Northolt

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Northolt
Northolt Green.jpg
Northolt Green and the clock tower
Greater London UK location map 2.svg
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Northolt
Location within Greater London
Population30,304 (2011 Census) [1]
OS grid reference TQ135845
  Charing Cross 11 mi (18 km)  ESE
London borough
Ceremonial county Greater London
Region
Country England
Sovereign state United Kingdom
Post town NORTHOLT
Postcode district UB5
Dialling code 020
Police Metropolitan
Fire London
Ambulance London
UK Parliament
London Assembly
List of places
UK
England
London
51°32′49″N0°21′43″W / 51.547°N 0.362°W / 51.547; -0.362 Coordinates: 51°32′49″N0°21′43″W / 51.547°N 0.362°W / 51.547; -0.362
Map of the London Borough of Ealing, showing the location of Northolt, one of Ealing's seven major towns. Ealing Borough Areas Map.tif
Map of the London Borough of Ealing, showing the location of Northolt, one of Ealing's seven major towns.

Northolt is a town in West London, England, spread across both sides of the A40 trunk road. It is 11 miles (17.7 km) west-northwest of Charing Cross and is one of the seven major towns that make up the London Borough of Ealing. It had a population of 30,304 at the 2011 UK census.

Contents

History

The earliest record of Northolt is in 872 as the Anglo Saxon norð healum, [2] :63 where norð is North and healum (or hale) is a nook, corner, or retreat,. [2] :102 By 1610, the Name Northolt appears, with in this case, holt having no relationship with 'wood', but an evolution of hala, hale, hal, hall, halle and holt. [2] :63 [3]

Archaeological evidence suggests that the settlement's origin was an 8th-century Saxon village close to Northolt Manor behind the present Court Farm Road. [4] It is mentioned in the Domesday Book as Northala, part of the Elthorne Hundred in the historic county of Middlesex, England. In 1066 the lord was Esger the constable, and in 1086 was Geoffrey de Mandeville. [5] Northolt Manor itself was built in the fourteenth century and provides much of the archeological information of the area from its excavations in the 1950s and onward. A Tudor barn built in 1595 from Smith's farm in Northolt was moved to Chiltern Open Air Museum and is now on display there. [6] In the early part of the 18th century farmland was enclosed in order to provide hay for the City of London, alongside more traditional crops such as peas and beans. Up to late Victorian times, the area was rural with predominantly arable crops being grown.

1795 saw parliamentary approval for construction of Paddington Arm of the Grand Union Canal. The route from Hayes to Paddington passes through Northolt, opening on 10 July 1801. [7] The Great Central Railway line (now the Chiltern Line) opened in 1906, passing through Northolt on its way from Marylebone to High Wycombe. However, it wasn't until 1926 that a station opened at Northolt Park. 1906 also saw the Great Western Railway's New North Main Line pass through south of Great Central Railway on its way to Birmingham. The following year Northolt Halt opened on it, eventually becoming Northolt station. In 1948 an extension to the Central line, transformed it into Northolt tube station.

In May 1915 the Royal Flighing Corp established an airfield in neighbouring South Ruislip in the London Borough of Hillingdon, Most early RAF airfields were named after the nearest railway station; in this case Northolt Junction, (now South Ruislip), so it became RAF Northolt.

WW1 also brought an urgent need for more munitions, and in 1915 the Ministry of Munitions created many national munition factories. The National Filling Factory No 7 in Hayes, Middlesex had an explosives magazine at Northolt which was completed late in 1916. This 93 acre site had 20 stores each able to hold 100 tons of explosives, and was connected by a rail spur at Northolt Junction station. The location was just North-East of the current Ruislip Gardens station, with the rail spur on the south side of Yeading Brook, and the magazines connected by trolleyways on the North side. About 100 tons of explosives per day were sent by rail to Hayes for filling artillery shells - both the Hayes factory and the magazine were removed after the war ended.

