Northolt

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Northolt
Northolt Green.jpg
Northolt Green and the clock tower
Greater London UK location map 2.svg
Red pog.svg
Northolt
Location within Greater London
Population30,304 (2011 Census) [1]
OS grid reference TQ135845
  Charing Cross 11 mi (18 km)  ESE
London borough
Ceremonial county Greater London
Region
Country England
Sovereign state United Kingdom
Post town NORTHOLT
Postcode district UB5
Dialling code 020
Police Metropolitan
Fire London
Ambulance London
EU Parliament London
UK Parliament
London Assembly
List of places
UK
England
London
51°32′49″N0°21′43″W / 51.547°N 0.362°W / 51.547; -0.362 Coordinates: 51°32′49″N0°21′43″W / 51.547°N 0.362°W / 51.547; -0.362

Northolt is a historic town in the London Borough of Ealing, London, England, and is 11 miles (17.7 km) west-northwest of Charing Cross.

Contents

Essentially a suburban development, a feature is the Grand Union Canal, as is the A40 road and a history of pony racing. It has[ when? ] a population of 30,304 inhabitants.

History

The settlement of Northolt is located in the ancient county of Middlesex (now part of Greater London) and is mentioned in the Domesday Book as Northall (corresponding to "Southall") as being held by Geoffrey de Mandeville, and archaeological evidence suggests that there was a Saxon village at the location from the 8th century onwards. The medieval village had its origins in the Saxon period. Up to late Victorian times, the area was rural with predominantly arable crops being grown. The fourteenth century Northolt Manor existed behind the present Court Farm Road and was excavated from 1950 onwards. A barn constructed in the area in 1595 can now be seen in the Chiltern Open Air Museum. In the early part of the 18th century farmland was enclosed in order to provide hay for the City of London, alongside more traditional crops such as peas and beans.

Suburban development began in the 1920s. Most of the housing north of the Western Avenue was built in the 1920s–1930s, and is in the private housing sector. Most of the housing built to the south of the Western Avenue was built in the 1960s–1970s, and is in the social housing sectors, particularly along the Kensington and Ruislip Roads.

Two important transport links run through Northolt: the Grand Union Canal and the modern A40 road.

In the 21st century, a new large private housing development was built on the former site of the Taylor Woodrow company, adjacent to the Grand Union Canal. This development is known as "Grand Union Village" and incorporates a new canal boat marina.

Landmarks

The 15th-century St Mary's Church St mary the virgin northolt.jpg
The 15th-century St Mary's Church
Northala Fields in Northolt (view from A40) Northala-fields-northolt-london.jpg
Northala Fields in Northolt (view from A40)

Northolt Village

Population

Mandeville Road (A312), the main throughfare of Northolt Mandeville Road, Northolt.jpg
Mandeville Road (A312), the main throughfare of Northolt

While Northolt remained a rural, agricultural area in the 19th century, its population growth remained slow:

The rapid growth of the population in the mid-20th century can be explained by Northolt's growth as a dormitory town for nearby Ealing, and the construction in 1935 of the A40 road through the area. Modern family homes were built in the 1920s and 1930s. In the 1950s and 1960s, predominantly local authority rented housing was constructed. 3,423 council houses had been built in Northolt by 1963. Northolt tube station was opened in 1948 to serve the growing population of the area.

Crime

Anti-social behaviour has recently been the most common reported crime, followed by violent and sexual offences. Crime levels notably increased, by up to 50% between 2013 and 2014. [6]

RAF Northolt

The Royal Air Force station is situated in neighbouring South Ruislip in the London Borough of Hillingdon. Most early RAF airfields were named after the nearest railway station; in this case Northolt Junction, (now South Ruislip).

Pony racing

Racecourse Estate: this area was used for horse racing in the early 20th century Wetherby Close, Petts Hill - former Northolt Park Racecourse - geograph.org.uk - 18268.jpg
Racecourse Estate: this area was used for horse racing in the early 20th century

Northolt was famous for the pony racing which took place in Northolt Park. A one-and-a-half-mile (2.4 km) racecourse was constructed by Sir William Bass and Viscount Lascelles, and opened in 1929 by the Earl of Harewood and his wife the Princess Royal.

