Norwegian University of Science and Technology

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Norwegian University of Science and Technology
Norges Teknisk-Naturvitenskapelige Universitet
Norwegian University of Science and Technology logo.svg
Former names
Det Kongelige Norske Videnskabers Selskab (DKNVS), Norges Tekniske Høgskole (NTH), Universitetet i Trondheim (UNiT)
MottoKnowledge for a better world,
Per aspera ad astra
Type Public, technical
Established1760
Academic affiliations
EUA, TIME, CESAER, ATHENS, SEFI, Santander, EAIE, ESN
Rector Anne Borg (21 August 2019–2025) [1]
Students41,971 (2019) [2]
Location,
Norway
Colours  
Sporting affiliations
NTNUI
Website www.ntnu.edu

The Norwegian University of Science and Technology (Norwegian : Norges teknisk-naturvitenskapelige universitet, NTNU) is a public research university in Norway with the main campus in Trondheim and smaller campuses in Gjøvik and Ålesund. The largest university in Norway, NTNU has over 8,000 employees and over 40,000 students. NTNU in its current form was established by the King-in-Council in 1996 by the merger of the former University of Trondheim and other university-level institutions, with roots dating back to 1760, and has later also incorporated some former university colleges. NTNU is consistently ranked in the top one percentage among the world's universities, usually in the 400–600 range depending on ranking. [3]

Contents

NTNU has the main national responsibility for education and research in engineering and technology, and is the successor of Norway's preeminent engineering university, the Norwegian Institute of Technology (NTH), established by Parliament in 1910 as Norway's national engineering university. In addition to engineering and natural sciences, the university offers higher education in other academic disciplines ranging from medicine, psychology, social sciences, the arts, teacher education, architecture and fine art. NTNU is well known for its close collaboration with industry, and particularly with its R&D partner SINTEF, which provided it with the biggest industrial link among all the technical universities in the world. [4] The university's academics include three Nobel laureates in physiology or medicine: Edvard Moser, May-Britt Moser and John O'Keefe. [5]

NTNU main building (Hovedbygningen) at Gloshaugen Campus, opened in 1910, which now hosts the NTNU Technology Library NTNU Trondheim Mainbuilding.jpg
NTNU main building (Hovedbygningen) at Gløshaugen Campus, opened in 1910, which now hosts the NTNU Technology Library

History

The main building of Trondheim Technical College opened in 1898. Den tekniske hoiskole.jpg
The main building of Trondheim Technical College opened in 1898.
NTH memorial stone (on July 22, 1906) is mortared into NTNU main building (Hovedbygningen). Kroningsdag sten.jpg
NTH memorial stone (on July 22, 1906) is mortared into NTNU main building (Hovedbygningen).
Aerial view of NTH in 1930 NTH flyfoto ca 1930.png
Aerial view of NTH in 1930
NTH Engineering student in 1933 NTNU1993engineeringstudent.jpg
NTH Engineering student in 1933

NTNU is a young institution with a long history. The university, in its current form, was established in 1996 by the merger of six research and higher education institutions in Trondheim, as follows:

Prior to the merger, NTH, NLHT, DMF, and VM together constituted the University of Trondheim , which was a much looser organization. However, the university's root goes back to 1760, with the foundation of Det Trondhiemske Selskab (Trondheim Academy), which in 1767 became the Royal Norwegian Society of Sciences and Letters.

The engineering education in Trondheim began with Trondhjems Tekniske Læreanstalt (Trondheim Technical College) in 1870, and in 1910, Norwegian Institute of Technology (NTH) opened officially. In 2010, NTNU celebrated the 250th anniversary of Trondheim Academy. NTNU also celebrated the 100th anniversary of NTH in the same year. The centennial was also celebrated by the publication of several books, among them a history of the university, entitled "Turbulens og tankekraft. Historien om NTNU" [6] which translates as "Turbulence and mindpower: The history of NTNU".

1700s

Det Trondhiemske Selskab (Trondheim Academy), Norway's first academic society, was founded in 1760. In 1767, it changed its name to the Royal Norwegian Society of Science and Letters (DKNVS) upon receiving recognition from the Danish-Norwegian king. DKNVS library – today known as NTNU Gunnerus Library – was founded in 1768, and is Norway's oldest library.

1800s

First proposal for a Norwegian Polytechnical Institute was made in 1833. Trondhjems Tekniske Læreanstalt (Trondheim Technical College) or TTL was founded in 1870. The newly formed school educated engineers of various fields. In 1898, TTL moved to a larger building in Munkegata. TTL was disbanded in 1900s, giving a way to a Norwegian Institute of Technology.

