North Paravur

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North Paravur
India Kerala location map.svg
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North Paravur
India location map.svg
Red pog.svg
North Paravur
Coordinates: 10°09′N76°14′E / 10.15°N 76.23°E / 10.15; 76.23
CountryFlag of India.svg India
State Kerala
District Ernakulam
City UA Kochi
Government
  TypeMunicipality
Area
  Total9.02 km2 (3.48 sq mi)
Elevation
13 m (43 ft)
Population
[2]
  Total31,503
  Density3,500/km2 (9,000/sq mi)
Languages
  Official Malayalam, English
Time zone UTC+5:30 (IST)
PIN
683513
Telephone code0484
Vehicle registration KL-42
Website North Paravur

North Paravur ( /paravuːr/ ; Malayalam : വടക്കൻ പറവൂർIPA: [vadak:ənparavuːr] ; formerly known as Paravur or Parur), is a municipality [3] in the Ernakulam district of Kerala, India. It is located 20 km (12.4 mi) north of the district collectorate in Thrikkakara and about 201 km (124.9 mi) north of the state capital Thiruvananthapuram. North Paravur is part of the Kochi metropolitan area and is located 19 km (11.8 mi) north of the Kochi city centre. As per the 2011 Indian census, North Paravur has a population of 31,503 people, and a population density of 3,490/km2 (9,000/sq mi).

Contents

Etymology

Paravur derived its name from ancient name Parayur, which literally means the place of Paravar, an ancient tribe. Paravar were the major inhabitants of the coastal areas of Kerala especially near the ancient capital Mohodayapuram of the Chera dynasty. Descriptions about Paravar can be found in Sangha literature.

Overview

The coastal highway NH-66 Panvel-Kanyakumari passes through this historic town. The National Waterway-3 Kollam-Kottapuram passes through the west end of the taluk.

Paravur is believed to be one of the 64 villages created by Parashurama. This town had been an old trading post, with a Jewish synagogue [4] and a thriving Jewish community, before their resettlement in Israel after its establishment in 1948.[ citation needed ] Cochin Jews lived in the towns of Kochi and North Paravur.

The various denominations of modern Saint Thomas Christians ascribe their unwritten tradition to the end of the 1st century and believe that Thomas landed at Maliankara village in Paravur Taluk in AD 52. In AD 52 Thomas founded the churches popularly known as Ezharappallikal (seven and half churches). Two such churches are at Paravur (Kottakkaavu) and Kodungallur.

History

Paravur was under the administration of the Paravur king. Vypin was also in Parur. The Paravur king joined with Kochi country, but later Parur transferred to the Travancore area (1864) as part of an agreement. The taluk was divided into Paravur and Alangad. Alangad comprised most parts of present-day Aluva taluk. At that period Paravur area included Puthenchira, Mala area of Chalakudy taluk. Muziris was the centre of Indian spice trade for many centuries, and was known to the Yavanas (Greeks) as well as Romans, Jews, Arabs, and Chinese since ancient times. Kochi rose to significance as a trading centre after the port at Muziris was destroyed by massive flooding of the river Periyar in 1341. It was told till that time the Periyar River had a width of Cherai to Munambam. The mud and sand destroyed this natural port and the whole City along with its wealth went below the mud and sand.[ citation needed ]

Chendamangalam a historical place is also in Paravur. Chendamangalam was the place of Paliath Achans who were the prime ministers and Raja under the Kochi Maharaja. In Chendamangalam, exists the famous Dutch-Kerala style constructed Palace and Nalukettu of the Paliam Royal Family(Paliath Achan).Chavara monastery is in Koonammavu. North Paravur municipality is one among the former municipalities in Ernakulam District. Today it is a populated residential town in the Ernakulam district due to its historical importance. Gothuruth, an island in Parur, is the birthplace of the traditional Kerala art form of Chavittunatakam.

North Paravur was the first constituency to hold elections using Electronic Voting Machine (EVM) in 1982. EVMs were used in 50 polling stations out of the total 123. [5] [6]

Demographics

As of 2011 Census, [7] Paravur had a population of 31,503 with 15,060 males and 16,443 females. Paravur municipality have an area of 9.02 km2 (3.48 sq mi) with 8,095 families residing in it. 8% of the population was under 6 years of age. Paravur had an average literacy of 96.75% higher than the state average of 94%: male literacy was 97.8% and female literacy was 95.8%.

Economy

Paravur was once famous in the district for its traditional industries like coir, handlooms and agriculture. Now it is changing to a major residential suburb of Cochin where people looking jobs in city. The Eloor-Edayar industrial belt is in Paravur Taluk.

