North China

Last updated
North China
North China.svg
Area
  Total2,185,105 km2 (843,674 sq mi)
Population
  Total164,823,136
  Density75/km2 (200/sq mi)
Northern China (a much broader area named Beifang) LocationmapChina2-Huabei.png
Northern China (a much broader area named Beifang)

North China (simplified Chinese : ; traditional Chinese : ; pinyin :Huáběi; literally "China's north") is a geographical region of China, consisting of the provinces of Beijing, Tianjin, Hebei, Shanxi and Inner Mongolia. It lies north of the Qinling Huaihe Line [1] , with its heartland in the North China Plain.

Contents

In modern times, the area has shifted in terms of socio-political and economic composition. Nowadays unique, embracing a North Chinese culture, it is influenced by Marxism, Soviet systems of industry while preserving a traditional Chinese indigenous culture. The region has been cultivating wheat, and most inhabitants here speak variants of Northern Chinese languages such as the standard (Mandarin), which includes Beijing dialect, which is largely the basis of Standard Chinese (Mandarin), the official language of the People's Republic of China (PRC), and its cousin variants. Jin Chinese and Mongolian are also widely spoken due to the political and cultural history of the area.

History

In prehistory, the region was home to the Yangshao and Longshan cultures. Peking man was found near modern-day Beijing (Peking).

Administrative divisions in the PRC

GB [2] ISO № [3] ProvinceChinese NameCapitalPopulation¹Density²Area³Abbreviation/Symbol
BJ11 Beijing Municipality 北京市
Běijīng Shì
Beijing19,612,3681,167.4016,800
Jīng
TJ12 Tianjin Municipality 天津市
Tiānjīn Shì
Tianjin12,938,2241,144.4611,305
Jīn
HE13 Hebei Province 河北省
Héběi Shěng
Shijiazhuang 71,854,202382.81187,700
SX14 Shanxi Province 山西省
Shānxī Shěng
Taiyuan 35,712,111228.48156,300
Jìn
NM15 Inner Mongolia Autonomous Region
Nei Mongol Autonomous Region
內蒙古自治区
Nèi Měnggǔ Zìzhìqū
Hohhot 24,706,32120.881,183,000蒙(內蒙古)
Měng (Nèi Měnggǔ)

Cities with urban area over one million in population

Provincial capitals in bold.
#CityUrban area [4] District area [4] City proper [4] Prov.Census date
1 Beijing 16,446,85718,827,26219,612,368BJ2010-11-01
2 Tianjin 9,562,25511,090,78312,938,693TJ2010-11-01
3 Taiyuan 3,154,1573,426,5194,201,592SX2010-11-01
4 Shijiazhuang 2,770,3442,834,94210,163,788HE2010-11-01
5 Tangshan 2,128,1913,187,1717,577,289HE2010-11-01
6 Baotou 1,900,3732,096,8512,650,364NM2010-11-01
7 Hohhot 1,497,1101,980,7742,866,615NM2010-11-01
8 Datong 1,362,3141,737,5143,318,054SX2010-11-01
9 Handan 1,316,6741,445,3389,174,683HE2010-11-01
10 Baoding 1,038,1951,138,52111,194,382HE2010-11-01

See also

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References

  1. Li, Shuangshuang; Yang, Saini; LIU, Xianfeng (10 September 2015). "Spatiotemporal variability of extreme precipitation in north and south of the Qinling-Huaihe region and influencing factors during 1960-2013". The Chinese journal of geography. 34 (3): 354–363. Retrieved 25 May 2017.
  2. GB/T 2260 codes for the provinces of China
  3. ISO 3166-2:CN (ISO 3166-2 codes for the provinces of China)
  4. 1 2 3 国务院人口普查办公室; 国家统计局人口和社会科技统计司, eds. (2012). 中国2010年人口普查分县资料. Beijing: China Statistics Press. ISBN   978-7-5037-6659-6.