
|Beta Theta Pi||August 8, 1839||142||179||10,119||355,868||November 27, 1909-Founder|
|Beta Upsilon Chi||Spring 1985||35||42||September 22, 2016|
|Chi Phi||December 24, 1824||58||113||60,000||November 27, 1909-Founder|
|Chi Psi||May 29, 1841||31||November 27, 1909-Founder|
|Delta Chi||October 13, 1890||137||6,400||118,000||1911 as Junior|
1912 as Senior
|Delta Kappa Epsilon||June 22, 1844||54||80,000||November 27, 1909-Founder|
|Delta Lambda Phi||October 15, 1986||30||April 11, 2013|
|Delta Phi||November 27, 1827||15||November 27, 1909-Founder|
|Delta Psi||January 17, 1847||10||1911|
|Delta Sigma Phi||December 10, 1899||105||225||5,995||120,000||November 27, 1909 as Junior|
1915 as Senior
|Delta Tau Delta||1858||133||9,375||165,000||November 27, 1909-Founder|
|Delta Upsilon||November 4, 1834||84||151||110,000||November 27, 1909-Founder|
|FarmHouse||April 15, 1905||33||42||1944 as Junior|
1952 as Senior
|Iota Nu Delta||February 7, 1994||18||5||2007|
|Iota Phi Theta||September 19, 1963||270||30,000||1985|
|Kappa Alpha Order||December 21, 1865||129||7,500||160,000||November 27, 1909-Founder|
|Kappa Alpha Psi||January 5, 1911||350||150,000|
|Kappa Alpha Society||November 26, 1825||9||15||November 27, 1909-Founder|
|Kappa Delta Phi||April 18, 1900||14||31||1990|
|Kappa Delta Rho||May 17, 1905||36||75||1922 as Junior|
1929 as Senior
|Lambda Phi Epsilon||February 25, 1981||33||48||September 8, 1990|
|Lambda Sigma Upsilon||April 5, 1979||58||500||6,000|
|Lambda Theta Phi||December 1, 1975||147||May 1992|
|Nu Alpha Kappa||February 26, 1988||24||24||225||2300|
|Omega Delta Phi||November 25, 1987||50|
|Phi Beta Sigma||January 9, 1914||400||150,000||2008|
|Phi Gamma Delta||April 22, 1848||155||9,000||178,108||November 27, 1909-Founder|
|Phi Iota Alpha||December 26, 1931||52||71|
|Phi Kappa Psi||February 19, 1852||109||158||5,988||124,199||November 27, 1909-Founder|
|Phi Kappa Sigma||October 19, 1850||45||120||1,200+||40,000+||November 27, 1909-Founder|
|Phi Kappa Tau||March 17, 1906||93||152||4,500||96,000+||1917|
|Phi Kappa Theta||April 29, 1889||41||140||1916|
|Phi Lambda Chi||March 15, 1925||9||17||1964 as Junior|
|Phi Mu Delta||March 1, 1918||18||41||600||18,000||1923 as Junior|
1930 as Senior
|Phi Sigma Kappa||March 15, 1873||84||3,000||115,000||November 27, 1909-Founder|
|Phi Sigma Phi||July 30, 1988||9|
|Pi Kappa Alpha||March 1, 1868||225||15,590||270,000||1910|
|Pi Kappa Phi||December 10, 1904||177||231||12,840||137,486||1911 as Junior|
1912 as Senior
|Pi Lambda Phi||March 21, 1895||45||120||1919|
|Psi Upsilon||November 18, 1833||27||45||1962|
|Sigma Alpha Epsilon||March 9, 1856||239||317||11,900||325,000||November 27, 1909-Founder|
|Sigma Alpha Mu||November 26, 1909||69||1915|
|Sigma Beta Rho||August 16, 1996||41||5000||April 15, 2007|
|Sigma Chi||June 28, 1855||244||15,700||345,000||November 27, 1909-Founder|
|Sigma Lambda Beta||April 4, 1986||99||118||850||10,000||1992|
|Sigma Nu||January 1, 1869||170||278||11,960||236,703||November 27, 1909-Founder|
|Sigma Phi||March 4, 1827||9||November 27, 1909-Founder|
|Sigma Pi||February 26, 1897||120||216||5,100||101,000||1910|
|Sigma Tau Gamma||June 28, 1920||84||165||2,800||80,000||1950 as Junior|
|Tau Delta Phi||June 22, 1910||6||63||1922 as Junior|
1928 as Senior
|Tau Epsilon Phi||October 19, 1910||30||46||1919|
|Tau Phi Sigma||November 11, 1992||7||8|
