North Carolina Senate

Last updated

North Carolina Senate
North Carolina General Assembly
Seal of North Carolina.svg
Type
Type
Term limits
None
History
New session started
January 1, 2021
Leadership
Mark Robinson (R)
since January 3, 2021
President pro tempore
Phil Berger (R)
since January 26, 2011
Majority Leader
Kathy Harrington (R)
since January 1, 2021
Minority Leader
Dan Blue (D)
since March 5, 2014 [1]
Structure
Seats50
Political groups
Majority
  •   Republican (28)

Minority

Length of term
2 years
Elections
Last election
November 3, 2020
(50 seats)
Next election
November 8, 2022
(50 seats)
Meeting place
Senate chamber
North Carolina Legislative Building
Raleigh, North Carolina, United States
Website
www.ncleg.gov/Senate
Constitution
North Carolina Constitution

The North Carolina Senate is the upper chamber of the North Carolina General Assembly, which along with the North Carolina House of Representatives—the lower chamber—comprises the state legislature of North Carolina.

Contents

The Senate's prerogatives and powers are similar to those of the other house, the House of Representatives. Its members do, however, represent districts that are larger than those of their colleagues in the House. The President of the Senate is the Lieutenant Governor of North Carolina, but the Lt. Governor has very limited powers and only votes to break a tie. Before the office of Lt. Governor was created in 1868, the Senate was presided over by a "Speaker." After the 1988 election of James Carson Gardner, the first Republican Lt. Governor since Reconstruction, Democrats in control of the Senate shifted most of the power held by the Lt. Governor to the senator who is elected President Pro Tempore (or Pro-Tem). The President Pro Tempore appoints members to standing committees of the Senate, and holds great sway over bills.

According to the state constitution, the Senate is also the "Court for the Trial of Impeachments". The House of Representatives has the power to impeach state officials, after which the Senate holds a trial, as in the federal system. If the Governor or Lt. Governor is the official who has been impeached, the Chief Justice of the North Carolina Supreme Court presides.

Qualifications

The qualifications to be a senator are found in the state Constitution: "Each Senator, at the time of his election, shall be not less than 25 years of age, shall be a qualified voter of the State, and shall have resided in the State as a citizen for two years and in the district for which he is chosen for one year immediately preceding his election."

2021–22 composition

AffiliationParty
(shading indicates majority caucus)
Total
Republican Democratic Vacant
End of (2017–18) legislature3515500
Beginning of previous (2019–20) legislature2921500
End of previous (2019–20) legislature2920501
Beginning of current (2021–22) legislature2821501
Since January 11, 20212822500
Latest voting share

Leadership


North Carolina Senate [2] Officers
PositionNameParty
Lieutenant Governor / President of the Senate Mark Robinson Republican
President Pro Tempore Phil Berger Republican
Deputy President Pro Tempore Ralph Hise Republican
Majority Leader Kathy Harrington Republican
Majority Whip Jim Perry Republican
Joint Majority Caucus Leader Norman Sanderson Republican
Minority Leader Dan Blue Democratic
Minority Whip Jay Chaudhuri Democratic
Minority Caucus Secretary Ben Clark Democratic