1900–1968

In 1900, the Norwegian Parliament passed a resolution supporting the establishment of Norwegian Institute of Technology (NTH) in Trondheim. NTH was officially opened on September 15, 1910. Five academical departments were originally present in the parliament's resolution of 31 May 1900, such as Architecture and Urban Planning, Civil Engineering, Mechanical Engineering (a. General and b. Naval, i.e. ship and ship engine construction), Electrical engineering, and Chemistry (a. General and b. Electro-chemistry).

In 1922, Norwegian College of Teaching in Trondheim (NLHT) opened at Lade gård.

In 1950, Stiftelsen for industriell og teknisk forskning (Industrial and Technical Research Centre) or SINTEF was founded as part of NTH and as its link to Norwegian industry.

1968–1996

The University of Trondheim (UNiT) was established in 1968, and the Department of Medicine (later the Faculty of Medicine) was established as part of UNiT in 1974. It was designed by the architect Henning Larsen. In 1984, NLHT also absorbed the Norwegian College of General Sciences (AVH) as part of UNiT.

1996–2016

On 1 January 1996, the University of Trondheim became the Norwegian University of Science and Technology (NTNU). As early as 1989, NTH Rector Karsten Jakobsen had broached the idea of a Norwegian University of Science and Technology in Trondheim. On March 21, 1995, the Parliament, with barely a majority after a long debate, decided to establish NTNU in Trondheim. In 2012 the popular trivia game Kahoot was founded in by Johan Brand, Jamie Brooker and Morten Versvik in a joint project with the Norwegian University of Science and Technology. They teamed up with Professor Alf Inge Wang and were later joined by Norwegian entrepreneur Åsmund Furuseth.

2016–present

In 2014, the Norwegian Ministry of Education and Research asked the country's universities and university colleges to provide suggestions, observations, and ideas for rebuilding Norway's institutions of higher education. The context of the request was that the Norwegian government wanted to cut back on the number of institutions in the sector.

The NTNU board decided on 28 January 2015 to merge NTNU with the University Colleges of Sør-Trøndelag, Ålesund and Gjøvik to form a new university that would retain the university's current name, the Norwegian University of Science and Technology. The merger, which went into effect in January 2016, made NTNU Norway's largest single university.

Campus

Aerial photograph of Gloshaugen Campus, 2009 Campus NTNU Gloshaugen flyfoto.JPG
Aerial photograph of Gløshaugen Campus, 2009
NTNU Main Building (Hovedbygningen), viewed from the Old City Bridge Hovedbygningen (NTNU) fra Gamle Bybro (main building of the Norwegian University of Science and Technology seen from the old city bridge), Trondheim, Norway - 20091216.jpg
NTNU Main Building (Hovedbygningen), viewed from the Old City Bridge
NTNU Dragvoll Campus in winter Dragvoll.outdoors.winter.2006.TS.jpg
NTNU Dragvoll Campus in winter
South view of Hovedbygningen at Campus Gloshaugen, Trondheim Hovedbygningen NTNU 2010.JPG
South view of Hovedbygningen at Campus Gløshaugen, Trondheim

NTNU has several campuses in Trondheim; Gløshaugen – for engineering and natural sciences – and Dragvoll – for humanities and social sciences – are the main two campuses. Other campuses include Tyholt for marine technology, Øya for medicine, Kalvskinnet for archaeology, Midtbyen for the music conservatory and Nedre Elvehavn for the art academy. NTNU Gløshaugen is an artistic combination of historical NTH buildings and modern buildings. Combined, the campuses span a total area of 734,000 m2. [2]

In addition to NTNU, the following research institutes are located at Gløshaugen, and cooperate closely with NTNU in several areas of research and development:

SINTEF, since its establishment in 1950, has its main departments at Gløshaugen. SINTEF was originally founded by NTH, but since 1980 has been an independent research institute.

In 1998, the Paper and Fibre Research Institute (PFI), an independent research institute, moved into a new building at Gløshaugen, relocating from Gaustad in Oslo.

In April 2013, the Norwegian Institute for Nature Research (NINA) moved into a new building south of the Natural Science building. NINA often works closely with SINTEF and NTNU. [7]

NTNU has long considered the possibility of bringing the two largest campuses together at or near NTNU's Gløshaugen campus. In 2013, the Rector initiated a vision project and charged it with defining different perspectives on future development in a 50-year perspective. The same year, 2013, the Norwegian Ministry of Education and Research initiated a choice of concept study for the future co-localization of NTNU's two main campuses in Trondheim. The reports were presented in 2014, and both recommended bringing Dragvoll and Gløshaugen together, and better integrating them with the city. A unanimous NTNU board endorsed the recommendations in the vision report.