Geography

Paravur is located at 10.14° N 76.7° E[1]. It has an average elevation of 10 metres (32 feet). The town is situated at north end of Ernakulam district and bordering with Thrissur district. The towns in Thrissur district like Kodungallore, Mala, Chalakudy and the towns Kalamassery, Aluva, Angamaly, Vypin island are located near to this town. The Paravur Taluk lies in the flat delta region of the Periyar river and cut by several canals, which have resulted in the formation of many islands. The Kodungalloor Kayal (backwaters) and Varappuzha Kayal (backwaters) are in this taluk. The town and neighboring areas were deeply affected by floods in 2018 due to heavy rain. [8]

Landmarks

Festivals

Civic administration

Municipal Officials
Chairperson
Members of Legislative Assembly
Paravur (State Assembly constituency) V. D. Satheesan
Kalamassery (State Assembly constituency) P. Rajeeve
Member of Parliament
Ernakulam (Lok Sabha constituency) Hibi Eden

North Paravur is the headquarters of Paravur Taluk and Paravur, Kalamassery State Assembly constituencies. North Paravur and Eloor are Municipalities in Paravur Taluk. The Grama Panchayats in Paravur Taluk are Alengad, Chendamangalam, Chittatukara, Ezhikkara, Kadungalloor, Karumallur, Kottuvally, Kunnukara, Puthanvelikkara, Vadakkekara and Varappuzha. The Block Panchayats are Paravur and Alengad. Paravur, Kalamassery Assembly constituencies belong to Ernakulam (Lok Sabha constituency) constituency. V.D Satheesan is the M.L.A. of Paravur from 2001. North Paravur is the seat of Ernakulam Additional District court. Other courts are Munsif, Magistrate. There is Sales Tax, Supplies, Sub Treasury offices in Paravur. Paravur civil station is located in Kacheri compound. Alengad block is situated at Kottapuram.

Police stations in the Taluk area Paravur Circle: Paravur Station, Varapuzha Stations Vadakkekara Circle: Vadakkekara Station, Puthenvelikkara Station Eloor area: Binanipuram Station, Eloor Station Alengad Station Fire Service: Paravur Fire Station, FACT Eloor

Transport

KL-42 is the RTO code for Paravur Taluk, Vypin island and North Paravur. Paravur JRTO is situated at Perumpadanna. There is a KSRTC Subdepot, Private Limited Stop bus stand and a private bus stand in the town conducting services to many places in Kerala. There is frequent bus service to Ernakulam, Malabar from here. The nearest railway station is Aluva 16 km away. The Cochin International Airport at Nedumbassery is about 20 km away from the town. There are frequent boat and ferry services on the nearby rivers and lagoons.[ citation needed ]

Every year boat races are organised in different parts of Paravur and major one is North Paravur water race. Paravur is famous for tug of wars. Volleyball is a popular game in Paravur. There is a municipal stadium in Paravur and FACT ground in Eloor. There are plans to build a swimming pond in the taluk. There is a municipal park in Pullamkulam, near to Peruvaram which is well maintained.

Media in Paravur Taluk

All Major Malayalam newspapers have bureaux in Paravur Taluk. Paravur press club is situated at alinchuvad N.Paravur. Local television stations in Paravur includes Asianet Cable Vision (press club), Paravur Vision Muziris Today (Perumbadana), Paravur media vision.

Localities in Paravur

These are the localities or wards in Paravur Municipality. Perumpadanna, Kedamangalam, Nanthiattukunnam, Peruvaram, Vazhikulangara, Kizhakkepram, Vedimara, Pullamkulam, Vaniyakkad, Nandikulangara, Paravoothara, Pallamthuruth, Mattumal, Kurunthotiparamb, Poosaripady, Thoniyakav, Potten street, Mookambi, Municipal, Kacheripady|Court, Chendamangalam Jn, Thekkenaluvazhi, Market, Kannankulangara, Pvt. Busstand

Educational organisations

Nearby towns

See also

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References

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  2. "Kerala (India): Districts, Cities and Towns - Population Statistics, Charts and Map".
  3. https://lsgkerala.gov.in/system/files/2017-10/localbodies.pdf
  4. Jain, Mahima A. "Kerala's 3,000-year-old history gets four new homes". @businessline. Retrieved 19 November 2021.
  5. K. C. Gopakumar (6 March 2021). "EVMs were used first time in Kerala in 50 booths in 1982". The Hindu . Cochin. Archived from the original on 6 March 2021. Retrieved 29 April 2024.
  6. Cithara Paul (15 March 2017). "EVMs: First ever trial had gone wrong in Kerala in 1982". The Week . Archived from the original on 15 March 2017. Retrieved 29 April 2024.
  7. Kerala, Directorate of Census Operations. District Census Handbook, Ernakulam (PDF). Thiruvananthapuram: Directorateof Census Operations,Kerala. p. 230,231. Retrieved 14 July 2020.
  8. Bureau, Kochi (19 August 2018). "Several areas in North Paravur remain cut off". The Hindu. ISSN   0971-751X . Retrieved 19 November 2021.