Membership

DistrictFull Name of SenatorPartyResidenceCounties RepresentedFirst elected
1 Bob Steinburg Republican Edenton Camden, Chowan, Currituck, Dare, Gates, Hertford, Hyde,
Pasquotank, Perquimans, Tyrrell, Washington
2018
2 Norman Sanderson Republican Minnesott Beach Carteret, Craven, Pamlico 2012
3 Ernestine Bazemore Democratic Aulander Beaufort, Bertie, Martin, Northampton, Vance, Warren 2020
4 Toby Fitch Democratic Wilson Edgecombe, Halifax, Wilson 2018↑
5 Donald G. Davis Democratic Greenville Greene, Pitt 2012
6 Michael Lazzara Republican Jacksonville Jones, Onslow 2020
7 Jim Perry Republican Kinston Lenoir, Wayne 2019↑
8 Bill Rabon Republican Winnabow Bladen, Brunswick, New Hanover (part), Pender 2010
9 Michael Lee Republican Wilmington New Hanover (part)2020
10 Brent Jackson Republican Autryville Duplin, Johnston (part), Samson 2010
11 Lisa Stone Barnes Republican Spring Hope Johnston (part), Nash 2020
12 Jim Burgin Republican Angier Harnett, Johnston (part), Lee 2018
13 Danny Britt Republican Lumberton Columbus, Robeson 2016
14 Dan Blue Democratic Raleigh Wake (part)2009↑
15 Jay Chaudhuri Democratic Raleigh Wake (part)2016↑
16 Wiley Nickel Democratic Cary Wake (part)2018
17 Sydney Batch Democratic Apex Wake (part)2021↑
18 Sarah Crawford Democratic Raleigh Franklin, Wake (part)2020
19 Kirk deViere Democratic Fayetteville Cumberland (part)2018
20 Natalie Murdock Democratic Durham Durham (part)2020↑
21 Ben Clark Democratic Raeford Cumberland (part), Hoke 2012
22 Mike Woodard Democratic Durham Durham (part), Granville, Person 2012
23 Valerie Foushee Democratic Hillsborough Chatham, Orange 2013↑
24 Amy Galey Republican Burlington Alamance, Guilford (part)2020
25 Tom McInnis Republican Ellerbe Anson, Moore, Richmond, Scotland 2014
26David W. Craven Jr.Republican Asheboro Guilford (part), Randolph 2020↑
27 Michael Garrett Democratic Greensboro Guilford (part)2018
28 Gladys Robinson Democratic Greensboro Guilford (part)2010
29 Steve Jarvis Republican Lexington Davidson, Montgomery 2020
30 Phil Berger Republican Eden Caswell, Rockingham, Stokes, Surry (part)2000
31 Joyce Krawiec Republican Kernersville Davie, Forsyth (part)2014↑
32 Paul A. Lowe Jr. Democratic Winston-Salem Forsyth (part)2015↑
33 Carl Ford Republican China Grove Rowan, Stanly 2018
34 Vickie Sawyer Republican Mooresville Iredell, Yadkin 2018↑
35 Todd Johnson Republican Monroe Union (part)2018
36 Paul Newton Republican Concord Cabarrus, Union (part)2016
37 Jeff Jackson Democratic Charlotte Mecklenburg (part)2014↑
38 Mujtaba Mohammed Democratic Charlotte Mecklenburg (part)2018
39 DeAndrea Salvador Democratic Charlotte Mecklenburg (part)2020
40 Joyce Waddell DemocraticCharlotteMecklenburg (part)2014
41 Natasha Marcus Democratic Davidson Mecklenburg (part)2018
42 H. Dean Proctor Republican Hickory Alexander, Catawba 2020↑
43 Kathy Harrington Republican Gastonia Gaston (part)2010
44 Ted Alexander Republican Shelby Cleveland, Gaston (part)2018
45 Deanna Ballard Republican Blowing Rock Alleghany, Ashe, Surry (part) Watauga, Wilkes 2016↑
46 Warren Daniel Republican Morganton Avery, Burke, Caldwell 2010
47 Ralph Hise Republican Spruce Pine Madison, McDowell, Mitchell, Polk, Rutherford, Yancey 2010
48 Chuck Edwards Republican Flat Rock Buncombe (part), Henderson, Transylvania 2016↑
49 Julie Mayfield Democratic Asheville Buncombe (part)2020
50 Kevin Corbin Republican Franklin Cherokee, Clay, Graham, Haywood, Jackson, Macon, Swain 2020

Past composition of the Senate

See also

Related Research Articles

Article One of the United States Constitution Portion of the US Constitution regarding Congress

Article One of the United States Constitution establishes the legislative branch of the federal government, the United States Congress. Under Article One, Congress is a bicameral legislature consisting of the House of Representatives and the Senate. Article One grants Congress various enumerated powers and the ability to pass laws "necessary and proper" to carry out those powers. Article One also establishes the procedures for passing a bill and places various limits on the powers of Congress and the states from abusing their powers.

President of the Senate is a title often given to the presiding officer of a senate. It corresponds to the speaker in some other assemblies.

Senate of the Philippines Upper house of the Congress of the Philippines

The Senate of the Philippines is the upper house of Congress, the bicameral legislature of the Philippines; the House of Representatives is the lower house. The Senate is composed of 24 senators who are elected at-large with the country as one district under plurality-at-large voting.

Georgia General Assembly State legislature of the U.S. state of Georgia

The Georgia General Assembly is the state legislature of the U.S. state of Georgia. It is bicameral, consisting of the Senate and the House of Representatives.

North Carolina General Assembly Legislature of North Carolina

The North Carolina General Assembly is the bicameral legislature of the State government of North Carolina. The legislature consists of two chambers: the Senate and the House of Representatives. The General Assembly meets in the North Carolina Legislative Building in Raleigh, North Carolina, United States.

North Carolina House of Representatives

The North Carolina House of Representatives is one of the two houses of the North Carolina General Assembly. The House is a 120-member body led by a Speaker of the House, who holds powers similar to those of the President pro-tem in the North Carolina Senate.

