Northern Limestone Alps

Last updated
Northern Limestone Alps
Koenigssee Obersee1.jpg
Königssee Obersee near Berchtesgaden
Highest point
PeakParseierspitze
Elevation 3,036 m (9,961 ft)
Coordinates 47°10′28″N10°28′42″E / 47.17444°N 10.47833°E / 47.17444; 10.47833
Geography
CountriesAustria and Germany
StatesVienna, Lower Austria, Styria, Upper Austria, Salzburg, Tyrol, Vorarlberg and Bavaria
Range coordinates 47°20.5′N14°13.3′E / 47.3417°N 14.2217°E / 47.3417; 14.2217 Coordinates: 47°20.5′N14°13.3′E / 47.3417°N 14.2217°E / 47.3417; 14.2217
Parent range Eastern Alps
Geology
Age of rock Permian and Jurassic
Type of rock Limestone and dolomite

The Northern Limestone Alps (German : Nördliche Kalkalpen), also called the Northern Calcareous Alps, are the ranges of the Eastern Alps north of the Central Eastern Alps located in Austria and the adjacent Bavarian lands of southeastern Germany. The distinction from the latter group, where the higher peaks are located, is based on differences in geological composition.

Contents

AVE classification of the Eastern Alps:
.mw-parser-output .legend{page-break-inside:avoid;break-inside:avoid-column}.mw-parser-output .legend-color{display:inline-block;min-width:1.25em;height:1.25em;line-height:1.25;margin:1px 0;text-align:center;border:1px solid black;background-color:transparent;color:black}.mw-parser-output .legend-text{}
Northern Limestone Alps
Central Eastern Alps
Southern Limestone Alps
Western Limestone Alps AVE Ostalpen.png
AVE classification of the Eastern Alps:
  Northern Limestone Alps
  Central Eastern Alps
  Southern Limestone Alps
  Western Limestone Alps

Geography

If viewed on a west–east axis, the Northern Limestone Alps extend from the Rhine valley and the Bregenz Forest in Vorarlberg, Austria in the west extending along the border between the German federal-state of Bavaria and Austrian Tyrol, through Salzburg, Upper Austria, Styria and Lower Austria and finally ending at the Wienerwald at the city-limits of Vienna in the east.

The highest peaks in the Northern Limestone Alps are the Parseierspitze (3,036 m/9,961 ft) in the Lechtal Alps, [1] and the Hoher Dachstein (2,996 m/9,826 ft). Other notable peaks in this range include the Zugspitze, (2,962 m/9,717 ft), located on the German-Austrian frontier and listed as the highest peak in Germany.

Alpine Club classification

Ranges of the Northern Limestone Alps according to the Alpine Club classification of the Eastern Alps (from east to west):

Groups of the Northern Limestone Alps
(purple lines showing international borders and the borders of Austrian states) Northern Limestone Alps.png
Groups of the Northern Limestone Alps
(purple lines showing international borders and the borders of Austrian states)

See also

Related Research Articles

Rätikon

The Rätikon is a mountain range of the Central Eastern Alps, located at the border between Vorarlberg, Liechtenstein and Graubünden. It is the geological border between the Eastern and Western Alps and stretches from the Montafon as far as the Rhine. In the south, the Prättigau is its limit, and in the north, it is the Walgau. In the east, it borders the Silvretta groups. The Rätikon mountain range derives its name from Raetia, a province of the Roman Empire, named after the Rhaetian people.

Kamnik–Savinja Alps

The Kamnik–Savinja Alps are a mountain range of the Southern Limestone Alps. They lie in northern Slovenia, except for the northernmost part, which lies in Austria.

Bavarian Alps

Bavarian Alps is a summarizing term of several mountain ranges of the Northern Limestone Alps in the German state of Bavaria.

Kitzbühel Alps Mountain range in Austria

The Kitzbühel Alps are a mountain range of the Central Eastern Alps surrounding the town of Kitzbühel in Tyrol, Austria. Geologically they are part of the western slate zone.

Ötztal Alps

The Ötztal Alps are a mountain range in the Central Eastern Alps, in the State of Tyrol in southern Austria and the Province of South Tyrol in northern Italy.

Stubai Alps

The Stubai Alps is a mountain range in the Central Eastern Alps of Europe. It derives its name from the Stubaital valley to its east and is located southwest of Innsbruck, Austria. Several peaks form the border between Austria and Italy. The range is bounded by the Inn River valley to the north; the Sill River valley (Wipptal) and the Brenner Pass to the east ; the Ötztal and Timmelsjoch to the west, and to the south by tributaries of the Passer River and Eisack.