Merger

On 1 January 2016, the merger between NTNU and the university colleges in Gjøvik, Ålesund, and Sør-Trøndelag officially entered into force, and NTNU consequently had campuses in Ålesund and Gjøvik, as well as in Trondheim. 2016 was also a transitional year in terms of NTNU's leadership. On November 24, 2015, the new Board met for the first time. It was then extended to include board members from each of the three former university colleges and an external representative appointed by the Ministry of Education.

Organization

NTNU is governed by a board of 11 members, in accordance with the provisions of the Norwegian Act relating to universities and university colleges. [8] Two of the members are elected by and from the students.

NTNU's overall budget in 2017 was 8.19 billion NOK, most of which came from the Norwegian Ministry of Education. [2]

As a result of the university merger in 2016, the number of NTNU faculties increased from seven to nine – including the University Museum – with approximately 39,000 students and approximately 2,500 PhD students. The nine NTNU faculties are organized in 65 departments: [9]

Central building at NTNU Gloshaugen Campus Sentralbyggene NTNU.JPG
Central building at NTNU Gløshaugen Campus
The college bridge (Hoyskolebrua) connecting Campus Gloshaugen to Trondheim Bakklandet. The bridge was constructed in 1927, designed by Sverre Pedersen. Hoyskolebrua-rekkverk.JPG
The college bridge (Høyskolebrua) connecting Campus Gløshaugen to Trondheim Bakklandet. The bridge was constructed in 1927, designed by Sverre Pedersen.
NTNU Old Electrical Engineering Building, one of the first four buildings of NTH, dated to 1910 Gamle elektro NTNU.JPG
NTNU Old Electrical Engineering Building, one of the first four buildings of NTH, dated to 1910
NTNU Electrical Engineering Building, Block F (Laboratories of Electric Power Engineering) Elektro E.JPG
NTNU Electrical Engineering Building, Block F (Laboratories of Electric Power Engineering)
NTNU Electrical Engineering Hall (Block E), known as Glassgarden or Royal Electric Garden NTNU Trondheim 6.jpg
NTNU Electrical Engineering Hall (Block E), known as Glassgården or Royal Electric Garden
NTNU Old Chemistry Building Gamle kjemi.JPG
NTNU Old Chemistry Building
NTNU Natural Science Building (2000), known as Realfagbygget, seen from southern Gloshaugen NTNU Natural Science.jpg
NTNU Natural Science Building (2000), known as Realfagbygget, seen from southern Gløshaugen

Faculty of Engineering

The Faculty of Engineering has eight departments:

Faculty of Information Technology and Electrical Engineering

The Faculty of Information Technology and Electrical Engineering has eight departments:

Faculty of Natural Sciences

The Faculty of Natural Sciences has eight departments:

Faculty of Architecture and Design

The Faculty of Architecture and Design has four departments:

Faculty of Economics and Management

The Faculty of Economics and Management has four departments:

Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences

The Faculty is integrated with St. Olavs Hospital, Trondheim University Hospital, and is located in Campus Øya in Trondheim. Its main areas of research are translational research, medical technology and health surveys, biobanks and registers. In 2016 the faculty had about 350 master's degree students, 250 bachelor's degree students, 720 medical students and more than 500 students attending other courses.[ citation needed ]

The Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences has eight departments:

Faculty of Social and Educational Sciences

The Faculty of Social and Educational Sciences has seven departments:

Faculty of Humanities

The Faculty of Humanities has six departments:

University Museum

The NTNU University Museum forms part of the university at the same organizational level as the faculties. It has two departments:

Research

Ohma Electra was one of the first AC powered locomotives in the world (in operation from 1908 to 1950). It is now placed in front of the Old Electrical Engineering building. Ohma Electra II.JPG
Ohma Electra was one of the first AC powered locomotives in the world (in operation from 1908 to 1950). It is now placed in front of the Old Electrical Engineering building.
Sintef SeaLab Sintef Sealab.JPG
Sintef SeaLab
NTNU research vessel Gunnerus Gunnerus.jpg
NTNU research vessel Gunnerus

NTNU's history of research in engineering goes back to the early 20th century, when Norway's first electric railway, known as Thamshavn Line, was developed and constructed in Trondheim as an AC powered tramway, with Trondheim-based technologies. The tramway was launched in 1908 and remained in operation until 1974.

