North Tipperary

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North Tipperary
Tiobraid Árann Thuaidh
Tipperary (North Riding)
Former County
1898–2014
North Tipperary in Ireland.svg
Country Ireland
Province Munster
Created 12 August 1898
Abolished 3 June 2014
County town Nenagh
Government
  Type North Tipperary County Council
Area
  Total2,046 km2 (790 sq mi)
Population
 (2011)
70,322
Car plates TN (1987–2013)

North Tipperary (Irish : Tiobraid Árann Thuaidh) was a county in Ireland. It was part of the Mid-West Region and was also located in the province of Munster. It was named after the town of Tipperary and consisted of 48% of the land area of the traditional county of Tipperary. North Tipperary County Council was the local authority for the county. In 2011, the population of the county was 70,322. [1] It was abolished on 3 June 2014, merged with South Tipperary under a new Tipperary County Council. [2] [3]

Contents

Geography and political subdivisions

Keeper Hill KeeperHill.jpg
Keeper Hill

The county was part of the central plain of Ireland, but the diversified terrain contained several mountain ranges: the Arra Hills, Silvermine Mountains and the Devil's Bit. The county was landlocked. The southern part of the former county is drained by the River Suir; the northern part is drained by tributaries of the River Shannon which widens into Lough Derg. The centre of the county included much of the Golden Vale, a rich pastoral stretch of land in the Suir basin which extends into counties Limerick and Cork.

Its population centres included Nenagh (the county town), Borrisoleigh, Templemore, Thurles and Roscrea.

Baronies

There were six historic baronies in North Tipperary: Eliogarty, Ikerrin, Ormond Upper, Ormond Lower, Owney and Arra and Kilnamanagh Upper.

Civil parishes and townlands

Civil parishes in Ireland were delineated after the Down Survey as an intermediate subdivision, with multiple townlands per parish and multiple parishes per barony. The civil parishes had some use in local taxation and were included on the nineteenth century maps of the Ordnance Survey of Ireland. [4] For poor law purposes District Electoral Divisions replaced the civil parishes in the mid-nineteenth century. There were 86 civil parishes in the county. [5]

Politics and local government

Lough Derg. Lough derg.jpg
Lough Derg.

The historic county of Tipperary was divided in 1898 when the administrative county of Tipperary (North Riding) was established. The North Riding had existed as a judicial county following the establishment of assize courts in 1838. The county's name changed to North Tipperary, and the council's name to North Tipperary County Council, under the Local Government Act 2001. The Council oversaw the county as an independent local government area. The Council was made up of 21 representatives, directly elected through the system of proportional representation by means of a single transferable vote.

Under the provisions of the Local Government Act 1991, (Regional Authorities) (Establishment) Order, 1993, [6] the territory of North Tipperary was defined as being in the Mid-West Region. This region was a NUTS III region of the European Union. The county of South Tipperary, by contrast, was part of the South-East Region. At a NUTS II level, both counties were in the Southern and Eastern region.

The Council also claimed the title of The Premier County, [7] a title which was usually taken to refer to the undivided territory of both north and south Tipperary. Following the division of the original county, North Tipperary was not granted its own coat of arms.

Related Research Articles

Counties of Ireland Administrative division of Ireland, historically 32 in number

The counties of Ireland are historic administrative divisions of the island, now used in various contexts. They began as Norman structures, and as the powers exercised by the Cambro-Norman barons and the Old English nobility waned over time, new offices of political control came to be established at a county level.

Newtown may refer to:

County Waterford County in Ireland

County Waterford is a county in Ireland. It is in the province of Munster and is part of the South-East Region. It is named after the city of Waterford. Waterford City and County Council is the local authority for the county. The population of the county at large, including the city, was 116,176 according to the 2016 census. The county is based on the historic Gaelic territory of the Déise. There is an Irish-speaking area, Gaeltacht na nDéise, in the south-west of the county.