Texas Senate

The Texas Senate is the upper house of the Texas State Legislature. There are 31 members of the Senate, representing single-member districts across the U.S. state of Texas, with populations of approximately 806,000 per constituency, based on the 2010 U.S. Census. There are no term limits, and each term is four years long. Elections are held in even-numbered years on the first Tuesday after the first Monday in November. In elections in years ending in 2, all seats are up for election. Half of the senators will serve a two-year term, based on a drawing; the other half will fill regular four-year terms. In the case of the latter, they or their successors will be up for two-year terms in the next year that ends in 0. As such, in other elections, about half of the Texas Senate is on the ballot. The Senate meets at the Texas State Capitol in Austin. The Republicans currently control the chamber, which is made up of 18 Republicans and 13 Democrats.

Michigan Senate Upper state chamber of Michigan

The Michigan Senate is the upper house of the Michigan Legislature. Along with the Michigan House of Representatives, it composes the state legislature, which has powers, roles and duties defined by Article IV of the Michigan Constitution, adopted in 1963. The primary purpose of the Legislature is to enact new laws and amend or repeal existing laws.

Tennessee Senate

The Tennessee Senate is the upper house of the U.S. state of Tennessee's state legislature, which is known formally as the Tennessee General Assembly.

Senate of Liberia

The Senate is the upper house of the bicameral legislative branch of Liberia, and together with the House of Representatives comprises the Legislature of Liberia. Each of the fifteen counties are equally represented by two senators, elected to serve staggered nine-year terms. The Senate meets at the Capitol Building in Monrovia.

Alabama Senate

The Alabama State Senate is the upper house of the Alabama Legislature, the state legislature of the U.S. state of Alabama. The body is composed of 35 members representing an equal number of districts across the state, with each district containing at least 127,140 citizens. Similar to the lower house, the Alabama House of Representatives, the Senate serves both without term limits and with a four-year term.

Oklahoma Legislature

The Legislature of the State of Oklahoma is the state legislative branch of the U.S. state of Oklahoma. The Oklahoma House of Representatives and Oklahoma Senate are the two houses that make up the bicameral state legislature. There are 101 state representatives, each serving a two-year term, and 48 state senators, who serve four-year terms that are staggered so only half of the Oklahoma Senate districts are eligible in each election cycle. Legislators are elected directly by the people from single member districts of equal population. The Oklahoma Legislature meets annually in the Oklahoma State Capitol in Oklahoma City.

Oklahoma Senate

The Oklahoma Senate is the upper house of the two houses of the Legislature of Oklahoma, the other being the Oklahoma House of Representatives. The total number of senators is set at 48 by the Oklahoma Constitution.

The Presiding Officer of the United States Senate is the person who presides over the United States Senate and is charged with maintaining order and decorum, recognizing members to speak, and interpreting the Senate's rules, practices, and precedents. Senate presiding officer is a role, not an actual office. The actual role is usually performed by one of three officials: the Vice President; an elected United States Senator; or, in special cases, the Chief Justice. Outside the constitutionally mandated roles, the actual appointment of a person to do the job of presiding over the Senate as a body is governed by Rule I of the Standing Rules.

President pro tempore of the Oklahoma Senate

The President pro tempore of the Oklahoma Senate is the second-highest-ranking official of the Oklahoma Senate and the highest-ranking state senator. The Oklahoma Constitution designates the Lieutenant Governor of Oklahoma as the highest-ranking official, serving ex officio as President of the Senate, even though he or she only votes in the case of a tie. During the lieutenant governor's absence, the president pro tempore presides over sessions. By longstanding custom, the lieutenant governor presides over sessions devoted to ceremonial purposes, while the bulk of the legislative management and political power is reserved for the president pro tempore, who is elected directly by the Oklahoma Senate.

Louisiana State Senate

The Louisiana State Senate is the upper house of the state legislature of Louisiana. All senators serve four-year terms and are assigned to multiple committees.

The following table indicates the party of elected officials in the U.S. state of Montana:

United States Senate Upper house of the United States Congress

The United States Senate is the upper chamber of the United States Congress, which, along with the United States House of Representatives—the lower chamber—constitutes the legislature of the United States. The Senate chamber is located in the north wing of the Capitol Building in Washington, D.C.

President of the Louisiana State Senate

The President of the Louisiana State Senate is the highest-ranking member of the Louisiana State Senate. As presiding officer, he or she convenes session and calls members to order, but can designate another state senator to preside in his or her place.

References

  1. WRAL.com
  2. North Carolina Senate Leadership

Coordinates: 35°46′59.53″N78°38′20.24″W / 35.7832028°N 78.6389556°W / 35.7832028; -78.6389556