North Greenland

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North Greenland
Nord Grønland
Colony of Denmark–Norway (1721–1814)
Colony of Denmark (1814–1950)
1721–1950
Coat of arms of Greenland (Old version).svg
Coat of arms
North Greenland in 1815.svg
North Greenland (dark green) in 1815
Capital Godhavn
Government
  Type Monarchy
Monarch  
 1721–1730
Frederick IV first
 1947–1950
Frederick IX last
Governor/Royal inspectors  
 1782–1786
Johan Friedrich Schwabe first
 1945–1950
Carl Fredrik Simony last
History 
 Established
1721
 Disestablished
1950
Succeeded by
Colony of Greenland (1950-1953) Flag of Denmark.svg
Today part ofFlag of Denmark (state).svg  Kingdom of Denmark

The Northern Inspectorate of Greenland also known as North Greenland was a Danish inspectorate on Greenland consisting of the trading centers and missionary stations along the northwest coast of the island.

Contents

History

North Greenland was established in 1721. [1] Its capital was at Godhavn (modern Qeqertarsuaq). [2] The southernmost town of North Greenland was Egedesminde, which bordered Holsteinborg, which was the northernmost town of South Greenland. This boundary between North and South Greenland ran at around 68°N latitude, and in the North, North Greenland stretched to 78°N [3] to enclose Thule.

In 1911, as the administration of the colony was removed from the Royal Greenland Trading Department and folded into the Danish Ministry of the Interior, a provincial council (Danish : landsråd) was established. It was elected indirectly from the local councils and had little say in the management of the colony.

North Greenland was united with South Greenland in 1950, [4] with the administration for the northern settlements moved to Godthaab (modern Nuuk).

See also

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References

  1. International Work Group for Indigenous Affairs, An Indigenous Parliament?, IWGIA, 2005, p. 156.
  2. Brewster, David. "Greenland". The Edinburgh Encyclopedia, Vol 10. J. & E. Parker, 1832.
  3. James Bell: A System of Geography. Glasgow 1892. p. 281 CHAP. III-GREENLAND.
  4. Etableringen af Landsrådene (The Creation of Local Councils of Greenland, 1911-2011), cites the laws of 27 May 1950 merging both local councils, with an election in 1951.