North Hamgyong Province
|• Chosŏn'gŭl||함 경 북 도|
|• Hancha||咸 鏡 北 道|
|• Revised Romanization||Hamgyeongbuk-do|
|Subdivisions||4 cities; 12 counties|
|• Party Committee Chairman||Ri Hi-yong (WPK)|
|• People's Committee Chairman||Ri Sang-kwan|
|• Total||20,345 km2 (7,855 sq mi)|
|• Density||110/km2 (300/sq mi)|
|Time zone||UTC+9 (Pyongyang Time)|
North Hamgyong Province (Hamgyŏngbukdo, Korean pronunciation: [ham.ɡjʌŋ.buk̚.t͈o] ) is the northernmost province of North Korea. The province was formed in 1896 from the northern half of the former Hamgyong Province.
The province is bordered by China (Jilin) on the north, South Hamgyong on the southwest and Ryanggang on the west. On the east is the Sea of Japan. The province is home to the Musudan-ri rocket launching site and the Hoeryong concentration camp. In 2004, Rason was reabsorbed back into the province and since 2010, Rason is again a Directly Governed City.
Most North Korean defectors that settle in South Korea come from North Hamgyong. Because of this, the province and its people are among the most well-researched topics of North Korea. Knowledge concerning the province is often erroneously generalized to concern the whole country or ignored for being about "a backward province of a backward country ... unlikely to become popular reading: North Hamgyong is, after all, not only a very grim, but also a very boring place."
North Hamgyong is divided into three cities (si) and 12 counties (kun).These are further divided into villages (ri) in rural areas and dong (neighborhoods) in cities. Some cities are also divided into wards known as "kuyŏk", which are administered just below the city level.
Kangwon Province is a province of North Korea, with its capital at Wŏnsan. Before the division of Korea in 1945, Kangwŏn Province and its South Korean neighbour Gangwon Province formed a single province that excluded Wŏnsan.
South Pyongan Province is a province of North Korea. The province was formed in 1896 from the southern half of the former Pyongan Province, remained a province of Korea until 1945, then became a province of North Korea. Its capital is Pyongsong.
South Hamgyong Province is a province of North Korea. The province was formed in 1896 from the southern half of the former Hamgyong Province, remained a province of Korea until 1945, then became a province of North Korea. Its capital is Hamhung.
Ryanggang Province is a province in North Korea. The province is bordered by China (Jilin) on the north, North Hamgyong on the east, South Hamgyong on the south, and Chagang on the west. Ryanggang was formed in 1954, when it was separated from South Hamgyŏng. The provincial capital is Hyesan. In South Korean usage, "Ryanggang" is spelled and pronounced as "Yanggang"
Hoeryong concentration camp was a prison camp in North Korea that was reported to have been closed in 2012. The official name was KwallisoNo. 22. The camp was a maximum security area, completely isolated from the outside world.
Chŏngjin is the capital of North Korea's North Hamgyong Province and the country's third largest city. It is sometimes called the City of Iron.
Rason is a North Korean city and ice-free port in the Sea of Japan in the North Pacific Ocean on the northeast tip of North Korea. It is in the Kwanbuk region and location of the Rason Special Economic Zone.
The Tonghae Satellite Launching Ground, also known as Musudan-ri, is a rocket launching site in North Korea.
Hoeryŏng is a city in North Hamgyŏng Province, North Korea. It is located opposite Jilin Province, China, with the Tumen River in between. Sanhe (三合鎮), in Longjing City, is the closest Chinese town across the river. Hoeryŏng is claimed to be the birthplace of Kim Il Sung's first wife and Kim Jong Il's mother, Kim Jong Suk. The Hoeryong Revolutionary Site commemorates the birthplace.
Kilju, sometimes romanized as Kilchu, is a county in North Hamgyong province, North Korea. The county seat is Kilju Town.
Hwadae County is a county in southern North Hamgyong province, North Korea, with an area of about 460 km2 and a population of approximately 70,000. It adjoins the Sea of Japan on the east and south. By land, it adjoins Kimchaek and Kilchu to the west, and Myŏngch'ŏn to the north. The county was formed from parts of Kilchu and Myŏngch'ŏn in the 1950s, as part of a general reorganization of local government. Administratively, Hwadae is divided into one ŭp and 20 ri.
Myŏngch'ŏn County is a kun, or county, in North Hamgyong province, North Korea. The county is home to numerous hot springs.
Kyŏngwŏn County is a kun, or county, in North Hamgyong province, North Korea, located at, formerly known as Saebyŏl. It is bordered by the People's Republic of China to the north and east, Kyonghung to the southeast, Hoeryong to the southwest, and Onsong to the west.
Sinpho is a port city on the coast of the Sea of Japan in central South Hamgyŏng province, North Korea. According to the last available census, approximately 152,759 people reside here.
Kŭmho is a chigu, or area, in South Hamgyŏng province, near the city of Sinp'o, North Korea. Kŭmho was part of Sinp'o until 1995, when it was made a special area under the direct administration of the province.
Hwasong concentration camp is a labor camp in North Korea for political prisoners. The official name is Kwan-li-so No. 16.
The Hambuk Line is an electrified standard-gauge trunk line of the Korean State Railway in North Korea, running from Ch'ŏngjin) on the P'yŏngra Line to Rajin, likewise on the P'yŏngra line.
Punggye-ri Nuclear Test Site was the only known nuclear test site of North Korea. Nuclear tests were conducted at the site in October 2006, May 2009, February 2013, January 2016, September 2016, and September 2017.
Sanhe is a town under the administration of Longjing City in southeastern Jilin, People's Republic of China, located along the Sino-Korean border west of North Korea; the nearest major settlement across the Tumen River is Hoeryong in North Hamgyong Province. It is 41 kilometres (25 mi) southeast of downtown Longjing and 50 km (31 mi) south-southeast of Yanji. As of 2018, it has one residential community (社区) and four villages under its administration.