During the Second World War, the land was taken over and used as an army depot and prisoner of war camp. Despite numerous attempts to revive pony racing after the war the land was given over to housing construction. The Racecourse Estate was constructed between 1951 and 1955 in order to solve a severe housing shortage within the borough. The gates of the original racecourse remain in Petts Hill, and a section of the track can be observed as a long, flat stretch of land alongside Mandeville Road.

Education

Transport

Northolt Station Northolt station westbound.JPG
Northolt Station
Bus stand of route 90 on Mandeville Road Mandeville Road bus 90 termination.jpg
Bus stand of route 90 on Mandeville Road

Northolt has two stations: Northolt on the London Underground Central line and Northolt Park, a Network Rail station served by Chiltern Railways. Numerous London Buses routes serve Northolt.

Political representation

The constituency of Ealing North is currently represented by Labour Party Member of Parliament Stephen Pound, and has been since 1997.

Northolt is made up of two electoral wards (Northolt Mandeville and Northolt West End), as well as part of the electoral ward of North Greenford, which elect councillors to Ealing Council. As of 6 May 2010 the area is represented by five Labour councillors (three in West End and two in Mandeville) and one Conservative councillor.

At the same election Labour took control of Ealing Council from the Conservatives with a major swing against the Tories, which conflicted with the nationwide swing in the General Election.

Northolt comes under the London Assembly constituency of Ealing and Hillingdon which has one assembly member, currently Onkar Sahota (Labour), who was elected in May 2012.

Political status on Ealing Council:

Nearest places

Notable people

Northolt on television

Related Research Articles

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Uxbridge Rural District

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The Acton–Northolt line (ANL), historically known as the New North Main Line (NNML), is a railway line in West London, England. Built between 1903 and 1906, it runs from the Great Western Main Line at Old Oak Common TMD to the Chiltern Main Line at South Ruislip, alongside the West Ruislip branch of the London Underground Central line, for a distance of around 11 miles (18 km). Since 1963, due to the decline of some lines it connected, it has been little used.

St Mary with St Richard, Northolt Church

St Mary the Virgin is a 13th-century Anglican parish church in Northolt, London. It is on a slope shared with Belvue Park, the site of a 15th-century manor house — both overlooked the old village of Northolt. It is one of London's smallest churches, its nave measuring 15 yards (14 m) by 8 yards (7.3 m). The church was built around 1290 and was expanded over the centuries, with the chancel being added in 1521, the spired bell tower in the 16th century, and a gallery at the west end of the church in 1703. Twin buttresses were erected against the west wall around 1718 to alleviate concerns that the church could slip down the hill. The internal beams are original and the bells date from the 17th century. The church was constructed from a variety of materials; the nave incorporates clunch, flint and ironstone, and the mouldings of the doors and windows are made from Reigate stone.

Northala Fields

Northala Fields is a country-style park located in Northolt, Greater London. It was opened in 2008 and consists of four artificial hills standing next to the A40 Western Avenue, as well as several fishing lakes, a large field area a children's play area and adjacent café. The hills were constructed using rubble from the demolition of the original Wembley Stadium, which was closed in 2000 and demolished in 2003. The park was created as part of the Northolt and Greenford Country Park project, and backs onto the older Rectory Park.

Islip Manor Meadows

Islip Manor Meadows is a 23.75 hectare Local Nature Reserve and Site of Metropolitan Importance for Nature Conservation in Northolt in the London Borough of Ealing. It is owned and managed by Ealing Council.

References

  1. Northolt is made up of 2 wards in the London Borough of Ealing: Northolt Mandeville, and Northolt West End. "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 22 February 2014. Retrieved 9 June 2014.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  2. http://www.ealing.gov.uk/news/article/431/playing_fields_secure_olympic_funding
  3. "Facility improvement projects". London Borough of Ealing. Retrieved 15 March 2009.
  4. Historic England. "Details from listed building database (1001978)". National Heritage List for England . Retrieved 28 September 2015.
  5. http://www.ealing.gov.uk/services/leisure/tourism/northolt/ ealing.gov
  6. http://www.police.uk/metropolitan/00AJGS/crime/stats/#crime_stats
  7. Harnden, Toby. Bandit Country: the IRA and South Armagh, pgs. 320-28.

Sources