Now, research is part of the ongoing activities at NTNU faculties as well as the University Museum. [10] The university has 4377 scientific staff who conduct research in more than 120 laboratories, and are at any time running more than 2,000 research projects. Students and staff can take advantage of roughly 300 research agreements or exchange programs with 58 institutions worldwide.

NTNU has identified four Strategic Research Areas for 2014–2023: NTNU Energy, [11] NTNU Health, [12] NTNU Oceans [13] and NTNU Sustainability, [14] which were chosen on the basis of social relevance, professional quality and the potential for interdisciplinary cooperation. [15]

Research centres

The university hosts six National Centres of Excellence (SFF), [16] 12 Centres for Research-based Innovation (SFI), [17] and three Centres for Environment-friendly Energy Research (FME), [18] which are mainly funded by The Research Council of Norway. [19] NTNU is also a partner in several centres with SINTEF. [20]

The Trøndelag Health Study, with the HUNT Research Centre and HUNT Biobank located in Levanger, is organized under the Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences.

Kavli Institute for Systems Neuroscience

The fifteenth Kavli Institute was inaugurated at NTNU in 2007, as the Kavli Institute for Systems Neuroscience, which was the fourth Kavli Institute in neuroscience in the world and the first Kavli Institute in Northern Europe. [21] In 2012, Prime Minister Jens Stoltenberg opened the Norwegian Brain Centre as an outgrowth of NTNU's Kavli Institute. [22] It is one of the largest research laboratories of its kind in the world.

Enabling technologies

NTNU has funded the fundamental long-term research and infrastructure through three Enabling Technologies such as NTNU Biotechnology, [23] NTNU Digital [24] and Nano@NTNU. [25]

Research excellence

NTNU Research Excellence is an initiative to develop elite researchers and research groups in international class, which was launched in 2013, and includes established and new initiatives. The established initiatives are financed by the Research Council of Norway, the EU, and private-sectors (R&D), while the new initiatives are funded by NTNU's own funds in light of strategic prioritization of NTNU's resources. These cover a number of research funding schemes including Outstanding Academic Fellows Programme, Onsager Fellowship Programme, K.G. Jebsen Centres, EU projects, and ERC grants. [26] [27] NTNU participates in about 218 projects in the EU Horizon 2020 Framework Program. [28]

NTNU-SINTEF partnership

NTNU works closely with SINTEF, Scandinavia's largest independent research institute and one of the largest contract research organizations in Europe, which is integrated into NTNU Campuses. The cooperation of NTNU and SINTEF has been further developed through the project "Better Together", which was launched in 2014. [29] The research collaboration includes a number of joint research laboratories, for example:

Publishing

To increase Open Access publishing, NTNU has established a publishing fund. [31]

In 2008 NTNU's digital institutional repository was founded. The intention was to establish a full-text archive for the documentation of the scientific output of the institution, and to make as much as possible of the material available online, both nationally and internationally.

In addition to the research articles and books, intended for academics and researchers both inside and outside the university, NTNU disseminates news to the public about the institution and its research and results.

Universitetsavisa, which translates to The University Newspaper, is the news and discussion paper of the university, available only in Norwegian. It was established in 1991. For a period it existed in both printed and digital editions, but since 2002 it is only available online. [32]

GEMINI publishes research news from NTNU and the independent research group SINTEF in both English and Norwegian. It is published in both a printed and a digital version. [33]

The Norwegian University of Science and Technology publishes the Nordic Journal of Science and Technology. [34]

Ranking

University rankings
Global – Overall
ARWU World [35] 101–150 (2021)
QS World [36] 352 (2022)
THE World [37] 401–500 (2022)
USNWR Global [38] 281 (2020)

According to Times Higher Education World University Rankings published in March 2017, NTNU is ranked first in the world ranking of universities with the biggest corporate links, due to its research collaboration with SINTEF. Statistically, 9.1 percent of NTNU's total research output is generated in collaboration with SINTEF, which is the largest academic-industry partnership in the world. [4]

NTNU was ranked 176th in the world 26 April 2022 in the CWUR World University Rankings, which is based on education, employability, faculty, and research. [39]

NTNU was ranked 199th in the world 22 June 2022 in the CWTS Leiden Ranking, which is based on bibliometric indicators. [40]

NTNU was ranked 59th in Europe and 187th in the World in July 2020 in the Webometrics Ranking of World Universities [41] for its presence on the web.

Rankings by ARWU Global Ranking of Academic Subjects 2021: [42]

Studies

Graph showing the various priority areas included in "NTNU Teaching Excellence" NTNU Teaching Excellence.jpg
Graph showing the various priority areas included in "NTNU Teaching Excellence"

NTNU specializes in technology and the natural sciences, but also offers a range of bachelor's, master's and doctoral programmes in the humanities, social sciences, economics and public and business administration, and aesthetic disciplines. The university also offers professional degree programmes in medicine, psychology, architecture, the fine arts, music, and teacher education, in addition to technology.