|Theta Chi||April 10, 1856||159||241||8,700||191,000||1912|
|Theta Delta Chi||October 31, 1847||29||66||46,000||November 27, 1909-Founder|
|Theta Xi||April 29, 1864||53||114||60,000||1911|
|Triangle||April 15, 1907||32||45||1944|
|Zeta Beta Tau||December 29, 1898||90||140,000||1912|
|Zeta Psi||Spring 1847||53||87||20,000||November 27, 1909-Founder|
Several of the historically large fraternities are no longer members of the NIC. In December 2002, Kappa Sigma (December 9), Phi Delta Theta (December 9),and Phi Sigma Kappa, withdrew their membership in the NIC due to disagreements with the strategic direction of the organization. Phi Sigma Kappa rejoined the NIC in 2006. On October 27, 2015, Lambda Chi Alpha resigned its membership, stating: "Unfortunately, the NIC has recently elected to pursue counterproductive tactics that we believe are antithetical to our values and we cannot support them." On January 14, 2016, Tau Kappa Epsilon announced that it had resigned its membership effective immediately, citing an extreme increase in cost resulting from the NIC 2.0 initiative and the obligation to ensure every member dollar is spent wisely. On January 24, 2017, Delta Epsilon Psi resigned to focus efforts on NAPA, National APIDA (Asian Pacific Islander Desi American), and the Panhellenic Association. Sigma Phi Epsilon announced its resignation on November 7, 2019, citing that "SigEp’s vision for how to enhance health and safety in the fraternity experience and partner with our host institutions has diverged from the NIC’s current approach."
|Delta Epsilon Psi||1998||36||3,000||Withdrew January 24, 2017|
|Kappa Sigma||December 10, 1869||320||412||20,670||282,000||November 27, 1909-Founder|
|Lambda Chi Alpha||November 2, 1909||194||322||11,000||280,000||1913|
Withdrew October 27, 2015
|Phi Delta Theta||December 26, 1848||190||260||12,000||260,000||November 27, 1909-Founder|
|Sigma Phi Delta||1924||2006|
|Sigma Phi Epsilon||November 1, 1901||230||15,286||312,000||November 27, 1909-Founder|
Withdrew November 7, 2019
|Tau Kappa Epsilon||January 10, 1899||237||481||10,590||272,000||1915|
Withdrew January 14, 2016
In addition, several fraternities in the NIC have merged with other members of the NIC and thus no longer have been counted as members or have gone defunct.
| Alpha Kappa Pi |
Merged with Alpha Sigma Phi
|January 1, 1921||1931 as Junior|
Merged with Alpha Sigma Phi on September 6, 1946
| Alpha Lambda Tau |
Partially absorbed by Tau Kappa Epsilon
|1916||1928 as Junior|
| Beta Kappa |
Merged with Theta Chi
|October 15, 1901||1926 as Junior|
1928 as Senior
Merged into Theta Chi on April 14, 1942
| Beta Sigma Rho |
Merged with Pi Lambda Phi
|October 12, 1910||1947 as Junior|
1955 as Senior
Merged into Pi Lambda Phi on December 12, 1972
| Delta Alpha Pi |
Merged with Phi Mu Delta
|November 22, 1919||1927 as Junior|
Merged with Phi Mu Delta on October 21, 1935
| Delta Sigma Lambda |
Merged with Theta Chi
|September 9, 1921||1927 as Junior|
Merged into Theta Chi on March 27, 1937
| Kappa Nu |
Merged with Phi Epsilon Pi
|November 12, 1911||1920|
Dropped from NIC in 1934
Merged into Phi Epsilon Pi on October 14, 1961
| Omicron Alpha Tau |
Merged with Tau Delta Phi
|Spring 1912||1928 as Junior|
Merged with Tau Delta Phi in 1934
| Phi Alpha |
Merged with Phi Sigma Delta
|October 14, 1914||1927 as Junior|
1928 as Senior
Merged into Phi Sigma Delta in April 1959.