Suburban development began in the 1920s. Most of the housing north of the Western Avenue was built in the 1920s–1930s, and is in the private housing sector. Most of the housing built to the south of the Western Avenue was built in the 1960s–1970s, and is in the social housing sectors, particularly along the Kensington and Ruislip Roads.

Two important transport links run through Northolt: the Paddington Arm of the Grand Union Canal and the modern A40 road.

In the 21st century, a new large private housing development was built on the former site[ citation needed ] of the Taylor Woodrow company, adjacent to the Grand Union Canal. This development is known as "Grand Union Village" and incorporates a new canal boat marina.

Landmarks

The 15th-century St Mary's Church St mary the virgin northolt.jpg
The 15th-century St Mary's Church
Northala Fields in Northolt (view from A40) Northala-fields-northolt-london.jpg
Northala Fields in Northolt (view from A40)

Northolt Village

Geography

Northolt is in the north-western corner of Ealing, bordering the boroughs of Harrow and Hillingdon. The centre of Northolt lies at an elevation of about 130 feet (40 m) above sea level. It is hillier in the north (up to about 200 feet (60 m)) whereas the south is lower, about 115 feet (35 m). The town is mainly suburban, with some industrial land to the east (by the Grand Union Canal), large green parts such as Lime Tree Park and Rectory Park, and semi-rural land to the west

Northolt is located 3.3 miles (5.3 km) from Hayes; 2.4 miles (3.9 km) from Southall; 1.4 miles (2.3 km) from Greenford; 3.1 miles (5.0 km) from Wembley; 2.7 miles (4.3 km) from Harrow; 2.8 miles (4.5 km) from Ruislip; and 4.5 miles (7.2 km) from Uxbridge.

Demography

Northolt is covered by two electoral wards of the London Borough of Ealing. Northolt Mandeville ward covers the main area of Northolt. Northolt West End ward covers the area south of the A40 road, including housing that is contiguous from Yeading directly to the south.

2011 Census homes %
WardDetachedSemi-detachedTerracedFlats and apartments [11] [12]
Northolt Mandeville3.7%29.6%25.3%40.8%
Northolt West End3.0%26.4%17.4%53.1%

The median house price as of 2014 was £300,000 in Northolt Mandeville and £226,111 in Northolt West End. The population who are from BAME (Black, Asian and minority Ethnic) background was 51.7% and 55.1% respectively. The median age was 34 years and 32 years respectively. [13]

Population

Mandeville Road (A312), the main throughfare of Northolt Mandeville Road, Northolt.jpg
Mandeville Road (A312), the main throughfare of Northolt

While Northolt remained a rural, agricultural area in the 19th century, its population growth remained slow:

The rapid growth of the population in the mid-20th century can be explained by Northolt's growth as a dormitory town for nearby Ealing, and the construction in 1935 of the A40 road through the area. Modern family homes were built in the 1920s and 1930s. In the 1950s and 1960s, predominantly local authority rented housing was constructed. 3,423 council houses had been built in Northolt by 1963. Northolt tube station was opened in 1948 to serve the growing population of the area.

Crime

Anti-social behaviour has recently been the most common reported crime, followed by violent and sexual offences. Crime levels notably increased, by up to 50% between 2013 and 2014. [15] Jimmy Canning, IRA member, lived undercover in Northolt from 1991 to 1993; he had wooed local Audrey Lamb and moved into her house at 15 Islip Gardens, using it as a weapons and bomb storage depôt. He and Lamb were arrested in 1992 following police surveillance. [16]

Pony racing

Racecourse Estate: this area was used for horse racing in the early 20th century Wetherby Close, Petts Hill - former Northolt Park Racecourse - geograph.org.uk - 18268.jpg
Racecourse Estate: this area was used for horse racing in the early 20th century

Northolt was famous for the pony racing which took place in Northolt Park. A one-and-a-half-mile (2.4 km) racecourse was constructed by Sir William Bass and Viscount Lascelles, and opened in 1929 by the Earl of Harewood and his wife the Princess Royal.