According to the Norwegian Social Science Data Services, NTNU had 84,797 applicants in 2011 and a total student population of 19,054, of whom 9,062 were women. There were 6,193 students enrolled in the Faculty of Social Sciences and Technology Management, 3,518 students enrolled in the Faculty of Engineering Science and Technology, 3,256 students enrolled in the Faculty of Humanities, 3,090 students enrolled in the Faculty of Information Technology, Mathematics and Electrical Engineering, 2,014 students enrolled in the Faculty of Natural Sciences and Technology, 1,071 enrolled in the Faculty of Medicine, and 605 enrolled in the Faculty of Architecture and Fine Art.

About 3,500 bachelor's and master's degrees are awarded each year, and more than 5,500 participate in further education programmes.

NTNU has more than 300 cooperative or exchange agreements with 60 universities worldwide, and several international student exchange programmes. There are, at any given time, around 2,600 foreign students at the university. [2]

NTNU Teaching Excellence

In 2015, NTNU established an initiative called ″NTNU Teaching Excellence″. [43]

Student life

Matriculation day at Campus NTNU Gloshaugen, 2008 Immatrikulering NTNU 2008.JPG
Matriculation day at Campus NTNU Gløshaugen, 2008
The Students' Society Building, known as Studentersamfundet (the red building) at Campus Gloshaugen Studentersamfundet and the main building NTNU Gloshaugen.jpg
The Students' Society Building, known as Studentersamfundet (the red building) at Campus Gløshaugen
A closeup of the Students' Society, Studentersamfundet Student Samfundet.jpg
A closeup of the Students' Society, Studentersamfundet

NTNU welcomes students from all over the world, and offers more than 60 international master programmes as well as PhD programmes, which all are taught in English. PhD vacancies are announced on the university website [44] and are paid as academic staff, that offers one of the world's best PhD fellowships as well as employment benefits under Norwegian law.[ citation needed ] There are no tuition fees at NTNU, however students do pay "semesteravgift" every semester. However, the international students have to guarantee their living expenses if they are not offered a scholarship.

NTNU students have a clear presence in the city of Trondheim. The most famous student organization is the Studentersamfundet i Trondhjem, also known as "the red round house" after its architectural form; every other year it organizes a cultural festival UKA. Another festival organized by students is the International Student Festival in Trondheim ISFiT, which awards a student peace prize and draws internationally known speakers. EMECS-thon is a student driven embedded systems marathon competition, organized by students from NTNU and implemented in some of the top universities worldwide, where participants have 48 hours to develop an embedded project from scratch. The student sports organization, NTNUI, has roughly 10 000 members in its many branches, [45] with the largest groups including orienteering, cross-country and telemark skiing, but there are also groups for sports less common in Norway, like American football, lacrosse and aikido. A cabin and cottage organization owns several cabins in the countryside, available for students wishing to spend a few days away. There are also student fraternities, some of which conduct voluntary hazing rituals, which provide contact with potential employers and for social interaction between students. There are also alumni associations; religious and political organizations; clubs devoted to various topics such as innovation, human rights, beer, oatmeal, anime and computers; and The Association for Various Associations, which is a parody of the university's large number of student organizations. University recently started to offer "roof over your head" guarantee to the new coming student to Trondheim until they find proper housing. [46]

The Gløshaugen campus of the university has been filmed with a quadcopter and may be seen as YouTube video here. [47]

NTNU is a pioneer with of the concept of "Student Cabins", the university offers its students access to cabins on the outskirts of the city of Trondheim in which they can enjoy on vacations and weekends. [48] [49]

Nobel laureates and notable people

Nobel laureates

Edvard Moser, May-Britt Moser and John M. O'Keefe in press conference, December 2014 Nobel prize laureates Moser and O'Keefe.jpg
Edvard Moser, May-Britt Moser and John M. O'Keefe in press conference, December 2014

Faculty and staff

Alumni and honorary doctors

In 2006, NTNU Alumni was founded, primarily as a meeting place and professional network for former students and staff of NTNU and its precursors. The network is now also open to current employees and students. In 2014 the number of members was around 30,000.

NTNU annually awards honorary doctorates to scientists and others who have made an extraordinary contribution to science or culture. [51]

See also

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Coordinates: 63°25′10″N10°24′9″E / 63.41944°N 10.40250°E / 63.41944; 10.40250