North Hamgyong Province

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North Hamgyong Province

함경북도
Korean transcription(s)
   Chosŏn'gŭl
   Hancha
  McCuneReischauerHamgyŏngbuk-to
  Revised RomanizationHamgyeongbuk-do
Hamgyongbuk-do in North Korea.svg
Country Flag of North Korea.svg  North Korea
Region Kwanbuk
Capital Chongjin
Subdivisions4 cities; 12 counties
Government
  Party Committee Chairman Ri Hi-yong [1] (WPK)
  People's Committee Chairman Ri Sang-kwan [1]
Area
  Total20,345 km2 (7,855 sq mi)
Population
 (2008) [2]
  Total2,327,362
  Density110/km2 (300/sq mi)
Time zone UTC+9 (Pyongyang Time)
Dialect Hamgyong

North Hamgyong Province (Hamgyŏngbukdo, Korean pronunciation:  [ham.ɡjʌŋ.buk̚.t͈o] ) is the northernmost province of North Korea. The province was formed in 1896 from the northern half of the former Hamgyong Province.

Contents

Geography

The province is bordered by China (Jilin) on the north, South Hamgyong on the southwest and Ryanggang on the west. On the east is the Sea of Japan. The province is home to the Musudan-ri rocket launching site and the Hoeryong concentration camp. In 2004, Rason was reabsorbed back into the province and since 2010, Rason is again a Directly Governed City.

Most North Korean defectors that settle in South Korea come from North Hamgyong. Because of this, the province and its people are among the most well-researched topics of North Korea. Knowledge concerning the province is often erroneously generalized to concern the whole country or ignored for being about "a backward province of a backward country ... unlikely to become popular reading: North Hamgyong is, after all, not only a very grim, but also a very boring place." [3]

Administrative divisions

North Hamgyong is divided into three cities (si) and 12 counties (kun). [4] These are further divided into villages (ri) in rural areas and dong (neighborhoods) in cities. Some cities are also divided into wards known as "kuyŏk", which are administered just below the city level.

Cities

Counties

See also

Related Research Articles

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Hoeryong Municipal City in North Hamgyong Province, North Korea

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Hwadae County County in North Hamgyong Province, North Korea

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Myongchon County County in North Hamgyong Province, North Korea

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Kumho, South Hamgyong area of South Hamgyong, North Korea

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Hwasong concentration camp is a labor camp in North Korea for political prisoners. The official name is Kwan-li-so No. 16.

Hambuk Line

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Sanhe, Longjing Town in Jilin, Peoples Republic of China

Sanhe is a town under the administration of Longjing City in southeastern Jilin, People's Republic of China, located along the Sino-Korean border west of North Korea; the nearest major settlement across the Tumen River is Hoeryong in North Hamgyong Province. It is 41 kilometres (25 mi) southeast of downtown Longjing and 50 km (31 mi) south-southeast of Yanji. As of 2018, it has one residential community (社区) and four villages under its administration.

References

  1. 1 2 "Organizational Chart of North Korean Leadership" (PDF). Seoul: Political and Military Analysis Division, Intelligence and Analysis Bureau; Ministry of Unification. January 2018. Retrieved 17 October 2018.
  2. https://unstats.un.org/unsd/demographic/sources/census/wphc/North_Korea/Final%20national%20census%20report.pdf
  3. Tertitskiy, Fyodor (8 July 2016). "The flaws and biases in North Korean studies". NK News. Retrieved 27 July 2016.
  4. http://www.cybernk.net/infoText/InfoAdminstList.aspx?mc=AD0101&ac=A09

Coordinates: 41°54′11″N129°24′29″E / 41.903°N 129.408°E / 41.903; 129.408