During the Second World War, the land was taken over and used as an army depot and prisoner of war camp. Despite numerous attempts to revive pony racing after the war the land was given over to housing construction. The Racecourse Estate was constructed between 1951 and 1955 in order to solve a severe housing shortage within the borough. The gates of the original racecourse remain in Petts Hill, and a section of the track can be observed as a long, flat stretch of land alongside Mandeville Road.

Education

Transport

Northolt Station Northolt station westbound.JPG
Northolt Station
Bus stand of route 90 on Mandeville Road Mandeville Road bus 90 termination.jpg
Bus stand of route 90 on Mandeville Road

Northolt has two stations: Northolt on the London Underground Central line and Northolt Park, a Network Rail station served by Chiltern Railways. Numerous London Buses routes serve Northolt.

Political representation

The constituency of Ealing North is currently represented by Labour and Co-operative Party Member of Parliament (MP) James Murray, and has been since 2019 following the retirement of Stephen Pound.

Northolt is made up of two electoral wards (Northolt Mandeville and Northolt West End), as well as part of the electoral ward of North Greenford, which elect councillors to Ealing Council. As of 6 May 2022 the area is represented by six Labour councillors (three in West End and three in Mandeville).

Northolt comes under the London Assembly constituency of Ealing and Hillingdon which has one assembly member, currently Onkar Sahota (Labour), who was elected in May 2012.

Political status on Ealing Council as of May 2022:

Notable people

Northolt on television

Related Research Articles

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References

  1. Northolt is made up of 2 wards in the London Borough of Ealing: Northolt Mandeville, and Northolt West End. "2011 Census Ward Population Estimates". Archived from the original on 22 February 2014. Retrieved 9 June 2014.
  2. 1 2 3 Gover, J. E. B. (1922). The Place Names of Middlesex. London, UK: Longmans, Green and Co. Retrieved 7 June 2021.
  3. "Key to English Place-names".
  4. The archaeology of Greater London : an assessment of archaeological evidence for human presence in the area now covered by Greater London. [London]: Museum of London Archaeology Service. 2000. ISBN   1-901992-15-2.
  5. 1 2 "Northolt". opendomesday.org. Anna Powell-Smith. Retrieved 11 September 2020.
  6. "Northolt Barn". Chiltern Open Air Museum. Chiltern Open Air Museum. Retrieved 12 September 2020.
  7. "A brief history of the Paddington Arm of the Grand Union Canal". UK Waterways Guide. UK Waterways Guide. Retrieved 3 October 2020.
  8. "Playing fields secure Olympic funding - Ealing Council". Archived from the original on 30 August 2012.
  9. "Facility improvement projects". London Borough of Ealing. Retrieved 15 March 2009.
  10. Historic England. "Details from listed building database (1001978)". National Heritage List for England . Retrieved 28 September 2015.
  11. "Neighbourhood statistics". Office for National Statistics.
  12. Census Information Scheme (2012). "2011 Census Ward Population Estimates". Greater London Authority. Retrieved 30 January 2013.
  13. "Ward Profiles and Atlas – London Datastore".
  14. http://www.ealing.gov.uk/services/leisure/tourism/northolt/ ealing.gov
  15. "Detailed statistics for Northolt Mandeville, Metropolitan Police Service - Police.uk". Archived from the original on 24 December 2014.
  16. Harnden, Toby. Bandit Country: the IRA and South Armagh, pgs. 320-28.
  17. "Home | Special Needs School | Belvue School | Ealing | Greater London". belvue. Retrieved 17 March 2022.
  18. Talevski, Nick (2006). Rock Obituaries – Knocking on Heaven's Door. Omnibus Press. p. 197. ISBN   1846090911.

Sources