County Tipperary County in Ireland

County Tipperary is a county in Ireland. It is located in the province of Munster. The county is named after the town of Tipperary, and was established in the early 13th century, shortly after the Norman invasion of Ireland. The population of the county was 159,553 at the 2016 census. The largest towns are Clonmel, Nenagh and Thurles.

South Tipperary Former Irish county

South Tipperary was a county in Ireland. It was part of the South-East Region and was also located in the province of Munster. It was named after the town of Tipperary and consisted of 52% of the land area of the traditional county of Tipperary. South Tipperary County Council was the local authority for the county. The population of the county was 88,433 according to the 2011 census. It was abolished on 3 June 2014, merged with North Tipperary under a new Tipperary County Council.

Ormond Lower is a barony in County Tipperary, Ireland. This geographical unit of land is one of 12 baronies in County Tipperary. Its chief town is Nenagh. The barony lies between Ormond Upper to the south-east and Owney and Arra to the south-west. As a "peninsula", it is surrounded on three sides by counties Galway and Offaly.

Ormond Upper is a barony in County Tipperary, Ireland. This geographical unit of land is one of 12 baronies in County Tipperary. Its chief town is Toomevara. The barony lies between Ormond Lower to the north, Kilnamanagh Upper to the south, Owney and Arra to the west and Ikerrin to the east. The territory is currently administered by Tipperary County Council. The O'Mearas had an extensive territory in the barony; the name of their chief residence, Tuaim-ui-Meara, is still retained in the town of Toomavara.

Owney and Arra is a barony in County Tipperary, Ireland. This geographical unit of land is one of 12 baronies in County Tipperary. Its chief town is Newport. The barony lies between Ormond Lower to the north, Kilnamanagh Upper to the south and Ormond Upper to the east. To the west lies the River Shannon which separates it from County Clare. The territory is currently administered by Tipperary County Council.

Ikerrin is a barony in County Tipperary, Ireland. This geographical unit of land is one of 12 baronies in County Tipperary. Its chief town is Roscrea. The barony lies between Eliogarty to the south and Ormond Upper to the west. As a "peninsula", it is surrounded on three sides by counties Offaly and Laois. The territory is currently administered by Tipperary County Council.

Eliogarty

Eliogarty is a barony in County Tipperary, Ireland. This geographical unit of land is one of 12 baronies in County Tipperary. Its chief town is Thurles. The barony lies between Ikerrin to the north, Kilnamanagh Upper to the west, Middle Third to the south and County Kilkenny to the east. It is currently administered by Tipperary County Council.

Kilnamanagh Upper is a barony in County Tipperary, Ireland. This geographical unit of land is one of 12 baronies in County Tipperary. Its chief town is Borrisoleigh. The barony lies between Ormond Upper to the north, Kilnamanagh Lower to the south and Eliogarty to the east. It is currently administered by Tipperary County Council.

Iffa and Offa West is a barony in County Tipperary, Ireland. This geographical unit of land is one of 12 baronies in County Tipperary. Its chief town is Cahir. The barony lies between Clanwilliam to the north-west, Middle Third to the north-east and Iffa and Offa East to the east. The area is currently administered by Tipperary County Council. The barony is within the geographic remit of the Roman Catholic Diocese of Waterford and Lismore.

Iffa and Offa East is a barony in County Tipperary, Ireland. This geographical unit of land is one of 12 baronies in County Tipperary. Its chief town is Clonmel. The barony lies between Iffa and Offa West to the west, Middle Third to the north-west and Slievardagh to the north-east. It is currently administered by Tipperary County Council. The entire barony lies within the geographic remit of the Roman Catholic Diocese of Waterford and Lismore with the exception of the parish of Clerihan which is in the Roman Catholic Archdiocese of Cashel and Emly.

Middle Third is a barony in County Tipperary, Ireland. This geographical unit of land is one of 12 baronies in County Tipperary. Its chief town is Cashel. The barony lies between Eliogarty to the north, Iffa and Offa East to the south, Clanwilliam to the west and Slievardagh to the east. It is currently administered by Tipperary County Council.