| Phi Beta Delta |
Merged with Pi Lambda Phi
|April 5, 1912||1921 as Junior|
1927 as Senior
Merged with Pi Lambda Phi on February 1, 1941
| Phi Epsilon Pi |
Merged with Zeta Beta Tau
|November 23, 1904||Joined NIC in 1920 or 1921. |
Merged with Zeta Beta Tau in March 1970.
| Phi Kappa |
Merged to create Phi Kappa Theta
Merged to create Phi Kappa Theta on April 29, 1959
|Phi Lambda Theta||November 18, 1920||1929 as Junior|
Defunct by 1939
| Phi Pi Phi |
Merged with Alpha Sigma Phi
|November 15, 1915||1925 as Junior|
1930 as Senior
Merged with Alpha Sigma Phi in 1939
| Phi Sigma Delta |
Merged with Zeta Beta Tau
|November 10, 1909||1915|
Merged into Zeta Beta Tau in 1969
| Phi Sigma Epsilon |
Merged with Phi Sigma Kappa
|1910||1953 as Junior|
1965 as Senior
Merged into Phi Sigma Kappa on August 14, 1985
|Sigma Delta Rho||January 8, 1921||1930 as Junior|
Disintegrated in Spring 1935
|Sigma Lambda Pi||April 1915||1925 as Junior|
Disintegrated by 1932, majority of chapters joining Phi Epsilon Pi
| Sigma Mu Sigma |
Merged with Tau Kappa Epsilon
|Spring 1921||1928 as Junior|
Merged with Tau Kappa Epsilon in 1934/1935, later revived.
| Sigma Tau Phi |
Merged with Alpha Epsilon Pi
|1918||1930 as Junior|
Merged with Alpha Epsilon Pi in March 1947
| Theta Kappa Nu |
Merged with Lambda Chi Alpha
|June 9, 1924||1925 as Junior|
1928 as Senior
Merged with Lambda Chi Alpha in 1939
| Theta Kappa Phi |
Merged to create Phi Kappa Theta
|October 1, 1919||1924 as Junior|
1946 as Senior
Merged to create Phi Kappa Theta on April 29, 1959
| Theta Upsilon Omega |
Merged with Sigma Phi Epsilon.
|December 1, 1923||1924 as Junior|
1928 as Senior
Merged into Sigma Phi Epsilon on April 23, 1938
Dartmouth College is host to many Greek organizations, and a significant percentage of the undergraduate student body is active in Greek life. In 2005, the school stated that 1,785 students were members of a fraternity, sorority, or coeducational Greek house, comprising about 43 percent of all students, or about 60 percent of the eligible student body. Greek organizations at Dartmouth provide both social and residential opportunities for students, and are the only single-sex residential option on campus. Greek organizations at Dartmouth do not provide dining options, as regular meals service has been banned in Greek houses since 1909.
Professional fraternities, in the North American fraternity system, are organizations whose primary purpose is to promote the interests of a particular profession and whose membership is restricted to students in that particular field of professional education or study. This may be contrasted with service fraternities and sororities, whose primary purpose is community service, and general or social fraternities and sororities, whose primary purposes are generally aimed towards some other aspect, such as the development of character, friendship, leadership, or literary ability.
While the traditional social fraternity is a well-established mainstay across the United States at institutions of higher learning, alternatives – in the form of social fraternities that require doctrinal and behavioral conformity to the Christian faith – developed in the early 20th century. They continue to grow in size and popularity.
While the traditional women's fraternity or sorority was founded well before the start of the 20th century, the first ever Christian sorority was founded at UCLA in 1925 by ten women and named Alpha Delta Chi.
