North Western Province, Sri Lanka

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North Western Province

වයඹ පළාත
வட மேல் மாகாணம்
Sri Lanka North Western Province locator map.svg
Location within Sri Lanka
CountrySri Lanka
Created1845
Admitted 14 November 1987
Capital Kurunegala
Largest City Kurunegala
Government
   Governor A. J. M. Muzammil
Area
  Total7,888 km2 (3,046 sq mi)
Area rank5th (11.89% of total area)
Population
 (2011 census)
  Total2,370,075
  Rank4th (11.61% of total pop.)
  Density300/km2 (780/sq mi)
Gross Regional Product
 (2010) [1]
  Total Rs 495 billion
  Rank2nd (10.3% of total)
Time zone UTC+05:30 (Sri Lanka)
ISO 3166 code LK-6
Vehicle registration NW
Official Languages Sinhalese, Tamil
Website www.nw.gov.lk

North Western Province (Sinhala : වයඹ පළාතWayamba Paḷāta, Tamil : வட மேல் மாகாணம்Vada Mael Mākāṇam) is a province of Sri Lanka. The province consists of the districts of Kurunegala and Puttalam. Its capital is Kurunegala, which has a population of 28,571. The province is known mainly for its numerous coconut plantations. Other main towns in this province are Chilaw (24,712) and Puttalam (45,661), which are both small fishing towns. The majority of the population of Wayamba province is of Sinhalese ethnicity. There is also a substantial Sri Lankan Moor minority around Puttalam and Sri Lankan Tamils in Udappu and Munneswaram. Fishing, prawn farming and rubber tree plantations are other prominent industries of the region. The province has an area of 7,888 km², and a population of 2,370,075 (2011 census).

Contents

Geography

Climate

The climate of Wayamba is tropical, with a marked dry season, and temperatures averaging between 20 °C in January to 25 °C in March. The south of the province is wetter, with almost 2000 mm of rainfall per year, but the north of the province is one of the driest regions in Sri Lanka, averaging under 1100 mm of rain in parts.

Districts

(1) Kurunegala and (2) Puttalam are the two districts that make up the North Western Province. North Western Sri Lanka districts.png
(1) Kurunegala and (2) Puttalam are the two districts that make up the North Western Province.

Wayamba is divided into 2 districts:

Cities

Large towns

Other towns

Villages

North Western Province contains six villages with the same name, Galagedara.

Education

Universities

  1. Open University of Sri Lanka, regional centre of Kurunegala
  2. Wayamba University of Sri Lanka, Kuliyapitiya
  3. Wayamba National College of Education, Bingiriya

Provincial Education- Provincial Department of Education - North Western

  1. Zonal Education - Kurunegala
  2. Zonal Education - Puttalam
  3. Zonal Education - Kuliyapitiya
  4. Zonal Education - Chilaw
  5. Zonal Education - Ibbagamuwa
  6. Zonal Education - Maho
  7. Zonal Education - Nikaweratiya
  8. Zonal Education - Giriulla

Schools

  1. St. Joseph Vaz College - Wennappuwa
  2. Presidential Science College - Puttalam
  3. Holy Family Convent
  4. Saranath College - Kuliyapitiya
  5. Central College - Kuliyapitiya
  6. Maliyadewa College - Kurunegala
  7. St. Annes College - Kurunegala
  8. Ananda College - Chilaw
  9. Dammissara College - Nattandiya
  10. Wayamba Royal College - Kurunegala
  11. Senanayake Central College - Madampe
  12. Mayurapada College - Narammala
  13. Sri Sumangala College - Wariyapola
  14. S.W.R.D. Bandaranayaka Central College - Panduwasnuwara
  15. Zahira National College - Puttalam

Transportation

Roads

The region is served by an extensive rail and road transport system providing linkages to the major cities and ports in Sri Lanka. Some major roads include,

Railway lines

Industrial land

Wayamba is the location for Mawathagama and Polghawela Export Processing Zones and boasts several other industrial estates such as Dambadeniya, Makandura West, Makadura East, Pannala, Lunuwila, Heraliyawela, Dangaspitiya, Dankotuwa and Noorani.

Mineral resources

Wayamba Province is also rich with several types of mineral deposits. These include,

Major agricultural crops

Wayamba has a highly developed agricultural economy, growing a variety of fruits and vegetables, flowering plants, spices, oil-seeds in addition to the traditional plantation crops such as Coconut, Rubber and Rice. Rich soils and varied climate give Wayamba a potential for growing of virtually any crop.

Paddy is the main agricultural crop in the province. Wayamba is the third largest paddy-producing area in Sri Lanka. There are two main cultivation seasons. The Maha Season (October–January) or the period with excessive rainfall and the Yala Season (April–August) the drier season. In Yala season, the farmers have to depend on irrigation. More recent times, the paddy farmers during the dry season have opted to cultivate export crops and subsidiary food crops that bring bigger profits.

Banking and financial services

The Wayamba province is well served by all major commercial banking and financial institutions of Sri Lanka. These include, Bank of Ceylon, Commercial Bank of Sri Lanka, Sampath Bank, National Savings Bank, Hatton National Bank, People's Bank, Seylan Bank and the Union Bank. All of these banks have an extensive coverage of their branches in the province. Three other development banks of Sri Lanka, namely The DFCC Bank, National Development Bank, Wayamba Development Bank, Ideal motors & Ideal finance also provide services to the province.

Attractions

Archaeological sites

The Wayamba province is a treasure house of archaeology having been seat of four medieval kingdoms of Sri Lanka between the mid 12th and mid 14th centuries. Having forced to move capitals due to foreign invasions, Sri Lankan kings nevertheless built magnificent citadels are Yapahuwa, Panduwasnuwara, Dambadeniya and Kurunegala. Impressive remains of those citadels, palaces, Buddhist temples and monasteries provide exciting sight seeing to the visitors.

Rock temples

Wayamba and Kurunegala are also the home for other ancient Buddhist rock temples, mostly with 1st century B.C roots, with wall and ceiling frescos, colossal Buddha images, stone inscriptions and sculptures dating from early medieval to 18th century period.

Beaches

The sparkling blue surf of the Indian Ocean and scenic tropical lagoons which edge the western shores of the Wayamba province are glided with 240 kilometres of wide, sun drenched beaches. These beaches stretch from Waikkal at its southern end to Dutch Bay in the Puttalam district.

Some of Wayamba's best resort beaches are at Marawila, Talwila, Kalpitiya and Waikkal. These beaches are often with the bonus of a lagoon or a river front and make excellent bases for stay-put beach holidays. Some of the beach resorts also offer viewing of underwater Coral wonderlands off Kandakuliya and Karaitivu. Many fishing villages dot the coastal areas.

European colonial monuments

The well preserved Dutch Fort in Kalpitiya (Puttalam district) dating back to 1670 is an evidence of the Wayamba's European colonial period. The fort is complete with barracks, store houses and living quarters, Dutch colonial pillars and ancient tombstones. Kurunegala has many 19th century relics of the British colonial period including the government Agent's residence and the Rajapihilla rest house.

Festivals

The people of Wayamba celebrate many traditional festivals centred on sacred shrines of diverse faith.

All three shrines are easily accessible from Kurunegala, - Munneswaram approximately 70 km, Udappuwa 95 km and St. Anne's about 110 km respectively.

Research institutes

Sport

See also

Related Research Articles

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References

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