Galmoy (barony) Barony in Leinster, Ireland

Galmoy is a barony in the north western part of County Kilkenny, Ireland. It is one of 12 baronies in County Kilkenny. The size of the barony is 162.7 square kilometres (62.8 sq mi). There are 12 civil parishes in Galmoy. While it is named after the village of Galmoy, today the chief town of the barony is Urlingford. Galmoy barony lies at the north-western corner of the county between Fassadinin to the east, and Crannagh to the south. It is surrounded on two sides by counties Tipperary to the west and Laois to the north. The M8 Dublin/Cork motorway bisects the barony. It is situated 121 kilometres (75 mi) from Dublin city and 131 kilometres (81 mi) from Cork city. Galmoy is currently administered by Kilkenny County Council. The barony was part of in the historic kingdom of Osraige (Ossory).

South-East Region, Ireland

The Ireland South East Region is a NUTS Level III statistical region of Ireland. The region comprises the counties of Waterford, Carlow, Kilkenny, and Wexford. Waterford City is the regional capital. The South-East region spans 7,198 km2, 10.2% of the total area of the state and according to the 2016 census had a population of 422,062.

Loughmoe East

Loughmoe East is a civil parish in County Tipperary, Ireland.(Gaelic: Na Cealla Beaga). Also called CALLABEG, or KILNASEAR, the parish, in the barony of ELIOGARTY, County TIPPERARY, is in the province of MUNSTER, about 2 miles south-east of Templemore. This parish is situated on the river Suir, which separates it from Loughmoe-West, and on the road from Templemore to Thurles, and comprises 3417 statute acres.

Cranagh (barony) Barony in Leinster, Ireland

Crannagh, sometimes written Cranagh or Granagh, is a barony in the north western part of County Kilkenny, Ireland. It is one of 12 baronies in County Kilkenny. The size of the barony is 210.8 square kilometres (81.4 sq mi). There are 19 civil parishes in Crannagh, made up of 182 townlands. The chief town Freshford, with highest point at Clomantagh Hill. Crannagh lies at the north west of the county, with the baronies of Galmoy and Fassadinin to the north, and the barony of the Kilkenny to the east and Shillelogher to the south. It is buffers County Tipperary on the west. The R693 road crosses the barony.

Kells (County Kilkenny barony) Barony in Leinster, Ireland

Kells is a barony in the south-west of County Kilkenny, Ireland. It is one of 12 baronies in County Kilkenny. The size of the barony is 155.6 square kilometres (60.1 sq mi). There are 10 civil parishes in Kells, made up of 167 townlands. The chief town is Kells.

Knocktopher (barony) Barony in Leinster, Ireland

The barony of Knocktopher is a barony in the west of County Kilkenny, Ireland. The barony is 46,765 acres (189.25 km2) in size. There are 16 civil parishes made up of 125 townlands. It is one of 12 baronies in the county. The chief town is Mullinavat and it contains the settlements of Stonyford, Ballyhale, Hugginstown, Knocktopher, and Dunnamaggan. The M9 motorway bisects the barony.

References

  1. Census of Ireland, 2011. Central Statistics Office, "Actual and Percentage Change in Population by Aggregate Town or Rural Area, Sex, Province County or City, Statistical Indicator and Census Year".
  2. Tipperary County Council Tipperary County Council, 29 May 2014. Quote: "Tipperary County Council will become an official unified authority on Tuesday, 3rd June 2014. The new authority combines the existing administration of North Tipperary County Council and South Tipperary County Council."
  3. "Local Government Reform Act 2014" (PDF). Irish Stature Book. Retrieved 22 November 2019.
  4. "Interactive map (civil parish boundaries viewable in Historic layer)". Mapviewer. Ordnance Survey of Ireland. Archived from the original on 29 May 2010. Retrieved 9 March 2010.
  5. "Placenames Database of Ireland - Tipperary civil parishes". Archived from the original on 20 September 2012. Retrieved 16 June 2011.
  6. Official Irish Statues website. Local Government Act 1991, (Regional Authorities) (Establishment) Order.
  7. Introduction to North Tipperary