The Professional Fraternity Association (PFA) is an association of national, collegiate, professional fraternities and sororities that was formed in 1978. Since PFA groups are discipline-specific, members join while pursuing graduate degrees as well as undergraduate degrees. PFA groups seek to develop their members professionally in addition to the social development commonly associated with general fraternities. Membership requirements of the PFA are broad enough to include groups that do not recruit new members from a single professional discipline. The PFA has welcomed service and honor fraternities as members; however, Greek letter honor societies more commonly belong to the Association of College Honor Societies.
The Syracuse University fraternity and sorority system offers organizations under the Panhellenic Council, the Interfraternity Council (IFC), the National Association of Latino Fraternal Organizations, the National Multicultural Greek Council, and the National Pan-Hellenic Council.
The College of William & Mary fraternity and sorority system recognizes chapters of national organizations belonging to the Panhellenic Council, the Interfraternity Council (IFC) and the National Pan-Hellenic Council, and also recognizes one local fraternity without Greek letters and the local chapter of one national fraternity that abandoned membership in an inter-Greek consortium. The school also offers a variety of honor and co-ed service fraternities as well. The first collegiate fraternity within the present borders of the United States, the Latin-letter F.H.C. Society, was founded at the College of William & Mary on November 11, 1750. The new country's first Greek-letter fraternity was founded at the College on December 5, 1776, though the Phi Beta Kappa Society no longer is a social fraternity but, instead, the leading American academic honor society. Some fraternities and sororities are limited to graduate students at William & Mary, while others may only be joined at the undergraduate level. Still other Greek-letter organizations operate without recognition or approval from college administrators.
The Fraternity Leadership Association (FLA) was an association of six fraternities that was created in 2002 as an alternative to the North-American Interfraternity Conference.
The expansion of Greek letter organizations into Canada was an important stage of the North American fraternity movement, beginning in 1879 with the establishment of a chapter of Zeta Psi at the University of Toronto. In 1883 the same fraternity established a chapter at McGill University. Other early foundations were Kappa Alpha Society at Toronto in 1892 and at McGill in 1899, and Alpha Delta Phi at Toronto in 1893 and at McGill in 1897. The first sorority, Kappa Alpha Theta, was established at Toronto in 1887. In 1902, the first international chapter of Phi Delta Theta was established at McGill University as the Quebec Alpha. The development of the fraternity system in Canada has made great progress in these two universities. In 1927 Baird's Manual of American College Fraternities reported the existence of 42 chapters at the University of Toronto and of 23 chapters at McGill University. A few chapters were also reported from the University of British Columbia, Carleton University, Dalhousie University, University of Manitoba, Queen's University, University of Western Ontario, McMaster University, Wilfrid Laurier University, University of Waterloo, Brock University and University of Alberta.
Clemson University opened in 1893 as an all-male military college. It was not until seventy years later in 1959 that the first fraternities and sororities arrived on campus. In the 1970s, they became recognized as national fraternities and sororities. The Greek life has now increased to 44 chapters on campus: fraternities and sororities from the National Panhellenic Conference, the North-American Interfraternity Conference, the Multicultural Greek Council, and the National Pan-Hellenic Council.
Greek Life at the University of Massachusetts Amherst comprises many active chapters of social fraternities and sororities. While most of the groups are chapters of national organizations, including members of the North-American Interfraternity Conference, National Panhellenic Conference and National Pan-Hellenic Council, independent groups and those with other affiliations also exist.
Fraternities and sororities at University of Virginia, include the collegiate organizations on the grounds of the University of Virginia in Charlottesville, Virginia. First founded in the 1850s with the establishment of a number of fraternities, the system has since expanded to include sororities, professional organizations, service fraternities, honor fraternities, and cultural organizations. Fraternities and sororities have been significant to the history of the University of Virginia, including the founding of two national fraternities Kappa Sigma (ΚΣ) and Pi Kappa Alpha (ΠΚΑ).
Fraternities and sororities, or Greek letter organizations (GLOs), are social organizations at colleges and universities. A form of the social fraternity, they are prominent in the United States, Canada, and the Philippines, with much smaller numbers existing in France and elsewhere. Similar organizations exist in other countries as well, including the Studentenverbindungen of German-speaking countries or the Goliardia in Italy.