Southern Limestone Alps Portion of the Eastern Alps mountain range located in northern Italy, Austria, and Slovenia

The Southern Limestone Alps, ), also called the Southern Calcareous Alps, are the ranges of the Eastern Alps south of the Central Eastern Alps mainly located in northern Italy and the adjacent lands of Austria and Slovenia. The distinction from the Central Alps, where the higher peaks are located, is based on differences in geological composition. The Southern Limestone Alps extend from the Sobretta-Gavia range in Lombardy in the west to the Pohorje in Slovenia in the east.

Central Eastern Alps Portion of the Eastern Alps mountain range through Austria and parts of surrounding countries

The Central Eastern Alps, also referred to as Austrian Central Alps or just Central Alps comprise the main chain of the Eastern Alps in Austria and the adjacent regions of Switzerland, Liechtenstein, Italy and Slovenia. Below it are the Southern Limestone Alps.

High Tauern A mountain range of the eastern Alps

The High Tauern are a mountain range on the main chain of the Central Eastern Alps, comprising the highest peaks east of the Brenner Pass. The crest forms the southern border of the Austrian states of Salzburg, Carinthia and East Tyrol, with a small part in the southwest belongs to the Italian province of South Tyrol. The range includes Austria's highest mountain, the Grossglockner at 3,798 metres (12,461 ft) above the Adriatic.

Noric Alps

The Noric Alps is a collective term denoting various mountain ranges of the Eastern Alps. The name derives from the ancient Noricum province of the Roman Empire on the territory of present-day Austria and the adjacent Bavarian and Slovenian area.

Geography of the Alps

The Alps cover a large area. This article describes the delimitation of the Alps as a whole and of subdivisions of the range, follows the course of the main chain of the Alps and discusses the lakes and glaciers found in the region.

Lower Tauern

The Lower Tauern or Niedere Tauern are a mountain range of the Central Eastern Alps, in the Austrian states of Salzburg and Styria.

Allgäu Alps Mountain range in the Northern Limestone Alps

The Allgäu Alps are a mountain range in the Northern Limestone Alps, located in Bavaria in Germany and Tyrol and Vorarlberg in Austria. The range lies directly east of Lake Constance.

Berchtesgaden Alps

The Berchtesgaden Alps are a mountain range of the Northern Limestone Alps, named after the market town of Berchtesgaden located in the centre. The central part belongs to the Berchtesgadener Land district of southeastern Bavaria, Germany, while the adjacent area in the north, east and south is part of the Austrian state of Salzburg.

Salzkammergut Mountains

The Salzkammergut Mountains are a mountain range of the Northern Limestone Alps, located in the Austrian states of Salzburg and Upper Austria. They are named after the Salzkammergut historic region, part of the Hallstatt-Dachstein / Salzkammergut Cultural Landscape UNESCO World Heritage Site.

Ybbstal Alps

The Ybbstal Alps are a mountain range of the Northern Limestone Alps and part of the Eastern Alps, located in Austria.

Hochschwab Mountains

The Hochschwab, Hochschwab Mountains, Hochschwab Alps or Hochschwab Group is a mountain range in the Northern Limestone Alps of Austria. The range is in the Styria. The highest peak is also called Hochschwab and is 2,277 metres above the Adriatic.

Alpine Club classification of the Eastern Alps

The Alpine Club classification of the Eastern Alps is a common division of the Eastern Alps into 75 mountain ranges, based on the Moriggl Classification (ME) first published in 1924 by the German and Austrian Alpine Club. The present-day division established for the German-speaking world was compiled by the German, Austrian and South Tyrol Alpine Clubs and published in 1984 and is also used for the basic numbering of Alpine Club maps for mountaineering.

Gurktal Alps

The Gurktal Alps are a mountain range of the Central Eastern Alps in Austria, named after the valley of the Gurk River.

Gailtal Alps

The Gailtal Alps, is a mountain range of the Southern Limestone Alps in Austria. It rises between the River Drava (Drau) and the Gail valley and through the southern part of East Tyrol. Its western group called "Lienz Dolomites", is sometimes counted as part of this range and sometimes seen as separate.

References

  1. Reynolds, Kev (2010). Walking in the Alps, Cicerone, ISBN   978-1-85284-476-9.